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COVID-19’s Effect On Digital Marketing, Social Media and Paid Advertising

2020.09.18 11:01 emailout COVID-19’s Effect On Digital Marketing, Social Media and Paid Advertising

COVID-19’s Effect On Digital Marketing, Social Media and Paid Advertising

What new features to expect in LinkedIn’s Company Page? Is the GSC Coverage Report still experiencing delays? What changes are coming to Google Ads Search Terms Report? Is there going to be a new Digital Service Tax (DST) for ad servicing in the U.K.? What does Microsoft Ads integration with LinkedIn Ads targeting entail? Is GMB expanding the COVID-19-related business attributes for listings?

“Good marketing makes the company look smart. Great marketing makes the customer feel smart.” – Joe Chernov

In this article, we’ll cover the following digital marketing news:

  1. LinkedIn added new features to the Company Page
  2. Google Search Console Coverage Report ongoing delays
  3. Google Ads made changes to the Search Terms Report
  4. Microsoft Ads integrated LinkedIn Ads Targeting
  5. Google My Business (GMB) adds new COVID-19-related business attributes for listings
Let’s dive in.

Social Media

New LinkedIn Company Page’s Features

LinkedIn introduced new features to Company Pages to help businesses promote their events, learn more about their followers and facilitate communication among employees amidst the challenges created by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
According to a survey conducted by Glint, 31% of employees experience less connection to leaders; 37% feel less connected to their teammates; and, 40% are less connected to their friends. The survey also states that “with a growing number of organisations announcing that their employees are required to work remotely until 2021, it’s more important than ever for organisations to take action and ensure their teams will thrive in a virtual work environment.”
Thus, the three new features introduced to Company Pages aim to strengthen the connection between businesses and their communities by helping Page admins connect their employees, highlight upcoming events and gain more useful insight about their follower-base.

1) Page followers

Page owners will now be able to see more than just the aggregated number of followers and general demographics. The new feature will allow you to sort your follower-base by current company, industry and location, as well as see further insight like who followers found your Company Page and when.

2) Events

With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, more and more businesses move their events online. The new ‘Events’ tab focuses on making virtual events – especially those happening during the pandemic – more easily discoverable. Visitors to a Company Page will have the opportunity to see a business’s past, present and upcoming events on LinkedIn.

3) My Company

Since a business’s employees are the heart, soul and most powerful advocates of a company’s community, the new ‘Company’ tab creates a new space for them to get closer by celebrating key accomplishments, increase employee engagement, connect different colleagues with a single click and show trending content published on LinkedIn by employees. Additionally, the new tab will also show intercompany connection recommendations. LinkedIn stated that, in the future, they’ll be adding more tools like creating unique curated content and live broadcasting.
Why is this relevant? The COVID-19 pandemic caused a huge shift for businesses all over the world. These new LinkedIn Company Page’s features are the company’s response to the shift. With more and more events happening in the virtual world and employees working remotely, LinkedIn’s new features provide more insight and transparency into a company’s follower-base, as well as, a better way for businesses to build their community around what matters most to their followers.

Search Engine and SEO News

Google Search Console (GSC) Coverage Report Ongoing Issue

Last week, Google Search Console (GSC) seemed to be having yet another data issue, this time with the Coverage Report. According to GSC users, the last time the Coverage report was updated was around the end of August.
https://preview.redd.it/l627zu07fvn51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=820b3d37e1e67463715d170b8de5134e0b786724
Usually, the delay in updating the report takes 2 to 3 days, but not over a week. People contacted John Muller on Twitter for any comments/updates on a timeframe for fixing the Coverage report issue.
Unfortunately, according to Google Webmasters post, the issue is still ongoing and Search Console Index Coverage report is still experiencing delays.
On the plus side, the coverage reporting delays have no impact on crawling, indexing and website ranking.

PPC and Ads News

Google Ads Limiting Search Terms Reporting

Google started alerting advertisers it’ll soon cease showing queries triggering their ads if there is no “significant” data.
As you can imagine, the advertising community was not happy with this chain of events. As a spokesperson from Google stated, “to maintain our standards of privacy and strengthen our protections around user data, we have made changes to our Search Terms Report to only include terms that a significant number of users searched for.”
The overall impact of this change and its effect on advertisers’ ad campaigns and budgets will depend on Google’s definition of “significant”. Currently, it’s common to see search terms with one click or one impression in the Search Terms Report. However, advertisers should expect that will no longer be the case when this change goes into effect.

Why is this relevant?

The purpose of this change, aside from Google citing privacy, is to limit advertisers from using minimum query data to identify users or have access to any personally identifiable information (PII) users may include in their search queries. Also, Google is already limiting the query data in the Search Console for privacy reasons. However, the difference is advertisers pay when a user clicks on an ad triggered by the user’s query. The loss of this data could have significant financial implications for advertisers as millions of ad spend will be made invisible to them.
Ah, Google Ads will also begin charging new fees for ads servicing in the U.K., Austria and Turkey starting November 1st, 2020. The new Digital Service Tax (DST) charges will be added to advertisers’ monthly budget. For example, ads served in the U.K. will have a 2% UK DST fee that will be added to the advertiser’s invoice.

Microsoft Ads Introduces New Audience Targeting Features

The holiday season is just around the corner and marketers need to prepare themselves since reaching the right customers at the right time is becoming more vital than ever. With this in mind, Microsoft Advertising introduced more access to three audience targeting options –

1) LinkedIn Ads Targeting

LinkedIn profile data for targeting on Bing was initially introduced back in 2018, two years after Microsoft acquired LinkedIn. With the expanded access, advertisers will now have the ability to target highly relevant audiences based on LinkedIn users’ job function, industry and company. According to Microsoft, “LinkedIn Profile Targeting will be available for search and audience campaigns for the U.S., U.K., Canada, Australia, France and Germany markets.”

2) Dynamic remarketing

After its release last year, dynamic remarketing (formerly called product audiences) is finally out of beta. The additional access will allow advertisers to target and reach customers based on their past product browsing and purchase history, as well as, previous product considerations. When an advertiser associates a dynamic remarketing list with a shopping campaign, they will be able to retarget visitors to their website with shopping ads of products the customers previously interacted with as well as boost performance and increase conversions. Currently, there are five types of dynamic remarketing lists supported –
a) general product pages visitor; b) product searchers; c) product viewers; d) shopping cart abandoners; and e) past buyers.
Ah, advertisers must remember to update their universal event tracking (UET) tag to include the custom events they want to track based on the type (or types) or dynamic remarketing list they are utilising. Furthermore, the lists are kept up-to-date to avoid showing the same ad. For example, within minutes of a customer purchasing a product, they are removed from the dynamic remarketing list.

3) In-market audiences

Advertisers can now utilise in-market audiences when targeting ads in France and Germany to approach people who’ve shown purchase intent for specific products based on their browsing history and pageviews on Microsoft services. Moreover, advertisers can associate in-market audiences with ad groups and campaigns. According to Microsoft, “the release includes 100+ French and 200+ German audiences designed to maximise conversions in verticals like apparel, auto, financial services, home & garden, travel and more.” In the U.S., the company has added 47 new in-market audiences bringing the total number to over 700.
Why is this relevant? With the help of these new audience targeting capabilities, advertisers will be able to expand and refine their targeting, get more precise insights, observe the different audience types, boost ad performance and increase conversions.

Digital Marketing News

Google My Business (GMB) has introduced a set of COVID-19-related health and safety attributes for listings.
Attributes in GMB profiles are designed to grab the attention of ‘searchers’ by highlighting important information and service offerings, as well as, help people make more informed decisions.
The new health & safety attributes GMB users can choose from are –
a) appointment required; b) mask required; c) staff wear masks; d) staff get temperature checks; and e) temperature check required.
These attributes will provide not only clarity but also potential reassurance to customers that businesses have safety protocols in place. Additionally, the new attributes will also become a part of Google My Business’s expanding list of new attributes added as a direct response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Why is this relevant? Since Google My Business business attributes are category-dependent, these new health and safety attributes might not show for all categories. The key point is that local retailers and merchants utilising these attributes can potentially see more engagement and an improved customer response rate. Customers want to do business with merchants who make health and safety a priority and offer assurances their stores are safe to visit.

Final Thoughts

Do you have any suggestions or ideas about which digital marketing news topics you’d like us to look out for in the future? Write your requests below. We’ll keep an eye out (or two) so you don’t have to – and all for FREE, of course. EmailOut offers the most generous email marketing software freemium product for professional micro-businesses and SMEs across the globe coupled with the very best rates for large volume corporate senders. Take a look now.
This article was originally published on 13 September and can be found here.

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2020.09.17 21:45 ar_david_hh Sep/17/2020 news: \\ TUMO expansion: labs & nano-tech \\ anti-corruption: officials to disclose purchases \\ oppo vs govt: verbal battle \\ busted: rector & cops \\ clinics+ \\ PM intervenes \\ COVID is back? \\ tourism sights \\ Human Capital Index \\ bills pass: free lawyer, genocide calls \\ debt

TUMO high-tech school to expand / Labs / Nano-tech / Programming / Science

Education Ministry gave a 15,000m2 land in Yerevan to TUMO so it can build an engineering and scientific facility.
 
Education Minister Harutyunyan: // the new labs will examine nano-technologies, biotech, and artificial intelligence.
Other universities can build their own specialized labs in TUMO and cooperate with TUMO's labs, under the condition that everyone will share all labs. Adults only.
 
They'll teach programming to non-programmers by using a French school's curriculum. Students of all ages are welcome.
A French university's programming faculty will be established in this building.
 
The construction begins in 2021 and ends in 2023. The facility will be self-financed a few years later. //
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195976

Parliament voted not to discuss Education Minister's resignation

Here is a context in case you missed the fight between opposition parties and Education Minister Harutyunyan: https://www.reddit.com/armenia/comments/iu1dcm/sep162020_news_education_reforms_ministe
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195960

Pashinyan joins Education Minister to roast Tsarukyan

Context: yesterday the "traditionalist" opposition politicians accused Education Minister Harutyunyan of harming the Armenian language, church, history, etc. because they disagree with the upcoming major reforms. The argument heated and the Minister said you can't rape women in church then talk about the church (hinting to BHK leader Tsarukyan's rape conviction).
 
Pashinyan today: // it's hard not to agree with the Minister. At first, you as a sergeant of police forces invite foreign women to show them a church, then you group-rape the guests and mug them. Then you engage in the protection of national values and identity. A true "patriotism". //
https://www.facebook.com/nikol.pashinyan/posts/2752700655050312

Tsarukyan roasts back

Tsarukyan responds: // I think it's time to amend the Constitution to clearly state that people with serious mental problems should not have the right to hold high political positions and endanger the public. //
 
Context: it's aimed at Pashinyan. Possibly related to the former regime's media circulating rumors that Pashinyan was exempt from military service due to mental problems. The record, however, shows he was exempt because two of his brothers had already served, which disqualified him.
Former regime also spread unverified Telegram rumors that Pashinyan went to a psychiatric clinic in 2019 and they even gave a specific doctors' name. Fact-checkers found it to be false; the doctor wasn't even in Armenia.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195974

Ruling MPs respond to Tsarukyan / Minister's past

QP MP Alen Simonyan: // I'm confident that Tsarukyan's post about mental disorder was aimed at a fellow BHK MP Gevorg Petrosyan [the overly-traditionalist and anti-gay dude]. There are reports that he had mental problems dating back to the time when he was the Labor & Social Affairs Minister. His mental problem is why he had to leave the position after only holding the position for a few months. I'm sure the decision to replace him was made by Tsarukyan, who is currently trying to pretend to be a politician. //
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195974

BHK replies / they didn't joke about amending Constitution

BHK MP Iveta: // whoever that [mental health Facebook] post was aimed at has understood it was for them. No doubt QP MP Alen has a vivid imagination [about it being aimed at BHK Minister]. We're serious about amending the Constitution to block officials with serious mental problems. //
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195986

QP isn't joking, either / a bill already exists

QP MP Kristine: // then perhaps BHK should join and support the bill I introduced in 2019 which would require mental tests for MP candidates. If Parliament MPs elect a prosecutor who has to undergo a mental evaluation, why shouldn't MPs themselves undergo one?
BHK was against this bill. At the time, they said it was discriminatory and that anyone should be able to become MP. They must have had a change of mind since then. Maybe they'll support it now. //
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195997

QP summoned a meeting

The ruling party held a large meeting this evening. The PM, Governors, and Ministers were present. It wasn't over the spat with Tsarukyan.
Some QP MPs will resign to get a job at the government. There might be other rotation.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195990
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196009

anti-corruption reform: purchases by public officials could be monitored

Justice Minister Badasyan introduced a draft bill to amend the law to require public officials to disclose [in annual declaration form] any purchases larger than $4,000, or if a collection of similar purchases exceed $6,000 (so officials won't split the same purchase into smaller pieces to hide).
 
Moreover, the newly established Corruption Prevention Commission would be allowed to request an explanation if the official gains large properties within 2 years of leaving the office.
 
The definition of a luxury property would lower from $16,000 to $8,000 so more properties would need to be declared.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/196000

should city council members also disclose their properties?

Another anti-corruption reform will require municipality councilmen to file the aforementioned declarations.
 
LHK is against this because "it adds extra burden on councilmen so the cities could lose valuable councilmen who can't manage to handle their work and file papers at the same time. It already takes a great amount of effort to convince some good councilmen to work."
QP countered LHK's argument with, "it doesn't matter that good councilman volunteer their time for the city. If they are public officials and make decisions for the public, they should file paperwork to reduce corruption."
 
One of these logics is simp while the other is chad. You decide... https://armtimes.com/hy/article/196000

former Yerevan State University rector is charged with embezzlement

Aram Simonyan is accused of embezzlement and/or waste. It's related to the Feb/19/2019 investigation in which he was accused of taking $10,000 in bribes. The SOC auditors had also discovered $830,000 in "damages" at the time.
 
It was later clarified that the new charges are about alleged embezzlement of $71,000 in 2015, which is part of that wider $830,000 corruption investigation done by SOC two years ago.
The former rector denied the accusations.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/195941
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195956
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195979

ex-police chief Gasparyan charged with assaulting a journalist

Vladimir Gasparyan is officially charged with assaulting Azatutyun journalists who were using a drone to film his Sevan beach-front mansion, which was built too close to the lake and is subject to partial removal.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196017

investigators bust another police brutality case

This one involves a prominent weightlifter and international referee Armen Ghazaryan. He and another detainee were assaulted in a police station by a group of cops, say the investigators.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195992

Hardline traditionalists vs Goerge Soros

Self-proclaimed hardcore traditionalists from "Kamq" group danced in front of the govt building and attempted to pour gasoline and burn Goerge Soros's dummy:
https://youtu.be/1NmFTCFscZI?t=111

Air Force One painting

Some outlets circulated rumors that last month the PM's office spent $250,000 to paint Prime Minister's Airbus A319. The govt says it's "completely fake news".
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196030

the new judges took the oath

Three new Constitutional Court judges were earlier approved to fill the vacant seats in court. Today was the oath ceremony for two of them. They swore while in Parliament.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195957

update: clothing import tariffs

Last week several clothing importer businesses protested the new law that will calculate border tariffs based on each imported item instead of the package's weight. Something about EAEU rules that were announced last year but was implemented now due to COVID delay.
Today the IRS and businesses met to discuss ways to ease the burden on businesses. They struck a cooperation deal.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195965

COVID stats / schools / another wave coming?

4,319 tested in one day, the highest since July. +295 infected. +162 healed. +2 deaths. 3,232 active. 252,158 tested.
 
Pashinyan: although the daily tests have increased, the number of daily infections has increased too, crossing 200 again. The public should be concerned.
Healthcare Ministry: 7% of tested came positive. That's higher than before.
Pashinyan: I saw street traffic for the first time since March. Probably related to school reopening. Perhaps the uptick in infections is related to the shopping/social activities that happen before the school season.
Practically, masks are our only tool to fight the virus. The police should strictly enforce the mask law. Masks aren't for covering your chin, it's for your mouth and nose.
Healthcare Ministry: we predict a rapid spread of COVID. 1 patient will infect >1 healthy. Right now it's at 1.02, just days after it was less than 1. Wash your hands and keep a distance.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195962
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195963
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195980

Coronawalrus forces Armenians to finally explore their country

Internal tourism boomed while air travel was banned. Here are some lesser-known sites that Armenians "discovered...
Tsiranavor church
... is in Ashtarak, Aragatsotn. The legend says 3 sisters fell in love with a dude named Sargis. The two elder sisters sacrifice themselves so the small sis will be happy with Sargis. They wear orange "tsirani" dress and jumped off a cliff, hence the name Tsiranavor. (FFS)
Dashtadem Castle
Located near Dashtadem, Aragatsotn, the castle was built on the 7th century on top of an ancient Urartian castle.
Agarak historical-cultural reserve
... is near Agarak, Aragatsotn. It's a rocky promontory of volcanic tuff protrusions (god bless google translate).
More in the link with maps and photos: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027881.html

Yerevan's clinics are developing

As part of a plan to develop Yerevan clinics, which are often a subject of quality-related complaints, this year the city spent $415,000 (3x vs 2018) to buy medical equipment.
"Clinics should be good enough to prevent patients from ending up in hospitals," said Mayor Marutyan, "last year we purchased 325 pieces of equipment. This year it's 134. Five clinics will be renovated."
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195981

Pashinyan intervenes to extend Yolyan director's contract

Yolyan blood clinic's director was supposed to be laid off on October 1st due to the contract's expiration. Ministry said it was due to his retirement age. A group of doctors asked Pashinyan to extend the contract, or else they'd quit.
Today Pashinyan decided to extend his contract. He also criticized some of the doctors who "pressured him by threatening to quit and intentionally place cancer-patient children's lives at risk."
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196014

The discrimination of ethnic Armenians in Moscow continues

Moscow's largest Azeri-owned "Food City" bazaar still won't allow Armenian sellers to place an ad sign in their booths. Sellers complain it harms trade.
Truck drivers with Armenian license plates still aren't allowed to enter, although the bazaar administration left a "loophole" and allows trucks if the plates are covered.
Moscow authorities earlier claimed the conflict was "settled" but the sellers say otherwise.
The conflict between Food City and Armenians began after Azerbaijan lost the July Battles and Food City's Azeri owner got upset at ethnic Armenian civilians.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/195938

the fighter jets fly together

Pashinyan uploaded a video of all 4 SU-30SM fighter jets flying together for the first time during training.
https://youtu.be/qi7TsafUJQk

making fighter jet flights safer

Today the govt approved a transaction to repair two pieces of technologies (PAR-10 and MRM-80) to make jet flights safer and good and bad weather conditions.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027954.html

more families of deceased soldiers to get free lawyers

Parliament voted 120-1 to approve a BHK bill to expand the list of people who qualify for free legal services.
Until now, families of those who died from the enemy fire could get lawyers for free. With the new law, non-combat deaths will also qualify.
Presumably, this isn't only about legal services related to the soldier's death; it's in general. The families cannot use the free legal service for business disputes, trials in which the compensation sum is very large, etc.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195967

inciting a genocide is now a felony crime

Parliament voted 121-0 to approve a QP bill to set an 8-10 year prison sentence for publicly and directly inciting a genocide.
10-14 years if it's done by a group with the help of mass media.
Up to life sentence if it's done by a group of public officials.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195968

sports gambling offices will be 150 meters away from...

... schools, cultural-historical buildings, government buildings, etc.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027946.html

gas explosion victims will get new apartments

A gas exploded in a Yerevan apartment complex a few weeks ago. 12 families were left homeless.
Today the govt decided to give them vouchers to buy new apartments. The subsidy is calculated based on the property's average price at $690/m2.
$378,000 will be spent for 12 families. They can spend all the aid on a "large" apartment, or they can buy a small one and keep part of the cash.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195978

preparing for Sep-21 Independence Day celebrations

The national symphonic orchestra will perform in the evening on the roof of the Opera building. The orchestra uploaded a teaser photo that said "can you guess where we are right now?". (հետո էլ երաժիշտներց կռիշի փող կհավաքեն որ ջարդածը վերանորոգեն)
 
This year, too, the organizers will invite entrepreneurs as part of the "Մեր ժամանակների հերոսը" (hero of our times) program launched by Pashinyan last year. It's about encouraging startups. "The theme of celebrations is to honor the citizens of Armenia."
 
Elsewhere, the Armenia flag will be lit on the world's tallest Burj Khalifa building, and the Niagara falls.
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195959
https://armtimes.com/hy/article/195983

Armenian wrestlers win 12 medals

... during an international competition in Belarus. 2 gold, 5 silver, 5 bronze, unlimited minutes and SMS.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1028006.html

Human Capital Index

Armenia has slightly improved its ranking in WorldBank's Human Capital Index among 174 countries.
"A baby born in Armenia today could expect to achieve just 58% of their potential human capital, relative to a benchmark of complete education and full health."
http://arka.am/en/news/society/armenia_slightly_improves_its_standing_in_world_bank_human_capital_index_report/

Foreign debt

Armenia's foreign debt was reducing until the pandemic arrived. There was a sharp increase in April, followed by a smaller monthly increase.
Today it's $6.057b compared to $5.700b in April.
https://hetq.am/hy/article/121646

Iranian company will build a trash facility in Hrazdan

As part of a 2016 agreement with the European Development Bank, Armenia will have a new trash collection facility in Hrazdan, with European standards.
Iranian Tunnel Sad Ariana won the auction for the contract after meeting the standards and offering the lowest price.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027956.html

Metsamor nuclear power plant

The ongoing repairs are meant to extend its lifespan until 2026. Today Armenia held talks with the Russian RosAtom energy giant about the possibility to extend the reactor beyond 2026.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027986.html

Armenian writings of Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo used to write mysterious letters with both hands with each hand going in the opposite direction. He used to drop other mysterious bits and pieces to confuse the reader.
The dude also wrote an "Armenian letter" which depicts part of Armenia.
More: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027909.html
https://allinnet.info/interesting/armenian-writings-of-leonardo-da-vinci/

Armenian "Krisp" high-tech company

... made it in Forbes's top-20 "rising star" list. It uses AI to remove background noise and recently held a successful fundraiser.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/kenrickcai/2020/09/16/cloud-100-rising-stars-2020
 
You've read 2435 words. That's a lot. Have a sip ☕

Disclaimer & Terminology

1) The accused are innocent until proven guilty in the court of law, even if they sound guilty.
2) Currency in Armenian ֏ unless specified otherwise.
3) NSS/SIS/SOC = law enforcement agencies. QP = Civil Contract Party. LHK = Bright Armenia Party. BHK = Prosperous Armenia Party. HHK = Republican Party. ARF = Armenian Revolutionary Federation Party
4) ARCHIVE of older posts by Idontknowmuch: PART 1 ; PART 2 ; PART 3 ; PART 4 ; PART 5.
5) ARCHIVE of older posts by Armeniapedia.
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2020.09.17 21:44 Pjd7510 Group Select Survey Results

