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A /r/cscareerquestions College Survival Guide

2020.09.17 21:30 cscqsim_repostbot A /r/cscareerquestions College Survival Guide

A /cscareerquestions College Survival Guide

With our final school year beginning, we were reflecting on how lost and confused we were when we first started university. We made a lot of mistakes (still am) along the way, but we’re in a much better place after learning from them and constantly putting ourselves out there. In hopes of shining some light and helping others, we decided to make a comprehensive guide for university students – based on our knowledge/experiences - on how to start your successful CS Career (or gain the wisdom to avoid CS altogether, more on this later).
rishiss Background: I am a 4th year student at UC Irvine majoring in Software Engineering. I am an incoming Software Engineer at a F100 company (received return offer after interning this summer). Before that, I interned at an R & D center for space, a small cloud company, and a small IT company. I have a 3.65 GPA, won a few awards at startup competitions/hackathons, and remain pretty active in my schools CS organizations.
chaitu65c Background: I’m a 4th year student at UC Irvine majoring in Computer Science. I’m currently a SWE Intern at a Unicorn and just wrapped up my 2nd internship at a Live Streaming Company(you can most likely tell who they are if you browse my history LOL). Before this, I interned at my school’s IT department, did research under a professor, and worked on a few small startups that other UCI students were building. I have a 3.3 GPA, won some awards along rishiss and was pretty active in my school’s CS clubs.
Disclaimer: “But rishiss/ and chaitu65c, you don’t work at a Big N, go to a target CS school, why should I take your advice?” You’re absolutely right; we are, by no means, ‘up there’ like some other folks on this sub. And, you don’t have to take our advice! Simply close this tab and do whatever else you want 😊. Our intent is to guide and prepare uni students for a CS career they enjoy, not work at Big N or get the highest TC. Life is much more than a dick-measuring contest, and the earlier you learn that the better.
We have also created a guide with our own personal advice/stories

Please, take this advice with a grain of salt. we’re not Tony Robinson or Tim Apple, we’re just two random reddit users.

Table of Contents:

This guide is divided into the following sections:

Is CS Right For Me?

The way we see it, there’s 3 types of people pursuing CS.
  1. Those who know CS isn’t for them – They’re in it for the money, to appease their parents, for a minorequirement, some external factor. They hated programming while taking the introductory CS course and just try to get done with their class/degree ASAP.
Advice: The majority of people who fall under this usually burn out quickly, as they aren’t motivated enough to learn the material and to apply themselves. This usually leads to them cheating and getting kicked out of their major, minor, or university altogether. Even if you manage to earn a degree, we've seen a large number of these folks endure a 'pre-mature' mid-life crisis or simply get fired from their jobs. Before you even start this major, you should definitely understand that this isn’t going to be easy, and you do have to put in a lot of effort to succeed. If this isn’t your cup of tea, definitely look into switching into another major you like.
Some folks are really passionate about technology, but don't want to pursue an entire Computer Science major or see themselves as Software Engineers. That's completely ok! Try looking into related majors or minors. We know many students who switched from CS to majors like Informatics, Business Information Management, and Economics and are thriving in tech-related roles like Data Analytics, Product Management, UI/UX Design, and Technical Recruiting. CS is not (and should not be) for everyone, and there is no shame in having the wisdom quit and move on.
  1. Those who don’t know if CS is for them – Where most of the CS community is IMO. These folks (like me, rishiss) are riddled with something called Imposter Syndrome: “the constant feeling of not being good enough or knowing enough to do your job well.”
Advice: For students, really take the time to learn and be open to anything you go through. Try sticking it out until you've taken a Data Structures course, one of the harder, more important courses out there. If you're not understanding the material or just aren't having fun with it, it’s definitely ok to switch majors/careers. Otherwise, CS just might be the career for you! Give it your best shot!
Admittedly, it's hard to provide stronger insight to overcoming Imposter Syndrome, as I am afflicted by it as well. For me, my IS derives from constantly comparing myself to others and confusing inexperience with incompetency. As such, I continue to work and focus on myself and take baby steps towards smaller goals I set out for myself. Knowing that I've put the effort to improve myself by just 1% everyday has made me a lot more confident.
  1. Those who know for a fact CS is for them – The diamonds in the rough. Learning and practicing CS material gives them a euphoric high.
Advice: Broaden your scope and learn new areas of CS! Who knows, you might find another new field that you really want to work in. Other than that, definitely make new friends regardless of whether they’re a CS major or not. Even try pursuing other hobbies like weightlifting, reading, dancing, or even public speaking. Don't limit yourself!

Freshman Year

We recommend not taking more than 3-4 classes in your first quartesemester, as you shouold keep an ample amount of time to go to professional/social events, make new friends and hang out with them, and pursue your interests.
We've seen a lot of freshmen (and upperclassmen) CS folks get cooped up in their dorm rooms playing video games and watching TV. We understand that these two are a passion for many, but please be cautious to not get consumed by them.
You have the privilege of pursuing higher education, making valuable connections/memories, and setting up your CS career in the trajectory you want. This year is the best year to take advantage of all that university has to offer; make the most of it.
One of the best ways to get involved in your school’s/region’s CS community is by joining clubs like ACM and WICS and participating in hackathons (see ‘Hackathon’ section below). Try pursuing internships and positions in these organizations and events as well!
One, major issue we see with freshmen (even upperclassmen) is their ignorance on all the avenues available in the CS Industry. So we’ve tried to narrow it down (not exhaustive).
  1. Cyber Security Engineer
  2. Front-End Web Developer
  3. Backend Web Developer
  4. UI/UX Designer
  5. DevOps/Cloud/Site-Reliability Engineers
  6. Mobile Engineer
  7. QA Engineer
  8. Product Manager
  9. Data Scientist (Machine Learning/AI)
  10. Embedded Software Engineer
  11. Systems Administrator
  12. Database Administrator (The Wizards)
  13. Networking Engineer
  14. Hardware Engineer
  15. OS Developer
  16. Video Game Developer
  17. Solutions Architect/Sales EngineeTechnical Account Manager
As a freshman, definitely take the time and see if you can picture yourself doing any of the listed fields. You should open yourself to all facets of CS and not just the “hot field” like Data Science and Machine Learning. Choosing a field because it’s “exciting” will usually lead to bad results as usually, other people are thinking just like you and will lead to over-saturation.
Our recommendation is to select the top 5 fields that have piqued your interest and experiment with the field. For example, if you are interested in Mobile App Development, try learning how to build an Android app from the ground up. A simple weather app or alarm clock is completely suitable for a first project/prototype. This lets you understand what skills you would need for this field and can serve as a forecast as to what your career would look like.
You should definitely look for an internship. Ignore the people that tell you to wait until you’re a junior, as it’s going to be very hard to get an internship if you don’t have any experience. Common places that most students don’t realize are available are usually IT departments at your school and even research with professors. Researching is highly recommended as you can definitely learn more about a field you can be interested in and if you’re interested in graduate school, that’s going to be a letter of recommendation that you can ask for.
If you’re considered a minority in Computer Science, look into first and second year internship programs as they’re meant to help you succeed. Here’s some programs that come to mind:
Google STEP
Microsoft Explore
Amazon Future Engineer
Uber STARInternhip
Facebook University
Another way to get internships is to research into smaller companies in your area. If the company is very small (<100 employees), consider reaching out to the CEO on LinkedIn. They might be able to help you! Also, take advantage of university recruiting websites like Handshake to see companies that directly hire from your school. More info on how to get an internship in the ‘Searching for an Internship’ section.

Sophomore Year

Now that you have basic programming knowledge, create your own website or GitHub account and start contributing to them with small personal projects. Nobody expects you to make a full-stack MERN project hosted and scaled on AWS at this stage. Focus instead on clean code, learning a framework or two on a language you like, and creating a small, robust feature. Grow from there!
If you weren’t able to find an internship/research opportunity as a freshman, community involvement, projects, and hackathons become especially important, as they are a great way to make you stand out on your resume and to recruiters when you reapply. As you brush up on your skills, apply again, and try your luck out.

Data Structures and Algorithms

In addition, you are most likely to take a Data Structures and Algorithms course this year. Make sure you are focusing on this class and writing good notes; you will need this knowledge when interviewing for internships and full-time jobs in the near future. Here is a link to our DS and A course (in C++) for reference

Junior Year

As a junior, companies are more willing to hire you for an internship, as they are likely to convert you into a full-time employee after graduating. This transition process is much easier than interviewing, and they'll usually offer you a higher compensation package if they want to convert you to a full-time employee. As you now should have knowledge of Data Structures and Algorithms, we highly recommend looking into coding interview prep sites like LeetCode and HackerRank or purchasing a prep book like CTCI or EPI (advanced).
Continue to attend hackathons, remain active in clubs/organizations, and grow your portfolio.
Classes will be much harder; expect the time for completing projects to double and the content covered to be much more difficult. We recommend taking no more than 2-3 upper-division CS courses and balancing your load with 1-2 GE classes. You should not be taking more than 16 units (assuming 4 units per course).
Start to get an idea of what field in CS you would like to pursue. Research what it takes to be successful in that field. You can do so by looking up job postings with that title on LinkedIn and looking at the requested skill set or take a look at Roadmap.sh. If you want to learn more about a related skill set and your school doesn't offer a course, consider picking up a class on udemy.com.

Senior Year

Focus heavily on your senior capstone, project classes, etc. as they're the last thing you can put on your resume before applying for full time. By now, you should have at least 3 polished, working projects on your GitHub that you can easily talk about with your recruiter. Preferably, they're aligned with the CS field you wish to enter.
If you were able to get a return offer from an internship, congrats! However, don’t immediately sign the offer. Once you have an offer, you should still try to interview at companies that you’re interested in by the deadline of the time to accept the offer. A good way of doing this is to reach out to a University recruiter for that company and explain the deadline you have. Usually, they’re really helpful and can potentially help skip interviews that you were supposed to do!
In addition, if your friends were able to intern at places you’re interested in, definitely ask for a referral or to send your resume to their recruiter. This usually reduces the risk of being ghosted by that company and increases your chances of getting hired!
Once you finally sign, definitely take the time to relax and enjoy. Just make sure you pass your classes and stay out of trouble

Classes:

What Classes should I take?

Should Already be Required:

Must Take:

Good to Have

How do I succeed in these classes?

rishiss: You’re more than likely coughing up hundreds, if not thousands, to attend university. It makes no sense to not take full advantage of the course and course staff.
The way I take notes: I learn from examples; I want to enter my code into the IDE to see what happens. I do a three way split; Google Docs on the left, IDE on top right and terminal (to compile, see output, make new file, etc) on bottom left. I note down the date and topic of the lecture and write questions I have in the comments on Docs. I make sure to highlight important information and possible test questions. I even share the link with friends!

In the quarters where I followed the steps above, I never got a grade lower than an A-.

Dealing with Bad Professors

During your time in college, you’re likely going to have at least one bad professor that might make it worse if you have to go to class. If that’s the case, it’s definitely fine to not go to class (as long as it’s not mandatory). However, if you do decide not to go, you must make sure you learn the material, so you won’t be behind on the coursework and studying for tests. In addition, you should be doing something productive on the side. If you don’t go to class and spend the time watching Netflix or playing video games, you’re losing time that you can spend on something that might be fun and can help you in the long run.

You can take Graduate Courses!?

chaitu65c: A highly underutilized set of courses you can take would be graduate courses. Graduate courses are usually very specialized in certain fields. If you were able to take all the undergraduate courses you wanted and still have spare classes to fill out, I'd recommend researching into taking Graduate courses! They’re a good way to build out your specialization and learn new, cool stuff! In addition, if you’re looking for classes to reach the required number of CS courses needed, your CS department might allow you to make the course count towards your degree!

Projects

They're super important.

How do I succeed in class projects?

Personal Projects and your CS Career

rishiss: Projects are your saving grace, especially if you are lacking work experience. They show technical aptitude, willingness to take initiative, and leadership. I’ve seen people with only projects on their resume get positions at the Big N. Projects are good ways to expand your knowledge of CS as the possibilities are endless! It is best to have a variety of projects dealing with a variety of technologies. As such, you can open yourself up to more positions and have more talking points during the interview.
I tend to edit the ‘Project’ Section of my resume with relevant projects and technologies. For instance, if I made a full stack web application and applied to a DevOps organization, I would highlight my AWS, CI/CD, and Terraform experiences more than my React/Node js work.
It is recommend the project is about something that motivates you and are passionate about e.g. video games, movies, books, sports, etc., as it is very easy to give up half way due to stress or lack of motivation/interest.
Like anything else in Computer Science, projects require you to break it down into smaller pieces. Start with the end in mind and draw out the intended architecture/functionalities. Start with what you know and research on the parts you don't know after that. You will be using these skills often in industry for any project/feature planning.
Spending 15-30 minutes a day is all you need to make a successful personal project. Don't make excuses and get coding!

Open Source Contributions

If you’ve ever noticed popular github repositories such as torvalds/linux, these are repositories where people from all over the world can report issues with it and someone can fix it. If you are able to make a contribution to a huge open source repository, it looks really good on your resume.

Hackathons

What are Hackathons?

Hackathons are large scale coding events, where students from around the area come together and collaborate - usually in teams of 4 (but you can go solo or with a partner!) - to build some software. Companies like Amazon, Northrop Grumman, Google, and Twilio sponsor awards related to best use of their technology. After 24 - 48 hours of intensive coding, participants submit their projects, whether it be an Android video game, Chrome Extension, productivity web app, etc. Submissions are shared with the companies and other hackathon organizers, where they select the best projects and award teams with swag like keyboards, gift cards, and even summer internships at their company.
Participating in hackathons are one of the best ways to hone your coding skills, network with companies and other students, and get free comfy T-shirts. It is also one of the best ways to gain industry knowledge, as representatives from these companies and hackathon organizers create numerous workshops and answer any questions you may have. Winning awards at these hackathons are also great resume boosters and talking points during interviews.
The biggest hackathon organizer is Major League Hacking. Visit their website, and you can see all the hackathons (remote or local) they are partnered with. Make to be on the lookout for application release dates from the hackathons and apply early.
With Covid, you may miss out on the free goodies and the in-person networking with students and professionals. However, most hackathons are accepting many more applicants due to it being virtual/remote this year.

What Should I Do At Hacakathons?

Take advantage of the resources available at hackathons. You’re attending a mini CS conference and should be, besides coding, networking with professionals, learning about the different companies, attending workshops, asking technical/non-technical questions to mentors, and getting as much free shit as you can get. Besides T-Shirts, companies give out vouchers to their services, applications to their internship and full-time positions, pillows, notebooks, water bottles, sweaters, and even backpacks.
If you’re looking to get an award, judges at hackathons care a lot about the pitch and the idea rather than the actual execution of the idea. Having an idea beforehand is also helpful, so you can spend your time focusing on the MVP.