Top 3 answers get +3, +2. and +1 balls, bottom 3 answers get -3, -2, -1.
LETS GET STARTED
Question 1: Favorite Baseball Player and Why
Dylan
Growing up every day with Chipper and Andruw Jones in the Braves lineup for the first like 15-20 years of my life was special, Chipper in particular. Acuna is catching up fast, though.
I asked for one player though, not your entire Barves lifestory
Bnavis
Jake Arrieta, his rise really mirrored the cubs, and that 2015 season was incredible.
Arrieta can pound a bag of dicks for being absolute shit
Ruairi
Barry Bonds. He was the greatest hitter of all-time and it isn't even up for discussion. He was a hall of famer before the "alleged" steroid use and became the greatest player of all-time after. The man would get one pitch in the strike zone to hit every night and he would hit it for a home run everytime. No batter has ever been feared the way Barry was feared, not even close. Everyone can say they hate Barry Bonds and don't respect him or whatever crap they want to spew out, but the truth is, when he came up to bat, literally everyone stopped what they were doing to see what he would do, and then when he'd hit a massive home run, everyone would be in awe of his insane abilities.
Barry Bonds is lowkey one of my favorite players, this is valid reasoning.
Polelover
David Ortiz. Self-explanatory.
Fuck the Red Sox
Bgro
Jason Kendall bc he was a leadoff catcher and gritty as hell. He refused to ever sit out a game even though he played such a demanding position.
Kendall was one of my favorite Pirates to watch, glad to see someone else is a big Kendall fan
Jiggy
matt kemp, restored my love of the game. in his prime he was incredible and he seemed to be having a blast playing. oh and i'm hyper vain and he dated rhianna while being the best player in the sport and i think that's cool as fuck.
Kemp should have won MVP over Braun. Fuck Ryan Braun
Rose
Frank Thomas? Frank Thomas is just a mythical figure of childhood for me. The 2006 A's were an extremely formative team for my baseball fandom and Frank Thomas was probably the first time a player I was already aware of outside of the A's became relevant to the A's, and having him play for Oakland felt like being blessed by a god. Objectively or statistically there are more dominant hitters than Frank Thomas in history but in my mind he's the most impeccable hitter of all time.
I forgot that Big Hurt was an A. Thomas was a fun player to watch
Cory
Rickey Henderson. Unbelievable talent with a rare skillset, combined with a cool "hometown hero" story, long career, endless mythology and great stories.
Yankees Legend Rickey Henderson
Wharble
Vladimir Guerrero for teaching me that strike zones are merely suggestions
It's a shame his son took that lesson the opposite way
Iama
Mariano Rivera, just a great feeling when he would come into the game and lock it down. ice cold blood in the veins, and a great team player and ambassador for the game.
There will never be another as good as Mo when it comes to locking down a game
+3 Ruairi, +2 Rose, +1 Jiggy
-3 Pole, -2 Dylan, -1 Bnavis
Question 2: Favorite High School Story
Dylan
We used to pay "high stakes" Call of Duty at my friend tommy's basement. We played gun game on black ops. if you lost you got fingered in your butthole
Kinky
Wharble
that time in high school I went to Edinburgh to perform a musical for some Scots
Did you play the bag pipes?
Pole
9th grade a bunch of us gathered in the school library the first night of winter break and binged the lord of the rings movies. Extended editions, of course.
Thats a good way to spend a night
Iama
Four Loko Night, many shenanigans were gotten up to and the night culminated in ejecting flaming pumpkins off a bridge into a gorge
And this is how states burn to the ground
Bnavis
me and a couple guys got onto the very top roof of the palmer house hilton, managed to avoid a bunch of security. got good pictures
Sounds like a blast
Jiggy
probably driving to a city of 30k people in the middle of buttfuck nowhere, getting piss drunk and doing Too Much Molly for one person. we did all this shit and it's like 1:30, walk to a dominos and wait outside for our shit. all of a sudden this dude comes up to us and asks us if we were the ones that catcalled his gf (we were not) to which one of my buddies said "nah but i wish i would've." dude gets in his truck and chases us down streets of moose jaw saskatchewan for thirty minutes as we run for our lives while smoking grape flavored cigarillos. we get separated, i lose my phone, sleep on a merry-go-round in a park in october (so like it's 25 degrees at best) and walk to a starbucks to find a stranger that'll let me use their laptop to contact my friends bc i don't know their numbers, forgot my facebook password, forgot my gmail password to reset it, end up on this middle aged man's 15 year old dell laptop for forty minutes trying to figure out how to contact my friends while still fucked up, eventually a dude i partied with happened to walk past and i ran outside and got him to call dan, dan picks me up and we drive back home and eat pizza hut
Holy shit
Ruairi
Oh boy strap in for this one. So it's freshman year of college. I live in the dorms. I'm single and have next to no experience with girls/parties. It's Halloweekend (the weekend of Halloween so very many parties at SDSU). Unfortunately, I was not in a frat so I was not allowed in any frat parties, so I had to party in the dorm. Anyway. My roommate went to his gf football game (she was a cheerleader for a community college 30 minutes away) so I was just hanging out in my room with the door open to talk with anyone from my floor that wanted to hang. This girl from the floor below me (that I had just met a few days ago and showed off my baseball knowledge to in the study room) walks by my room and stops. She says hi and comes in and I'm talking with her. She has a bottle of cranberry juice and vodka and offers me some. Obviously, I accept. She says she has a full bottle of vodka in on her floor and she'll bring it up to party with me. A really attractive girl wants to hangout with me on Halloween while she is dressed up and wants to get me drunk? Hell yea! So she goes down to her floor and I wait for her to come back. But then about 20 minutes have gone by and she has not come back, leaving me to believe she had bailed :(. So I go across the hall to my friends room to drink and play super smash bros. About an hour or two goes by and I've had some shots just vibin on the floor. A few of the girls who went out to a party had come back and I was hanging out with them. Then the girl from the floor below came back with friends and was trashed. She was in our study lounge puking in the trash so I was in there taking care of her and helping her out. I was just rubbing her back and getting her water while holding her hair. There was a weird dude on our floor who was into her also trying to help but it was super weird and uncomfortable with him there because well as I said he was weird and creepy. After an hour, one of my other friends said Chase and Diego were letting people in their room (now these kids didn't talk much to anyone, except Chase. Me and him were boys). So I went over to their room to see what was poppin' because this was a moment of a lifetime. Chase was a little drunk but Diego was smashed and so was his gf. Total in the room it was me, Chase, Diego, his gf, a dude name Kayvon, and two other girls, Leah and Katie. I was just hanging out talking with everyone and then the three girls were talking about french kissing. Leah hadn't ever frenched so the other girls wanted to show her how. So they passed each other around like a bong just frenching it up. I was dumbfounded. This is what college is??? I'd seen videos but I didn't think they were real. Diego was getting super into his gf making out with these two other girls, kinda hyping them up. Once they had stopped frenching, Katie and Leah left the room. Diego started to get the spins and tried to lay down on his bed. Then he vomited on himself. Me, already experienced with vomit in the evening, tried to help him out and get him up and to the bathroom or at least the trashcan. I did what I could but then his gf was acting all crazy and yelling at me to get out of the room, so I did. I returned to the cute drunk girl on the couch, as I told her I would be gone for just a few minutes (it was really about 20-30). She was super excited to see me again. At that point, she asked me to watch the World Series with her, as the Mets and Royals were going to play Game 5 (I believe) on the Sunday (the next day). I told her of course I would and that I'd be watching in that very study lounge. After a little while longer, I told her she needed to go to bed so I walked her down to her room while the weird creepy dude followed us. I wasn't going to let him walk her to her room because frankly I didn't trust the dude. Got her to her room, said good night, and that was the end of that. I went back to my room and told my roommate and his gf about the eventful night I had. Jumping back to earlier in the story, cute girl said she had returned to my room about 30 minutes later but she couldn't get the vodka from her floor because some dudes had taken it. I had left my room at that point so she ended up going out to the party instead since I wasn't there. I did end up dating that girl for a decent amount of time, but that's for a different survey.
Ruairi remains the undisputed king of storytelling
Rose
was homeschooled for most of high school and didn't go to college. i'm not gonna get balls but at least be gentle with taking balls away
Rose you are a treasure, no ball loss for you
Cory
Frosh year. My roommates and I had a couple dorm floor mates who either only have weekday meal plans, or no meal plan at all. So we started casually stealing them some non-perishable goods to last them over the weekend. Through natural progression, this slowly turned into us creating an entire klepto organization that eventually fed most of our dorm house. We had a few tricks. One was bringing sports bags in with us - they would make you check backpacks at the door, but since sports bags might have expensive equipment, they let you take them in. So we'd just stuff them full of gallon bags of cereal, bagels, etc. Our dining hall had a patio area, where at night, you could see in from the outside, but not vice versa. We would load up our plates with one type of food, grab a gallon or two of milk, a tray of cookies, etc., saunter out to the patio, bag/pack everything up, and then toss it over the railing to our Outside Man down below, who would then take it back. At the end of the year, the dining hall had a program where you could return anything you "walked off accidentally" with with no repercussions, so we went to collect and tally any cups/bowls/plates/silverware we'd liberated, and found ourselves with two full boxes of stuff. Fearing *some* sort of repercussions from the sheer volume of stuff, we waited until the DH was closed one night, climbed over the railing, and left the boxes on a patio table.
This is amazing
Bgro
I jumped out the window of the classroom once just to prove to a friend how oblivious our teacher was. I then walked in through the front door, greeted said oblivious teacher, and sat back down at my desk. She was very confused.
Classic
+3 Ruairi, +2 Cory, +1 Jiggy
-3 Dylan, -2 Iama, -1 Bnavis
Question 3: Favorite Vacation You Took
Wharble
does the scotland one kinda count as a vacation? if so, that one, if not, fuck idk I've only ever been to Vegas or Mexico on vacations so imma go with one of the 14 times I went to Mexico
I would love to go to Mexico
Pole
Winter 2010, we went to a resort in Turks & Caicos. Joe Girardi was there too. He and my mom are best friends now.
Pics or it didnt happen
Iama
lake house in new hampshire with all my cousins, just waterskiing, swimming, and hanging out by the water every day for a week
That sounds fantastic
Bnavis
italy, rome's cool as fuck
Another high effort answer from Bnavis.
Jiggy
when my sister lived in vancouver i flew there and then we drove from vancouver to tijuana together and camped on beaches and shit
I've always wanted to camp out on a beach, that sounds dope
Ruairi
Well, since my brother and I played baseball year round from elementary school through high school, we didn't take many/any vacations. So I will have to say the only real vacation I've taken is my trip to Texas a few weeks ago. It was amazing getting to see my best friend with our other best friend. Shot real guns for the first time. Went to the beach a couple of times and the water was so warm, it was amazing. Had Texas BBQ and it was to die for. It was super cool being in a somewhat small town since I've grown up in San Diego/Temecula for my whole life and haven't lived in a farm-like town. It was a super cool experience and I would easily risk getting coronavirus to do it again.
Thats pretty dope, small towns are always fun to go to
Rose
my favorite 'vacation' ever was actually recent. i dogsit for my sister sometimes when she goes somewhere and get to spend a week or so getting paid to relax at her apartment in san francisco with her dog and drinking and eating good food. it's nice because it's not touristy, i'm not staying at a hotel or anything, it's more like dipping my toes into living in a big city for a week or two and then getting to return to my normal life afterwards. my 'favorite vacation' was when i was there for over a week last year just chilling with no responsibilities other than taking care of her dog
The best vacations are the ones where you do absolutely nothing
Cory
New Zealand, September 2019. Gorgeous land all-around, really good (and cheap) beer, fun time exploring with friends, Lord of the Rings shit everywhere, good beer, very nice populace.
Thats dope, New Zealand is on my must visit list
Dylan
All my friends and I rented a house in Hatteras in the Outer Banks a few years ago. Massive house, right on the water, perfect water. Took a lot of acid, listened to Miles Davis' Bitches Brew while the mosquitoes ate my body apart while the sun went down.
Thats pretty dope
Bgro
Backpacking around Europe for a month with my buddies when I was 17. We visited 8 countries, sleeping in hostels and trains.
That is the dream, glad you got to live it
+3 Ruairi, +2 Rose, +1 Bgro
-3 Bnavis, -2 Pole, -1 Wharble
Question 4: You are now Commissioner of MLB, what changes do you make? (For time constraints I am going to post the top 3 answer and bottom 3 answers as many of these are similar)
Iama
negotiate things with the unions to make sure i can do the following fire rob manfred from any position he may hold (also joe west, cb bucknor, angel hernandez, and laz diaz) fix the minor league wage system so players make a living wage; also adjust the prearb/arb/fa system for better fairness abolish the dh and/or maintain the al/nl system abolish bad extra inning rules and/or robot umps, if they have been implemented bring back the bullpen car more doubleheaders bring back disco demolition night
Love all of these except getting rid of the DH
Bnavis
very slowly turn baseball into blurnsball from futurama
No
Jiggy
  1. no interleague 2. no divisions, just leagues 3. 12 games against each league opponent, 168 game schedule (until expansion, see 9; after expansion this will become 165 games, 15 against each league opponent) 4. al dh, no dh in nl 5. top 3 make playoffs in each league, 1 gets a bye. 2v3 in a best of 7, winner vs 1 in a best of 9, best of 11 world series (i realize it's not fun viewing but it gets the best result) 6. fines for anyone who tries to institute unwritten rules or whatever the fuck, promote the shit out of guys like tatis/tim anderson that make the game fun 7. no baserunner on 2nd rule 8. legalize steroids 9. expand to 38 teams, play one season. bottom 7 in each league go down to make a 24 team mlb and a 14 team mlb2, following this, use the english promotion/relegation system but with 4 from each league now. so effectively, bottom 4 in the al automatically go down, top 3 from al-mlb2 automatically come up and then a playoff of 4v7 and 3v6 from mlb2's al (best of 3 round 1, best of 5 round 2) to determine the fourth team that rejoins the majors. 10. create a more fun environment at the game. music throughout the game, including during play, also every team has a small waterpark at the ballpark 11. encourage players to have cool cleats why is trevor bauer the only one taking advantage of this 12. go back to pre-2017 balls
Jiggy gets it
Rose
make the wild card a 3 game series played in 2 days (games 1 and 2 as a double header,) expand to 32 teams (portland and montreal/charlotte/nashville,) universal DH (i don't mind both leagues having different rules but universal DH is probably the pandemic induced rule that makes the most sense to keep,) execute Alex Bregman on live TV, don't kill the minor leagues, don't do any other dumb bullshit, sit back and watch the money stack
Yes absolutely bring back the Expos, fuck Ass Bergman
Wharble
pay the minor leaguers, institute a salary floor, institute something resembling a RFA system instead of arb, ban Rob Manfred from baseball idk I'm tired
Go back to bed bud
Pole
Overhaul the free agency system to disincentivize service time manipulation. Add a salary floor for teams.
Ok
+3 Jiggy, +2 Rose, +1 Iama
-3 Bnavis, -2 Pole, -1 Wharble
Question 5: You have been signed by the WWE! Congratulations! What is your In Ring Name, Gimmick, and Finisher
Wharble
Thiccums, whatever vince gives me, and either the spear or the clothesline from hell
Show some creativity and own your own gimmick. Jobber status for you
Pole
I am The Ogre. I come out in full Shrek cosplay. My finisher is the GET OUT OF MY SWAMP.
:corynod:
Iama
Wrath-Hog Bounty Hunter Bearhug Life Force Squeezer
So do you hunt other wrestlers? Are you a hunter for an authority figure? As of now you are a Jobber
Bnavis
just give me minus points for this
SAY NO MORE, -3 BALLS
Jiggy
Chicken Bryan Kane's little brother, thus making me the Undertaker's grandson The Carraba's Crusher - honestly it'd just be ember moon's eclipse bc it's the coolest shit
Only issue, Kane is already Undertakers brother so you would also be Undertakers brother. That said maybe we can bring Taker out of retirement for a one off with you
Ruairi
Ring Name: The Notorious Ruairious. Gimmick: I am a Northern Irishman who uses a wicked head butt to stun and knock out opponents. I have swagger, but am very humble. I throw off my opponents by complimenting their bodies rather than trash talking them. Finisher: I get the opponent on the ground and do a jig over them, as my kicks knock them unconscious.
This is a dope gimmick, would likely book you to face Sheamus for 3 months before going for the WWE Title.
Rose
Ring name is Anne Phibian, my finisher is a Frog Splash and my gimmick is that i am extremely into frogs and i brutally beat down opponents and share Frog Facts with the audience on the mic while they are incapacitated
Instant top heel in the Women's division. Would book you to face Charlotte Flair at Wrestlemania for the Women's Title.
Cory
The Mortician (Cory *Graves*). My gimmick would be crawling my up through the bottom of the ring to start each match. We would then have to wait for the mat to be repaired before beginning the match. Finisher: The Scalpel - I run back and forth between the ropes a few times, gaining momentum, eventually bouncing off, going into a horizontal pencil dive motion, and kicking my opponent square in the chest.
I can see some good feuds between you and The Fiend Bray Wyatt. Could be a good wrestlemania match.
Dylan
Bitch, I'm Big Pepsi I'm sponsored by Pepsi Co. to deliver the sweet taste of Pepsi products to the world, BY FORCE The Baja Blaster - I yeet a full cup of MTN DEW Baja Blast (tm) into my opponent's eyes before hitting them with a shoryuken from street fighter
I dig it. Will book you as a main eventer before having you job to Roman Reigns and then banish you to the midcard forever
Bgro
My ring name is "El Ratoncito Miguel" which translates to "The Little Rat, Miguel". My gimmick is that I always pretend I'm not actually there to fight, I'm just lost and looking for directions. I insist way beyond a humorous amount of time that I'm really not a wrestler and you must have me mistaken and how do you get to Union Street. Then, when everyone's going home and the lights are turned off, that's when I attack. My finisher is called Open-Face Slap, where I run to one side of the ring and then charge full speed at you and open face slap you.
Instant Top Chicken Shit Heel. You can win the WWE Title on a fluke before losing it at Mania to someone like Daniel Bryan
+3 Bgro, +2 Ruairi, +1 Rose
-3 Bnavis, -2 Wharble, -1 Iama
Question 6: Here have a ball
+1 to everyone who said thank you
No balls to everyone who said ok
No one told me to go fuck myself so no one loses a ball
Question 7: One of these has to go what do you get rid of.
+1 Balls to everyone for correctly choosing a seafood based item
Question 8: Penguins are...
+1 Ball to everyone who said Badass
No Balls for those who said "they aight"
No one loses a ball
Question 9: Society has completely collapsed, what do you do to survive.
Wharble
bold of you to assume I'd make it out of a societal collapse
Wonderful spirit Wharble
Pole
Hoard some precious resource so I can trade it for other things that I need.
Smart
Iama
the world is my oyster
But what are you doing to survive
Bnavis
kill myself, i'm not a fool. i wouldn't survive a day in the wild
Just excellent effort from Bnavis
Jiggy
honestly i wish i had a nice plan for you but i know i wouldn't make it. just hangout with my gf for as long as possible and do enough mdma to forget about our impending doom
Understandable
Ruairi
I have a co-worker who has a full survival shelter with many guns. I go to him to survive.
Good move
Rose
i don't believe in my ability to survive alone in an apocalyptic scenario so i would determine if i'm reasonably close to a costco. if i think i'm close enough i believe a society of about 200-300 people could survive in a barricaded costco for several months at least without issue, and i will try to get a footing there. if i can't make it to something like that i will seek out the strongest most prepared looking person in my neighborhood and pray they show mercy.
Good to have a plan
Cory
Hoard gasoline and water (a la The Immortan Joe from Mad Max: Fury Road). If that doesn't work out, I would travel from settlement to settlement, bard-style, recanting happenings from neighboring settlements and regaling folks with song.
That man making the best of a bad situation
Dylan
Go to the basement of the newspaper office downtown. Literally nobody ever goes there, and there's no easy way down there without a pass. Also has a showeshittespace. Also has a secret tunnel to the building across the street if I need to bail.
Not bad
Bgro
Now that society has collapsed, I work as a software developer to survive.
In a post-apocalyptic society I dont think we will need software
+3 Cory, +2 Rose, +1 Dylan
-3 Bnavis, -2 Wharble, -1 Iama

Question 10: This question comes from my wife: What should I make for dinner upon the completion of survey results
Everyone gets a ball for leaving some awesome recipes.
Question 11: What is your happiest memory?
Wharble
that's an incredibly personal question that I will not answer because it will make me emotional!
Ok
Pole
that one time i homered in little league
Was it a moon shot?
Iama
watching the 09 world series win with my dad
That was an amazing year
Bnavis
being held by someone who loves me dearly
True
Jiggy
honestly last new years me and gf and a few friends went to a rave and got drunk/did a fuckton of ecstasy and danced our asses off then went to this little hidden rooftop in downtown saskatoon that i stashed a few bottles of tequila and some cigarettes on and danced and smoke and drank up there and yelled at strangers on the street until like 4 then got an uber home, passed out, and then made a fuckpile of waffles and watched horror movies in the basement all new years day it was so fucking fun
Thats fucking awesome
Ruairi
Oh man this is a tough one. There are two that stand out in my mind, but I'm not sure which one to go with. I will tell another story about the cute girl I mentioned earlier in this survey. So this was a few months later (4 or 5). We started dating shortly after that Halloween night for the record. We spent pretty much everyday together since we lived just a floor apart and quickly became best friends. Anyway, it was a few months later and we were in her room. It was a Friday and I didn't have class until 1 on Fridays. We were making out on her bed and at one point she stopped and just looked at me. She started crying and I was confused so I asked her what was wrong. Through a cracked voice she says "I love you." It was the first time anyone had ever told me they loved me in that way and I had been thinking about telling her that I felt the same way leading up to this day but was too scared to. When she said it, I was then able to say it, which surprised her because I wasn't a very open person back then. It's one of the best feelings to have someone you love tell you that they love you back. And even though we aren't together anymore, the memory is still a good one for me, because it reminds me that I can be loved and I can feel love for someone, even in times when those things don't seem possible.
This brought a tear to my eye my dude
Rose
it feels slightly underwhelming to call it my happiest memory because it didn't last in the end but i think the most undeniably happy thing i can think of is entering my first real romantic relationship as a teenager. a lot of that time of my life i was fighting with depression and a genuine and significant romantic relationship was a realization that i could be deserving of love from other people and that i could connect and relate to another person in ways i was afraid i wasn't capable of.
This fucking hit me hard because I've been there
Cory
Camping with my brother and parents. Usually our trips involve some amount of shouting and fighting, even the really good ones. But this trip, we just spent three wonderful days in the wilderness, enjoying nature, eating good campfire foods, laughing and playing board games. Some catchphrases were spawned while playing those games that my family still quotes to this day.
That's awesome, I'd give anything to have that kind of time with my family again
Dylan
I went to a concert with a friend of mine that had just left the company we had worked for. She was in a relationship but she asked me to go with her because she had an extra ticket. It was a great time, really fun, great vibes. Didn't realize at the time that would be the person I'd be living with about 3-4 years later. Don't know if it's my happiest memory but it makes me really happy, know what I mean?
Thats awesome dude
Bgro
Either various moments on my solo bike trip across the country where I just felt total tranquility and satisfaction near the end of my trip OR this one time when my first nephew was like one and I was his favorite person and I took him out for a walk. He was distracted and I walked a little ahead of him and when he turned and noticed me a little further away, we made eye contact, he grinned a wide smile and then ran to me arms wide open for a hug. Kids do that kind of stuff all the time to people they know and trust but I've never felt such pure unadulterated love as I have from that kid in that moment. There is no artifice or conditionality in that sort of love. It felt good to be the cause of that someone else's sheer joy and seeing his face light up when he saw me, thats a memory that always brings me happiness.
:blobheart:
No one loses a ball for this round
+3 Rose, +2 Bgro, +1 Ruairi

Ok lets tally up the results......
TIED FOR FIRST WITH 16 BALLS: ROSE AND RUAIRI
SECOND WITH 9 BALLS: CORY
TIED FOR 3RD WITH 8 BALLS: BGRO AND JIGGY
4TH: IAMA 0 BALLS
5TH: DYALAN -1 BALLS
6TH: POLE AND WHARBLE -3 BALLS
AND YOUR BIGGEST LOSER IN DEAD LAST WITH -11 BALLS BNAVIS!!!
Lottery will be done and posted with out first round. Thank you for your time you wonderful people
submitted by Pjd7510 to groupselect2k18 [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 21:00 portlane William Gates (Nov. 30, 1925 - Sept. 14, 2020)

William Henry Gates II
Nov. 30, 1925 - Sept. 14, 2020
The Gates family mourns the passing of William H. Gates II, known to many as Bill Sr., who died peacefully at his beach home on Hood Canal Sept. 14, 2020 of Alzheimer's disease. In his 94 years, Bill created a towering legacy as a lawyer, philanthropist, and activist. To his family, he was a beloved husband, father, and grandfather who was an example of what it means to be a model citizen and a profoundly decent man. To many in the community, he was an inspiring role model, trusted advisor, and loyal friend. His sincerity, humor, approachability, and thoughtfulness won him legions of admirers and made him highly effective in his work and his civic and philanthropic endeavors.
Bill was born Nov. 30, 1925 and grew up in the Navy town of Bremerton. His father owned a furniture store and neither of his parents went to high school. Bill went to Bremerton High School and was active in Boy Scouts, where his troop spent three summers building a log cabin from the ground up, and he learned his first lesson about the power of people working toward a common goal.
He completed one year at the University of Washington before reporting for duty in the U.S. Army. He completed officer candidate school and was en route to Japan when it surrendered. He spent a year in war-torn Tokyo, which provided him with one of his first opportunities to consider our shared humanity and its ability to unite people regardless of their backgrounds.
Gates returned to the U.S. to earn an undergraduate degree in 1949 and a law degree the next year. During that time, he gained a lifelong passion for the Husky Nation and met his first wife, Mary Maxwell. Bill and Mary raised two daughters and a son and developed a shared sense of civic duty. Volunteering and philanthropy were nightly topics of conversation around the Gates family dinner table.
Bill and Mary found great joy in nurturing friendships. They were prolific entertainers, and guests could count on meaningful conversation and friendly competition. They and eight other families spent more than 10 summers on Hood Canal at Cheerio resort, where Bill was fondly known as "the mayor." For several years, they held a holiday skating party where Bill, at 6'7", could be found wearing a Santa suit on roller skates. Their bridge club met for nearly 60 years.
Bill began his legal career working in private practice and serving part-time as City Attorney for Bremerton. He joined a Seattle law firm, and after 12 years, formed a new firm with two partners. As managing partner, Gates helped grow the firm and today it is known as K&L Gates, one of the world's largest law firms. His firm was involved early in the region's tech industry, and that involvement expanded over time. Gates retired from the firm, then known as Preston Gates & Ellis, in 1998 after 48 years in practice.
Bill believed in the power of the law to help people and make change for the better. His colleagues admired his integrity, trusted his intelligence, and sought his advice. He engaged in the law's professional associations, including serving as president of the local and state bar associations, holding leadership positions with the American Bar Association, participating in several court commissions, and other posts. Through these associations, he helped create law school scholarships for people of color and an approach to delivering legal services to the poor.
In addition to being one of Seattle's most respected lawyers, Bill became one of the city's most revered civic leaders. He served as an engaged trustee of numerous organizations, including the Greater Seattle Chamber of Commerce, the King County Chamber of Commerce, Planned Parenthood, and United Way of King County. He founded the Technology Alliance and helped boost technology employment in Washington. He chaired the Seattle Public Schools Levy and was a visible advocate for progressive taxation, including initiating a state income tax on the very wealthy, and maintaining an estate tax—reflections of his deep commitment to social and economic equity.
In Showing Up for Life, Bill wrote that "one way to sum up a lifetime quickly is to think of the right words to put on your tombstone." He thought his should read: "He Married Well." Despite the intense sorrow of losing Mary to cancer in 1994, he never took for granted how lucky he was to have nearly five decades with her. And then, after Mary passed, he was astonished to find that he could love fully again, when he met and married Mimi Gardner in 1996. Bill and Mimi spent more than 24 years traveling the world, learning, laughing, enjoying life, and simply being together. Mimi and Bill spent his final months at Hood Canal where they could enjoy beautiful views and time outside.
Bill also had a profound impact on the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the people the foundation serves. He, more than anyone else, shaped the values of the foundation. He started the foundation's work in global health, created the Gates Cambridge Scholars Trust (2000), and guided the foundation's major investments in human services, education, and culture in the Pacific Northwest. He was quick to tear up when he saw suffering in the world and never let anyone forget the human beings behind the foundation's strategies. He saw the best in everyone, made everyone feel special, and upheld the foundation motto "All Lives Have Equal Value" in every way possible.
During his lifetime, Bill received innumerable awards including YMCA's A.K. Guy Award, the Seattle King County REALTORS First Citizen Award, the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, and the American Bar Association Medal. The University of Washington selected him UW's Alumnus Summa Laude Dignatus in recognition of his service to and insatiable love for the University. He served as UW Regent for 15 years and directed Campaign UW, which raised $2.7 billion through 293,000 donors. A UW Regent resolution saluted Bill as "patriarch of the first family of the University." Even in the later stages of Alzheimer's, Bill could sing the lyrics to "Bow Down to Washington."
In his characteristically humble way, Bill never saw his actions as anything special—simply the right thing to do—though the community is filled with people and organizations who were changed for the better because of his involvement.
The family would like to thank the tremendously loving and caring people, affectionately named "Team Bill," who cared for him in the last years of his life. The quality of his life was greatly enhanced by their presence and consistent provision of hot (very hot) coffee, chocolate brownies, and bowl after bowl of chocolate ice cream.
In addition to Mimi, Bill is survived by his children, Kristianne "Kristi" Blake, William "Bill" H. Gates III and Elizabeth "Libby" MacPhee; their spouses, John Blake, Melinda French Gates, and Nicholas MacPhee; and his grandchildren, Kerry and Sully Blake, Jennifer, Rory and Phoebe Gates, and Emmy, Steve and Mary Armintrout. The family will carry on the traditions that have left a lasting imprint, including matching pajamas at Christmas, time on Hood Canal, and competition and games. His grandchildren will cherish memories of their individual "10-year-old trips" with Poppy and Mimi.
His son, Bill Gates III, once wrote: "The next time someone asks you if you're the real Bill Gates, tell them you're all the things the other one strives to be."
Because of COVID-19 restrictions, the Gates family will hold a memorial service at a later date. To honor Bill's lifetime of service and generosity, donations may be made to Landesa Rural Development Institute, University of Washington – Achievement Scholars Endowed Fund, the YWCA Seattle-King-Snohomish, or to a charity of your choice.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=william-henry-gates-ii&pid=196813074
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2020.09.17 19:42 kjonesatjaagnet IoT Security & Education: Toward a Secure Connected Campus?

IoT Security & Education: Toward a Secure Connected Campus?

Illustration: © IoT For All
IoT devices are everywhere and starting to be used in many industries, as well as in public places. Technological innovations and advancements make it possible for our devices to become smarter, but in some sectors, the adoption rate has been quicker than others.
Education is one sector where adopting new technologies takes longer than many other industries. Smarter devices could improve the interaction between students and teachers as well as provide more efficient education and learning. However, there are specific security concerns involved that have to be taken care of first for schools to adopt devices that would replace traditional books and notebooks. This article takes a look at some of the challenges faced by the education sector when it comes to the use of IoT.

State of the Education Sector

When it comes to the education sector and IoT, there are many changes possible that the entire industry could utilize making it look completely different in the timespan of a year or two. IoT provides the kind of value that other technologies don’t by advancing education so much so that its structures and environment could change completely.
Today we have schools and educational institutions sticking to the traditional ways of operation. However, there are also schools that use IoT which allows them to offer more personalized learning at a higher level of efficiency. The use of smart devices on campuses and in schools can improve the students’ access to relevant information, as well as help manage the entire classroom with more transparency and efficacy.

Education Use Cases

Below are a few interesting use cases reflecting the benefits of IoT in the Education field:
Enhanced Student Acquisition
  • Improved understanding of prospective students and their educational needs.
  • Improved forecasting and acquisition of students and faculty through integration of mobile apps to website navigation.
Improved Student Experience
  • Distance learning integration.
  • Student life analysis through device integration for any early detection of patterns that require course corrections for improved academic outcomes.
  • Develop courses and curricula that meet student needs effectively based on student sentiments and their interests.
  • Differentiated services and cost reductions for improved operations.
Research Experience
  • Accelerated research through device integration for faster experimental data collection, and integrated analytics with predictive capabilities

Cybersecurity Concerns

In open environments such as the ones nurtured by higher education institutions, cybersecurity can be a massive problem. It’s quite difficult for many institutions to implement proper cybersecurity practices while striving to teach and share information with anyone who may need it. The enormous number of students passing through an institution’s system each year certainly does not help in that mission, as they all use their personal devices.
The threats could be more severe than you might think, not only for the devices but also the data that is managed by educational institutions. In Florida, there was a cybersecurity data breach through the security system of a virtual K-12 school that jeopardized the safety of the sensitive student and parent personal data. It included the names and birth dates of students, email addresses of the parents, as well as Social Security numbers of the teachers.
Cases like this, clearly show that the level of cybersecurity in the education sector isn’t on a high enough level to deter cyber criminals.

Solving Cybersecurity Concerns

The problem of IoT-related security concerns isn’t exclusive to the education sector but the sensitivity of the assets we are expected to protect in this field is particular. Therefore, Educational Institutions must start teaching cybersecurity not as “a best practice” but rather “by practice”. One way is to start teaching the young generation about cybersecurity in a fun and practical way. As a great example, ISSA France – the 1st French-speaking European chapter of the Information Systems Security Association (ISSA) has just launched a Holiday Workbook presenting cyber risks to children and their parents.
Besides, to be able to trust IoT devices, connected education campuses must drive a dedicated IoT risk analysis and adopt security assurance by design, rigorous testing, and security standards for the devices and systems in use.
Only by knowing where the weaknesses are and how they can be exploited can we deter cybercriminals from breaking into internet-connected systems to steal sensitive data and cause a massive amount of damage.
Originally published by Roland Atoui - September 17, 2020 iot for all
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2020.09.17 13:02 closeprotections Close Protection London Close Protection Services London

Close protection – is a concept that has been known for ages – it has been with us since early days of humankind and now its condition is more than satisfactory. Since time immemorial, people have tried to protect their wealth, assets, as well as their own health, life, and welfare. By means of the transfer of gathered goods, wealthy individuals have been paying other parties to protect them, their families, and possessions from others. As a general rule, young, notably strong, and grim-looking individuals have been considered perfectly suitable for such a job. The idea behind such a choice has been to scare away a potential adversary by taking advantage of the very looks of the guard. The aforementioned state of affairs has been observed for the consecutive ages. Wealthy landowners and kings created their own trusted guards (in ancient times and during the medieval age, those were troops designated to protect the authorities; later on, they were transformed into elite soldiers). Aside from serving representative and managerial purposes, such individuals were required to take care of their master and his beloved ones. In the 11th century England, during the Battle of Hastings, King Harold assembled a group of troops to protect his life and widely understood health condition. One may consider them to be the ancestors of modern bodyguards. As both civilization and society progressed, there were an increasing number of various organizations and people. Therefore, the risk of attack was significantly higher. Numerous authorities attempted to discourage potential aggressors from committing a crime by introducing severe forms of punishment. It must be noted, however, that there was still the question if it was enough to protect high authorities and the wealthy from the effects of outside attacks. The protection-oriented market has been developing to be – at some point – dominated by professional soldiers. The said progression has made it possible for police officers to investigate and deal with common, less dangerous crimes only. Together with technical revolution and the increasing social awareness, the number of citizens not satisfied with the current order skyrockets. It is likely to cause radical groups aiming at the change of the existing ruling paradigm to occur. This in turn may lead to anarchy and the increase in people willing to put their antisocial theories and plans into effect. The latter may start from sabotaging the work of others and demolishing valuable devices, but it may also end up in killings. If such a thing happens, one may openly talk about terrorism. The unusual social situation boosts the demand for personal protection. Both the army and police focus on securing the wellbeing of those of high position in the country. The rest of the threatened society must protect itself. The demand identified above has given rise to a new profession – a security guard. In the past, it was performed in a more or less organized fashion and that is why the effectiveness of arising task achievement varied. The attempt on Tsar’s Alexander the Second life on 1st March 1881 is a perfect exemplification of the formulated thesis. The ruler in question was attacked by the members of Narodnaya Volya at 2:15 P.M. A bomb was thrown under the carriage, but its explosion did not harm either the tsar or the horses. Alexander the Second, together with his companion including secret police representatives, started to assess damages. It was a mistake. At 2:20 P.M, yet another bomb was detonated. Its accuracy was notably higher as it managed to severely injure the tsar. He died relatively quickly, even with professional care he was under. At this point, it must be indicated that the demand for close protection increases. However, the perception of it is in a significant number of cases rather faulty, leading to pitiful outcomes. As it was hundreds of years earlier, modern people tend to hire grim musclemen to protect them, disregarding the fact that their intellectual level and possessed knowledge are negligible. Formerly, a test had to be passed in order for a person to be considered a bodyguard. Unfortunately, it does not hold true anymore. On numerous occasions, we can observe security guards stylized to look like stats of action movies, with the lack of intelligence written all over their faces. To give them justice, such people may also perform exceptionally well – up to the time they encounter a real attack. Unprofessional guards may be employed to protect rock stars or boxers. Real bodyguards of today are, however, highly skilled and motivated. They are trained to prevent rather than to counteract, as it may be too late in the latter case. Such people are capable of estimating potential risk and juxtaposing it with the resources at their disposal that may minimize it. Modern security guards are physically active, as well as skilled in giving first aid and driving a car defensively. They can fight without using any weapon – especially by taking advantage of psychology and persuasion. Such people are proficient in at least two languages and are characterized by an above-average intelligence level. The described model of a security guard is perfectly suited to current conditions and the needs of individuals hiring them.

VIP close protection over the world – organizations specializing in personal protection. One of the most famous and at the same time – the oldest organized bodies dealing with close protection was created in the 19th century. It was the American United States Secret Service. The USSS was created in 1865 as the US Treasury Law Enforcement Agency. Secret Service is the oldest national agency focusing entirely on investigations. Initially, their only task was to protect the economic structure of the country by means of preventing governmental cheques and bonds from being counterfeited. The mission was followed up to 1901, when president William McKinley was attacked in Buffalo (NY state). The assault resulted in appointing the Secret Service by the US Congress to protect the newly elected president, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1906, the Congress finally adopted the act on the responsibility of the Secret Service for the safety of the White House. Since 1950, the protection has been extended from presidents and first ladies only to vice-presidents as well. Before the murder of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, the Secret Service had been a relatively small organization, employing as many as 284 agents. The discussed events translated directly into its rapid development. Currently, it is stated that over 5000 employees work for the Secret Service. Separate branches of the organization are located all over the United States, in Puerto Rico, and in other places all over the world (Paris, Lyon, London, Bonn, Rome, Milano, Hong Kong, Montreal, Lefkosa, Bogota, and Manila). The representatives of the organization are both secret agents (serving protection and investigation-related roles), as well as uniformed units responsible for the safety of the White House and diplomatic outposts. They maintain law and order by means of the network of both foot and motorized patrols, as well as of fixed posts. Such people also support other branches of the Secret Service. A wide scope of professional is also employed therein – those are electronics, engineers, communication experts, protection-related professionals, and IT workers. The Secret Service protects the president with his family, vice-president, elected vice-president, candidates for the said posts (from the 120th day before the elections onwards), former president, his children up to 16, as well as heads of other states staying in the USA in order to realize international missions. The unit of the Secret Service liable for taking care about the safety of the president in the White House fulfills its duties in identical uniforms. Due to the said fact, the Secret Service is sometimes referred to as the Uniformed Division. Its tasks also include the protection of president’s mansions, diplomatic outposts in Washington, and places alike located within the borders of the USA.

Another known formation is the Swiss Guard (Latin: Cohors Helvetica) which was for the very first time gathered on 22nd January 1506 by the then pope – Julius II. Its major aim was to protect the spiritual successor of Saint Peter and his palace. The pope wanted to grant himself protection from the enemies and avoid a political murder. In 1512, the Guard secured Vatican against French soldiers. The Defendants of the Church, as the representatives of the discussed formation were also called, had to face the biggest trail while taking care of pope Clemens VII during the invasion of Roman emperor, Charles V. The boldness, discipline, and resourcefulness of the representatives of the Guard made it possible to save the life of the pope, even though about 600 bold men died in the process. To commemorate the event, a solemn vow of the newly appointed guards takes place every year on 6th May. Each of the Swiss guards-to-be holds a banner in his left hand and raises his right hand with the thumb and two other fingers in an upright position (it is the symbol of the Holy Trinity). Then, the new soldiers promise to protect the pope and – to die in his defense if necessary. The representatives of the Swiss Guard are chosen from men between the age of 19 and 25 living in one of Swiss cantons (basing on contracts with Zurich and Lucerne). Each of them has to be at least 174 cm (5 feet and a half inch) tall and be an unmarried practicing Catholic (according to a special letter issued by the local bishop). Candidates for the service are properly trained, including teaching them how to use firearms, side arms, as well as how to defend themselves and establish proper contacts with other people. One of the items of the list is the proper usage of halberd. Currently, the number of soldiers in the Guard is estimated to circulate around 120, including officers, junior, and senior soldiers. They serve in the formation from two to twenty-five years. It must be also indicated at this point that officers and senior sergeants may be granted by the pope the right to enter into a holy matrimony. Aside from their characteristic outfit, soldiers are additionally equipped with halberds and Renaissance swords – those are the symbols of formation’s tradition. Nowadays, they are also fitted with firearms, tear gas, and excellent communication-oriented devices. With its almost five hundred years of heritage, the Swiss Guard is one of the oldest active defense-oriented groups in the world. One may assume that it will last until Switzerland and the Catholic Church exist.

Yet another example of a close protection-focused formation is the Cedrug Order, the major task of which is to take care about the ruler of Tibet – Dalai Lama. It comprises of national spiritual authorities who organized themselves in a form of an order. Thanks to strict upbringing, their physical strength is much higher than the one of secular officials. Therefore, the former are the most trusted soldiers caring about the safety of the leader of the nation. Cedurg School is located in the left wing of Potala – the palace of Dalai Lama, which is in turn situated in the Holy City of Lhasa (eastern Tibet, Kyitsu river valley). Every Tibet citizen is allowed to enroll to the school, but only chosen ones are granted the privilege to join the Order. For several hundred years, there have been a limited number of monks allowed, namely – 175. Only selected candidates have been worthy enough to defend the powerful Dalai Lama. Those are especially bold, tall, and muscular men. The representatives of the Order earned their name in 1959, when they protected the king of Tibet against Chinese adversaries.

One of the biggest organizations in the world established to consociate and train bodyguards is the International Bodyguard Association (IBA). The IBA was established in 1957 in Paris by major Lucien Victor Ott. Major Ott had been closely connected to the French Foreign Legion in Algeria since his early childhood. He had been born and raised in the said country. In 1947, he joined the French Special Forces and took part in France-Indochina war. Furthermore, he was the participant of the battle of Dien-Bien Phu that ended with the defeat of the French forces. He was being injured and captured by Vietminh. After a bold escape, he decided to join forces with the French Military Intelligence (Deuxieme Bureau). Major Lucien Ott got famous due to, inter alia, perfect securing of president Charles de Gaulle against the OAS terrorist organization. Thanks to him, 30 prepared attacks were foiled, 11 of which were aimed directly at the head of the state. After the death of the creator of a modern bodyguard profile, major Ott, one of his students – James G. Shortt took care of the management of the IBA. As a young man, he had joined a cadet school. Later on, he had become landing operation troops officer and a member of the elite SAS (Special Air Service) unit. Moreover, during his service, he also taught soldiers in Afghanistan the art of Mujahedeen war. Currently, he teaches security guards, police officers, and soldiers all over the world in the IBA branches. The main aim of the organization is to properly prepare bodyguards-to-be to properly perform their duties. It is not an entity employing such individuals, but those who have presented exceptional skills may become members of royal, diplomatic, or personal guards recommended by the IBA. Coaches being the representatives of the organization trained bodyguards in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as helped during the Baltic Crisis between 1989 and 1991. The qualifications of the International Bodyguard Association are exceptional, international, and backed by the documentation concerning the organization of training sessions for the military, governmental authorities, police, and private bodyguards all over the world. Such undertakings have been continuously performed since 1957. The IBA also operates and trains willing individuals in Poland. Its branch was established in the said country in 1992. The basic training offered to candidates includes 60 hours of comprehensive preparation divided into six consecutive days. After its completion, the candidates are required to undergo the so-called refresher once a year. It is one of the conditions of the membership in the IBA.

Another training organization worth mentioning is the ESI - Executive Security International. It must be highlighted that it is one of the biggest and most appreciated American companies oriented towards training personal protection guards. Its second name is as follows: Bodyguard Training Academy for Executive, Dignitary and Celebrity Protection. The ESI was formed at the beginning of the 80s by Bob Duggan – martial arts expert and master in Hwarang Do. Its creation had been preceded by the establishment of the very first bodyguard training program by the Martial Arts Academy in Aspen, Colorado. The ESI, being one of the USA’s private schools, offers its students over 2000 hours of education with regard to protection, investigation, data gathering, company and individual security, etc. The training unit of the organization is situated high up in the mountains and is run by skilled professionals. Fun fact – film writer, Tracy Keenan Wynn, cooperates with the ESI. His preeminent task has been to create scenarios of situational exercises. While writing them, the said individual takes advantage of real life situations and attacks, such as assaults on Aldo Moro, John Paul the Second, kidnapping of Hans Martin Schleyer by the RAF (Red Army Faction), and scenarios alike. The ESI collaborates with corporations operating in the close protection branch of industry, as well as with the police and military. The organized training sessions are top secret. No journalists are allowed to enter the Aspen unit. Due to the fact that the ESI is a private school, it may provide professional training to civil, police-related, and military institutions all over the world.

The citizens of Israel have never had the chance to feel safe in their country. The issue of safety has been always treated seriously there. Aside from a constant Israel-Arab world conflict threat, the Israelis have been the subjects of terrorist attracts, both within the borders of their country and outside it. Jews and Americans are most frequent victims of operations organized by highly skilled terrorist groups. Taking into account the impact the Russian mafia has on Israel, the amount of care put on widely understood safety is fully justified. The Israeli Special Forces protect their citizens by means of intelligence and security-oriented undertakings. They host training sessions in various organizations preparing bodyguards, providing the adepts with the experience gained during the service. Most famous units of the said kind in Israel are undoubtedly the ISA - International Security Academy and the ISS - International Security School.

ISA is an international organization established and managed by former leaders, police instructors, and special service members. The very first unit of the ISA was formed in Latvia as a training and advising agency for both governmental and private security guards belonging to the Baltic States and the countries of the former USSR. The fact that the ISA is not exclusively Israeli in character is proved by the figure of the organization chairman, major Urlich Wegener – the creator and very first leader of German Border Control Service called GSG 9. The team of instructors and coaches also has international roots. The credo of the organization is that the preparation of the individuals for the proper protection of others is the key. Such people have to be offered highest quality training, extensive knowledge, and practical background. The ISS training programs are based predominantly on the experiences gained in Israel and in other countries, as well as while training people for the purpose of protecting VIPs over the world. Individuals, governmental authorities, and large-size corporations have been taking advantage of the services provided by the ISA/ISS.

At the moment, civil bodyguards are also involved in close protection. The safety of the individuals hiring them, as well as their possessions depends highly on the qualifications of the former. Quite frequently, those are former policemen, soldiers, or special force members. However, a number of inexperienced adepts would like to start their adventure with personal protection as well. Are they bound to fail in their attempts? It is not always so. The most crucial component affecting the effectiveness of the training is one’s psychological preparation. It is a commonly known fact that it is exceptional in former police officers and troops. However, it is a common belief that one can be trained how to perform the job of a bodyguard, just as it is possible to teach a person how to shoot or be properly engaged in melee combat. It all depends on one’s motivation and willingness to achieve success in the industry. Regulations to date limit the training process of a security guard to the moment of being awarded with a license. In order to perform his tasks properly, such a person has to constantly improve his skills and qualifications.

Phenomena connected with the need of utilization of close protection techniques – Terrorism/Terrorist. It goes without saying that terrorism is one of the biggest threats of today’s world. While analyzing the severity of attacks and their scale, one should not doubt that VIPs should be at all possible occasions protected against the aforementioned forms of assault. In order to assess the threat a given problem pose, its specificity must be identified at first. The notion of „terrorism” was for the first time in history used during the Conference of the International Criminal Law Association in Brussels, in 1930. To date, there have been approximately 200 various definitions of the phenomenon in question. While trying to grasp its characteristic features, one will face a number of limitations and difficulties. One of statements of historian Walter Laqueur has to be touched upon here. While asked why he has been avoiding formulating an unequivocal definition of terrorism, he replied: „For 50 or so years, people are constantly trying to understand the idea behind terrorism. It is a phenomenon having different forms, depending on its place of origin and epoch. How can one find common ground between Russian revolutionists from the end of the 19th century and Al-Qaida anarchists?

Terrorism is mainly based on the utilization of force or threat in order to achieve political or ideological goals. It is hard to say something beyond that. Terrorism is like pornography – it escapes logical classification, but if one sees it – then it becomes apparent.” It is hard to argue with the statement, as it perfectly shows the complexity of the phenomenon in question. For the purpose of this publication, a strict definition of terrorism is not needed. All that is required is the utterance formulated by Walter Laqueur stating that terrorism can be most fully perceived through its manifestations. Terrorist acts are undoubtedly illegal, as they are based on kidnapping people and forcedly taking control over means of communication, economic sabotage, attacks, robberies, demanding ransom to finance organization’s own activity, posing threat to life, health, and freedom of authorities, and kidnapping people from outside the area in order to gain publicity (especially journalists, priests, voluntary workers). One may also indicate the usage of explosives and firearms in public areas and poisoning certain spots by means of radioactive materials and chemicals. Longin Tadeusz Szmidt additionally pointed out that terrorism has always been strictly connected with crafty and hard to identify methods of killing the leaders of nations. While describing the phenomenon of terrorism as a threat for the protected person, one should also point out and indicate its sources. The following are enumerated: - social and economic sources that are directly connected to economic crises, social tensions, social and national discrimination, as well as with the perception of dissonance between the factual reality and the one presented by the media; - historical and political sources. They have their beginning in severe social reactions, demanding full democratization and respecting human rights; - sociological sources that may be related to the atmosphere typical for a given country or the so-called spirit of violence; - psychological sources stating that a significant part of terrorists is highly mentally unstable which is additionally combined with the overly high self-esteem. When it comes to the area of attack, the following are proposed by the experts: - land terrorism (the major threat area for VIPs and the key one for security guards), - air terrorism (personal protection is then entrusted to the authorities managing planes, airports, etc.), and – maritime terrorism (tasks and responsibilities are then similar to air attacks). While taking into account the type of terroristic activities, one may distinguish: bombing-based, nuclear, biological, chemical, technical, cybernetic (attacks on IT networks), and narcotic-oriented (narcotic cartels undertakings) terrorism. The highest threat for VIPs is undoubtedly the first type, namely – bombing-based one. Close protection-oriented undertakings should therefore incorporate the knowledge on paradigms effective during a bomb attack. They will be discussed in further sections of this publication. It is exceptionally difficult to argue with the thesis that we must be protected against terrorism. The same applies to VIPs. The importance of the latter is also worth discussing, as the threat is much higher when a top authority is attacked than when the assault poses threat to a pop star or a wealthy businessman. However, it does not limit the necessity to analyze and counteract terroristic attack threat. It may directly impact the safety of the person a given security guard is responsible for.

Crime is also one of the issues that may endanger protected VIPs. Up to the beginning of the 80s, Poland had been considered to be one of the safest countries in Europe. Law enforcement bodies had been numerous and properly financed there, and crime forecasting, prevention, and penalizing schemes had met all the European standards. However, at the end of the discussed period, the myth of threat-free Poland started to crumble. The effects of crime fighting scene were becoming gradually more negligible. The said state of affairs was predominantly caused by the decreasing trust in law enforcing organizations, as well as by the rapid increase in crimes committed by the citizens. Another important aspect that must be taken into account were economic and political changes taking place in 1989,the liberalization of economic activity, and the emergence of free market. Some individuals possessed unimaginable riches, whereas others were exceptionally poor. In order to survive till the next day, the latter searched for the answer in crimes, leading to the occurrence of the phenomenon commonly known as organized crime. According to official data from 2001, within the borders of Poland, there were over 400 organized crime groups consociating approximately 45 thousand people. They were generating profits by means of goods smuggling, selling stolen cars, producing and marketing narcotics, counterfeiting national currency, commuting bank frauds, selling firearms, and – what is of exceptional importance from the point of view of VIPs – demanding ransom. Criminals induce fear in the society, especially due to using terror and blackmailing. They do not hesitate to kidnap others or kill them. Such individuals resort to brutal treatment, such as beating, torturing, drowning, etc. All those factors combined directly translate into wealthy representatives of the society feeling threatened. What is more, criminals frequently tend to attack the family of a VIP as well, in order to convince him to perform a given action. Therefore, children, wife, and beloved ones of such an individual must be highly protected.

Popularity/Fame –The threat of attack may be in some cases linked to the popularity of a given human being. When a VIP is in isolation, then he may only receive unwanted phone calls or be nagged by photographers. The problem arises when he has to leave his place of permanent residence or workplace, as well as when he is in a publically accessible place. Danger may still be low, but the inquisitiveness of journalist may quickly become overwhelming. Fans or supporters of a given sportsman or artist may cause havoc in order to touch their idol or get hold of any item belonging to him or her. Of course, there is also the risk of serious injuries or even death (let us take John Lennon as an example) – it cannot be neglected. That is why famous and popular individuals should by all means care about their safety. The matter also concerns politicians who are widely recognizable and controversial. In politics, there are no limitations. Opponents may even resort to killing a representative of the other side to impose his or her right on others. Elected politicians tend to have close protection, but care should be additionally exercised to care about those running in elections. Such VIPs may be ridiculed by the crowd or the opposition (by throwing eggs or pouring water over the candidate), leading to the end of their political career. The role of security guards should in the aforementioned cases not be limited to physical protection only. They must also keep information about VIP’s family, realized projects, and operation profile confidential. The image of a famous person highly depends on the bodyguards being in his immediate surroundings. The manner of their operation, professionalism, and knowledge are top priorities there.

Attack on person – By definition, attack on person is the attempt to kill someone, steal his or her possessions, as well as to kidnap him or her. The criminal action in question has a long history, as assaults have been made throughout the consecutive ages. Their goal has been to achieve a political, economic, or cultural aim. Attacks on person may lead to tremendous changes in the society, which is perfectly depicted by the killing of John Kennedy and Icchak Rabin. In the majority of cases, however, such an attack does not have significantly far-reaching consequences. In order to be effective, bodyguards must answer themselves the following questions – why do criminals attack? How do they attack? How may the assault look like? Therefore, it is highly advised to specify the motif, methods utilized, and consecutive stages of one and every attack on person. Taking into account motifs, one must bear in mind that all the assaults have their agenda. No attack is made voluntarily, without forethought. In the following sections, most common causes of the aforementioned activity are going to be enumerated:

Revolutionary or political ones – organized groups (frequently consisting of fanatics) attack others in order to force the society to change the existing system or overthrow the current government (in the attempt to choose a new one). Their victims are often the authorities ruling the country. The attackers, who follow their revolutionary or political agenda, try to win the sympathy of other representatives of the society. Long before the planned attack itself, they distribute leaflets blaming current rulers for the widespread injustice. According to their belief, the elimination of the elites in power would bring positive outcomes for the whole country. Such an action was performed in Armenia in 1999, where members of the government were shot dead during one of their meetings. The terrorists informed that their death would improve the national situation.

Economic – terrorists claim that their potential victim is responsible for the poor economic condition of the country, company, or a group of people. In the majority of cases, economic attacks take place in countries where there are extreme disproportions between the wealthy and the poor. It must be taken into consideration, however that it is not always the case, as the assessment of the attackers tend to be highly subjective. Quite frequently, the cause of the assault is the personal conviction that the unsatisfying economic condition of the terrorist is the result of actions performed by the victim. It pushes the attacker into thinking that killing him would aid the situation.

Personal – In this case, the wrongdoers are motivated to make an attack due to jealousy, vengeance or other personal causes. Those people in many cases have notable personality disorders, manifesting themselves especially in the inability to control their behavior. The aforementioned state also leads to the failure to distinguish reality from fiction. A perfect exemplification of the motif in question is shooting Zuzanna Leśniak and an artist – Andrzej Zaucha by Yves Goulais in 1991. The trigger there was jealousy.

Ideological – The terrorist is convinced that the victim chosen by him has been threatening the values and principles followed by the attacker. The said rules are often of significant importance for both the group he belongs to and for himself personally. Ideological attacks on a person may be religious or social in character. The first case is oriented towards killing a religious person in the attempt to make it impossible for him to achieve his goals. The second scenario relates to the willingness to eliminate the leader of a given social group. Quite frequently, the additional agenda is to make the organization the terrorist is a part of more memorable and popular in the media. Free publicity is an additional benefit then.

Psychological – The most commonplace group of attacks. Modern psychology claims that every person using firearms, stabbing others with a knife, or taking advantage of explosives has been struggling with mental problems. The motif is of negligible importance, as the attacker may justify his actions with revolutionary, economic, or personal goals, but the fact is that the driving force is the inability to perceive the world correctly. The assassination of Bill Clinton in 1994 illustrates the above bluntly. Francisco Martin Duran stated that he had attacked Clinton to destroy the mist connecting him to an alien entity. Apparently, Duran wanted to eliminate the mist in order to save the world. Attacks considered as crimes may be triggered by a myriad of factors. Among them,there are: - clashes between the representatives of a crime organization, willingness to demonstrate one’s power or threat the victim (attempt to force the latter to pay ransom or forget about debts), - desire to kill suspects that may endanger one’s business, - attempt to exert pressure on certain individuals or to threaten them for their professional achievements (relates to, inter alia, attorneys and tax collectors).

Attack methods to be considered by security guards. Close range attack. It may be performed by means of utilization of: - firearms, - melee weapon (knife, bayonet, dagger), - chemical substance (for example: toxic substance, such as hydrochloric acid). There are no exceptional skills needed to successfully attack a person, as almost everybody can use a knife or a dagger to a satisfactory extent. The same goes with firearms, the utilization of which is as difficult as driving a car. The aforementioned types of weapons can be transported to the place of the assault with ease. The characteristic feature of this attack type is the fact that the wrongdoer is situated maximally several centimeters away from the victim. The difficulty here is directly connected with the inability to improvise the act. It must be preceded by a prolonged observation of the subject, learning his or her customs, daily routine, places he or she visits, and the protection type he or she uses. Only after drawing proper conclusions from the examination, can the terrorist attack the victim. Marek Papała, a police commissioner, was killed due to a close range attack in 1998, Warsaw.