Friends and Networking

chaitu65c: I think it’s definitely useful if you have two different friend groups: One dedicated to career and Non-Career Group.
Career Group - When making a friend group dedicated to career, try to be the dumbest person in the group, you’re definitely going to learn a lot from them as you soak up knowledge! Best ways of meeting friends who are career-driven can be through major specific orientation (actually how I met rishiss), courses, major related clubs, etc.
Non-Career Group - While having a group that motivates you for your career is important, it’s also important to have another friend group that can help you relax and to enjoy your time! A really good way to find these friend groups can be anywhere from your hall to General Education courses, social clubs like Circle K, fraternities/ sororities(if that’s your cup of tea) and others!
This is what has worked for us; no need to follow this exact format.

Resume

rishiss: Here are the few take-aways on writing a resume that gets through the ATS.

Searching for Internships

Searching for internships in CS is really different and harder from searching for internships in other professions. CS internship interview processes are often longer and much more technical on what you have learned as a CS major. We've prepped 2-3 months beforehand on CS concepts, whiteboarding, etc.

Timeline

This timeline primarily focuses on large, non-government/defense companies or competitive startups. This also assume you are applying for a summer internship.
August - September: Applications are opened to the public. Make sure to look out for positions and apply early, as most companies admit students on a rolling basis. A site that we used often is Apply.fyi. After applying, you may receive an automated (< 48 hours) invitation to complete an Online Assessment, consisting of multiple choice and/or coding questions about Data Structures, Algorithms, and Run Time Complexity. You will have usually 1-2 weeks to complete the assessment. Please that you may be rejected if you are not able to pass 90% of the questions on the assessment: Please also note that you may be instantly rejected due to things out of your control like years of experience, cancellation of internship, internal corporate issues, and more. Don't take rejections too seriously; just keep applying!
October - November: After passing the resume screen and the OA, you will be contacted by the company's recruiter for a phone screen. During the screen, you will probably be asked a few confirmation questions about your resume, sponsorship, years of experience with X, etc. and minor behavioral questions like what made you apply for this position, what are you pursuing outside of class, etc. You may also receive questions about your CS fundamentals e.g. what is a hashtable, whats the difference between a process and a thread, what is the runtime complexity of sorting a string, etc. As long as you're cool and confident (and not cringe/edgy), this part should be a breeze.
November - Mid January: If you made it through the two Thanos snaps, you will be invited to an onsite “Power-Day,” where interviewees attend 2-4 whiteboard interviews while being grilled on their technical skills and projects. Some companies make applicants go through a panel interview, where a team of 2-5 Software Engineers grill you on technical questions and your resume. You are often pampered with free travel, food, stipends, etc.
December - February: If you were deemed a good fit by the hiring committee, you will be extended an offer to intern at the company during the upcoming summer for 10-12 weeks. Remember, nothing is final until you receive an offer letter in your inbox. Some companies may also place you on a wait-list and offer you a spot if someone were to reject their offer letter.
For government orgs, defense companies, and smaller organizations, the recruiting season starts in February/March and usually ends in April and May. After applying online and passing the resume screen, you will usually be immediately pushed to an on-site interview. Most likely, you will be interviewing with your future boss/co-worker.
Please note that internships are not only offered in the summer, they are provided in the Fall, Winter, and Spring (rare) as well. The competition for these internships is usually lower, and the process usually starts 3-4 months beforehand.

How to get the Interview

Besides following resume tips, make sure to apply to as many places as you can. To get our first internships, we recall applying to approximately 250-300 places before we secured our internship plans for that summer. Also, if you do get ghosted, don’t take it personally, usually, university recruiters often spend so much time reviewing a lot of applications.
Other precautions to take to get noticed are to try attending career fairs if you can, you might be able to get an interview(worst case, free swag!). Other than that, try reaching out to upperclassmen or friends you know that interned and ask for referrals. It’s one of the best ways to get noticed!

What to expect

As part of the interview process, there’s 4 types of interviews that you should make sure you know.
Behavioral Interview: These interviews ask you questions about culture fit such as “Why are you a good candidate” and “Tell me about a time when you ...”
Coding/Technical Interview: These interviews ask you questions similar to what you see on Leetcode and Hackerrank. These interviews are designed to test your Data Structures and Algorithms knowledge.
System Design: System Design involves the interviewer testing your building to design a service/software and test your knowledge of understanding what things to use for the task and how you will integrate them together. You’re definitely not expected to know this and it’s not likely you’re gonna get asked this. Places that could ask you this are Unicorns, Trading Companies and Hedge Funds, and Big Established Companies.
Concurrency/Low Level Interviews: If the company’s biggest product involves low level principles such as networking principles and kernel stuff, there’s a possibility you can get asked this. Places that come to mind are hardware companies and trading firms.
Some companies may adopt only one of these interviews and some may adopt all.

How to Ace the Interview

It’s highly recommended that you look up the interview experiences that other students have faced so that you can potentially filter out companies with red flags and know what questions to expect. Common sources to search up on this would be Reddit (csMajors and cscareerquestions), Jumpstart (Relatively new portal for students), Glassdoor and maybe Blind (Aside from the toxic TC or GTFO culture, they do give good advice on interviews). With that said, here’s some advice we have when you approach each kind of interview we’ve seen.

Advice on Behavioral Interviews

Use the STAR method when describing your experiences. Being quantifiable with the impact of your actions will impress the interviewer.

Advice on Technical Interviews

Begin by reviewing your notes from the Data Structures and Algorithms class. Do not proceed further until you know how to implement these DS and As from scratch with the language of your choice(If you do know python, it’s recommended as there’s a lot of builtin features!). After doing so, we highly recommend a book like CTCI and EPI to gain a review on programming language details and your DS and As. Then, visit sites like LeetCode to practice real questions from major companies. A Facebook Engineer completed 600 LC problems and compiled the most important ones into a list here. During the interview, make sure to talk out loud about possible approaches and tradeoffs before whiteboarding. It is perfectly acceptable (often recommended) to ask the interviewer to ask questions about the problem and get clarification. Once you have an idea in mind and have talked about it with your interviewer, begin whiteboarding. While you talk about the final idea you want to use, write out pseudo code and comments about all the steps you need to implement in order to finish coding your solution. After that, start coding. Make sure to have proper function headers, syntax, spacing, classes/structs, imports, etc. After coding your solution, give a brief explanation and attempt to make it run with less space and in less time (if your solution is not as efficient as you think it can be).

Advice on System Design

These are somewhat hard to approach if you don’t have experience ever doing it. If you do have experience designing and building services in your spare time and as part of your work experience, definitely rely on your experience. An important thing is to definitely ask clarifying questions. There might be hidden requirements you didn’t think about that could drastically change the way you approach the solution.

Advice on Concurrency/Low level

Understand basic principles such as Processes vs Threads (A lot of people don’t know the difference!)TCP vs UDP and how to make an application thread safe. Other than that, it’s recommended that you familiarize yourself with basic OS concepts such as Deadlocks, locks that you can utilize to make an application thread safe, etc.

Searching for Full Time Jobs:

The big bucks.
The process for finding a Full-Time Job is usually very similar to finding an Internship. There’s three main differences are:
  1. Harder Questions. Ex: Google usually asks Leetcode Mediums to Hards + the special Leetcode Hard question that Google asks it’s applicants (they create a new one every year).
  2. More Rounds of Interviewing: For example, Microsoft makes interns do 2 rounds while New Grads do 4 rounds during the onsite part of the process.
  3. Compensation: Interns usually get an hourly rate and, possibly, a housing stipend. New grads, however, are given a yearly salary and, possibly, a sign-on bonus, stocks, and benefits e.g. health insurance, vacation days, etc.
The process for finding a Full-time Job won’t really change as much as finding an internship, but keep in mind that the bar is higher. This is probably the biggest reason why you should look into interning early; by getting an offer at the place you like, you don’t need to go through the daunting process of finding a full-time role.
Get as many offers as you can this time around, so you can negotiate and select the position, company, compensation, and location that works best for you.