Long-range attack – in this case firearms are often used, especially rifles and carbines. It is not an uncommon situation to learn about an attacker who has used a sniper rifle fitted with professional laser and optical aiming devices. The distance between the wrongdoer and the subject of the attack is commonly higher than 5 meters. The former must also be much more skilled than a close range attacker, as he has to be capable of utilizing a professional gun in an effective manner. The death of John Kennedy in Dallas on 22nd November 1963 was the result of the attack form in question. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was a former marine soldier, shot his subject from a storage located several meters away from president’s cavalcade. To perform the act, he used Mannlicher-Carcano, cal. 6.5 mm rifle. The proficiency of the attacker was proven by the fact that he fired three shots and only one of them missed the target.

Attack with explosives – it requires notable skills, for the wrongdoers has to build a bomb before performing the attack. He must also know how and where to plant the explosive, how to situate the fuse inside and where to detonate it. Such a person also has to be familiar with the effects of explosion. Assault on Margaret Thatcher on 12th October 1984 showed how patient and clever can an attacker taking advantage of explosives be. Patrick Magee, a member of Irish Republican Army, moved into the hotel where the British prime minister was expected to stay 24 days before the said fact. Every single day, he worked meticulously destroying the wall and placing a 50-kilogram explosive inside the hole. The bomb was then fitted with a timer. It exploded when Miss Thatcher was considered to wash herself in the bathroom – the attacker was perfectly acquainted with her customs. She would have died if she had not received a document to be read. The explosive was detonated five floors above the bathroom located in the apartment of the „Iron Lady”. Six other people died as a result, but the suspect managed to avoid the clever assassination.

If you are looking to hire close protection in London do not wait and contact us immiedletly for professional bodyguard services in London.
submitted by closeprotections to u/closeprotections [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 10:53 ErCiccione Getmonero.org updated: New blog posts, improved accessibility, new FAQ, multiple updates and much more

I'm rethinking the structure of these updates. For now i moved new merchants to a dedicated section, to give them more visibility. If you have suggestions, please let me know.

Updates to Getmonero

These are the major changes to Getmonero.org since my last update:
Note that I only included in the list major changes that users can be interested to. Many more changes have been implemented, you can see a more complete overview and the complete list of commits on GitHub.

New merchants

These are businesses which accept Monero recently added to the 'Merchants' page. For the complete list visit https://www.getmonero.org/community/merchants/.
Note: we list these merchants for convenience, we don't do any vetting. We only check that the websites actually accept Monero and are not obvious scams. Do not use these services without first making your own researches about them.
AUGET (#1143) French brand of scented candles https://auget.paris/en/
XenPods (#1179) E-cigarette supplier https://xenpods.com.au
Cockbox (#1137) It's a Tor-friendly, privacy-oriented VPS provider https://cockbox.org/
xChange.me (#1139) Fully anonymous cryptocurrency exchanger https://xchange.m http://xchangen24yn24b6.onion/
DV Chain (#1147) Cryptocurrency OTC desk https://dvchain.co
Newton (#1148) Canadian cryptocurrency exchange https://newton.co
CryptoWoo Monero Plugin (#1156) Gateway for WooCommerce users https://www.cryptowoo.com/
If you know a business which accepts Monero who is not listed, let us know and we will add it to the 'Merchants' page. To add a merchant, open an issue on the repository and fill up the template.

We need contributors willing to work on the website!

Contributors willing to help with the website are always welcome. You are encouraged to join the #monero-site chatroom (on Freenode, Matrix and MatterMost) to stay up to date and participate to the development. It's possbile to contribute to the development of the website in several ways:
  • Translate! It's possible to translate the main parts of the website through an user-friendly graphic interface: Weblate. You don't need any particular experience, except speaking a second language, but make sure to read the guide you find at the top of the page.
  • Resolve an issue! There are many open issues only waiting for contributors to work on them. Keep an eye especially on the issues labelled "⛑️ contributor needed" , which are mostly documentation changes or easy issues which don't require deep technical knowledge. If you would like to help with one of those, but you are scared by the fact that you need to navigate the repository, feel free to contact us and we will manage to get you started.
submitted by ErCiccione to Monero [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 20:15 removalbot 09-16 18:15 - 'Europe is beginning to react to the extraterritoriality of American law. At last!' (self.europe) by /u/Kader_surprise removed from /r/europe within 3-13min

'''
*Automated translation of [an article by Stephane LAUER]1 *
On January 31, Airbus reached an agreement with the National Financial Prosecutor's Office (PNF) in France, the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) in the United Kingdom and the Department of Justice (DOJ) in the United States to conclude nearly four years of investigation into alleged corruption in the context of contracts concluded since 2008. The group will have to pay a fine of 3.6 billion euros to these three authorities - an industry record. But that's not the point. This case marks a crucial step in the way Europeans can protect themselves against the extraterritoriality of U.S. law.
For years, dozens of multinationals have had to comply, without being able to react, with the legislative arsenal put in place by the United States. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), the Helms-Burton and D'Amato-Kennedy Acts or the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) have been used as weapons of economic warfare to weaken the competitors of American groups, under the guise of fighting corruption, counter-terrorism or security guarantees for the United States. In the case of Airbus, the European aircraft manufacturer was accused, on the one hand, of certain practices consisting of the use of intermediaries, in violation of the FCPA, and, on the other hand, of inaccurate declarations made to the American authorities in the context of the ITAR.
This extraterritorial law makes it possible to apply U.S. laws to foreign persons or companies, provided they have a connection, however tenuous, with the United States. The use of the dollar in a transaction, the existence of a legal entity on U.S. soil, or the simple transit of e-mails through U.S.-based servers are enough for the DOJ to exercise exorbitant powers that are imposed on violators. The ITAR, for its part, gives Washington a right of oversight over the sale of sensitive material, as long as it contains at least one U.S. component. What is striking is that for more than 25 years, the FCPA has been virtually unused. Everything changed with the end of the Cold War between the Soviet bloc and the United States. The latter decided to redirect military intelligence, which had become less crucial, towards economic intelligence, which was to be put at the service of the Doj, responsible for enforcing American law throughout the world.
At the end of the 1990s, American multinationals found it harder and harder to bear being forced to comply with anti-corruption laws when their main European, South American or Asian competitors were not. Believing that a distortion of competition had occurred, they lobbied intensively with OECD member states to ensure that the same rules apply to all in the same way. Since the mid-2000s, the extraterritoriality of American law has become industrialized, mainly to the detriment of Europe, which is considered an easier target than China or Russia. Over the last decade, French companies have paid $14 billion to the American justice system in this context. European groups account for 70% of the total amount of the fines.
Siemens, Technip, Deutsche Telekom, Daimler, Rolls-Royce, Total, BAE, BNP Paribas have thus been under the Caudines forks of the American justice system. The DOJ became rich by collecting colossal fines, while contributing to the weakening of competitors of American companies. In France, the increase in the number of cases has raised awareness of the need to guard against the extraterritoriality of American law. The Alstom affair, with the controversial 2014 takeover of Alstom's energy branch by the American group, General Electric (GE), was, from this point of view, quite emblematic. The energy branch of the French group had been accused of corruption dating back to 2004. Bribes had been paid to Indonesian officials in order to win a contract.
While the company was in the Doj's sights, one of its executives, Frédéric Pierucci, was arrested during a business trip to the United States. The man finds himself at the heart of a judicial imbroglio against the backdrop of the economic war between France and the United States, which will lead him to be imprisoned for two years in the worst conditions. Frédéric Pierucci quickly realized that his arrest was not just a simple incident in the context of an anti-corruption operation. He is convinced that he was instrumental in a case, the ultimate aim of which was to weaken Alstom so that the company could be sold to the American General Electric with the complicity of the American justice system. This transaction was effectively concomitant with the settlement of a fine of more than $772 million to the DOJ.
After Technip and BNP Paribas, Alstom is undoubtedly one case too many for the French government, which complains about the treatment reserved for French companies. Washington could easily reply that, to avoid such inconveniences, all Paris had to do was to set up an anti-corruption system worthy of the name. The law on transparency and the fight against corruption, known as the Sapin 2 law, promulgated in December 2016, was a first response to this concern.
This law makes it possible, as it were, to wash one's dirty laundry with one's family, thus considerably reducing the exposure of French groups to American extraterritoriality. This is what happened with Airbus. By agreeing to collaborate with the French justice system, in conjunction with the SFO and the DOJ, the European aircraft manufacturer, after having denounced itself to the British authorities, avoided criminal proceedings that could have led to a ban on participating in public tenders in the United States or the European Union, a situation that would have mechanically benefited its American rival, Boeing. Although the group had to part with a hundred or so employees involved in the affair and a large part of its management, the worst was avoided.
The formula had been tested in June 2018, when Société Générale, suspected of corruption after transactions with the Libyan sovereign wealth fund, reached an agreement with the DOJ and the PNF using the Judicial Agreement of Public Interest (CJIP), a new procedure allowing it to negotiate a fine without going to trial or going through a "guilty plea" procedure. The CJIP also allowed the PNF to pocket half of the financial penalty, instead of paying the entire amount to the U.S. Treasury. This time, in the Airbus case, the French courts took 60% of the fine, compared to 20% for the SFO and 20% for the DOJ.
This is progress, but the Sapin 2 law is only a defensive response to the problem of extraterritoriality," explains Frédéric Pierucci, founder of d'Ikarian, a consulting firm that advises companies on how to protect themselves from the dangers of extraterritoriality in American law. From now on, an offensive aspect must be adopted, i.e. European countries must also be able to demand sanctions against American companies at fault in order to rebalance the balance of power with the United States. ", he adds. Following the example of the work carried out in competition law, where the EU is now an authority at the global level, including vis-à-vis American multinationals - Europeans must be able to develop their own power of sanction in the field of corruption, by equipping themselves with legal tools of extraterritoriality.
For, to date, one cannot but be struck by the asymmetry of treatment between American companies and their competitors. It would be naïve to think that the former are more virtuous than the latter. In any case, in the United States, convictions are rare. The distribution giant Walmart has nevertheless ended up being caught. Seven years of investigation have uncovered widespread corrupt practices in Brazil, China, India and Mexico. As a result, the group was fined $138 million by the American courts, a ridiculous amount compared to what European groups that engage in such acts can pay.
This asymmetry is found in the aeronautics industry. Prior to the Airbus case, the Brazilian Embraer, in January 2019, shortly after being heavily sanctioned under the FCPA, had to sell its commercial division to Boeing. Since this legislation came into force in 1977, the U.S. group has never been sanctioned. It is high time to rebalance the balance of power by demonstrating a political will that still too often clashes with the particular commercial interests of member states. S.L., February 11, 2020
(1) Stéphane Lauer is a columnist for Le Monde and is the holder of the "Economy" column on the last page. He joined Le Monde in 1994, where he was in charge of the economics department, then created the "Losses & Profits" column before becoming Le Monde's correspondent in New York until 2017. A graduate of the IEP in Toulouse and the Journalism Teaching Center in Strasbourg, he holds a Master's degree in International Relations from the University of Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne. He is also the author of "Renault, a French Revolution" (JC.Lattès, 2005).
[link]2 (free version)
'''
Europe is beginning to react to the extraterritoriality of American law. At last!
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: Kader_surprise
1: *eopo*e*.f?L**u*ope**ommence*a**eagir*a-l-E*TRATE**ITORIA*I**-du-*roit-*m*rica*n-Enfin-P*r 2: Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 02:54 ensluck How to get back an old deposit

Last Call for the ENS Workshop, 10 Languages, and More
📷Ethereum Name ServiceSep 15📷📷

ENS Workshop

Once a year, the ENS team invites community members to an “unconference style” workshop, in which we discuss the current state and future direction of the project. Previously we’ve held this in London and Osaka, but this year’s workshop will be held virtually.
We put out a call for participation about a month ago and just announced the date as September 29th 12noon US eastern time. To keep the discussions high quality, we ask those who wish to participate to apply. We’d love to see you there!

10 Languages

Both the ENS homepage and manager app are now available in 10 languages: English, Chinese, Japanese, German, Spanish, French, Korean, Polish, Russian, and Vietnamese. A big thanks to our volunteer translators!
ENS is for everyone, so we’d like to have the ENS manager app and homepage in many languages to make it as accessible as possible.
If you are a native speaker of another language and are interested in contributing, see the last section of our blog post on the subject.

Reclaim old deposits

If you registered a .ETH name sometime between May 2017 and May 2019 using the old auction system, you may have an unclaimed deposit.
The ability to get back your old deposit has always been possible in our manager app, but to make it even easier we’ve made a standalone app where you can quickly check to see if you have any outstanding deposits and reclaim them.

Hackathons

We had some great submissions for our prizes at HackFS. You can see our five winners here.
We’re also happy to be sponsoring prizes for the Apollo Gitcoin hackathon, the Chainlink hackathon, and ETHOnline.

Chainlink grant

We received a grant from Chainlink! The grant will help us work with them to use ENS for naming oracles and to cut down on costs for claiming DNS names on ENS.

Follow us

submitted by ensluck to ENSMarket [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 08:42 kwpluckett Kwpluckett #78: Time Masters / Les Maitres Du Temp (1982)

IMDB
Challenge started: 5/18/2020 Date Watched: 9/13/2020 Runtime: 1h19m Rating: n/a Watched on: Youtube (Just search for it.) Rotten Tomatoes: %82 (Audience Score) Imdb rating: 7.5 Genre: Animation/Sci-fi Directed by: René Laloux 
Google synopsis:
A young boy is the lone survivor of a giant hornet attack on the desert planet Perdide.
My thoughts:
I was super excited to check this out once I found out it existed. It first came to my attention as I was compiling a list of my favorite movies on my letterboxd profile. I added the film Fantastic Planet from 1973. (An amazingly imaginative animated Sci-fi film.) While doing this I took the opportunity to finally look up the director. (Rene Laloux.) I'm happy I did, as I found both this film 'Time Masters' and another another 'Gandahar' amongst a number of short films. I attempted to track them down on the usual streaming services and hit road blocks. (Of course.) To purchase them appeared to be fairly expensive as well. (As they are semi-difficult to find.) I decided to look on youtube and much to my surprise... I found them both! Complete with English dubs as well! (Yay!)
Time Masters is a fairly simple story, and the runtime pretty short, at just over an hour. It is a succinct, surrealist journey through an awe-inspiring universe, that will leave you with a sense of curiosity and wonder.
The animation, direction, character development, sound design and artistry are all incredibly complex, and original. There is nothing else that is quite like this film, and it is an intense joy that I feel, when viewing something so unique, so surreal, and so well done. It's like viewing a dream come to life.
The narrative, is heavily nuanced. The tangential scenes work to deepen your admiration and understanding of the characters, their relationships, and the world of the play. By the end, you feel invested in these characters, you want them to succeed, though, as time progresses, it appears more and more perilous and reality proves to be more and more transient.
The English dub that I watched, proved to have stellar voice acting, and though original film was in French, it feels like a high degree of attention was given to the English version.
In conclusion, this film is incredibly satisfying and if you are into Sci-fi, psycho-surrealism, quantum mechanics, early 80s animation awesomeness, and ambient-synth-wave, Time Masters will be right up your alley.
Be aware that it'll appear a bit dated, and the sound may be a little crackly/jumpy at parts. (Though that may just be the copy I'm viewing.)
Anyways, I think this film is incredible, maybe not as awesome as Fantastic Planet, but right up there.
I'll give Time Masters a 4.5 out of 5.
Find me on letterboxd
submitted by kwpluckett to 100movies365days [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 23:29 ar_david_hh Sep/13/2020 news: \\ post-July Battles in Tavush: border farming & irrigation expands \\ re: new law about draft evaders \\ car exports: Armenian drivers in Russia \\ more athletes to receive pensions \\ COVID \\ female boss \\ trolls in Baku \\ Social Progress score \\ Խաչվերաց \\ videos \\ sports

Land battle... then apricot war... now water struggle

There is a village in Tavush Province called Dovegh not far from where the July Battles took place. It will be better irrigated at the expense of Azeri bordering villages.
 
QP MP Sipan Pashinyan (Nikol's cousin): Only 5ha out of 45ha lands near villagers' houses are being irrigated with an automatic system. The other 37ha lands are being farmed only at 10% capacity due to lack of water.
We've launched a water pump with the help of HayEconom Bank. It'll feed off of a small river that flows through the village into Azerbaijan. We will prioritize our people over Azerbaijan.
Video: https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/195626

Armenian villagers farm not far away from new Anvakh outpost

Tavush's Anvakh border outpost was liberated by the Armenian army during July Battles.
Choratan villagers will soon have irrigation water and expand farming on the lands near the border, hundreds of meters away from frontlines.
Shots could be heard coming from the borders while the farmers collected the yield. They showed a bullet earlier extracted from the land.
https://youtu.be/tGKzAwhWt2M

LHK responds to draft law aimed at allowing army draft evaders to return

Diasporan Armenians who didn't serve in the Armenian army used to be able to pay a $7,500 penalty and return, without having to draft or go to prison. The ruling QP party allowed that law to expire.
Now they drafted a new bill that is yet to be discussed. It would raise the penalty sum and toughen the punishment for not serving in the army.
 
Opposition LHK comments the proposed law: // the bill will make the army dodging a heavy crime instead of medium. The prison sentence doubles. Since it'll be a heavy crime, the statute of limitations doubles from 5 to 10 years, meaning people will have to wait longer to arrive [without paying].
Under-27 men will avoid punishment if they return and serve. But now, they could possibly serve 18 months longer because the law will add an extra month of service for every evaded season (9 years of evading, multiplied by failure to appear 2 times a year, equals 18)
Over-27 men will avoid punishment if they pay a penalty equalling the salary and bonus of a 2-year contractor. It will be around $10,000.
 
When the former govt tried to raise the penalty from $3,700 to $18,700, we opposed it and settled with a $7,400 penalty.
Last year we urged Pashinyan's govt to keep the $7,400 law, but they were against the idea of taking money and dropping the charges in general.
Then we urged a total amnesty of all army evaders, but they rejected it, too.
 
Those who couldn't pay the old $7,400 penalty cannot pay the newly proposed $10,000 penalty, either. //
https://www.reddit.com/armenia/comments/iqy6b2/sep112020_details_emerge_about_massalcohol/?

Armenian drivers in Russia could have one less headache

EAEU trade bloc will work with member states to resolve problems that affected Armenian and Kazakh drivers beginning in 2019.
 
Armenian govt will expand the sharing of vehicle registration/ clearance/fee information with EAEU. Armenian drivers, who took their cars to Russia for long-term use without proper registration in Russia, will receive information from Russian authorities on how to properly register and pay a fee.
 
Context: customs fees for clearing a vehicle is much lower in Armenia than in Russia, which affects the final vehicle price. As a result, 400,000 drivers (mostly non-Armenian) imported a car to Armenia then moved it to Russia for permanent personal use. Russia later introduced new laws that caused problems.
More: https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/195629

Massive fires in Krasnodar, Russia

The roofs of several attached apartment complex buildings caught on fire.
https://youtu.be/0ykAQwv1Gz0
https://youtu.be/kxnOcet50p8
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/195638

Education Ministry will reward more champion athletes

Athletes who won medals in international competitions recently began earning monthly pensions.
Now the Education Ministry has a plan to expand this list by including Armenian citizen champions who live abroad, and those who won medals during USSR.
That's about 20 more athletes who will receive $210-$420/mo.
https://factor.am/283023.html

COVID stats

+187 infected. +5 deaths. 238312 tested. 3005 active.
Record +158 infections in Georgia.
https://factor.am/283062.html
https://factor.am/283122.html

bruh

A concert in Dilijan attracted a big crowd. Although most people had masks, the place was packed.
https://youtu.be/UuKUTuYPJU4?t=26

More emergency flights

... from Gyurmi to Moscow and Yerevan to St. Petersburg. 327 people were able to return to Russia.
https://factor.am/283093.html

Trolling back

Armenian trolls published someone else's video recorded in Baku and did a voice-over to make it seem they were in Baku and taunting the incompetent Azeri security services.
A similar trolling was done by Azeris in the past.
https://youtu.be/fRb0nJOT_BA

INTERPOL's Armenian bureau

... will be led by Lieutenant Colonel Narine Hakobyan, the first woman in this position.
https://factor.am/283101.html

Best Social Progress in the region

Washington-based "Social Progress Imperative" has a 2020 index among 163 countries.
2018: Armenia 61st
2019: Armenia 53rd
2020: Armenia 50th, Georgia 56, Russia 69, Azerbaijan 104, Norway 1st, South Sudan last.
https://www.civilnet.am/news/2020/09/11/Սոցիալական-առաջընթացի-ցուցիչ-–-2020-Հայաստանը-առաջատարն-է-տարածաշրջանում/394624

Constitutional Referendum

... is scheduled for 2021. The group of NGOs, opposition, and govt officials held another meeting to discuss the proposed changes.
https://factor.am/283041.html

The church celebrates Խաչվերաց տոն

Խաչվերաց (raising the cross) is the last one of five celebrations, and the most important one, dedicated to Holy Cross.
It dates back to the origins of Christianity when apostle Jacob, who served as the first bishop of Jerusalem, raised the Cross above residents to read a prayer.
It's celebrated on a Sunday between September 11-17.
Details: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1027506.html
https://hy.wikipedia.org/wiki/Տաղավար_տոներ#Խաչվերաց

"Kef Chi Lini", by French Ladaniva group

https://youtu.be/GXWXhXoFBWY?t=8

how do you do, fellow kids?

https://youtu.be/ifuygphgJ74

հեծո քշելու

High-Tech Minister Arshakyan took the kids for a bike ride.
https://youtu.be/3akt4Qcc5iA?t=4

hmmmmm 🤔🤔🤔🤔🤔

Henrikh Mkhitaryan gets his salary and transfer finalized with Milan Roma (duh), and only then starts to magically score goals. COINCIDENCE? /s
Midfielder Heno scored goals two matches in a row.
https://factor.am/283116.html

Grandmaster Levon Aronyan

... is playing in the 2020 CHAMPIONS SHOWDOWN: CHESS 9LC competition.
He tied with Fabiano Caruana, then played two more ties with others.
Then three victories in a row placed him at the top of the list.
Then a defeat to Lagrave placed him third.
Other players are Garry Kasparov, Magnus Carsalesman, Maxime Lagrave, etc. The prize fund is $150,000. The finale in on September 19th.
https://factor.am/283065.html
https://factor.am/283119.html
https://sport.news.am/arm/news/114704/
 
You've read 1042 words.

Disclaimer & Terminology

1) The accused are innocent until proven guilty in the court of law, even if they sound guilty.
2) Currency in Armenian ֏ unless specified otherwise.
3) NSS/SIS/SOC = law enforcement agencies. QP = Civil Contract Party. LHK = Bright Armenia Party. BHK = Prosperous Armenia Party. HHK = Republican Party. ARF = Armenian Revolutionary Federation Party
4) ARCHIVE of older posts by Idontknowmuch: PART 1 ; PART 2 ; PART 3 ; PART 4 ; PART 5.
5) ARCHIVE of older posts by Armeniapedia.
submitted by ar_david_hh to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 22:59 rasenaruto Pokémon Journeys: The Series Anime Changes Air Date to Fridays on October 9

The official website for the Pokémon Journeys: The Series anime revealed on Sunday that starting on October 9, the show will air on Fridays at 6:55 p.m. The official YouTube channel for the franchise is commemorating the change in timeslot with a new commercial, featuring a "gold Pikachu" (the character for "Kin" in "kinyōbi" (Friday) is the same character for the word gold). The last episode that will air on a Sunday will air on September 27.
https://youtu.be/izCT2zevwyo
The show has been airing on Sundays at 6:00 p.m. since its debut on November 17, in the same timeslot in which Pokémon Sun & Moon previously aired. The first 12 episodes of the anime debuted in the United States on Netflix on June 12, and the service will add new episodes quarterly. The next batch of episodes debuted on September 11. The anime also premiered on the Canadian television channel Teletoon on May 9, and it will then debut on Télétoon in French later this year. The anime had delayed airing new episodes in April due to the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19), but has since resumed airing new episodes on June 7.
From https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2020-09-13/pokemon-journeys-the-series-anime-changes-air-date-to-fridays-on-october-9/.163974
submitted by rasenaruto to pokemon [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 15:19 RM_Epic An internet puzzle/ARG was practically erased from the internet and remains unsolved to this day

Back in 2017, there was a post made to 4chan's /x/ board sending users down a rabbit hole full of strange images and texts. This led puzzle-solvers to this now-defunct website, whose domain was the coordinates of the Mojave phone booth, a cultural relic of the 90s that was initially set up in the late 40s for volcanic miners of the nearby town to use. The website had a bunch of countdowns listed on it, leading puzzle-solvers to believe that they had to call the number once the countdown reached zero. Puzzle-solvers were able to determine the significance of these dates, but it was so long ago that I can't really remember the details.
When called at the end of a countdown, a short poem followed by music. On some countdown dates, a series of numbers played. The link to the contents of the phone call's recording might become broken in the future as well. AFAIK there were also coordinates given at the end of one of the calls. These are the coordinates of an uninhabited French town destroyed during the First World War called Beaumont-en-Verdunois. The numbers played during the recording were decoded and led to a website that promoted users with another encoded audio file. When performing a spectrogram analysis of this recording, a link to an image that had coordinates hidden within them. The coordinates were of the Family Brand Cemetery, a real-life tetrahedron. I vaguely remember something about astronomy coming from this, but I'm unsure.
The details get really fuzzy after that since a lot of the original links to puzzle-solver pastebins, youtube videos, and google drive links are broken or return "403 Forbidden" / "404 Page Not Found." There were a lot of references to Robert Fludd, and the puzzle placed a massive significance on the number seven. (I remember people also rumored that there was some sort of connection or allusion to Vault 7, but cannot confirm whether this is true). I also remember talk of a relationship with the Spear of Destiny.
The defunct website found by puzzle-solvers was also frequently updated until sometime in early 2018 to my knowledge since I personally kept up with it until its contents were erased as well. Other websites had significance to the puzzle, which were sevens.exposed and http://1711141131131.xyz/, which are now also defunct. The happenings of this puzzle were also documented (somewhat poorly in my opinion) by a youtube channel named "whoiscicada3301," but Youtube also removed it for breaking the terms of service. I found one of their published videos saved on the Internet Archive, but that's all I can find. IIRC a lot of puzzle-solving went private to discord, and I never heard any updates. A lot of people said this was related to Cicada 3301 but I am unsure since they posted a PGP verified message warning puzzle-solvers to beware of false paths: https://uncovering-cicada.fandom.com/wiki/PGP_Signed_Message_April_2017
I'm interested to see if anyone knows what happened to this puzzle. I kept up with it on YouTube but never got involved myself.
The original /x/ post: http://archive.4plebs.org/x/thread/18491379/#q18492474_12
submitted by RM_Epic to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 16:54 KidTheCurry 180 Days - Down 56 Pounds - Anecdotal Experience of How I Did It

TLDR: I lost 56 pounds in 5.5 months. I did it by making lifestyle changes regarding nutrition and fitness. I describe specifics about my lifestyle changes.
I have been following this sub for the last month or so, and I have seen common themes regarding many of the posts that can be sorted by “new”. One of the common themes is that people who struggle with weight loss, CICO, and fitness want specific information on what they can do to ensure that they can shed their unwanted and undesired pounds. Without getting involved with all of the theatrics and self-indulgent dramatics associated with my own success story, I want to share what I did to lose approximately 56 pounds in 5.5 months. This post contains timelines and specifics regarding nutrition and exercise, and I hope that it inspires many of you to develop a plan that works for you. With that said, prepare for a long post.
WARNING: What worked for me may not necessarily work for you. This entire post is anecdotal, but it may provide the much-needed well-rounded explanation that someone needs to inspire hehim to initiate or continue hehis own lifestyle change. I am NOT advocating to the reader of this post to follow my personal nutrition and fitness regimen. Consider this post as strictly informational in intent.
The keys to weight loss: Motivation, Dedication, Consistency, and a Desire for a Permanent Lifestyle Change with Respect to Nutrition and Fitness
I cannot teach you how to get motivated, and I cannot teach you how to remain dedicated to your cause. Anecdotally, my motivation and dedication came from walking up the stairs to get a Coca-Cola and then getting out of breath after doing so when weighing 177 pounds. I immediately looked at myself in the mirror and became disgusted with my looks. To put it simply, a light switch was turned on in my head. Once the light was on, it never turned off.
It is important that I provide context on where I came from so that you know where I currently stand.
Current Age: 31
Height: 5’5”
Starting Weight: 177 pounds
Starting date of weight loss journey: March 16, 2020 (180 days ago)
Pant size before weight loss journey: 35
Shirt size before weight loss journey: Large but bordering on extra-large.
Number of calories consumed each day before weight loss journey: 3,000 to 4,500 calories per day
  • Daily eating habit: Example 1 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + Texas Roadhouse Ribeye Steak (810 calories) + Texas Roadhouse Loaded Baked Potato (530 calories) + Texas Roadhouse Side of rice (200 calories) + 5 Texas Roadhouse Rolls (1,100 calories) + 33% of entire Texas Roadhouse Texas Blossom (566 calories) + 4 Coca-Colas (560 calories) = 4,068 calories.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 2 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + 3 Popeye’s Chicken Sandwiches (2070 calories) + 3 Coca-Colas (420 calories) + 2 slides of Dutch Apple Pie with Ice Cream (800 calories) = 3,592 calories.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 3 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + Cheddar’s Artichoke Dip (500 calories ) + Cheddar’s Monte Cristo (1,122 calories) + Cheddar’s French fries (470 calories) + 4 Coca-Colas (560 calories) = 2,954 calories.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 4 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + 3 Pizza Hut Personal Pan Pepperoni Pizzas (1,770 calories) + 3 Coca-Colas (420 calories) + 2 slices of peanut butter pie (340 calories) = 2,832 calories.
  • I would only eat one meal per day, and the meal would occur at dinner time around 7:00 P.M. or 8:00 P.M.. However, coffee (with a significant amount of Coffee Mate creamer) was a staple throughout the entire day.
  • I never was someone who snacked throughout the day or at junk food. However, all meals were fast food or takeout.
  • I have never and did not consume alcoholic beverages or partake in drugs of any kind other than caffeine.
Fitness lifestyle before losing weight: Less than 2,000 steps per day while working from home entirely on a computer. Exercise was nil. I could not walk one tenth of a mile before losing my breath, aching in my legs/feet, and miserable.
Stool Information (WARNING: THIS MAY BE TOO MUCH INFORMATION, but this is important to provide further context regarding my health 6 months ago): Diarrhea after every meal. Sometimes the diarrhea would begin 20 minutes while eating the meal, which would cause me to temporarily pause my meal to use the rest room. The diarrhea was usually pure liquid and yellow, dark brown, or black in color. This was a daily occurrence.
Medical information: Resting heart rate = 89 beats per minute. Blood sugar fluctuations were extreme (absurd lows and ridiculous highs) throughout the day. My father has diabetes (currently takes insulin shots), and I knew that I was in the pre-diabetes stage or already had diabetes. Also, my face and back acne were out of control (even at age 31); I had massive boils on my back that were incredibly painful and filled with what seemed to be unlimited puss. Blood pressure and cholesterol were perfect. I was not taking medicine at the time.
Number of hours of sleep per night: 8 to 9 hours
Stress level: No stress, no anxiety, and a clean mental, emotional, and spiritual state. However, I was disgusted with myself when I looked into the mirror. I was disgusted with myself.
Current Weight: 121 pounds
Current pant size (U.S.): 30, but bordering on a size 29.
Current shirt size: Small
Number of calories consumed each day: 1,500 to 1,800
Disclaimer: I knew nothing about CICO, was aware that diets are not usually the best strategy for losing weight while changing an entire lifestyle, and I did not follow /loseit, /CICO, or /fitness. I honestly used “common sense” to shed most of the weight that I had acquired. So, I was not tracking every single calorie that I consumed, but I did remain mindful of an overall sense of calories that I was consuming during the day. First and foremost, I eliminated all calories that I drank. I made it a mission to myself to never “drink my calories”. So, like a light switch, no more Coca-Colas. No more McDonald’s/Starbucks frozen coffee drinks. However, as you will soon learn, I did hold on to my personal coffee creamer in reduced amounts for a short period of time.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 1 - Oatmeal with water and brown sugar (200 calories) for breakfast + 500 mL black coffee throughout the morning + fruit salad for lunch (between 120 and 170 calories) + Plain hamburger on a bun (700 calories) + bowl of green beans (100 calories) + water all day = 1,200 calories
  • Daily eating habit: Example 2 - Oatmeal with whole milk (300 calories) for breakfast + 500 mL black coffee throughout the morning + fruit salad for lunch (between 120 and 250 calories) + Shrimp Alfredo (800 calories) + water all day = 1,350 calories
  • Daily eating habit: Example 3 - Oatmeal with whole milk (300 calories) for breakfast + 500 mL black coffee throughout the morning + fruit salad for lunch (between 120 and 250 calories) + Roast Beef (500 calories) + Baked potato (250 calories) + Gravy (150 calories) + water all day = 1,450 calories
Disclaimer: I originally reduced the amount of coffee + creamer than I drank each day. Rather than two “Yeti” cups per day, I began to drink two normal sized coffee mugs per day. After two weeks or so of that amount, I reduced my intake to one normal sized mug per day while consuming as much water as possible. After 1 month of this process, I began drinking my coffee completely black. I upped by black coffee in take to three to four regular coffee sized mugs per day, but I enhanced the flavor on occasion with cinnamon. As of now, I prefer to drink my coffee black (I LOVE LOVE LOVE the flavor of “Chock Full of Nuts” regular coffee).
Nutritional observation: I did not experience the “fast food crash” that occurs when you try to decrease fast food intake. However, within approximately one month of eating healthier foods such as fruits and vegetables, I began noticing that my body CRAVED new types of foods that I never would have considered eating: Green beans, sweet potatoes, pinto beans, greens, and tomatoes. I wanted those flavors and that satisfactory feeling of being full after eating those foods even if they are low in calories (other than pinto beans). I no longer craved carbohydrates, sweet desserts, or fried foods. To this day, I am disappointed when my dinner meals do not include some kind of high-volume low-calorie vegetable such as green beans. Since April, I have not even THOUGHT about eating a pizza or a Popeye’s chicken sandwich.
Other daily diet information: Again, I do not necessarily measure out the calories associated with everything that I eat. However, I ensure that the portions I eat are not absurdly large, and that I eat enough to get “full” without being miserable. I eat until I am comfortable. I rarely go back for “seconds” when I finish my plate unless my “seconds” are an additional tomato or bowl of green beans. I also do not eat when I am bored or when I am not hungry. I have yet to have what is known as a “cheat day”. However, I have been known to eat SMALL portions of a dessert or a couple of M&M’s when I want to treat myself. I currently have no cravings for sweet food other than fruits. I still do not drink alcohol, I do not snack throughout the day, and I do not eat when I am bored. Now that I am in maintain mode, I may be eating an extra 200 calories or so per day, but I have not really changed my nutritional intake my a significant amount. I have adopted this new lifestyle without any issues at all.
Stool Information (WARNING: THIS MAY BE TOO MUCH INFORMATION): Bowel movement every three to five days. Dark brown in color. Solid. Incredibly healthy based on what I have read online. These solid logs can be quite long, however, and have been known to stop up the toilet on multiple occasions. I am still adjusting to make this process a bit more akin to what typical humans experience on a daily basis.
Medical information: Resting heart rate = 43 beats per minute. Blood sugar is stable at all times at normal levels. Face acne is gone. Boils on my back are gone. All acne is dried up and no longer active. Blood pressure and cholesterol levels are perfect. I am still not taking any kinds of medicines. Furthermore, I am not taking any vitamin supplements. Miscellaneous health information: I never experienced the headaches or fatigue associated with weight loss and nutritional lifestyle changes until approximately 4 months into the weight loss process. I did notice that my body was tired throughout the working day, but I REALLY experience fatigue at approximately day 140. I am not sure what the issue was, but I felt like a zombie the entire week. I had already established a daily routine with food intake and the types of food that I eat, but it was almost like my body was trying to tell me that I had lost enough weight and it was time to enter maintenance mode. At this point, I went from 177 pounds to approximately 120 pounds.
Fitness lifestyle after losing weight: AT LEAST 15,000 steps per day (at one time) while losing weight, but I tried to hit 25,000 steps per day (at one time) if at all possible. While maintaining weight, I still strive for a minimum of 12,000 steps per day (at one time on non-rest days). All other steps do not count in my head. As an unintended consequence of losing weight, I can officially claim that running is now a hobby of mine; I have never been known to have hobbies other than watching films, playing video games, or binging shows on streaming services. I have reached a point to where I can complete a 10K in approximately one hour, but I try my best to run (with intermittent, sporadic walking) at least 7 miles per session. At the moment, I can complete a distance of 7 miles in approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes. The “runner’s high” is real, and running at any point during the day (morning, afternoon, or evening) results in feeling absolutely wonderful. I have had days where I dreaded my run, but I have felt like I am on “Cloud 9” after the run has been completed. I am not sure if it is the endorphins or the blood circulation, but completing a run is the best feeling in the world for me. For those of you who want to know, I try to run 4 or 5 days per week, incorporate one or two rest days per week (mild walking or absolutely nothing at all), and I walk 7 miles for the remainder of the week. Without traveling down this rabbit hole much farther, I will say that well-fitted shoes specifically made for running paired with running socks is the key to success in the running world.
Did I experience the dreaded “plateau”?: Of course! I assume that we all do. However, my plateaus would only last for approximately 1 to 1.5 weeks. The first plateau occurred when I wanted to go from 140 pounds to 139 pounds, and this seemed like it took forever to happen. The second plateau occurred when I wanted to go from 130 pounds to 129 pounds. This was a shorter plateau. To ensure accurate tracking of the plateau, I weight myself each morning at 6:20 A.M. after peeing (or defecation) while completely naked. I only weight myself once per day.
Number of hours of sleep per night: 8 to 9 hours
Stress level: No stress, no anxiety, and a clean mental, emotional, and spiritual state. I am “over the moon” with myself now that I have entered maintenance mode.
How did I do it? More specifics!
Nutrition: This is the major component of weight loss. Exercising is excellent for many health reasons, but nutrition is the key to truly lose weight and shed unwanted pounds. Trust me. I cannot emphasize enough that I echo the sentiment that you cannot “outrun a bad diet”. Are you serious about dropping weight and shedding the pounds? Change your nutritional lifestyle and do it immediately. When you initiate the change, you HAVE to remain consistent, stubborn, and dedicated. Do cheat meals work with other people? Yes. Are my strategies the only strategies for weight loss? No. However, you have to be dead-set and serious about nutrition before weight loss can occur. There are no ifs, ands, buts about it. You can try to blame your emotional state. You can blame your mental status. You can blame your financial situation (I eat less food now AND what I eat is cheaper than eating out). You can blame any underlying health issues. You can blame anything that you want to blame. I am not judging you, and I am not making any kind of statements about how you need to live your own life. I want YOU to be HAPPY. However, if you are still reading this post, you are most likely not happy or were at a place where you were not happy. Do something about it. I promise that it is worth it.
  • March 16: I decided that fast food was no longer an option. I also decided to cut out all fast food and large portions of food from my nutritional intake.
Exercise: Cardio only. I realize that strength training and weightlifting would be beneficial to me, but I was more concerned at becoming heart healthy and able to run without getting out of breath. Furthermore, I began my weight loss journey the day that my state enacted coronavirus lockdown protocols. Thankfully, exercising is free. Gyms are not a requirement. I always told myself that I could never be able to get active simply because my legs and feet were “messed up” due to them hurting all of the time. I always used my pain after walking up the stairs to justify why I was never active. However, I decided that I needed to become more active in my life. I walked 1 mile around the block on this night. This took approximately 38 minutes. My legs, calves, and feet hurt so bad that I felt like I was going to die. I could barely walk up an incline. Also, one lap around the block is approximately 0.333 mile. This totaled 4,413 steps at one time.
  • March 17: I had a lot of pain, but I walked another mile around the block. This totaled 4,871 steps at one time.
  • March 18: Another mile around the block. This totaled 4,813 steps at one time. The pain was getting to me.
  • March 19: My muscles REALLY hurt on this date. I was also noticing that my legs and feet were stiff each morning, and they would hurt throughout the day. However, I walked for around 55 minutes on this night. This totaled 9,861 steps at one time.
  • March 20: My muscles started to feel better from healing throughout the day. I felt good enough to walk for on hour around the block with approximately 10,237 steps. I did this for several more days. To help get me through the walks, I called my friends and we discussed work life, politics, science, history, and personal life.
  • March 23: I walked 18,982 steps at once on this day all while talking on the phone.
  • March 24 – 30: I started walking 15,000 steps per day (at one time). This took about two hours to complete. Therefore, this was a MAJOR time sink. I started doing this ever single day. NO REST days for the walks. None. EVERY SINGLE DAY.
  • March, April, May, and half of June: I averaged around 16,000 steps per day (no rest days) at one time during my daily walks. My legs were stiff each morning, my feet were stiff, and this never changed.
  • June 16: I started to add jogging/running to my two hour cardio exercise regimen. On the first day of “running”, I could only run for about 30 seconds without getting tired. I would then walk for five minutes. I would run for another 30 seconds. I could only run for about 4 spurts.
  • June 17 – August 17: I kept trying to increase the amount I ran each day. However, I alternated days in which I incorporated running. I would run one day and then entirely walk the next day so that I could give my muscles a break. However, I could tell that my heart was becoming healthier, I had more energy throughout the day, and I was not “out of breath” as often after running. My running distance naturally increased each time I had a run day, and my stamina increased. I did not necessarily have any specific goals (I was not aware of /C25K) other than becoming more “fit” in the cardio department. Near the middle of July, I was able to incorporate running at least five days per week. However, regardless of my exercise regimen, I did my “cardio” (is walking considered cardio at this point?) for two hours per day. NO REST DAYS.
  • August 17 until today: I reduced my daily cardio down to 1 hour and 15 minutes each day. Since doing this, I can now run almost every single day for long periods of time such that I can run for almost the entirety of the exercise session. I incorporate a “brisk walk day” (walking at least 3.5 miles per hour) every three or four days of running. I am still not taking any rest days. As of today, my legs are no longer stiff throughout the day. My feet are not as stiff. To put it simply, I was “over doing it” with my exercise routine each day. Although I made it work, I overdid it. Please make sure not to overdo it when you begin your exercise regimen.
I have been at 121 pounds for the last two weeks. Overall, I shed approximately 56 pounds in approximately 5.5 months.
Will I eat fast food anymore? I mean, sure. I would, but I have not done so. My body does not crave it anymore. If I am out and about and have to eat it, I will eat it. However, I will not order 2 Sausage McGriddles, 1 hash brown, and 1 large Coca-Cola from McDonald’s for breakfast (1,298 calories) which is something that I used to do when traveling. Will I order the grande Starbucks dessert drinks? Absolutely not. I still refuse to drink my calories on a consistent basis. Would I ever order a Coca-Cola at a sit-down restaurant today? Sure, but I would limit myself to one glass during the meal (not before or after the meal).
How often do I eat out now? Eh, about once every two weeks or so. This is usually from a local Mexican restaurant where I can get some street tacos or a lunch portion of chicken teriyaki and rice and vegetables. I keep it simple. Nothing insane. The pandemic has really helped keep me on the “straight and narrow” in terms of eating out.
Do I turn down desserts when they are offered to me? It depends. My body does not crave them anymore. So, I never go out of my way to seek them. However, I did eat a decent sized piece of cake during my nephew’s and niece’s last birthdays. However, in both instanced, I stopped at one piece. I will most likely get a small or medium sized ice cream cone while on vacation (if that ever happens). I will gladly eat a slice of Dutch Apple Pie (with ice cream) if I have not done so in several weeks. Absolutely. I am not going to restrict myself from the pleasures of life.
Friends, that is honestly all that I have to share with you regarding my journey. Although this post was long, my lifestyle is quite simple. There are not tricks, gimmicks, or magical solutions to the weight loss struggle. It is just a simple process that takes time.
I will monitor this post if you have any additional questions, comments, or concerns. I am not suggesting that my approach is perfect or will work for you, but I really wanted to contribute to this amazing sub by providing specifics regarding my own weight loss journey.
EDIT: Updated the present-day fitness information.
submitted by KidTheCurry to loseit [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 16:52 KidTheCurry 180 Days - Down 56 Pounds - How I Specifically Did It

TLDR: I lost 56 pounds in 5.5 months. I did it by making lifestyle changes regarding nutrition and fitness. I describe specifics about my lifestyle changes.
I have been following this sub for the last month or so, and I have seen common themes regarding many of the posts that can be sorted by “new”. One of the common themes is that people who struggle with weight loss, CICO, and fitness want specific information on what they can do to ensure that they can shed their unwanted and undesired pounds. Without getting involved with all of the theatrics and self-indulgent dramatics associated with my own success story, I want to share what I did to lose approximately 56 pounds in 5.5 months. This post contains timelines and specifics regarding nutrition and exercise, and I hope that it inspires many of you to develop a plan that works for you. With that said, prepare for a long post.
WARNING: What worked for me may not necessarily work for you. This entire post is anecdotal, but it may provide the much-needed well-rounded explanation that someone needs to inspire hehim to initiate or continue hehis own lifestyle change. I am NOT advocating to the reader of this post to follow my personal nutrition and fitness regimen. Consider this post as strictly informational in intent.
The keys to weight loss: Motivation, Dedication, Consistency, and a Desire for a Permanent Lifestyle Change with Respect to Nutrition and Fitness
I cannot teach you how to get motivated, and I cannot teach you how to remain dedicated to your cause. Anecdotally, my motivation and dedication came from walking up the stairs to get a Coca-Cola and then getting out of breath after doing so when weighing 177 pounds. I immediately looked at myself in the mirror and became disgusted with my looks. To put it simply, a light switch was turned on in my head. Once the light was on, it never turned off.
It is important that I provide context on where I came from so that you know where I currently stand.
Current Age: 31
Height: 5’5”
Starting Weight: 177 pounds
Starting date of weight loss journey: March 16, 2020 (180 days ago)
Pant size before weight loss journey: 35
Shirt size before weight loss journey: Large but bordering on extra-large.
Number of calories consumed each day before weight loss journey: 3,000 to 4,500 calories per day
  • Daily eating habit: Example 1 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + Texas Roadhouse Ribeye Steak (810 calories) + Texas Roadhouse Loaded Baked Potato (530 calories) + Texas Roadhouse Side of rice (200 calories) + 5 Texas Roadhouse Rolls (1,100 calories) + 33% of entire Texas Roadhouse Texas Blossom (566 calories) + 4 Coca-Colas (560 calories) = 4,068 calories.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 2 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + 3 Popeye’s Chicken Sandwiches (2070 calories) + 3 Coca-Colas (420 calories) + 2 slides of Dutch Apple Pie with Ice Cream (800 calories) = 3,592 calories.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 3 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + Cheddar’s Artichoke Dip (500 calories ) + Cheddar’s Monte Cristo (1,122 calories) + Cheddar’s French fries (470 calories) + 4 Coca-Colas (560 calories) = 2,954 calories.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 4 - 120 mL of coffee creamer (302 calories) + 1000 mL coffee (pretend this is negligible) + 3 Pizza Hut Personal Pan Pepperoni Pizzas (1,770 calories) + 3 Coca-Colas (420 calories) + 2 slices of peanut butter pie (340 calories) = 2,832 calories.
  • I would only eat one meal per day, and the meal would occur at dinner time around 7:00 P.M. or 8:00 P.M.. However, coffee (with a significant amount of Coffee Mate creamer) was a staple throughout the entire day.
  • I never was someone who snacked throughout the day or at junk food. However, all meals were fast food or takeout.
  • I have never and did not consume alcoholic beverages or partake in drugs of any kind other than caffeine.
Fitness lifestyle before losing weight: Less than 2,000 steps per day while working from home entirely on a computer. Exercise was nil. I could not walk one tenth of a mile before losing my breath, aching in my legs/feet, and miserable.
Stool Information (WARNING: THIS MAY BE TOO MUCH INFORMATION, but this is important to provide further context regarding my health 6 months ago): Diarrhea after every meal. Sometimes the diarrhea would begin 20 minutes while eating the meal, which would cause me to temporarily pause my meal to use the rest room. The diarrhea was usually pure liquid and yellow, dark brown, or black in color. This was a daily occurrence.
Medical information: Resting heart rate = 89 beats per minute. Blood sugar fluctuations were extreme (absurd lows and ridiculous highs) throughout the day. My father has diabetes (currently takes insulin shots), and I knew that I was in the pre-diabetes stage or already had diabetes. Also, my face and back acne were out of control (even at age 31); I had massive boils on my back that were incredibly painful and filled with what seemed to be unlimited puss. Blood pressure and cholesterol were perfect. I was not taking medicine at the time.
Number of hours of sleep per night: 8 to 9 hours
Stress level: No stress, no anxiety, and a clean mental, emotional, and spiritual state. However, I was disgusted with myself when I looked into the mirror. I was disgusted with myself.
Current Weight: 121 pounds
Current pant size (U.S.): 30, but bordering on a size 29.
Current shirt size: Small
Number of calories consumed each day: 1,500 to 1,800
Disclaimer: I knew nothing about CICO, was aware that diets are not usually the best strategy for losing weight while changing an entire lifestyle, and I did not follow /loseit, /CICO, or /fitness. I honestly used “common sense” to shed most of the weight that I had acquired. So, I was not tracking every single calorie that I consumed, but I did remain mindful of an overall sense of calories that I was consuming during the day. First and foremost, I eliminated all calories that I drank. I made it a mission to myself to never “drink my calories”. So, like a light switch, no more Coca-Colas. No more McDonald’s/Starbucks frozen coffee drinks. However, as you will soon learn, I did hold on to my personal coffee creamer in reduced amounts for a short period of time.
  • Daily eating habit: Example 1 - Oatmeal with water and brown sugar (200 calories) for breakfast + 500 mL black coffee throughout the morning + fruit salad for lunch (between 120 and 170 calories) + Plain hamburger on a bun (700 calories) + bowl of green beans (100 calories) + water all day = 1,200 calories
  • Daily eating habit: Example 2 - Oatmeal with whole milk (300 calories) for breakfast + 500 mL black coffee throughout the morning + fruit salad for lunch (between 120 and 250 calories) + Shrimp Alfredo (800 calories) + water all day = 1,350 calories
  • Daily eating habit: Example 3 - Oatmeal with whole milk (300 calories) for breakfast + 500 mL black coffee throughout the morning + fruit salad for lunch (between 120 and 250 calories) + Roast Beef (500 calories) + Baked potato (250 calories) + Gravy (150 calories) + water all day = 1,450 calories
Disclaimer: I originally reduced the amount of coffee + creamer than I drank each day. Rather than two “Yeti” cups per day, I began to drink two normal sized coffee mugs per day. After two weeks or so of that amount, I reduced my intake to one normal sized mug per day while consuming as much water as possible. After 1 month of this process, I began drinking my coffee completely black. I upped by black coffee in take to three to four regular coffee sized mugs per day, but I enhanced the flavor on occasion with cinnamon. As of now, I prefer to drink my coffee black (I LOVE LOVE LOVE the flavor of “Chock Full of Nuts” regular coffee).
Nutritional observation: I did not experience the “fast food crash” that occurs when you try to decrease fast food intake. However, within approximately one month of eating healthier foods such as fruits and vegetables, I began noticing that my body CRAVED new types of foods that I never would have considered eating: Green beans, sweet potatoes, pinto beans, greens, and tomatoes. I wanted those flavors and that satisfactory feeling of being full after eating those foods even if they are low in calories (other than pinto beans). I no longer craved carbohydrates, sweet desserts, or fried foods. To this day, I am disappointed when my dinner meals do not include some kind of high-volume low-calorie vegetable such as green beans. Since April, I have not even THOUGHT about eating a pizza or a Popeye’s chicken sandwich.
Other daily diet information: Again, I do not necessarily measure out the calories associated with everything that I eat. However, I ensure that the portions I eat are not absurdly large, and that I eat enough to get “full” without being miserable. I eat until I am comfortable. I rarely go back for “seconds” when I finish my plate unless my “seconds” are an additional tomato or bowl of green beans. I also do not eat when I am bored or when I am not hungry. I have yet to have what is known as a “cheat day”. However, I have been known to eat SMALL portions of a dessert or a couple of M&M’s when I want to treat myself. I currently have no cravings for sweet food other than fruits. I still do not drink alcohol, I do not snack throughout the day, and I do not eat when I am bored. Now that I am in maintain mode, I may be eating an extra 200 calories or so per day, but I have not really changed my nutritional intake my a significant amount. I have adopted this new lifestyle without any issues at all.
Stool Information (WARNING: THIS MAY BE TOO MUCH INFORMATION): Bowel movement every three to five days. Dark brown in color. Solid. Incredibly healthy based on what I have read online. These solid logs can be quite long, however, and have been known to stop up the toilet on multiple occasions. I am still adjusting to make this process a bit more akin to what typical humans experience on a daily basis.
Medical information: Resting heart rate = 43 beats per minute. Blood sugar is stable at all times at normal levels. Face acne is gone. Boils on my back are gone. All acne is dried up and no longer active. Blood pressure and cholesterol levels are perfect. I am still not taking any kinds of medicines. Furthermore, I am not taking any vitamin supplements.
Miscellaneous health information: I never experienced the headaches or fatigue associated with weight loss and nutritional lifestyle changes until approximately 4 months into the weight loss process. I did notice that my body was tired throughout the working day, but I REALLY experience fatigue at approximately day 140. I am not sure what the issue was, but I felt like a zombie the entire week. I had already established a daily routine with food intake and the types of food that I eat, but it was almost like my body was trying to tell me that I had lost enough weight and it was time to enter maintenance mode. At this point, I went from 177 pounds to approximately 120 pounds.
Fitness lifestyle after losing weight: AT LEAST 15,000 steps per day (at one time) while losing weight, but I tried to hit 25,000 steps per day (at one time) if at all possible. While maintaining weight, I still strive for a minimum of 12,000 steps per day (at one time on non-rest days). All other steps do not count in my head. As an unintended consequence of losing weight, I can officially claim that running is now a hobby of mine; I have never been known to have hobbies other than watching films, playing video games, or binging shows on streaming services. I have reached a point to where I can complete a 10K in approximately one hour, but I try my best to run (with intermittent, sporadic walking) at least 7 miles per session. At the moment, I can complete a distance of 7 miles in approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes. The “runner’s high” is real, and running at any point during the day (morning, afternoon, or evening) results in feeling absolutely wonderful. I have had days where I dreaded my run, but I have felt like I am on “Cloud 9” after the run has been completed. I am not sure if it is the endorphins or the blood circulation, but completing a run is the best feeling in the world for me. For those of you who want to know, I try to run 4 or 5 days per week, incorporate one or two rest days per week (mild walking or absolutely nothing at all), and I walk 7 miles for the remainder of the week. Without traveling down this rabbit hole much farther, I will say that well-fitted shoes specifically made for running paired with running socks is the key to success in the running world.
Did I experience the dreaded “plateau”?: Of course! I assume that we all do. However, my plateaus would only last for approximately 1 to 1.5 weeks. The first plateau occurred when I wanted to go from 140 pounds to 139 pounds, and this seemed like it took forever to happen. The second plateau occurred when I wanted to go from 130 pounds to 129 pounds. This was a shorter plateau. To ensure accurate tracking of the plateau, I weight myself each morning at 6:20 A.M. after peeing (or defecation) while completely naked. I only weight myself once per day.
Number of hours of sleep per night: 8 to 9 hours
Stress level: No stress, no anxiety, and a clean mental, emotional, and spiritual state. I am “over the moon” with myself now that I have entered maintenance mode.
How did I do it? More specifics!
Nutrition: This is the major component of weight loss. Exercising is excellent for many health reasons, but nutrition is the key to truly lose weight and shed unwanted pounds. Trust me. I cannot emphasize enough that I echo the sentiment that you cannot “outrun a bad diet”. Are you serious about dropping weight and shedding the pounds? Change your nutritional lifestyle and do it immediately. When you initiate the change, you HAVE to remain consistent, stubborn, and dedicated. Do cheat meals work with other people? Yes. Are my strategies the only strategies for weight loss? No. However, you have to be dead-set and serious about nutrition before weight loss can occur. There are no ifs, ands, buts about it. You can try to blame your emotional state. You can blame your mental status. You can blame your financial situation (I eat less food now AND what I eat is cheaper than eating out). You can blame any underlying health issues. You can blame anything that you want to blame. I am not judging you, and I am not making any kind of statements about how you need to live your own life. I want YOU to be HAPPY. However, if you are still reading this post, you are most likely not happy or were at a place where you were not happy. Do something about it. I promise that it is worth it.
  • March 16: I decided that fast food was no longer an option. I also decided to cut out all fast food and large portions of food from my nutritional intake.
Exercise: Cardio only. I realize that strength training and weightlifting would be beneficial to me, but I was more concerned at becoming heart healthy and able to run without getting out of breath. Furthermore, I began my weight loss journey the day that my state enacted coronavirus lockdown protocols. Thankfully, exercising is free. Gyms are not a requirement.
I always told myself that I could never be able to get active simply because my legs and feet were “messed up” due to them hurting all of the time. I always used my pain after walking up the stairs to justify why I was never active. However, I decided that I needed to become more active in my life. I walked 1 mile around the block on this night. This took approximately 38 minutes. My legs, calves, and feet hurt so bad that I felt like I was going to die. I could barely walk up an incline. Also, one lap around the block is approximately 0.333 mile. This totaled 4,413 steps at one time.
  • March 17: I had a lot of pain, but I walked another mile around the block. This totaled 4,871 steps at one time.
  • March 18: Another mile around the block. This totaled 4,813 steps at one time. The pain was getting to me.
  • March 19: My muscles REALLY hurt on this date. I was also noticing that my legs and feet were stiff each morning, and they would hurt throughout the day. However, I walked for around 55 minutes on this night. This totaled 9,861 steps at one time.
  • March 20: My muscles started to feel better from healing throughout the day. I felt good enough to walk for on hour around the block with approximately 10,237 steps. I did this for several more days. To help get me through the walks, I called my friends and we discussed work life, politics, science, history, and personal life.
  • March 23: I walked 18,982 steps at once on this day all while talking on the phone.
  • March 24 – 30: I started walking 15,000 steps per day (at one time). This took about two hours to complete. Therefore, this was a MAJOR time sink. I started doing this ever single day. NO REST days for the walks. None. EVERY SINGLE DAY.
  • March, April, May, and half of June: I averaged around 16,000 steps per day (no rest days) at one time during my daily walks. My legs were stiff each morning, my feet were stiff, and this never changed.
  • June 16: I started to add jogging/running to my two hour cardio exercise regimen. On the first day of “running”, I could only run for about 30 seconds without getting tired. I would then walk for five minutes. I would run for another 30 seconds. I could only run for about 4 spurts.
  • June 17 – August 17: I kept trying to increase the amount I ran each day. However, I alternated days in which I incorporated running. I would run one day and then entirely walk the next day so that I could give my muscles a break. However, I could tell that my heart was becoming healthier, I had more energy throughout the day, and I was not “out of breath” as often after running. My running distance naturally increased each time I had a run day, and my stamina increased. I did not necessarily have any specific goals (I was not aware of /C25K) other than becoming more “fit” in the cardio department. Near the middle of July, I was able to incorporate running at least five days per week. However, regardless of my exercise regimen, I did my “cardio” (is walking considered cardio at this point?) for two hours per day. NO REST DAYS.
  • August 17 until today: I reduced my daily cardio down to 1 hour and 15 minutes each day. Since doing this, I can now run almost every single day for long periods of time such that I can run for almost the entirety of the exercise session. I incorporate a “brisk walk day” (walking at least 3.5 miles per hour) every three or four days of running. I am still not taking any rest days. As of today, my legs are no longer stiff throughout the day. My feet are not as stiff. To put it simply, I was “over doing it” with my exercise routine each day. Although I made it work, I overdid it. Please make sure not to overdo it when you begin your exercise regimen.
I have been at 121 pounds for the last two weeks. Overall, I shed approximately 56 pounds in approximately 5.5 months.
Will I eat fast food anymore? I mean, sure. I would, but I have not done so. My body does not crave it anymore. If I am out and about and have to eat it, I will eat it. However, I will not order 2 Sausage McGriddles, 1 hash brown, and 1 large Coca-Cola from McDonald’s for breakfast (1,298 calories) which is something that I used to do when traveling. Will I order the grande Starbucks dessert drinks? Absolutely not. I still refuse to drink my calories on a consistent basis. Would I ever order a Coca-Cola at a sit-down restaurant today? Sure, but I would limit myself to one glass during the meal (not before or after the meal).
How often do I eat out now? Eh, about once every two weeks or so. This is usually from a local Mexican restaurant where I can get some street tacos or a lunch portion of chicken teriyaki and rice and vegetables. I keep it simple. Nothing insane. The pandemic has really helped keep me on the “straight and narrow” in terms of eating out.
Do I turn down desserts when they are offered to me? It depends. My body does not crave them anymore. So, I never go out of my way to seek them. However, I did eat a decent sized piece of cake during my nephew’s and niece’s last birthdays. However, in both instanced, I stopped at one piece. I will most likely get a small or medium sized ice cream cone while on vacation (if that ever happens). I will gladly eat a slice of Dutch Apple Pie (with ice cream) if I have not done so in several weeks. Absolutely. I am not going to restrict myself from the pleasures of life.
Friends, that is honestly all that I have to share with you regarding my journey. Although this post was long, my lifestyle is quite simple. There are not tricks, gimmicks, or magical solutions to the weight loss struggle. It is just a simple process that takes time.
I will monitor this post if you have any additional questions, comments, or concerns. I am not suggesting that my approach is perfect or will work for you, but I really wanted to contribute to this amazing sub by providing specifics regarding my own weight loss journey.
EDIT: Updated the present-day fitness information.
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2020.09.12 05:06 labor-attorney Korean Employees working at Foreign Embassies