Negotiation

Negotiation is a really powerful tool that you can use in the interview process, even as an intern. There’s a lot of guides to negotiation and we recommend Nick Singh’s guide (Look at his LinkedIn and newsletters) for more.

Final Thoughts

University is a probably the most important time of your life and a foundational block of your CS Career. Like any foundation, it must be sturdy and takes a tremendous amount and energy of time to develop. Take advantage of all the resources (like this one) you can get your hands on. Definitely learn from the mistakes people have made and make sure you don’t repeat the same mistakes.
‘Stay hungry. Stay foolish’ - Steve Jobs
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2020.09.17 06:53 rishiss A /r/cscareerquestions College Survival Guide

A /cscareerquestions College Survival Guide

With our final school year beginning, we were reflecting on how lost and confused we were when we first started university. We made a lot of mistakes (still am) along the way, but we’re in a much better place after learning from them and constantly putting ourselves out there. In hopes of shining some light and helping others, we decided to make a comprehensive guide for university students – based on our knowledge/experiences - on how to start your successful CS Career (or gain the wisdom to avoid CS altogether, more on this later).
rishiss Background: I am a 4th year student at UC Irvine majoring in Software Engineering. I am an incoming Software Engineer at a F100 company (received return offer after interning this summer). Before that, I interned at an R & D center for space, a small cloud company, and a small IT company. I have a 3.65 GPA, won a few awards at startup competitions/hackathons, and remain pretty active in my schools CS organizations.
chaitu65c Background: I’m a 4th year student at UC Irvine majoring in Computer Science. I’m currently a SWE Intern at a Unicorn and just wrapped up my 2nd internship at a Live Streaming Company(you can most likely tell who they are if you browse my history LOL). Before this, I interned at my school’s IT department, did research under a professor, and worked on a few small startups that other UCI students were building. I have a 3.3 GPA, won some awards along rishiss and was pretty active in my school’s CS clubs.
Disclaimer: “But rishiss/ and chaitu65c, you don’t work at a Big N, go to a target CS school, why should I take your advice?” You’re absolutely right; we are, by no means, ‘up there’ like some other folks on this sub. And, you don’t have to take our advice! Simply close this tab and do whatever else you want 😊. Our intent is to guide and prepare uni students for a CS career they enjoy, not work at Big N or get the highest TC. Life is much more than a dick-measuring contest, and the earlier you learn that the better.
We have also created a guide with our own personal advice/stories

Please, take this advice with a grain of salt. we’re not Tony Robinson or Tim Apple, we’re just two random reddit users.

Table of Contents:

This guide is divided into the following sections:

Is CS Right For Me?

The way we see it, there’s 3 types of people pursuing CS.
  1. Those who know CS isn’t for them – They’re in it for the money, to appease their parents, for a minorequirement, some external factor. They hated programming while taking the introductory CS course and just try to get done with their class/degree ASAP.
Advice: The majority of people who fall under this usually burn out quickly, as they aren’t motivated enough to learn the material and to apply themselves. This usually leads to them cheating and getting kicked out of their major, minor, or university altogether. Even if you manage to earn a degree, we've seen a large number of these folks endure a 'pre-mature' mid-life crisis or simply get fired from their jobs. Before you even start this major, you should definitely understand that this isn’t going to be easy, and you do have to put in a lot of effort to succeed. If this isn’t your cup of tea, definitely look into switching into another major you like.
Some folks are really passionate about technology, but don't want to pursue an entire Computer Science major or see themselves as Software Engineers. That's completely ok! Try looking into related majors or minors. We know many students who switched from CS to majors like Informatics, Business Information Management, and Economics and are thriving in tech-related roles like Data Analytics, Product Management, UI/UX Design, and Technical Recruiting. CS is not (and should not be) for everyone, and there is no shame in having the wisdom quit and move on.
  1. Those who don’t know if CS is for them – Where most of the CS community is IMO. These folks (like me, rishiss) are riddled with something called Imposter Syndrome: “the constant feeling of not being good enough or knowing enough to do your job well.”
Advice: For students, really take the time to learn and be open to anything you go through. Try sticking it out until you've taken a Data Structures course, one of the harder, more important courses out there. If you're not understanding the material or just aren't having fun with it, it’s definitely ok to switch majors/careers. Otherwise, CS just might be the career for you! Give it your best shot!
Admittedly, it's hard to provide stronger insight to overcoming Imposter Syndrome, as I am afflicted by it as well. For me, my IS derives from constantly comparing myself to others and confusing inexperience with incompetency. As such, I continue to work and focus on myself and take baby steps towards smaller goals I set out for myself. Knowing that I've put the effort to improve myself by just 1% everyday has made me a lot more confident.
  1. Those who know for a fact CS is for them – The diamonds in the rough. Learning and practicing CS material gives them a euphoric high.
Advice: Broaden your scope and learn new areas of CS! Who knows, you might find another new field that you really want to work in. Other than that, definitely make new friends regardless of whether they’re a CS major or not. Even try pursuing other hobbies like weightlifting, reading, dancing, or even public speaking. Don't limit yourself!

Freshman Year

We recommend not taking more than 3-4 classes in your first quartesemester, as you shouold keep an ample amount of time to go to professional/social events, make new friends and hang out with them, and pursue your interests.
We've seen a lot of freshmen (and upperclassmen) CS folks get cooped up in their dorm rooms playing video games and watching TV. We understand that these two are a passion for many, but please be cautious to not get consumed by them.
You have the privilege of pursuing higher education, making valuable connections/memories, and setting up your CS career in the trajectory you want. This year is the best year to take advantage of all that university has to offer; make the most of it.
One of the best ways to get involved in your school’s/region’s CS community is by joining clubs like ACM and WICS and participating in hackathons (see ‘Hackathon’ section below). Try pursuing internships and positions in these organizations and events as well!
One, major issue we see with freshmen (even upperclassmen) is their ignorance on all the avenues available in the CS Industry. So we’ve tried to narrow it down (not exhaustive).
  1. Cyber Security Engineer
  2. Front-End Web Developer
  3. Backend Web Developer
  4. UI/UX Designer
  5. DevOps/Cloud/Site-Reliability Engineers
  6. Mobile Engineer
  7. QA Engineer
  8. Product Manager
  9. Data Scientist (Machine Learning/AI)
  10. Embedded Software Engineer
  11. Systems Administrator
  12. Database Administrator (The Wizards)
  13. Networking Engineer
  14. Hardware Engineer
  15. OS Developer
  16. Video Game Developer
  17. Solutions Architect/Sales EngineeTechnical Account Manager
As a freshman, definitely take the time and see if you can picture yourself doing any of the listed fields. You should open yourself to all facets of CS and not just the “hot field” like Data Science and Machine Learning. Choosing a field because it’s “exciting” will usually lead to bad results as usually, other people are thinking just like you and will lead to over-saturation.
Our recommendation is to select the top 5 fields that have piqued your interest and experiment with the field. For example, if you are interested in Mobile App Development, try learning how to build an Android app from the ground up. A simple weather app or alarm clock is completely suitable for a first project/prototype. This lets you understand what skills you would need for this field and can serve as a forecast as to what your career would look like.
You should definitely look for an internship. Ignore the people that tell you to wait until you’re a junior, as it’s going to be very hard to get an internship if you don’t have any experience. Common places that most students don’t realize are available are usually IT departments at your school and even research with professors. Researching is highly recommended as you can definitely learn more about a field you can be interested in and if you’re interested in graduate school, that’s going to be a letter of recommendation that you can ask for.
If you’re considered a minority in Computer Science, look into first and second year internship programs as they’re meant to help you succeed. Here’s some programs that come to mind:
Google STEP
Microsoft Explore
Amazon Future Engineer
Uber STARInternhip
Facebook University
Another way to get internships is to research into smaller companies in your area. If the company is very small (<100 employees), consider reaching out to the CEO on LinkedIn. They might be able to help you! Also, take advantage of university recruiting websites like Handshake to see companies that directly hire from your school. More info on how to get an internship in the ‘Searching for an Internship’ section.