Korean Employees working at Foreign Embassies
https://preview.redd.it/u4kn5aorumm51.jpg?width=3024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6136edb793164b3fe57a706ede15292532015be5

Korean Employees working at Foreign Embassies

I. Introduction

There are 96 foreign missions in Korea in the form of embassies, consulates, and culture centers, etc., where several thousand Korean employees work. In the process of advising various foreign embassies, the most frequently asked question is whether the embassy is required to pay severance pay to its Korean employees. This is because severance pay systems do not exist in the foreign embassies’ home countries, and the system means that a considerable amount of additional money should be paid if the employee has a long service record. These embassies need the approval of their governments before paying out any unexpected additional expenses.
Korean labor law applies to all employees working inside Korea in accordance with the principle of territorial privilege for jurisdiction. Labor law violations are subject to criminal punishment because of their compulsory provisions, but for Korean employees working in foreign missions in Korea, their employers are diplomats who are exempted from criminal prosecution under the ‘Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations’ [1], which makes it very difficult to enforce labor law should it be violated by these diplomats. Korean labor law protects the fundamental rights of employees by providing restrictions on dismissal, guarantees of payment of wages and severance pay, compensation for industrial accident, and guarantee of the three primary rights of labor, etc. So, as judicial precedent and Labor Ministry guidelines regulate the protection and limitations of labor law, it can be very confusing for embassies and their Korean employees to understand the applicability of that law. Accordingly, here I would like to look into related laws, judicial rulings and Labor Ministry guidelines and seek a clearer understanding.

II. Basic Principles

1. Related Laws

Employment contracts made between Korean employees and their embassy employers does not have stipulated regulations that must follow Korean labor laws, but according to the applicable principle of territorial privilege for jurisdiction in Korean territory (Article 12 of the Labor Standards Act), labor laws apply to all Korean employees. Even illegal migrant workers[2] are protected by Korean labor law. The Act Regarding the Conflict of Laws (Article 28)[3] stipulates, “For employment contracts, regardless of the governing law that both parties agreed to or did not choose, it is not possible to ignore the employee protections endowed by compulsory rules related to the governing law of the resident country.” The Labor Standards Act (Article 15) also stipulates that a labor contract which establishes working conditions failing to meet the standards required in this Labor Standards Act shall be null and void to that extent. Those conditions invalidated by the preceding sentence shall be governed by the standards provided for in this Labor Standards Act. For an example, in cases where an employment contract between both parties does not specify severance pay, the employer shall pay severance pay in accordance with the Labor Standards Act.
2. Labor Ministry Guidelines
Labor Ministry guidelines[4] regarding application of the Labor Standards Act to employees working in foreign embassies stipulates that “as the principle of territorial privilege for jurisdiction is generally accepted, foreign embassies in Korea are not exempt from Korea’s domestic laws unless there has been an agreement between the two countries where this is specified. Provided, as foreign embassies have diplomatic immunity, there is no jurisdiction of the court in Korea to enforce domestic laws (regarding applications for remedy of unfair labor practice or lawsuits seeking nullity for dismissal) in accordance with the Supreme Court ruling on November 14, 1989 (case number: 89noo4765). Accordingly, it can be expected that enforcing domestic laws will have considerable limitations.”
3. Court Precedents
Nevertheless, the Supreme Court upheld the jurisdiction of the Korean court in a lawsuit seeking nullity of a dismissal of an employee who had been hired by the US military and worked on a US military compound. The related high court originally rejected the lawsuit because the employee had named the US government as the defendant even though the US government did not have jurisdiction in Korea, but the Supreme Court allowed the jurisdiction to be able to take legal action against the US government in Korea. The Supreme Court ruled, “according to the customary international law, the activity of a nation’s sovereignty is excluded from another nation’s jurisdiction in principle, but it is not international law or part of normal international relations that exempt the other nation’s right of jurisdiction over judicial actions. Accordingly, unless the diplomats’ judicial actions are considered actions of sovereignty, or, due to closed relations with this, there is a special condition that the execution of jurisdiction can result in unfair intervention of sovereign activities, our nation’s court can assume jurisdiction against the home nation of an embassy regarding labor issues related to diplomats.”[5] This means that jurisdiction can be assumed when an employee takes legal action against the home nation of an embassy rather than the embassy itself.

III. Application of Labor Laws

1. Application of the Labor Standards Act

(1) Cases of unfair dismissal[6]
An employee named Ahn was hired by the Austrian Embassy from May 1, 1997 without a fixed period for employment, and worked there until termination of employment in 2010. When the Austrian Embassy dismissed the employee due to its reduced budget, the employee took legal action against the Republic of Austria. The Seoul District Court (Civil Court section 41) ruled in favor of Ahn in his lawsuit seeking nullity of the dismissal on April 6, 2014, stipulating “The Republic of Austria shall pay 95 million won in back wages. Additionally, the Embassy shall pay Ahn the monthly wage equivalent of 2.5 million won from the first day of the last month he was employed until the date that Ahn can be reinstated.” The Court explained, “Ahn was not involved in the Embassy’s sovereign activities, but performed an assisting role of support for embassy employees in terms of Korean language skills. Ahn’s employment contract and dismissal were not related to the Embassy’s sovereign activities, but closely related to employment-related judicial activities as one party to contract relations.” It also added, “Even though a Korean court assumed jurisdiction regarding Ahn’s dismissal, there is no concern that it intervened in the Embassy’s sovereign activities unfairly. The ruling was decided by reference to a ruling made in 1998 in a lawsuit seeking nullity of a dismissal of a Korean employee who took legal action against the US government, which stipulated, “Unless there is a special condition that the execution of jurisdiction can result in unfair intervention in sovereign activities, our nation’s court can assume jurisdiction against another nation regarding labor issues related to diplomats.”
(2) Severance pay system
It is generally recognized that embassies in Korea have the duty to pay severance pay to their Korean employees. However, there are some disputes on whether embassies should pay severance pay to domestic workers such as housekeepers or gardeners.
(3) Application of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act
An embassy is a workplace to which the Labor Standards Act applies, but the enforcement of Korean law is restricted due to the employer’s diplomatic status under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. If the employer has an obligation for compensation according to the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act, it is granted that the embassy shall be considered the employer to take up industrial accident compensation insurance. In the event of a work-related accident, the embassy shall compensate the injured employee(s) in accordance with regulations in the Labor Standards Act on work-related accidents. In cases where there is no jurisdiction in Korea regarding the execution of Korean laws, it would be impossible to enforce the law by withdrawing overdue premiums in a compulsory manner. [7] Accordingly, there are considerable restrictions in place on enforcing domestic law should a work-related accident occur.
2. Collective Labor Relations
Guaranteeing the three rights of labor would be difficult to accept by embassies. When Korean employees in the French Embassy established a labor union and elected a union chairman on June 10, 1988, the Embassy dismissed the chairman immediately. In response, the labor union filed an application for remedy of unfair labor practice with the Labor Relations Commission and also filed a lawsuit seeking nullity of dismissal with the Seoul District Court against the ambassador of the French Embassy. These two cases were dismissed because there was no jurisdiction given to the ambassador, who was also a diplomat with the related immunity. The following Supreme Court ruling explained, “Even though dismissing the labor union representative can be considered an unfair labor practice, if he could not be reinstated to his previous job by the Labor Relations Commission through an order for remedy, it can be regarded that the labor union representative’s position is lost[8].” There have been no cases similar to this since then, but it is generally recognized that labor unions are not tolerated at embassies.
3. The Four Social Security Insurances
(1) Employment Insurance and Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance
These insurances are compulsory for businesses and companies that hire at least one employee ordinarily. Provided, businesses in the fields of agriculture, forestry, fisheries or hunting, for which four workers or fewer are employed by a person who is not a corporation, are excluded. Accordingly, although embassies are companies required to pay into these two compulsory insurances, Employment Insurance[9] and Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance cannot be enforced as compulsory insurances due to the special situations of the embassies, so embassy employees cannot receive benefits from these two insurances. Accordingly, in cases where an employee has a work-related accident, he must enter a claim for compensation under Korea’s Labor Standards Act to the embassy’s home country directly.
(2) National Pension and Health Insurance
For all companies ordinarily hiring at least one worker, subscription to the national pension and health insurance plans is mandatory. However, according to a news report, few embassies do so[10].

IV. Wider Application of Labor Laws

1. Typical Labor Cases (News report)

According to a YTN news report on January 31, 2009, Min Jung-Bae, who had been working as a driver for the Indian Embassy since 2002 was dismissed on the last day of 2008. He received verbal notice on termination of his employment just one day before and was informed that, according to Indian law, he could not continue to be employed by the embassy once he reached 60 years of age and would not receive severance pay either. In this case, how can remedy be received? First, Mr. Min should apply for remedy for unfair dismissal with the Seoul Labor Relations Commission against the Indian government, not the Indian Embassy. Also, the employee should make a claim for unpaid severance pay through the Seoul District Labor Office. The aforementioned Supreme Court ruling in December 1998 stated “unless the diplomats’ judicial actions are considered actions of sovereignty, our nation’s court can assume jurisdiction against the home nation of an embassy regarding labor issues related to diplomats.” Therefore, the employee can take legal action for unfair dismissal or unpaid severance pay in a Korean court against the Indian government. [11]

2. Desirable Direction for Application of Labor Law

Thousands of Korean employees working at foreign missions in Korea have been in the blind spot for protection under Korean labor law. When employees cannot be protected by labor laws, it is as if they are not guaranteed the basic protection of their fundamental rights protected by the Constitution. If the employees cannot receive severance pay, which is part of the wages paid in return for the labor provided, it can be regarded that they have worked as exploited workers. Generally, foreign embassies are considered “special” workplaces due to their diplomatic immunity and are excluded from the host nation’s jurisdiction according to international law. However, as matters such as applications for remedy for unfair dismissal, compensation for work-related accidents, claims for unpaid wages, and related cases are directly related to employees’ natural rights, they should be implemented promptly and equitably as evidence of the protection of the people’s fundamental rights. Accordingly, the Ministry of Employment & Labor should provide, in an expeditious manner, clearer guidelines on labor laws as they apply to thousands of Korean employees working in foreign embassies and related foreign missions.
[1] This Convention refers to the agreement between nations to guarantee the status of diplomatic agents, and was agreed in Vienna on April 18, 1961. Korea confirmed it in its National Assembly on January 27, 1970 (Treaty number 365).
(1) The Constitution of the ROK (Paragraph 1 of Article 6) stipulates, “Treaties duly concluded and promulgated under the Constitution and generally recognized rules of international law shall have the same force and effect of law as domestic laws of the Republic of Korea.”
(2) The Convention (Paragraph 1 of Article 31): A diplomatic agent shall enjoy immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of the receiving State. He shall also enjoy immunity from its civil and administrative jurisdiction, except in the case of (a), (b) and (c).

[2] Seoul Incheon migrant workers union case (Supreme Court ruling on June 25, 2015, 2007doo4995

[3] The law regulates the principle of international jurisdiction and the governing law regarding international legal relations.

[4] Labor Ministry Guidelines: Geungi 68207-3085, on September 11, 2001

[5] Supreme Court ruling on December 17, 1998, 97da39216

[6] This news reported by Newsis reporter, Hong Sei-hee on April 6, 2014, and quoted by multiple major newspapers such as Joongang Daily and Law Times. Documents of the ruling by this case’s court (Seoul Central District Court) were not released.

[7] Supreme Court ruling on April 25, 1997, 96da16940

[8] Supreme Court ruling on November 14, 1989, 89noo4765

[9] Labor Ministry Guidelines: Employment Insurance-1333, March 3, 2005

[10] Daily Labor News: “Blind spot of social security insurances for Korean employees working in foreign embassies”, reported on October 13, 2003.

[11] Supreme Court ruling on December 17, 1998, 97da39216
submitted by labor-attorney to u/labor-attorney [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 18:45 -L0Lock- I am too snobbish to be called "Monsieur", but not too snobbish to register with the Unemployment Agency and apply for unemployment benefits

My first real post on reddit! \o/
English isn't my first language, but I hope my best efforts will make me understandable and you awesome people will excuse me for my miswriting. Don't hesitate to teach me though, I aim to have a fluent English. Also, since I like it when people give little explanations on how things work in their country, I'll try to do the same, tell me if it's too much.
----
From March 2020 to September i was working as a "Civic Service" (voluntary system with a small allowance) at France's governmental unemployment agency (PE) which registers unemployed people, helps them find jobs and provides them with financial supports. My mission was to be at the free access computers in the reception room, helping the "Jobseekers" to use computer equipment, their personal internet space and carry out frequent procedures.
Because of the job's nature & target public, I mainly deal with poor income people, students, young adults starting their active life, refugees, old people, "boomers", stuff like that.
----
In my first week, a tall white dude in his 40s arrives, dressed like a big business chairman and walking like a rooster in heat season, and DEMANDS at the receptionist to put him on « The List® ». As nobody understands what the heck he calls « The List® » nor what wants or why he DEMANDS anything, the receptionists ask him the first thing any receptionist must ask: "Are you registered to PE ?" He isn't. So the receptionists details what he needs to do: get on PE's website, click the Register page and fill the form. If he wants, he can use the agency's free access computers, and the "Civic Service" person can help him if he needs. Normal stuff.
After a few seconds of staring at the receptionist, he walks to the computer, takes some time to figure out that the big computer screens with big "tactile" and "touch here" texts and that everyone around touches with their fingers is in fact... Tactile... And then he stays here, immobile as a statue in front of a screen presenting different big buttons like "REGISTER" or "ACCESS MY PERSONAL SPACE".
At this point I just finished with the jobseeker I was with, so I walk up to this Posh Guy (PG). I can't translate this to English correctly, but imagine this guy talking like an annoying dandy from a satiric movie about social classes.
Me: Hello, do you need help?
PG: I need to... Register... Although I don't like this idea... So you can put me on « The List® ».
Me: I see. You can hit the "Register" button in the top left corner, this will open the registration form.
He proceeds to hit the button, the form opens, there's a preliminary page where you must answer a few questions, nothing fancy when explained in simple words: "are you available for searching a job right now or not?" "Do you receive unemployment allowances from another EU country or not?" "Are you under professional reintegration contract or not?" "Have you ever been registered at PE?". PG is obviously annoyed by those questions, but I explain to him that these questions allow the site to know if you can be registered and which form you need.Here comes the first page of the form, the classic everyone sees for anything requiring a minimum of legal & civil info. Name, family name, birth date & place, nationality, residence permit number if foreign, social security number, contact info, postal address, blah blah blah. Nothing new for that kind of service.
But he stops at the first element: you must choose if you must be referred as "Monsieur" or "Madame".A little French language course might be needed here: those are just formal French words any formal or legal text or person uses to refer to anyone. It's like Mr and Mrs. You receive a letter ? It's addressed to "MonsieuMadame Familyname Name". Etc. NOTHING UNEXPECTED HERE.
PG is a male, so he should choose "Monsieur" and continue right? Well, he doesn't do it... Now you may be thinking that, maybe he identifies as a female so he wants to choose "Madame", or he identifies as neither of these and... No.
PG: Can I have something different from "Monsieur" ?
Me: Sorry ?
PG: Allow me to express myself better. I don't want you to call me "Monsieur".
Me: You can chose "Madame" instead.
PG: No no... I just wouldn't want to be called by a "Monsieur".
Me: What do you mean ?
PG: Well ... I'm afraid it would be incongruous for you to call me "Monsieur", because that would make ... How to say ... It would sound as if I were a commoner, you see ?
At this point I'm staring at him, wondering if he possibly lived in a cave since 1789 and missed the memo about the French Revolution, and the one about abolition of privileges, and the one for the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Or maybe that's because he never set a valid postal address by not indicating if he wanted to be referred as "Monsieur" or "Madame". Who knows? But then he continued:
PG: I mean, wouldn't that be ludicrous to address each other like some citizens as if we were back in post-revolution ?
So I guess he missed no memo. Apart from how people address to each other since more than two centuries I guess.
After making clear that, no, you can't be addressed by any other words than "Monsieur" or "Madame", he reluctantly proceeds to choose "Monsieur" as any damn French person does and fills a few other elements.About halfway through the first page (with just basic civil info to provide):
PG: So you will add me to « The List® » ater I complete this page?
Me: I'm not sure which list you reffer to, but no there's a few more pages to fill up after that one.
PG: What do you mean?
Me: Well, after that one, we will have to create you a username and password since it's the first time you register at PE, then we will need to detail your past five years of work, education, sick leave, paid days off, then indicate if and how you have allowances from other systems like parental support, disabled workers, if you've been domiciled abroad in the past economic year, and finally detail what are you searching for a job and there's a final multiple-choice questionnaire to help us know exactly what you need from us and how we can help you in any way.
PG getting all offended and annoyed: Wait wait wait... You're just supposed to put me on « The List® ». Nothing else.
Me: Which "list" are you talking about ?
PG: Well... « THE.® LIST.® !!!® »
Me: List of what ?
PG: The list of people you owe money!
Me: Why would we owe you money ?
PG: Because. I. DO. NOT. WORK. I don't need it and never had and never will !
Me: Sir, being unemployed alone doesn't grant you any allowance. In fact, it is the accumulation of your contributions to the unemployment fund via your income from your previous professional activities that entitles you to PE's allowances. If you have never worked in your life, you won't be granted any of PE's allowances. But if you need allowances to get through you life, you can contact the CAF (family allowance fund), as they can grant you the minimal allowance if you're denied here. You'll just need to provide proof that you have been denied all allowances here, as well as any other form of revenue elsewhere basically.
He didn't like this idea and went off.
Some people despise being under RSA, because for some people it really is the very last thing you can get. Usually, refugees and families in need are happy to be granted that, but Posh Guy who can't bear to be called "Monsieur"?
Though, how can he be so over his head, but still walk in the damn national unemployment agency to beg for money? This I don't know. But it always makes a funny story to tell. I hope you enjoyed it.
TL;DR: Posh dude never worked in his life and never will, expects to have unemployment money.
Edit: thanks for the gold! 🥰
submitted by -L0Lock- to ChoosingBeggars [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 14:28 PeachyLavender4 Everything I've ever bought from TB: Reformation, Realisation Par, Missoma, so many twillies, silk goods, That Acne Shoulder Bag

Everything I've bought from Taobao

• I am 5'3.5", 32-25-33, UK 6-8
• This stuff is from five separate hauls. I used Basetao for all the hauls.
• I will provide auth links where possible if I know the brand.
• I have also provided reference links to other reviews in RepLadies where I found these items!
• Disclosure: this is an unpaid review but I did get the Basetao repladies discount.

Shipping info

Haul # Ship date Arrived in UK # days
1 28/12/2019 20/01/2020 23
2 11/03/2020 26/03/2020 15
3 09/04/2020 19/06/2020 71
4 22/08/2020 10/09/2020 19
5 25/08/2020 08/09/2020 14
Haul # Courier Weight Shipping costs Additional fees Total Approx. GBP
1 China Post Small Air Mail 140 g ¥39.00 ¥42.49 ¥81.49 £8.96
2 EMS 750 g ¥181.50 ¥39.20 ¥220.70 £24.28
3 China Post Small Air Mail 400 g ¥49.50 ¥20.93 ¥70.43 £7.75
4 EMS 1710 g ¥285.00 ¥20.93 ¥378.75 £41.66
5 DHL economic package 100 g ¥44.50 ¥20.93 ¥52.55 £5.78
I asked Basetao to do the invoice for me for parcel 4. They declared value $24. You have to pay customs on anything about £15 in the UK so that was an extra £20.64.

Known Reps

Realisation Par "The Teale in Purple Haze"

¥439 £48.29 $65.85 Size: S Haul #1 TB link Store PSPs Modshots Auth link)
Quality: 10/10
This has been reviewed on Repladies before! It's a great dress, finished with french seams.
I believe its real silk, it doesn’t stink up after wearing it on hot days (and neither does my auth Realisation Par)
Pic of French seams and care labels
Accuracy: 9/10
If you compare the print of this to the auth it’s not as detailed; there is no lighter spot in the middle of the darker flowers. But I think you’d have to be very close & very familiar with the auth to notice this.
Obviously I have a v different body shape to the model but I think the fit is pretty similar.
Satisfaction: 10/10
I’d lusted after this dress for a while and I do love it.