Sophomore Year

Now that you have basic programming knowledge, create your own website or GitHub account and start contributing to them with small personal projects. Nobody expects you to make a full-stack MERN project hosted and scaled on AWS at this stage. Focus instead on clean code, learning a framework or two on a language you like, and creating a small, robust feature. Grow from there!
If you weren’t able to find an internship/research opportunity as a freshman, community involvement, projects, and hackathons become especially important, as they are a great way to make you stand out on your resume and to recruiters when you reapply. As you brush up on your skills, apply again, and try your luck out.

Data Structures and Algorithms

In addition, you are most likely to take a Data Structures and Algorithms course this year. Make sure you are focusing on this class and writing good notes; you will need this knowledge when interviewing for internships and full-time jobs in the near future. Here is a link to our DS and A course (in C++) for reference

Junior Year

As a junior, companies are more willing to hire you for an internship, as they are likely to convert you into a full-time employee after graduating. This transition process is much easier than interviewing, and they'll usually offer you a higher compensation package if they want to convert you to a full-time employee. As you now should have knowledge of Data Structures and Algorithms, we highly recommend looking into coding interview prep sites like LeetCode and HackerRank or purchasing a prep book like CTCI or EPI (advanced).
Continue to attend hackathons, remain active in clubs/organizations, and grow your portfolio.
Classes will be much harder; expect the time for completing projects to double and the content covered to be much more difficult. We recommend taking no more than 2-3 upper-division CS courses and balancing your load with 1-2 GE classes. You should not be taking more than 16 units (assuming 4 units per course).
Start to get an idea of what field in CS you would like to pursue. Research what it takes to be successful in that field. You can do so by looking up job postings with that title on LinkedIn and looking at the requested skill set or take a look at Roadmap.sh. If you want to learn more about a related skill set and your school doesn't offer a course, consider picking up a class on udemy.com.

Senior Year

Focus heavily on your senior capstone, project classes, etc. as they're the last thing you can put on your resume before applying for full time. By now, you should have at least 3 polished, working projects on your GitHub that you can easily talk about with your recruiter. Preferably, they're aligned with the CS field you wish to enter.
If you were able to get a return offer from an internship, congrats! However, don’t immediately sign the offer. Once you have an offer, you should still try to interview at companies that you’re interested in by the deadline of the time to accept the offer. A good way of doing this is to reach out to a University recruiter for that company and explain the deadline you have. Usually, they’re really helpful and can potentially help skip interviews that you were supposed to do!
In addition, if your friends were able to intern at places you’re interested in, definitely ask for a referral or to send your resume to their recruiter. This usually reduces the risk of being ghosted by that company and increases your chances of getting hired!
Once you finally sign, definitely take the time to relax and enjoy. Just make sure you pass your classes and stay out of trouble

Classes:

What Classes should I take?

Should Already be Required:

Must Take:

Good to Have

How do I succeed in these classes?

rishiss: You’re more than likely coughing up hundreds, if not thousands, to attend university. It makes no sense to not take full advantage of the course and course staff.
The way I take notes: I learn from examples; I want to enter my code into the IDE to see what happens. I do a three way split; Google Docs on the left, IDE on top right and terminal (to compile, see output, make new file, etc) on bottom left. I note down the date and topic of the lecture and write questions I have in the comments on Docs. I make sure to highlight important information and possible test questions. I even share the link with friends!

In the quarters where I followed the steps above, I never got a grade lower than an A-.

Dealing with Bad Professors

During your time in college, you’re likely going to have at least one bad professor that might make it worse if you have to go to class. If that’s the case, it’s definitely fine to not go to class (as long as it’s not mandatory). However, if you do decide not to go, you must make sure you learn the material, so you won’t be behind on the coursework and studying for tests. In addition, you should be doing something productive on the side. If you don’t go to class and spend the time watching Netflix or playing video games, you’re losing time that you can spend on something that might be fun and can help you in the long run.

You can take Graduate Courses!?

chaitu65c: A highly underutilized set of courses you can take would be graduate courses. Graduate courses are usually very specialized in certain fields. If you were able to take all the undergraduate courses you wanted and still have spare classes to fill out, I'd recommend researching into taking Graduate courses! They’re a good way to build out your specialization and learn new, cool stuff! In addition, if you’re looking for classes to reach the required number of CS courses needed, your CS department might allow you to make the course count towards your degree!

Projects

They're super important.

How do I succeed in class projects?

Personal Projects and your CS Career

rishiss: Projects are your saving grace, especially if you are lacking work experience. They show technical aptitude, willingness to take initiative, and leadership. I’ve seen people with only projects on their resume get positions at the Big N. Projects are good ways to expand your knowledge of CS as the possibilities are endless! It is best to have a variety of projects dealing with a variety of technologies. As such, you can open yourself up to more positions and have more talking points during the interview.
I tend to edit the ‘Project’ Section of my resume with relevant projects and technologies. For instance, if I made a full stack web application and applied to a DevOps organization, I would highlight my AWS, CI/CD, and Terraform experiences more than my React/Node js work.
It is recommend the project is about something that motivates you and are passionate about e.g. video games, movies, books, sports, etc., as it is very easy to give up half way due to stress or lack of motivation/interest.
Like anything else in Computer Science, projects require you to break it down into smaller pieces. Start with the end in mind and draw out the intended architecture/functionalities. Start with what you know and research on the parts you don't know after that. You will be using these skills often in industry for any project/feature planning.
Spending 15-30 minutes a day is all you need to make a successful personal project. Don't make excuses and get coding!

Open Source Contributions

If you’ve ever noticed popular github repositories such as torvalds/linux, these are repositories where people from all over the world can report issues with it and someone can fix it. If you are able to make a contribution to a huge open source repository, it looks really good on your resume.

Hackathons

What are Hackathons?

Hackathons are large scale coding events, where students from around the area come together and collaborate - usually in teams of 4 (but you can go solo or with a partner!) - to build some software. Companies like Amazon, Northrop Grumman, Google, and Twilio sponsor awards related to best use of their technology. After 24 - 48 hours of intensive coding, participants submit their projects, whether it be an Android video game, Chrome Extension, productivity web app, etc. Submissions are shared with the companies and other hackathon organizers, where they select the best projects and award teams with swag like keyboards, gift cards, and even summer internships at their company.
Participating in hackathons are one of the best ways to hone your coding skills, network with companies and other students, and get free comfy T-shirts. It is also one of the best ways to gain industry knowledge, as representatives from these companies and hackathon organizers create numerous workshops and answer any questions you may have. Winning awards at these hackathons are also great resume boosters and talking points during interviews.
The biggest hackathon organizer is Major League Hacking. Visit their website, and you can see all the hackathons (remote or local) they are partnered with. Make to be on the lookout for application release dates from the hackathons and apply early.
With Covid, you may miss out on the free goodies and the in-person networking with students and professionals. However, most hackathons are accepting many more applicants due to it being virtual/remote this year.

What Should I Do At Hacakathons?

Take advantage of the resources available at hackathons. You’re attending a mini CS conference and should be, besides coding, networking with professionals, learning about the different companies, attending workshops, asking technical/non-technical questions to mentors, and getting as much free shit as you can get. Besides T-Shirts, companies give out vouchers to their services, applications to their internship and full-time positions, pillows, notebooks, water bottles, sweaters, and even backpacks.
If you’re looking to get an award, judges at hackathons care a lot about the pitch and the idea rather than the actual execution of the idea. Having an idea beforehand is also helpful, so you can spend your time focusing on the MVP.

Friends and Networking

chaitu65c: I think it’s definitely useful if you have two different friend groups: One dedicated to career and Non-Career Group.
Career Group - When making a friend group dedicated to career, try to be the dumbest person in the group, you’re definitely going to learn a lot from them as you soak up knowledge! Best ways of meeting friends who are career-driven can be through major specific orientation (actually how I met rishiss), courses, major related clubs, etc.
Non-Career Group - While having a group that motivates you for your career is important, it’s also important to have another friend group that can help you relax and to enjoy your time! A really good way to find these friend groups can be anywhere from your hall to General Education courses, social clubs like Circle K, fraternities/ sororities(if that’s your cup of tea) and others!
This is what has worked for us; no need to follow this exact format.

Resume

rishiss: Here are the few take-aways on writing a resume that gets through the ATS.

Searching for Internships

Searching for internships in CS is really different and harder from searching for internships in other professions. CS internship interview processes are often longer and much more technical on what you have learned as a CS major. We've prepped 2-3 months beforehand on CS concepts, whiteboarding, etc.

Timeline

This timeline primarily focuses on large, non-government/defense companies or competitive startups. This also assume you are applying for a summer internship.
August - September: Applications are opened to the public. Make sure to look out for positions and apply early, as most companies admit students on a rolling basis. A site that we used often is Apply.fyi. After applying, you may receive an automated (< 48 hours) invitation to complete an Online Assessment, consisting of multiple choice and/or coding questions about Data Structures, Algorithms, and Run Time Complexity. You will have usually 1-2 weeks to complete the assessment. Please that you may be rejected if you are not able to pass 90% of the questions on the assessment: Please also note that you may be instantly rejected due to things out of your control like years of experience, cancellation of internship, internal corporate issues, and more. Don't take rejections too seriously; just keep applying!
October - November: After passing the resume screen and the OA, you will be contacted by the company's recruiter for a phone screen. During the screen, you will probably be asked a few confirmation questions about your resume, sponsorship, years of experience with X, etc. and minor behavioral questions like what made you apply for this position, what are you pursuing outside of class, etc. You may also receive questions about your CS fundamentals e.g. what is a hashtable, whats the difference between a process and a thread, what is the runtime complexity of sorting a string, etc. As long as you're cool and confident (and not cringe/edgy), this part should be a breeze.
November - Mid January: If you made it through the two Thanos snaps, you will be invited to an onsite “Power-Day,” where interviewees attend 2-4 whiteboard interviews while being grilled on their technical skills and projects. Some companies make applicants go through a panel interview, where a team of 2-5 Software Engineers grill you on technical questions and your resume. You are often pampered with free travel, food, stipends, etc.
December - February: If you were deemed a good fit by the hiring committee, you will be extended an offer to intern at the company during the upcoming summer for 10-12 weeks. Remember, nothing is final until you receive an offer letter in your inbox. Some companies may also place you on a wait-list and offer you a spot if someone were to reject their offer letter.
For government orgs, defense companies, and smaller organizations, the recruiting season starts in February/March and usually ends in April and May. After applying online and passing the resume screen, you will usually be immediately pushed to an on-site interview. Most likely, you will be interviewing with your future boss/co-worker.
Please note that internships are not only offered in the summer, they are provided in the Fall, Winter, and Spring (rare) as well. The competition for these internships is usually lower, and the process usually starts 3-4 months beforehand.

How to get the Interview

Besides following resume tips, make sure to apply to as many places as you can. To get our first internships, we recall applying to approximately 250-300 places before we secured our internship plans for that summer. Also, if you do get ghosted, don’t take it personally, usually, university recruiters often spend so much time reviewing a lot of applications.
Other precautions to take to get noticed are to try attending career fairs if you can, you might be able to get an interview(worst case, free swag!). Other than that, try reaching out to upperclassmen or friends you know that interned and ask for referrals. It’s one of the best ways to get noticed!

What to expect

As part of the interview process, there’s 4 types of interviews that you should make sure you know.
Behavioral Interview: These interviews ask you questions about culture fit such as “Why are you a good candidate” and “Tell me about a time when you ...”
Coding/Technical Interview: These interviews ask you questions similar to what you see on Leetcode and Hackerrank. These interviews are designed to test your Data Structures and Algorithms knowledge.
System Design: System Design involves the interviewer testing your building to design a service/software and test your knowledge of understanding what things to use for the task and how you will integrate them together. You’re definitely not expected to know this and it’s not likely you’re gonna get asked this. Places that could ask you this are Unicorns, Trading Companies and Hedge Funds, and Big Established Companies.
Concurrency/Low Level Interviews: If the company’s biggest product involves low level principles such as networking principles and kernel stuff, there’s a possibility you can get asked this. Places that come to mind are hardware companies and trading firms.
Some companies may adopt only one of these interviews and some may adopt all.

How to Ace the Interview

It’s highly recommended that you look up the interview experiences that other students have faced so that you can potentially filter out companies with red flags and know what questions to expect. Common sources to search up on this would be Reddit (csMajors and cscareerquestions), Jumpstart (Relatively new portal for students), Glassdoor and maybe Blind (Aside from the toxic TC or GTFO culture, they do give good advice on interviews). With that said, here’s some advice we have when you approach each kind of interview we’ve seen.

Advice on Behavioral Interviews

Use the STAR method when describing your experiences. Being quantifiable with the impact of your actions will impress the interviewer.

Advice on Technical Interviews

Begin by reviewing your notes from the Data Structures and Algorithms class. Do not proceed further until you know how to implement these DS and As from scratch with the language of your choice(If you do know python, it’s recommended as there’s a lot of builtin features!). After doing so, we highly recommend a book like CTCI and EPI to gain a review on programming language details and your DS and As. Then, visit sites like LeetCode to practice real questions from major companies. A Facebook Engineer completed 600 LC problems and compiled the most important ones into a list here. During the interview, make sure to talk out loud about possible approaches and tradeoffs before whiteboarding. It is perfectly acceptable (often recommended) to ask the interviewer to ask questions about the problem and get clarification. Once you have an idea in mind and have talked about it with your interviewer, begin whiteboarding. While you talk about the final idea you want to use, write out pseudo code and comments about all the steps you need to implement in order to finish coding your solution. After that, start coding. Make sure to have proper function headers, syntax, spacing, classes/structs, imports, etc. After coding your solution, give a brief explanation and attempt to make it run with less space and in less time (if your solution is not as efficient as you think it can be).