Rouje Paris "Gloria Wrap Polka Dot Midi Skirt" size S ¥199

¥199 £21.89 $29.85 Size: S (EU 36) Haul #2 TB link Store PSPs Modshots Auth no longer on UK website
N.B. I didn’t tie the wrap properly so that’s why the hem looks wonky in the modshots.
Quality: 7/10
Possibly GM? The tag was damaged. There were also several small holes in the fabric, so it makes sense if it was discarded due to defects. Still wearable though, obviously.
Accuracy: N/A
I don’t feel qualified to comment on the accuracy given the auth has been taken down from the website, and I don’t own any Rouje.
Satisfaction: 10/10
I don’t mind the holes if it means I can live out my French-effortless-chic vanilla fantasy in my ~£20 skirt. I love this so much.

Birkenstocks Yara size 35 ¥163

¥163 £17.93 $24.45 Size: 35 (UK 2) Haul #2 TB link Store PSPs Auth link
These are a rep for the sandals made of their "Birko-Flor" material, not leather (which I didn't realise).
WARNING: GROSS WELL-WORN BIRKS Comparison with auth album + glue inside the straps
Quality: 8/10
Seem alright? I haven’t worn these much.
There is glue on the inside of the straps.
Accuracy: 5/10
  • I couldn’t actually find this colour in the Birko-Flor leather on the website, so it may not actually exist.
  • Soles are stamped with “Birk” but the font has a heavier weight (pics against my ratty auth Birks).
  • Ankle buckle is stamped with “BIRKEN” like auth, but buckle that goes around your toes is also stamped with “BIRKEN” whereas it looks like it should just say “BIRK”.
  • They do have a serial number embossed under the branding on the sole.
  • Sole is starting to patina like my auth Birks.
  • Sizing seems similar to auth.
Satisfaction: 7/10
Now that I’ve actually sat down and compared them to the website perhaps they aren’t so great after all!

Missoma necklaces ¥178, ¥194

Missoma gold leaf choker ¥178 £19.58 $26.7 Size: 31+7 cm Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs Modshots Auth link Reference post
Missoma horn necklace necklace ¥194 £21.34 $29.1 Haul #4 Looks like this has been removed from the listing. PSPs Modshots Auth link Reference post
Gold leaf: chain length 39 cm inc. extender
Gold horn: chain length 57 cm inc. extender
Quality: 10/10
Nice yellow gold, clasp feels sturdy.
*Accuracy: 8/10 *
Never handed auth Missoma.
Gold leaf: Droplet on the end of the chain extender is flat disk with an Missoma “M”; auth is like a spike. Extender chain is a different style of chain (I don’t know the technical term, sorry). Has 7 leaves and 11 circles like the auth.
Horn: Website pics aren’t good enough to do a proper comparison but it looks similar enough!
Satisfaction: 10/10
I like that the choker is short enough that it actually fits my small neck like a choker. I’m sorry that sentence was straight out of /ffacj.

Reformation Cassi sheath dress ¥208

¥208 £22.88 $31.2 Size: XS Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs My pics Modshots Reference post
Modelled with a Uniqlo heattech turtleneck for your consideration. Very tight on me – probably size up if you don’t want it too skin tight.
Very strong plastic-y scent. I’m not sure if it was fufu because I have no idea what fufu smells like.
Quality: 9/10
A nice thick stretchy knit, but you can see VPL. Small black mark on the strap. 100% cotton.
Accuracy: 9/10
Not sure if my photos reflect it but I’d say the colour is pretty accurate to the websites in person. Perhaps the straps could be further apart on the front of the dress as it looks like it sits closer to the model’s armpits in the auth pictures.
Satisfaction: 10/10

Reformation Peonie dress ¥278

¥278 £30.58 $41.7 Size: XS Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs My pics Modshots
This was a bit of a frivolous purchase considering I’m probably not going anywhere in the near future, much less anywhere that needs a dress like this.
I think this shop makes these dresses on demand because it was non-returnable. Took around 3 days to get to my Basetao warehouse. No care tags.
Quality: 7/10
Lots of lose threads. The ends of the ties are not finished and they are ridiculously long so I’ll probably cut them myself.
Accuracy: 9/10
Honestly I think this is pretty good? The colour looks close and I think the fit is nice.
Satisfaction: 7/10
Kind of an awkward length on my 5’3.5” self. I think we all know Reformation dresses will never look as good on us as they do on the models. A poster on FFA was saying you know a dress is a bad fit when all the models are in motion because it’s easy to make something look good when it’s flowing and draped in that way – I think this really applies to Reformation dresses. But its cute.

Acne studios crossbody bag ¥89

¥89 £9.79 $13.35 Size: Larger size Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs My pics Modshots Auth link
8” wide across top, 6” wide across the bottom, around 5.5” tall with the flap shut. Strap is 42” long, you could probably adjust it by re-tying the knots. There is indentation in the bag of the bag where it’s been packed and the strap has pushed into the plastic.
There are two sizes for this bag but they’re not in the listing – Basetao had to contact me after purchasing and I asked for the larger size.
Took ~ 1 month to arrive in my Basetao warehouse.
Quality: 8/10
Not leather. Smells a bit like plastic-y if you shove your nose right inside it. Clasps aren’t super strong but I put my phone inside and shook it vigorously by the strap and it didn’t come open, so I don’t think this bag is going to come open whilst you’re carrying it around. The holes the strap pushes through are sealed. Stamping is fairly crisp. Also literally only £10.
Accuracy: 5/10
Auth seems to be lined in black. I can’t find an auth with the same dimensions as mine.
Satisfaction: 10/10
This bag has been heavily reviewed on RepLadies.

Maybe (?) Reps

(Hermes?) Giraffe silk scarf ¥188

¥188 £20.68 $28.2 Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs My pics
Measures 53 x 53”.
Quality: 6/10
Some small pulls in the fabric.
Some bleeding out the dye outside the lines.
There are some splatters of dye around the neck of one of the giraffes.
The smaller giraffe looks a bit derpy and A N G E R Y.
Weird stain.
Tag says 100% silk.
Accuracy: N/A
I don't feel qualified to comment on its accuracy as I don’t own any auth Hermes.
Satisfaction: 8/10

All my twillies #

I’ve not photographed all these because there are so many. If you have any specific questions please ask.
Brief description CNY GBP USD Haul # TB link Store link PSPs
Stag twilly ¥39.00 £4.29 $5.85 2 TB link Store PSPs
Green twilly with flowers ¥35.00 £3.85 $5.25 2 TB link Store PSPs
Double sided twilly blue & red with cranes ¥39.00 £4.29 $5.85 3 TB link Store PSPs
Black with various zoo animals twilly ¥39.00 £4.29 $5.85 3 TB link Store PSPs
Black with multicoloured flowers, cream with orange flowers, cream with the swans twillies ¥49.00 £5.39 $7.35 3 TB link Store PSPs
Blue with the birds, planets twillies ¥39.00 £4.29 $5.85 3 TB link Store PSPs
Sealife and birds ¥49.00 £5.39 $7.35 4 TB link Store PSPs 
I think my only area of dissatisfaction is with the stag twilly – the print is misaligned with the fold.

Misc

Green silk scarf (90 cm x 90 cm) ¥95

¥95 £10.45 $14.25 Size: 90 x 90 cm Haul #2 TB link Store PSPs My pics
Quality: 9/10
Some of the printing isn’t as sharp as I’d like it to be.
Accuracy: N/A
Don't think this is a rep, just a pretty scarf.
Satisfaction: 10/10
I really love this scarf.

Silk skirt ¥189

¥189 £20.79 $28.35 Size: S Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs Modshots
Very creased when it arrived. Needed a good iron. Otherwise very cute :)
Waist: 13.5” laid flat
Length: 29.5” waistband to hem
Quality: 9/10
French seams inside. Fabric is a lovely colour and drapes nicely but static-y AF. Some sloppy stitching around them hem.
Accuracy: N/A
Satisfaction: 10/10

Silk slip ¥99

¥99 £10.89 $14.85 Size: M Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs Modshots
Very creased when it arrived. Needed a good iron.
Armpit to armpit: 18” laid flat
Armpit to hem: 26” laid flat
Quality: 10/10
French seams inside. Adjustable straps. Nice fabric.
Accuracy: N/A
Satisfaction:10/10

Silk pillowcases ¥105.00×2

¥105 £11.55 $15.75 Size: Fits UK pillows Haul #4 TB link Store My pics
Quality: 10/10
Feels like nice, thick silk. Pretty badly creased but came out with an iron. Fit a UK pillowcase well.
Accuracy: N/A
Satisfaction: 10/10

Hourglass Nº 10 ANGLED LINER BRUSH and Nº 11 SMUDGE BRUSH ¥19×2

¥19 £2.09 $2.85 Size: Haul #4 TB link Store PSPs My pics Auth link Reference post
Quality: 9/10
Washed and no bristles have fallen out. Good for lining my eyes and pretending I can do winged looks. One slightly longer hair on the Nº 11 which I would be annoyed about if I’d paid £30 for it… but I didn’t :D Feel nice and heavy. There are several other in-depth reviews of these brushes if you search this subreddit.
Accuracy: N/A
I don’t feel qualified to comment on the accuracy given I don’t own any auth Hourglass brushes.
Satisfaction: 10/10

Strawberry and cat earrings ¥46

Handmade strawberry earrings ¥46 £5.06 $6.9 Size: N/A Haul #5 TB link Store PSPs My pics Reference post
Handmade cat earrings ¥48 £5.28 $7.2 Size: N/A Haul #5 TB link Store PSPs My pics Reference post
Quality: 8/10
White enamel on the cats has flecked away a little between the cat’s paws. Otherwise all good.
Accuracy: N/A
Satisfaction: 10/10

Service Rating for Basetao: 10/10

They message me to check if I'm aware of no return policies, faults with the item, double check on sizing, always respond in 24 hrs, PSPs are always excellent, their tracking numbers work on 17track.net.
Can't fault them, really. Don’t forget your RepLadies discount!
submitted by PeachyLavender4 to RepLadies [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 01:09 rightwingnews /u/French_Bulldog on Should both parties agree on a defacto cutoff date for ballot counting to keep this from turning into a quagmire?

Both parties already agree on a cutoff date.
Election date is the final date, the following date the president is appointed.
You can vote early, which is what both parties and the postal service is requesting.
from French_Bulldog on Should both parties agree on a defacto cutoff date for ballot counting to keep this from turning into a quagmire?
submitted by rightwingnews to DebateRightists [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 08:21 UNSCFLEETCOM Character Spotlight: HMS Devastation(N3 class Battleship).

So this is a new format for getting my ship ideas out there instead of having stories with bits and pieces of information spread out. I will still write those stories; this is just a compressed overview of the characters, mainly because these usually aren’t real ships usually being PR. So people get confused at who exactly they are since if they were to google them it would come up with their previous iterations and I tend not to put their classes in the story due to it not really mattering in the storyline plus the characters should already know their class anyway. I won’t be giving too many spoilers for stuff coming but there will be for already released stuff. These are my sources for their designs, I will be doing most of them with a select few for the Lions: http://www.shipbucket.com/forums/viewtopic.php?t=5705
https://www.secretprojects.co.uk/threads/royal-navy-lion-class-battleship-series-1938-1945.32456/
-N3 class Battleship-
HMS Devastation.
First generation PR(In story, not PR1. She was part of the first wave built including Fisher, Monarch, Conqueror, Thunderer, Incomparable(She is technically 1.5 you can guess which one of these ships kept nagging Montrose to build her) and Saint Lawrence. Second generation PRs are Malta, Gibraltar, Africa, New Zealand, Audacious, Irresistible and Habakkuk.)
Specifications.(These are in more detail in the sources)
3x3 18”/45 calibre guns
8x2 6”guns
I’ve left out her tertiary and AA guns out as they would be changed with her supposed build date and Azur Lane only cares about base armament for pics and new equipment. How new would pom poms and single 120mm guns be anyway?(Although she was planned to have Ten barreled pom poms so do with that as you will)
With a 15” inch belt thinning over the machinery like on Vanguard and Nelson.
She makes about 23 knots just like her design descendant Nelson.

“Master, could you please stop calling me your angel? I know my crest has an angel on it that does not mean I am one. It’s really embarrassing… What? No I don’t have some secret ability lying around like Vanguard’s spears, I’m just next to useless... Ah yes I do say that but Laura did show me it in the bible and we both thought it sounded cool, okay.” One of her idle lines probably.
“There’s really a specific form for that?” Another idle line probably. (She has a tendency to watch what Montrose is doing over his shoulder)

A tall buxom woman with long brown hair (Typically in a French braid) and darkish grey eyes (Described by Montrose as the most colourful and vibrant grey that he’s ever seen). Typically wears a crimson gambeson (A thick padded jacket used as armour in the medieval era) and crimson cloak with a white long sleeve blouse underneath both, a knee length darkish grey pleated skirt and black pantyhose(Or sheer tights depending on where you come from). There is a reason she wears so much red. In her early life she was never anything special, just another rank and file soldier of the empire. Hence the red. She is literally a redcoat, she fought in Baltimore during the war of 1812. Considering her fairly close relationship with the modest Saint Lawrence and never really being all that important(Well she was the first mastless ocean going capital ship with the guns not in the hull when she got her own class, making an important step in technology and arguably the first battleship) so she doesn’t dress too flashy like say Monarch or KGV or Hood. Her claymore is about her height so pretty long.
Bit of a discrepancy here if she were to be in game she could appear in either her plate armour or without (I would prefer without armour). This is mainly due to the armour being made after her training within my stories by Laura and that she doesn’t wear it in combat due to the armour being not painted or lacquered leading to rust, the same goes with her Claymore being a replacement for her longsword which she broke in an incident a few weeks after summoning. But the Claymore is a very important part of her identity so that’s staying. (Yes, I pay attention to such details and growth in my stories. Jutland’s series just happens something like a year after Laura’s fear coming to light, hence why she is described without armour in the latter because how can Vanguard think to hit her in the torso with a sabre if she’s wearing plate?)
She tends to come across as a bit intimidating and imposing at first, but once you spend a little time talking to or spending a bit of time around her you start to notice that her almost authoritative and serious nature is a facade. She is secretly a relatively shy, naive and caring girl, even if Montrose doesn’t see it that often and it tends to come across to him as her giving him a bit of a cold shoulder. She has a fairly deep voice, best described as velvety and often insecure in tone.
She is known to get quite easily flustered. Also she is rather ticklish, Vanguard started tickling her to get submission holds on her during spars. She hates it. She finds it rather cold in Scapa flow, unlike the abominable snow woman Laura. It’s said a bit but she does have a bit of a way with the younger girls, they just seem to listen to her. I guess you could compare her to Yamato but instead she’s kept away from the fighting because she lacks the ability rather than being too valuable to lose, not that she isn’t valuable.
There would be a significant change in character should she be in game since in story she finds her calling, while in game she would act as she did between her summoning and becoming a guard. I haven’t covered this yet as this would take place before Saint Lawrence’s fear coming to light. To put what happens during this period quickly. Once she starts getting into the swing of things and going through the training program, she starts to realise just how behind her capabilities are compared to the rest of the ships alongside her. Then she starts questioning her existence and it obviously starts to go downhill, after some rather sombre talks with Montrose it was decided to make her one of his guards. Yes, I do realise she’s quite similar to Monarch issue wise although it is for different reasons(Monarch is not only older name wise she has also had more hulls, Devastation is very young and inexperienced for a Royal navy Capital ship which is where her ‘being forgotten’ issues stir from when you consider her history. The only capital ship that I can think of that is younger than her name wise is Saint Lawrence).
Now about her being forgotten issue. So when she first arrived there was one face she immediately recognised(She doesn’t know many capital ships due to what I said in the above paragraph) her now ex-sister Thunderer. They weren’t all that close but upon questioning her she didn’t remember her at all. I will write about this in full one day as it is very interesting. It was eventually resolved with her rejection from frontline service, well her hull was rejected not from any fault of her own. This all really started with an overheard conversation of what makes Royal Navy ships strong, one of the obvious answers was that their strength comes with age(Some ships are 400 years old like Vanguard and Dreadnought and have had more than 10 hulls to their name. They were referring to the fact that such ships had an inherent grit and hardiness to them as well as mastering their Crests (Crests while part of Royal Navy heraldry tradition can also grant special powers like Warspite’s marksmanship or Vanguard’s light spears)).
Skills-
“They’re not running away? Those poor brave fools” Battle start line. (Really just a small joke about her speed because literally everything other than the Nelsons, Monitors and the Colorados could outrun her)
“Target range found, calculations complete. I guess this angel must smite thee down. May God have mercy on your souls as my second Trumpets roar” Her salvo firing line. (Reference to her crest which is an angel descending blowing a horn with a flaming sword in the other hand. Also the second trumpet refers to the ‘seven trumpets’(Google it, sounds metal as fuck) ‘With the sounding of the second trumpet, something described as "a great mountain burning with fire" plunges into the sea and turns a third of the oceans to blood. Soon after, a third of all sea life and a third of all ships will be destroyed.’)
These are just examples of what they could be, not completely hard set on them so they can be changed.
-England’s glory-
When firing a salvo unleashes a powerful barrage. Opponents hit by the barrage will have a 80% chance to be set alight for 30 seconds. (Reference to the old Devastation appearing on England’s glory matchboxes, also the flaming sword and the trumpet on her crest)
-Long range engagement-
Enemy battleships, battlecruisers and monitors do 60% less damage to the backline but with a decrease of accuracy for both sides battleships, battlecruisers and monitors. This effect decreases over the course of the battle being cancelled out after a minute. (This is to simulate rangefinding that would happen at the start of the battle realistically also possibly making her a counter to battleship and battlecruiser backlines in pvp)
-Raphael’s blessing-
When health falls below 10% heals 30% of max hp (This can only happen once per mission not per battle). When a teammate does not take damage for 15 seconds heals them for 1% of max hp.(This is a reference to her crest and the fact that she looks shockingly close to a depiction of Raphael)
Creators note.
She out of all my creations so far has had the longest development cycle and growth, I continue to impress myself with the amount of lucky bullshit I put in that actually worked in the end. So her story begins under a different name after deciding that the four patron saints of the UK would be hard and kind of boring. Northumbria. This was the name I initially gave Saint Lawrence’s N3 class sister while she was developing in my mind and mainly because of a song I found, but I soon found the name to be rather lacking. Wanting to continue with the theme of ships names that were discontinued and participated in the war of 1812 I searched far and wide. Then I found her. The Battle of Baltimore. The battle that gave the United States it’s anthem. Fighting alongside Erebus and Terror in the same role. HMS Devastation.
Her name at first sounded a bit edgy and cringy, sounded like a 14 year old creating the best class of overpowered design ships ever or an OC ship or something(Probably what you are thinking of me and her reading this right now). But once I started going through her service record, she started to mellow and form in my mind like a fine wine. That’s when my empathy started kicking in. I truly started feeling bad for her. She had served admirably then became the arguably first step towards the battleships in the world, although her career as a mastless oceangoing ironclad was rather boring and tame. At least compared to her unlucky sister Thunderer who had multiple accidents killing dozens and even had the future king George the fifth serve aboard her for a year. Dev was almost forgotten, kind of abandoned by the navy she served. Never seeing another hull with her name up to today. Why on earth does Thunderer get carried on but not her?
I could not let such an injustice stand. There’s probably no way I could convince the royal navy to build her, so I shall do this my way.
So my initial mental picture of her was a smol redcoat with an arty gun(When she was in her first hull) and she obviously grew up to look similar to the other battleships in this N3 hull. With her inability to fight in the post war naval climate, she began to get more closely associated with being some sort of secretary to Montrose. Then the guards were formed. Devastation and Vanguard, a rather poetic combination. A ship who cannot fight effectively due to her design and a ship who believed herself to be cursed with bad luck, to be undeserving of such a hull. Perfect opposites. Dev started to become sort of a knight in shining armour sort of character. Then she started mixing into a bit of a guardian angel character. I don’t know where this train of thought initially came from, but I would soon find it eerily perfect.
I realised that due to being a commissioned warship she had a crest. An angel descending with a flaming sword and trumpet(This is from her real previous hull not something I made up). The trumpet or as I found out to be a Woe Trumpet, is a symbol of destruction and would call forth the rapture. I found the description of the second trumpet oddly naval based. She suddenly had a lot of mystery to her, due to being so young she hasn’t unlocked the potential of her crest. What is the power that her crest would give her? Things that I had just added to her without references suddenly linked up with references that I had never seen before. Things were getting out of hand. Then the final reference happened. The Archangel Raphael, the healer.
Raphael is also known as Israfil in islam as the blower of the trumpet. Things were adding up way too fast. Then I found this picture. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archangel#/media/File:Four_Archangels,_St_John's_Church,_Warminster,_Wiltshire.jpg
I got a chill up my spine. There’s no way I could have seen this before I’m not religious, never been to a church and I don’t live in England. I took a couple days break. It felt like I had become the reader and not the writer as this had all unfolded. My innate curiosity wanted to know. Then I realised nothing was going to happen without me doing anything so I should probably get back to work. I’m not going crazy am I? I formalised everything so far into this. She’s pretty much finished, although her story continues to evolve and play in my serieses. A bit of a teaser for what is to come, not like the songs that I use for writing her below are a dead give away. But she starts to have strange feelings that she’s never felt before, alas it goes against everything she’s had ingrained into her for the past two years. Conflicted and forbidden, she doesn’t really know what to do.
These are the songs I typically use for writing her.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dF74F3Sx1p4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXqxQmbXTC4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BRAfKOeJmeo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TK1P7Ggokxw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJMfGx86AjQ
This is where her first name came from, Northumbria. I also generally use it for any large ships, especially British ones now.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fk3Wu5GPSaY
P kv ovwl aoha lcluabhssf zol dpss buklyzahuk doha oly uhtlzhrl tlhuz, doha aovbnoaz oly zvbs dhz mvytlk myvt. Uva aol aovbnoaz zol ohz vm ilpun zvtl johpulk ilhza av bzoly pu aol klzaybjapvu vm lpaoly aol dhy vy obthupaf. Dlss zol’z uva jvtwslalsf dyvun. Klchzahapvu ohz hsdhfz illu aol hmalythao vm ayhnlkf huk klzaybjapvu, iba aolyl’z tvyl av pa.
Pa’z zhpk aoha pu ayhnlkf huk ohykzopw obthupaf zovdz pa’z aybl jvsvbyz ivao nvvk huk ihk, aol zhtl pz aybl vm aol hmalythao pu buklyzahukpun aol klchzahapvu dyvbnoa hz wlvwsl jvtl av aolpy zluzlz. Iba aolyl pz aolu h jvssljapcl yhssfpun jhss. Aoha zbjo aopunz zovbsku’a ohwwlu hnhpu, aoha aol mbabyl zovbsk il wlhjlmbs huk ilaaly mvy mbabyl nlulyhapvuz.
Av ylibpsk h iyvrlu dvysk.
Vr, luvbno vm aoha tf iyhpu’z zahyapun av obya. Dlss tf jvylz hyl zayhpulk huk olhapun bw, P zovbsk zhf. P kvu’a ohcl h iyhpu wly zhf. Ho zjyld aopz wvlayf ibsszopa P ullk h iylhr. Aopz pz tf adv obukylkao haaltwa! Dof pz aopz zv lhzf mvy aovzl tlyl tvyahsz!
P’t qbza nvpun av nv ahrl h iylhr vu aoha ilhjo P mvbuk.
Dovvwz P’cl slma tf aovbnoa av alea vu. P’ss lkpa pa vba shaly.