Advice on System Design

These are somewhat hard to approach if you don’t have experience ever doing it. If you do have experience designing and building services in your spare time and as part of your work experience, definitely rely on your experience. An important thing is to definitely ask clarifying questions. There might be hidden requirements you didn’t think about that could drastically change the way you approach the solution.

Advice on Concurrency/Low level

Understand basic principles such as Processes vs Threads (A lot of people don’t know the difference!)TCP vs UDP and how to make an application thread safe. Other than that, it’s recommended that you familiarize yourself with basic OS concepts such as Deadlocks, locks that you can utilize to make an application thread safe, etc.

Searching for Full Time Jobs:

The big bucks.
The process for finding a Full-Time Job is usually very similar to finding an Internship. There’s three main differences are:
  1. Harder Questions. Ex: Google usually asks Leetcode Mediums to Hards + the special Leetcode Hard question that Google asks it’s applicants (they create a new one every year).
  2. More Rounds of Interviewing: For example, Microsoft makes interns do 2 rounds while New Grads do 4 rounds during the onsite part of the process.
  3. Compensation: Interns usually get an hourly rate and, possibly, a housing stipend. New grads, however, are given a yearly salary and, possibly, a sign-on bonus, stocks, and benefits e.g. health insurance, vacation days, etc.
The process for finding a Full-time Job won’t really change as much as finding an internship, but keep in mind that the bar is higher. This is probably the biggest reason why you should look into interning early; by getting an offer at the place you like, you don’t need to go through the daunting process of finding a full-time role.
Get as many offers as you can this time around, so you can negotiate and select the position, company, compensation, and location that works best for you.

Negotiation

Negotiation is a really powerful tool that you can use in the interview process, even as an intern. There’s a lot of guides to negotiation and we recommend Nick Singh’s guide (Look at his LinkedIn and newsletters) for more.

Final Thoughts

University is a probably the most important time of your life and a foundational block of your CS Career. Like any foundation, it must be sturdy and takes a tremendous amount and energy of time to develop. Take advantage of all the resources (like this one) you can get your hands on. Definitely learn from the mistakes people have made and make sure you don’t repeat the same mistakes.
‘Stay hungry. Stay foolish’ - Steve Jobs
submitted by rishiss to cscareerquestions [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 19:03 Kme2 The underrated stock survey: one month in on /r/investing investing prowess