Feel free to ask any questions about Dev or any of the other ships I have mentioned, I’ll answer within reason. The next one of these will be the first of four G3s Saint Lawrence. If there’s enough interest I could do Dev’s full lines.
submitted by UNSCFLEETCOM to AzureLane [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 23:46 Air73 Game Pass for PC to leave beta and become available worldwide next week, September 17th

Edit: well, it's official now:
ICYMI: we're going into General Availability next week. wanna take this opportunity to thank everyone who gave us feedback (yes, even the ANGRY ALL CAPS kind) throughout the beta. we couldn't have done it without you guys!!! We're retiring the introductory price on the 17th, but if you're already a member, you'll pay the same rate through the next billing cycle. look out for a notification on the 17th to get more details
Price increase confirmed as well.
Original post:
For the leave beta part, according to the German version of the news:
In the future, more great games and features will appear as part of the Xbox Game Pass for PC - the service and the Xbox app will leave beta status from September 17th and will then be available as the final version.
For the available worldwide part, according to the French version of the news:
At the same time, we continue to add unique experiences and great games to Xbox Game Pass for PC. The Game Pass for PC and the Xbox App will be available worldwide from September 17th.
The English version kinda mentioned that the service will be available to more countries but we all missed this part it seems, and it's not said as clearly than in the French version:
And we’re continuing to add great games and experiences to Xbox Game Pass for PC. Game Pass for PC and the Xbox App will become generally available on September 17.
submitted by Air73 to pcgaming [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 01:24 TychoLoor 2020 Season 4 - Release Notes [2020.09.08.01]

Forum Link
This season release includes two new vehicles, three new tracks, driver customization, environmental sounds, NASCAR pit lights, extensive updates for the McLaren MP4-30, paint shop upgrades, League Sessions view, and much more! Welcome to iRacing 2020 Season 4!
Some highlights include:
• Chevrolet Corvette C8.R GTE • Dallara P217 • Crandon International Raceway • Nashville Fairgrounds Speedway • Weedsport Speedway • Driver Customization • Environmental Sounds • NASCAR Pit-in & Pit-out Lights • McLaren MP4-30 Tire Compounds • McLaren MP4-30 Energy Recovery System Updates • Declare Team Drivers System • Paint Shop Upgrades • League Sessions View • Gained-Time Yield Updates • Five new AI Racing Track Configurations • AI Drivers Utilize Defensive Driving • New Damage Model for Global Mazda MX-5 Cup • New Damage Model System Updates • Cloud and Fog Rendering Improvements • Extensive Tire Damping Updates
Full 2020 Season 4 Release details are below.
iRACING UI:
General
  • The iRacing BETA UI has been renamed iRacing UI!
    • While we still have some work to do, it is time to shed the "BETA" status moniker - welcome to the iRacing UI!
  • The splash screen videos that play when initially loading the iRacing UI are now being streamed to the service.
  • New background images have been added.
Dashboard
  • A new tab has been added to the Home section, Dashboard!
  • - The Dashboard is your new default homepage, with large, exciting links that launch you directly to some of the most popular areas of the iRacing UI!
  • - The Dashboard is responsive to different screen sizes and rearranges itself to accommodate.
  • - The Dashboard also features some animation for your selection.
Driver Customization
  • A brand new system has been added to the Paint Shop, Driver Customization!
  • - This system allows you to select from a variety of body and head types for your driver.
    • - Your selections have no impact on racing performance.
  • This system is also available for customizing AI Opponents within the AI Rosters section of the iRacing UI.
Paint Shop
  • The Paint Shop has received an overhaul!
  • - All of the below changes and updates apply to all of the following Paint Shops:
  • - - Profile Paint Shop - including driver helmet and suit
  • - - My Content Paint Shop - including all cars
  • - - Team Paint Shop - including team cars and suits
    • - AI Rosters Paint Shop - including cars, helmets, and suits
  • The Swatches palette has been updated and improved, with more functionality.
    • Create up to nine individual swatch sets to make switching between your favorite color combinations a breeze!
    • Each set of swatches now also features the actions: "Apply to All" and "Copy Active Colors".
    • - These controls are also context sensitive, so they will work for items such as Cars, Numbers, Team Cars, Team Numbers, Team Suits, etc.
    • - "Apply to All" takes the swatch set and applies those colors to all content of the context sensitive type, such as cars.
    • - "Copy Active Colors" takes the swatches currently applied the the item you are viewing, and overwrites this swatch set with those colors.
  • Wheel Materials are now selectable from a dropdown box.
    • When a user has "Stock" wheel material selected, the “I want to edit!” button is hidden, as these are always default.
    • When a user has any other wheel material selected, the customization options are available.
    • When customized wheels are changed back to Stock, the preview image above should also correctly revert to the stock material.
  • Two new wheel material types, "Brushed" and "Semigloss" have been added.
    • Brushed material simulates a brushed aluminum look.
    • Semigloss material simulates a dark custom look.
  • The “Select Another Car” button is now located in the header on the right.
Tracks
  • The Track window that presents information about a selected Track, either from My Content or the Store, has been updated!
  • - The information about the track has been formatted for easier reading.
    • Screenshots for many tracks have been updated.
  • A new information tab, Track Map, has been added!
    • Track Map shows you an interactive map of the track, including labeled corners, selectable configs, and the ability to filter various layers of the track map, such as buildings, pit road, other configs, etc.
    • These are brand new Track Maps, and we are in the process of recreating all of our track maps across the service. As they are completed, they will become available in upcoming Patches and the Track Map tab will be added for the associated track.
- New track maps have been added for the following tracks:
  • - Atlanta Motor Speedway
  • - Auto Club Speedway
  • - Barber Motorsports Park
  • - Brands Hatch Circuit
  • - Bristol Motor Speedway
  • - The Bullring
  • - Charlotte Motor Speedway
  • - Chicagoland Speedway
  • - Chili Bowl
  • - Circuit of the Americas
  • - Concord Speedway
  • - Crandon International Raceway
  • - Darlington Raceway
  • - Detroit Grand Prix at Belle Isle
  • - The Dirt Track at Charlotte
  • - Dover International Speedway
  • - Eldora Speedway
  • - Fairbury Speedway
  • - Five Flags Speedway
  • - Homestead Miami Speedway
  • - Kansas Speedway
  • - Kentucky Speedway
  • - Mount Panorama Circuit
  • - Nashville Fairgrounds Speedway
  • - Weedsport Speedway
  • - World Wide Technology Raceway
  • - [Legacy] Charlotte Motor Speedway - 2008
  • - [Legacy] Kentucky Speedway - 2011
Create a Race
  • The Maximum Tire Changes input control has been simplified.
  • A new point system has been added to Heat Racing, Rallycross 2020!
  • Fixed an issue where Multi-Class Races prevented users from changing tire limits when cars were in separate classes.
Teams
  • A new system for Team Registration has been implemented: Declare Team Drivers.
  • - This system allows a team member to Register themselves and/or their teammates as drivers or non-drivers for a Team Session. With this system, you must select whom from your team will be Drivers when Registering the Team for the Team Session.
  • - Teams are required to Declare Team Drivers upon Registration for any Official Team Session.
    • This system will prevent Strength-of-Field sandbagging, since all Drivers for all Teams will be declared before the Race starts. Each Team's iRating will be an average of all Declared Drivers' iRatings for determining Splits. All Declared Drivers must also drive their Fair Share of the Race or the Team will be disqualified.
  • All Official Team events will utilize Declare Team Drivers and the Fair Share rule.
    • These rules are both optional choices for Hosted Sessions - you may select to use the original system (no Declare Team Drivers and no Fair Share) in Hosted Sessions.
  • For Team Sessions, fixed an issue where "Full" was being displayed as the registration action in the Team Sessions table when the Sim advances to the Race Session. This allows drivers to register for the Session after the Session has started.
    • Remember, this only occurs when the max amount of teams have been registered for the session. This should not allow a new team to register for the session. You can only register if your team has been previously registered before advancing to the Race session.
  • Removed the “Register for this Session” toggle from the Team Registration screen.
    • Registering yourself for a team can now be accomplished by clicking the Register buttons via the “Joined Teams” table of the Team Registration Screen.
Leagues
  • League Sessions have been added to the Leagues page!
  • - This page will display every Session for every League of which you are a member, in both Table or Tile views.
  • - In Tile view, the League logo and banner images will be displayed to allow for further customization of the League Sessions view.
  • - Additionally, you can Spectate Sessions from Leagues that allow you to watch their races from the League Sessions page.
  • - Sorting, filtering, and Tags are all present to provide you with further customization of the League Sessions that you are viewing.
    • You can also quickly create a Hosted Session for your League via the “Create a Race” dropdown menu.
  • The Sessions tab of the League window has been improved so you may now view Pending and Running Sessions for each individual League for which you are a member.
    • You can now view these Sessions without being an Admin or Owner of the League.
  • The exact date and time is now displayed for all League event start and end times in both the League Sessions page as well as the Sessions tab of a specific League in the Leagues window.
    • The time displayed will use your specific iRacing App Settings to format the date and time to your desired preference, such as GMT time and 24-hour display.
Time Attack
  • Resolved an issue where driving against another competitor’s ghost car was not loading properly when driving from the Results window of Time Attack.
Test Drive
  • Resolved an issue where the “All Steps” mode setting was not being properly remembered for each user.
AI Racing
  • AI Racing now generates post-race news reports!
  • - Your AI races and AI seasons can stir up quite a story - a brand new media company is on the scene for reporting on AI Racing!
Results
  • An "Export" button has been added to all Results windows that download the event Results as a .json file to your PC.
  • License information is now displayed consistently for Team Results.
    • If there are no Safety Rating changes, "0.00" is displayed instead of a blank space.
Help & Support
  • A new section, Help & Support, has been added to the Navigation Bar!
  • - This section can be found at the bottom of the list, and contains a variety of documents, videos, and links to helpful and useful information.
  • - You can get connected to Customer Support, or File a Protest, here, too!
  • - Due to this new section, the "Help & Support" option has been removed from the top-right Helmet Menu.
MEMBERSITE:
  • The Classic Membersite home page has changed!
  • - The home page now features some large buttons that launch you directly to your desired location. Some of these will open the iRacing UI for you, while others navigate to the appropriate Classic Membersite page.
    • You can still access other areas and features that are not represented by the buttons on the home page.
  • Phase-Out of Classic Membersite - PHASE ONE: 2020 Season 4 Release.
    • Beginning with this Season release, some areas of the Classic Membersite will no longer be accessible, and instead, users will be prompted to redirect to the appropriate location within the iRacing UI. This change will help us focus our development efforts on a single environment, unify and optimize the user experience, and plan for the future.
    • For PHASE ONE, The following functionality will only be available in the Racing UI:
    • - Time Attack
    • - Paint Shop
    • For more information, please see this forum post:
  • Some track maps have been updated!
    • We are in the process of recreating all of our track maps across the service. As they are completed, we will add them in upcoming Patches. For the full list of updated track maps for this release, see the iRacing UI section above!
  • The iRacing Store page has been updated with selectable sub-sections including: Cars, Tracks, iRacing Dollars, Wheels & Controllers, Tech Tracks, iRacing Merch, and Deals & Promotions.
  • The Quick Start Guide for brand new users has been updated!
    • This is a significant overhaul, and should help our new users get to know the iRacing UI.
SIMULATION:
Connectivity
  • Fixed an issue that could cause background thread stutters shortly after the Session finished loading, and sometimes shortly after switching Race Servers (as with moving from an Open Practice to a Race).
Race Control
  • The Gained-time yield rules are now aware of a driver entering a pit lane. The yield time will now stay consistent as a driver enters the pit lane entrance area, instead of giving up due to comparing current speeds to the racing speeds.
    • Any gained-time yield time a driver is carrying as they enter a pit lane will immediately be converted into a Stop-And-Hold black flag. An additional time penalty equivalent to a Pit Lane Pass will also be added.
  • The gained time slow down message has been adjusted to now also display the time remaining to give up the penalty time.
    • Now the penalty message says: "Slow Down! Yield X seconds within Y seconds!"
  • Fixed an issue where medium-length Ovals would run one too many Caution laps.
Dirt Racing
  • The water content in the dirt track layers below the surface have been adjusted to account for water running downhill along the hardpan.
AI Racing
  • AI Racing may now be run at the following additional track configs:
  • - Iowa Speedway - Oval
  • - North Wilkesboro Speedway
  • - Nürburgring Combined - Gesamtstrecke Long
  • - Phoenix Raceway - Oval w/open Dogleg
    • USA International Speedway - Asphalt
  • AI Drivers have received defensive driving line training at all Road configs!
    • AI Drivers should now better attempt to preserve their lead over cars behind them.
  • The ramp-up of difficulty for AI Drivers with lower Relative Skill values on Ovals has been slowed, particularly for Superspeedways. This should allow for more granularity for selecting an appropriate difficulty for your skill level.
  • AI Drivers have received training on the following topics:
    • Knowing when to use a lower line when driving a high downforce car at an oval.
    • Collision avoidance techniques at ovals.
    • Cornering on the outside at ovals.
    • Staying to the left on ovals during the final Caution lap.
    • Tracking their tire degradation, tire wear rate, and rubber cure level.
    • General pitting strategy for a long race.
    • Pitting strategy during Cautions.
    • Maintaining optimal pit lane speeds.
    • Being aware of their place in the pacing order during Caution periods.
  • AI Drivers have received some additional training with the following cars:
    • BMW M4 GT4
    • NASCAR Cup Series Chevrolet Camaro ZL1
    • NASCAR Cup Series Ford Mustang
    • NASCAR Cup Series Toyota Camry
    • Porsche 718 Cayman GT4 Clubsport MR
    • VW Jetta TDI Cup
  • AI Drivers have received some additional training at the following tracks:
    • Martinsville Speedway
New Damage Model
  • The duration of time it takes for car-to-car collisions to be re-enabled after a reset has been reduced.
  • - Previously, any time a car blinked out, it took two seconds before its car-to-car collision was re-enabled. This has been reduced to one-half second to reduce a ghosting-effect, where cars move through each other during continued crashes.
    • The two second car-to-car collision delay remains in place for cars leaving a pit stall.
  • Collision checking for assigning incidents from track contact has been improved.
  • Updated the collision algorithms used when two bodies collide into each other and then begin rotating around different axis. This change helps reduce the tendency in some collisions where one body will snag on the other and hook around it.
  • Adjustments have been made to the algorithm for collisions between two bodies that then slide against each other to prevent snagging, particularly when bump drafting.
  • Some collision shapes and properties for detached car parts, cones, tire barriers, and other world objects have been improved.
  • Adjustments have been made to reduce the likelihood of wheels instantaneously hyper extending when a car is returned to the pits, which could trigger a vehicular space launch.
Graphics
  • Cloud rendering has been improved to use re-projection techniques. This allows the clouds to move smoothly across the sky even with "Low" sky detail settings. Also, the sky now renders every pixel, every frame, such that the sky colors no longer strobe or pulse across the screen during sunsets.
  • - The sky detail setting now defaults/resets to "Low" in the Advanced Graphics Options after the first run of the Sim. This is because this setting has been much improved with this update, and it uses less resources.
    • The "SkyDetail" setting in the "rendererDX11.ini" file has been renamed "SkyRefreshRate".
  • Triple screen setups now support driving cameras with up to 270 degrees field-of-view. This has been increased from 179 degrees. It works best below 210 degrees for most setups, but has been opened up to 270 degrees for special use-cases.
    • Note that setting up very large FOV's successfully requires a proper physical setup of both the displays and seat position. Also, the correct display/monitor settings must be specified in the Graphics Options.
  • The rendering of foggy conditions at night has been substantially improved.
  • Virtual reality headsets now perform visibility culling per eye, when necessary, to support headsets with a combined field-of-view beyond 179 degrees.
  • The OpenVR SDK has been updated to version 1.12.5
Audio
  • Road debris sounds have been added to iRacing!
    • Now you will hear car parts colliding and scraping on the track, walls, and other cars. You'll also know when you ran something over on the track!
  • A new volume slider, "In-Car Sound Balance," has been added to the Audio options.
    • This slider lets you tune the volume of your own car's sounds when you are in a cockpit view relative to all the other sounds in the world, such as your opponents' engines. The range of allowable adjustment is between -20 and 0 dB. The default value is 0 dB.
  • Ignition cut backfire sounds have been updated for a variety of vehicles.
  • Engine audio levels for exterior cameras have been improved for all stockcars and trucks.
  • When switching cameras, the motion of the previous camera's microphone will be maintained during the transition to eliminate awkward volume or sound hiccups.
  • Some chase and cockpit cameras' microphone levels have been adjusted.
Environmental Sounds
  • The world of iRacing comes to life around you! You will now hear environmental sounds from a variety of sources to enhance realism and immersion.
  • - This is a brand new feature, and you will hear a chorus of ambient environmental sounds implemented at all tracks. These sounds include: garage tool sounds, pit chatter, crowds, announcements, birds, insects, wind, cityscapes, water features, and more.
  • - This feature is only available when utilizing XAudio2. No environmental sounds will play through DirectSound.
Pit Stop
  • Increased the timeout on the fuel-man.
    • This may solve an issue where a car fails to get fuel during a pit stop, even when fuel was requested.
  • New hats!
    • The default hat color for pit crew members has been changed.
  • Pit box equipment models have been updated for a variety of vehicles, including: TCR, GT3, GT4, GTE, LMP, and LMP2 cars.
Track Characters
  • Some level-of-detail settings have been adjusted to provide smoother visual transitions as the camera changes distances from track marshals, photographers, race officials, and Barney, the Legendary Flagman.
  • Some textures for some trucks and trailers have been updated.
  • Track marshals and flagger stations should now only be visible when Object Detail settings are maximized.
Visual Effects
  • The visual effects for race debris have been updated.
Interface
  • Fixed an issue where some helmet images were shifted to the left several pixels, cutting off the front of the helmet.
Spotter
  • A new French spotter pack has been added!
  • - Recorded by Jonathan Butel, this pack replaces our older French-Tomedes pack and is of a much better quality.
    • - Many thanks to Jonathan for his hard work translating and recording this pack for us!
  • Italian spotter pack samples from Renzo Olivieri and Marco Arcidiacono have been updated.
Replay
  • For the Laps table, all of the different Sessions (Practice, Qualify, Heat, Race, Etc.) have been unlocked when viewing a loaded replay. A user must no longer manually advance to the desired Session to unlock its Lap table. The "Prior" and "Next" Session buttons are now always available for use.
Spectators
  • Some additional Race Control information is now available for event Spectators that was not being sent before, including course flags and session timers.
Admin Commands
  • Event Admins may now revoke chat privileges and boot members connected as Spectators.
  • The response to the "!showDQs" Admin command has been improved by displaying a full driver name. A leading message has also been added to the response to make it more readable.
** Telemetry**
  • The code for writing disk telemetry has been moved to a separate thread from the physics to avoid any potential cause for stuttering.
Controllers
  • Support has been added for the latest Logitech G923 TrueForce wheel.
  • - The option to enable vibration of TrueForce wheels has been added to the Options menu. When enabled, this sends either your cars engine audio or a physics-based signal to the wheel in addition to the force feedback signal we currently provide.
    • A new parameter, "[Force Feedback] trueForceVibePhysics=0" has been added in the "app.ini" file, which lets you choose between the game engine audio (0) or a physics-based vibration effect (1) similar to the LFE effect.
  • Support for Razer Chroma backlighting effects has been restored.
    • However, the Logitech backlite effects remain disabled due to the bug with G-HUB that causes iRacing to lock-up at shutdown.
  • The option to completely disable TrueForce support, [Force Feedback] trueForceEnabled=1, has been added to the "app.ini" file.
    • For now, TrueForce and LFE will be forced to use physics-based audio when the Sim is using XAudio2, as a temporary work-around.
CARS:
ARCA Menards Chevrolet Impala
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Aerodynamic profile has been adjusted slightly.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Aston Martin DBR9 GT1
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
Audi R18
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • For the hybrid system, when automatic deployment is selected, the system will try to maintain an average battery state of charge of 50%.
Audi R8 LMS
  • 2020 Season 4 Balance Adjustments: Minimum weight has been increased by 2.5 kg.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Audi RS 3 LMS
  • Fixed an audio artifact with the turbo sound loop.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
BMW M4 GT4
  • Backfires have been updated.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
BMW M8 GTE
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Aerodynamics have been completely re-worked, and an aerodynamic balance calculator is now included in the Garage.
  • Adjustable brake master cylinder sizes have been added.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
BMW Z4 GT3
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Chevrolet Corvette C6.R GT1
  • For the New Damage Model, a variety of updates have been made, including:
  • - The strength of hinges connecting some car parts to the body has been reduced.
  • - Reduced the severity of various car parts snagging on each other including the engine cover, bumpers, and wheels.
  • - The durability of various detachable car parts have been adjusted for more realistic lighter collisions.
    • Chassis properties have been adjusted to reduce "sticking" behavior.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
Chevrolet Corvette C7 Daytona Prototype
  • The purchase price for this vehicle has been reduced to $2.95.
Chevrolet Corvette C8.R GTE
  • NEW CAR!
  • - A new GTE car, the Chevrolet Corvette C8.R GTE, has been added to iRacing!
  • - With Chevrolet’s move to a mid-engine layout for the eighth-generation Corvette, the brand’s IMSA program made the same shift for the 2020 WeatherTech SportsCar Championship. The Corvette C8.R builds upon six successful years of racing for its predecessor C7.R, and debuted at the 2020 24 Hours of Daytona. Six months later, it returned to Daytona and won in just its second race out with drivers Antonio Garcia and Jordan Taylor, and the week after that, it scored its first 1-2 finish at Sebring International Raceway. The latest entry in Chevrolet’s lengthy sports car racing history features a 5.5-liter powerplant that produces 500 horsepower at 7400 rpm. It’s the fourth Corvette built by Pratt & Miller since partnering with General Motors in 1999, a relationship that has brought eight victories at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, three at the 24 Hours of Daytona, and 11 in the 12 Hours of Sebring.
  • - Purchase the Chevrolet Corvette C8.R GTE from the iRacing Store here: LINK
Chevrolet Monte Carlo SS
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • A thermal braking system has been applied to this vehicle.
  • Nose weight range has been shifted forward.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Dallara F3
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Dallara P217
  • NEW CAR!
  • - A new LMP2 car, the Dallara P217, has been added to iRacing!
  • - Dallara’s return to prototype racing for the first time since the original Audi R18 TDI, the P217 made its debut in 2017. The car competes in the LMP2 class in both the FIA World Endurance Championship and European Le Mans Series, while a Daytona Prototype International-spec version of the car races at the top level of the IMSA WeatherTech SportsCar Championship with Cadillac branding as part of a relationship with General Motors. The LMP2 P217 is powered by a 4.2-liter Gibson V8, and features a six-speed sequential paddle shift transmission by Xtrac. Drivers who raced in the car in its 24 Hours of Le Mans debut included Formula 1 legend Rubens Barrichello, former Le Mans winner Jan Lammers, and IndyCar veteran Mikhail Aleshin. Other Formula 1 veterans who have driven the car at Le Mans include Felipe Nasr, Sergey Sirotkin, and Giedo van der Garde.
  • - Purchase the Dallara P217 from the iRacing Store here: LINK
Dirt Sprint Car
  • Tire stiffness in opponent cars has been adjusted slightly to reduce visual sinkage into the racing dirt surface during back-patched replays.
Dirt Street Stock
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Dirt UMP Modified
  • This vehicle has been added to the iRacing Rookie default content, and ownership has been granted to all iRacing Members for FREE!
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Ferrari 488 GT3
  • 2020 Season 4 Balance Adjustments: Minimum weight has been reduced by 2.5 kg.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Ferrari 488 GTE
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Aerodynamics have been completely re-worked, and an aerodynamic balance calculator is now included in the Garage.
  • Adjustable brake master cylinder sizes have been added.
  • Fixed height packers have been added to prevent bottoming.
  • Michelin tire logo has been updated.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Ford GTE
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Aerodynamics have been completely re-worked, and an aerodynamic balance calculator is now included in the Garage.
  • Adjustable brake master cylinder sizes have been added.
  • Fixed height packers have been added to prevent bottoming.
  • Michelin tire logo has been updated.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Ford GT GT2/GT3
  • For the New Damage Model, a variety of updates have been made, including:
  • - The strength of hinges connecting some car parts to the body has been reduced.
  • - Reduced the severity of various car parts snagging on each other including the engine cover, bumpers, and wheels.
  • - The durability of various detachable car parts have been adjusted for more realistic and lighter collisions.
    • Chassis properties have been adjusted to reduce "sticking" behavior.
  • (Ford GT3) - The iRacing setups have been updated.
Formula Renault 3.5
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Draft strength of a following car has been reduced slightly.
  • Fixed an issue where the DRS state was not getting reset with Session transitions.
Global Mazda MX-5 Cup
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • The New Damage Model has been enabled for this vehicle!
  • Allowable adjustment ranges on tire pressure and ride heights have been narrowed.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
HPD ARX-01c
  • The purchase price for this vehicle has been reduced to $2.95.
Indy Pro 2000 PM-18
  • Car specifications have been updated; this car now features separate Oval and Road Course parameters.
  • Fixed an issue where toe adjustments were going in the wrong direction in the rear of the car.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Legends Ford '34 Coup
  • (ALL) - The iRacing setups have been updated.
Lotus 79
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
Lucas Oil Off Road Pro 2 Lite
  • Level-of-Detail settings have been adjusted to improve visual performance as a camera changes distances from this vehicle.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Lucas Oil Off Road Pro Trucks
  • (ALL) - Level-of-Detail settings have been adjusted to improve visual performance as a camera changes distances from this vehicle.
  • (ALL) - The iRacing setups have been updated.
USF 2000
  • Car specifications have been updated; this car now features separate Oval and Road Course parameters.
McLaren MP4-12C GT3
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
McLaren MP4-30
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • This vehicle now has multiple tire compounds to select for use before and during an event.
    • You are able to select from Soft, Medium, or Hard tire compounds. Each behaves as real-world tires of the selected compound.
    • Tire compound selection can be made in the Garage, and the selected compound is saved with the setup.
    • When driving and preparing for a pit stop, you can specify which compound will be fitted to the car during your pit stop.
    • If you set a best-lap in Qualifying, then you will be required to start the Race with the same compound tire fitted to your car that was used in establishing that lap time. Race Control will enforce this requirement, so you do not need to manually select the right one. Note that Race Control will put a new set of tires of that compound onto your car for the start of the race, eliminating any wear accumulated during Qualifying. If you do not set a Qualifying time, you will have a free choice of compound for the start of the Race Session.
  • The MGUK deployment system has been automated, modified to make it easier to use, and provide optimal behavior. It's behavior now follows specific parameters based upon the option you select in the Garage:
    • For Qualifying Sessions: You get a large battery, overtake deployment is automatic, and you have no manual deployment.
    • For Race Sessions: You will have three state of charge options that you can adjust at the beginning of every lap. This should allow you to use your battery for strategic race decisions regarding undercuts, overcuts, and passing while allowing you to focus more on driving than hitting the boost button at the correct times. Once the battery reaches it's target state of charge, it will function the same for each target state and will then require a higher target to give you the option to push again.
    • For Test Drive and Practice Sessions:
    • - If you choose "Qualifying Deployment" in the Garage, you get a large battery, overtake deployment is automatic, and you have no manual deployment.
    • - If you choose "Race Deployment" in the Garage, you get a small battery and you have three target battery state of charge options. Deployment will be automatic otherwise.
  • Minimum cold tire pressures have been increased to 22 psi for front tires, and 20 psi for rear tires.
  • Level-of-Detail settings have been adjusted to improve visual performance as a camera changes distances from this vehicle.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Mercedes-AMG GT3
  • 2020 Season 4 Balance Adjustments: Aerodynamic downforce has been increased slightly.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Modified - SK
  • Fury logo on the dashboard has been updated.
  • (ALL) - The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Chevrolet Monte Carlo - 1987
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Stagger has been increased at most tracks.
  • Ballast movement range has been opened.
  • 3rd gear ratio has been set to 1.31.
  • Low-end torque has been increased.
  • Drafting parameters have been updated slightly.
  • Driver goggles have been updated slightly.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Cup Series Chevrolet Camaro ZL1
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • A high downforce package is now used at Daytona International Speedway - Road Course.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Cup Series Ford Mustang
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • A high downforce package is now used at Daytona International Speedway - Road Course.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Cup Series Toyota Camry
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • A high downforce package is now used at Daytona International Speedway - Road Course.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Ford Thunderbird - 1987
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Stagger has been increased at most tracks.
  • Ballast movement range has been opened.
  • 3rd gear ratio has been set to 1.31.
  • Low-end torque has been increased.
  • Drafting parameters have been updated slightly.
  • Driver goggles have been updated slightly.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Gander Outdoors Chevrolet Silverado
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Gander Outdoors Ford F150
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Gander Outdoors Toyota Tundra
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Xfinity Chevrolet Camaro
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Xfinity Ford Mustang
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
NASCAR Xfinity Toyota Supra
  • Tire damping has been increased by 70% to reduce the rolling and bouncing that sometimes occur with a stiff front suspension.
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Porsche 718 Cayman GT4 Clubsport MR
  • For the New Damage Model, mount strength of side-view mirrors has been greatly increased.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Porsche 911 GT3 Cup (991)
  • Brake bias has been adjusted forward to 49.5%
Porsche 911 RSR
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • Aerodynamics have been completely re-worked, and an aerodynamic balance calculator is now included in the Garage.
  • Stiffer suspension springs have been added to better suit the updated aerodynamics.
  • Adjustable brake master cylinder sizes have been added.
  • Packer heights and bump rubbers have been adjusted to control bottoming.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Porsche 919
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • Aerodynamic downforce has been slightly increased when the high downforce bodywork is fitted.
  • For the hybrid system, when automatic deployment is selected, the system will try to maintain an average battery state of charge of 50%.
Radical SR8
  • Tire warmers have been set to 60 degrees Celsius to aid cold tire performance.
Silver Crown
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Skip Barber Formula 2000
  • Fixed an issue where the suspension was invisible for cameras attached to the front suspension.
Street Stock
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
Supercars Ford Mustang GT
  • Brake parameters have been adjusted.
Supercars Holden ZB Commodore
  • Brake parameters have been adjusted.
USF 2000
  • Fixed an issue where toe adjustments were going in the wrong direction in the rear of the car.
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
VW Jetta TDI Cup
  • This vehicle has been added to the iRacing Rookie default content, and ownership has been granted to all iRacing Members for FREE!
Williams FW31
  • An updated tire model has been applied to this vehicle!
  • The iRacing setups have been updated.
[Legacy] Mazda MX-5 Cup & Roadster - 2010
  • (ALL) - An updated tire model has been applied to these vehicles!
[Legacy] NASCAR Cup Chevrolet Impala COT - 2009
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
[Legacy] NASCAR Cup Chevrolet SS - 2013
  • Tire rubber properties have been adjusted slightly.
  • Lateral and longitudinal toe compliance has been updated.
  • Gear limits have been adjusted.
submitted by TychoLoor to iRacing [link] [comments]


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France Dating in France Singles in France

  1. My Best Friend Changed Gender And Now We’re Engaged MY ...
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  3. (French) Girlfriend - Al-Anon 2015-2016 30-second Public Service Announcement (PSA)
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