Following my post from last month (https://www.reddit.com/investing/comments/i2thge/), please see below for an update on how everyone's picks are doing one month in.
Key takeaways:
  1. 253 picks are still active and being tracked
  2. Overall average return of -1.27%, with an equal weighted return of -1.25%
  3. Highest returning pick: Pacific Ethanol (PEIX), a COVID play made by adamtejot for +78%
  4. If you invested in the top 5 most upvoted stocks (NET, CRSP, STNE, NVDA, NOK), you would have seen a return of -8.9%
  5. If you invested in the top 5 most controversial stocks (TSLA, WD, AMD, LMND, UBER), you would have seen a return of 0.0%
  6. The top 10 gainers in order (PEIS, FMCI, TUP, BABYF, GME, WELL, CVAC, WKHS, KEFI, NIO) provided an average equal weighted return of ~49%
For a full list of performance as of NOON EST, see below:
ID Company Symbol Provided by Upvotes 8/7/2020 9/11/2020 Increase
121 Pacific Ethanol Inc PEIX adamtejot 1 $2.69 $4.78 78%
90 FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A FMCI Mug_of_coffee 3 $14.53 $25.38 75%
38 Tupperware Brands Corporation TUP Scumbaggedfriends 1 $14.98 $23.89 59%
218 Else Nutrition Holdings Inc BABYF PringlesAreUs 1 $1.36 $2.06 51%
115 GameStop Corp. GME EmployerOfTheMonth 2 $4.16 $6.12 47%
192 WELL Health Technologies Corp TSE:WELL Unlucky-Prize, IcemanVish 2 $4.49 $6.33 41%
157 Workhorse Group Inc WKHS VisionsDB 5 $16.52 $23.06 40%
16 CureVac CVAC Tangerinho 8 $55.90 $77.20 38%
158 KEFI Gold and Copper Plc LON:KEFI Scipio-Africannabis- 1 $1.88 $2.58 37%
69 Nio Inc - ADR NIO makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364 3 $13.42 $17.90 33%
144 Kaleyra Inc KLR souptrades 1 $5.87 $7.75 32%
237 Pelaton PTON loosetingles 1 $68.30 $89.44 31%
245 Paradox Interactive AB (publ) OTCMKTS:PRXXF I_worship_odin 1 $24.30 $31.70 30%
80 UTZ BRANDS INC/SH CL A NV UTZ RIC_FLAIR-WOOO 5 $13.84 $17.76 28%
194 10X Genomics Inc TXG Unlucky-Prize 1 $96.13 $123.17 28%
26 Tesla Inc TSLA Skurinator, goldcakes, redmars1234, Drortmeyer2017 3 $290.54 $371.75 28%
78 Travelcenters of America Inc TA jk_tilt 1 $17.27 $21.75 26%
185 Draftkings Inc DKNG boomshalock 1 $34.09 $42.80 26%
233 Mamamancini's Holdings Inc MMMB Jayesslee 1 $1.70 $2.10 24%
225 SPARTAN ENERGY /SH SPAQ bigsexy12 1 $12.36 $15.21 23%
214 Inspire Medical Systems Inc INSP JPINFV2 1 $104.92 $128.80 23%
51 SmileDirectClub Inc SDC meeni131 3 $9.05 $11.06 22%
60 Sunrun Inc RUN FactualNeutronStar 2 $46.00 $56.11 22%
101 Immunovia AB (publ) IMMNOV jennyther 3 $161.60 $197.00 22%
188 Penn National Gaming, Inc PENN Calpool 1 $49.00 $59.72 22%
213 Sibanye Stillwater Ltd SBSW marqui4me 1 $11.39 $13.74 21%
248 Six Flags Entertainment Corp SIX EthosPathosLegos 1 $18.38 $22.17 21%
232 Xpel Inc XPEL Bkazzle 1 $20.06 $24.16 20%
149 Planet 13 Holdings Inc PLNHF MMatter1 3 $2.67 $3.20 20%
71 InVitae Corp NVTA emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo 6 $28.43 $33.28 17%
179 Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE) STO:TIGO-SDB joseph460 1 $245.50 $287.00 17%
48 Proto Labs Inc PRLB JEesSs 3 $130.13 $150.38 16%
22 Air Canada TSE:AC priamXus 0 $15.73 $18.02 15%
159 General Motors Company GM Buttershine_Beta -1 $26.72 $30.51 14%
148 Peabody Energy Corporation BTU aviatoraway1 0 $2.52 $2.84 13%
199 Redfin Corp RDFN shreddit47 8 $43.69 $49.15 12%
146 CBS Corporation Common Stock VIAC 1987supertramp 1 $26.21 $29.46 12%
109 Canadian Solar Inc. CSIQ MrMineHeads, vvv561 6 $25.32 $28.40 12%
169 Target Corporation TGT Kosher-Bacon 1 $131.75 $147.67 12%
41 Uber Technologies Inc Uber DukeBD2021 -1 $32.90 $36.72 12%
95 CEL-SCI Corporation CVM Golden_Pineapple 1 $12.19 $13.51 11%
55 Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc HKMPF Marvins-Room 1 $31.08 $34.38 11%
17 Ally Financial Inc ALLY jcurtis44 1 $21.47 $23.71 10%
173 SiTime Corp SITM drbh_ 1 $58.92 $64.80 10%
190 Otonomy Inc OTIC Unlucky-Prize 1 $3.56 $3.90 10%
13 NVIDIA Corporation NVDA TBSchemer, friedtea15 66 $447.98 $490.43 9%
72 Sea Ltd SE scatterblodded, tradeintel828384839, thug_funnie, Meymo 16 $129.00 $141.21 9%
243 Trulieve Cannabis Corp TCNNF grphelps1, Cucumber_Cooling 2 $18.83 $20.49 9%
73 Digital Turbine Inc APPS toop4 6 $22.59 $24.51 8%
70 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR BABA helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714 -1 $252.10 $271.66 8%
206 RENAULT S A/ADR RNLSY jw8700 1 $5.33 $5.74 8%
234 Great Panther Mining Ltd GPL Tony0x01 1 $0.93 $1.00 8%
77 Inmode Ltd INMD meta-cognizant, craneman813 4 $31.77 $34.15 7%
97 Magnachip Semiconductor Corp MX samtony234 1 $12.08 $12.97 7%
79 Maverix Metals Inc MMX AwesomeMathUse 1 $4.61 $4.93 7%
145 Edwards Lifesciences Corp EW TheTubbyOlive 1 $76.94 $82.17 7%
250 PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN EZJ Necessary_Club_6714 1 $32.13 $34.31 7%
98 Games Workshop Group PLC OTCMKTS:GMWKF MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit 2 $120.95 $129.15 7%
123 Innovative Industrial Properties Inc IIPR Dalis_Ktm 1 $114.63 $122.40 7%
167 Walmart Inc WMT anthonyjh21 6 $129.97 $137.78 6%
227 Cameco Corp CCJ jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation 13 $10.37 $10.99 6%
18 Toronto-Dominion Bank TD robbierox123 0 $45.77 $48.26 5%
124 New Relic Inc NEWR Dalis_Ktm 1 $53.62 $56.52 5%
114 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc BCLI BigSexyTolo 2 $12.79 $13.47 5%
138 GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T BFIT Venhuizer 2 $20.69 $21.76 5%
45 Best Buy Co Inc BBY 1madeamistake 2 $102.90 $107.74 5%
193 Ventas, Inc. VTR Unlucky-Prize 1 $41.52 $43.43 5%
29 Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B BRK.B Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza 31 $209.48 $218.92 5%
215 ServiceNow Inc NOW cookingboy 1 $431.21 $450.52 4%
86 Essent Group Ltd ESNT veggie-man 1 $35.82 $37.39 4%
254 Nuance Communications Inc. NUAN IwantmyMTZ 1 $29.48 $30.77 4%
198 NVR, Inc. NVR Linnake 1 $3,875.01 $4,036.96 4%
1 StoneCo Ltd STNE GromGrommeta 73 $49.06 $51.07 4%
43 Plug Power Inc PLUG lukwas_ 4 $11.28 $11.72 4%
35 Beyond Meat Inc BYND Kreisensalat, _Flipside_ 8 $131.51 $136.50 4%
134 Intel Corporation INTC ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1 5 $48.03 $49.85 4%
252 INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF TAN z74al 2 $51.20 $52.99 3%
208 Blackline Inc BL veebeew 2 $79.26 $81.95 3%
117 Altria Group Inc MO ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202 1 $42.17 $43.58 3%
164 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. ISRG swalloforswallo 2 $685.85 $708.14 3%
83 Taal Distributed Information Techs Inc TAAL AwesomeMathUse 1 $1.85 $1.91 3%
19 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ALXN fisk47 39 $103.28 $106.62 3%
75 Boston Beer Company Inc SAM Top_Island 2 $825.79 $850.00 3%
228 ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET ICLN drheman25Q 1 $15.88 $16.28 3%
87 Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd NYSE:PSTH-UN 5_yr_lurker 7 $21.08 $21.60 2%
30 Walt Disney Co DIS jadenmc2189, biz_student 6 $129.93 $133.00 2%
211 NESTLE S A/S ADR NSRGY suburban_robot 1 $118.47 $121.20 2%
186 Golden Minerals Co AUMN YEEEEEAAAAA 1 $0.44 $0.45 2%
102 Tandem Diabetes Care Inc TNDM liao24 1 $104.15 $106.48 2%
135 Veeva Systems Inc VEEV JohnSpartans 3 $261.22 $266.74 2%
231 Simulations Plus, Inc. SLP hellohi3 1 $65.83 $67.11 2%
92 Brookfield Asset Management Inc BAM duongroi, Avaronah 2 $32.32 $32.91 2%
127 Naspers Limited NPSNY Demandredz 1 $34.60 $35.19 2%
129 Aphria Inc APHA Aprhria, Bdghablig 1 $4.47 $4.54 2%
171 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM wrs97 1 $99.38 $100.86 1%
40 Spirit Airlines Incorporated SAVE Matous_Palecek 0 $17.28 $17.53 1%
240 Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp WAB warman506 1 $67.23 $68.18 1%
204 Cardlytics Inc CDLX whossayn, YarManYak 2 $66.28 $67.21 1%
216 Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd KL New_username_ 1 $52.58 $53.30 1%
244 Axon Enterprise Inc AAXN ansofteng 1 $83.88 $84.93 1%
32 Realty Income Corp O bushysmalls 5 $62.72 $63.44 1%
42 Wizz Air Holdings PLC WIZZ Matous_Palecek 2 $3,412.00 $3,443.23 1%
170 Morgan Stanley MS wrs97 1 $50.35 $50.80 1%
126 GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E HERO sgtyzi 1 $26.00 $26.23 1%
119 Apple Inc. AAPL tcldstnvdw -1 $27.78 $112.00 1%
63 Livongo Health Inc LVGO staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover 22 $120.88 $121.80 1%
181 NCR Corporation NCR IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337 4 $20.11 $20.23 1%
74 CD PROJEKT S A/ADR OTGLY Thtb 8 $28.50 $28.67 1%
56 Zoetis Inc ZTS BearBearChooey 19 $158.88 $159.53 0%
93 Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA figbuilding, onkel_axel 2 $2.12 $2.12 0%
31 Pharmacyte Biotech Inc PMCB DillieTheSquid 0 $0.01 $0.01 0%
172 VMware, Inc. VMW kingbrow2020 1 $142.31 $142.30 0%
47 Pinterest Inc PINS EthanPhan 10 $34.98 $34.93 0%
133 Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Admiral Shares VTSAX WackyBeachJustice 1 $82.67 $82.32 0%
212 Yeti Holdings Inc YETI boomwhackers 1 $50.40 $50.14 -1%
196 Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation BAH i_smel_hookers 1 $84.67 $84.23 -1%
238 Kroger Co KR bxkrish 1 $35.24 $35.02 -1%
44 Raytheon Technologies Corp RTX anon2019L 21 $61.23 $60.81 -1%
54 ASML Holding NV ASML EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun 15 $366.07 $363.20 -1%
37 Novacyt SA ALNOV Snoopmatt 1 $3.60 $3.57 -1%
76 Taiwan Semiconductor Mfg. Co. Ltd. TSM Paks_12345, sogladatwork, BlissfulThinkr 13 $80.03 $79.16 -1%
122 Helen of Troy Limited HELE aa341 1 $201.26 $199.02 -1%
11 Nathan's Famous, Inc. NATH howtoreadspaghetti 1 $51.25 $50.65 -1%
84 Fastly Inc FSLY AwesomeMathUse 3 $79.33 $78.31 -1%
110 AAR Corp. AIR paulo92834 4 $18.77 $18.49 -1%
166 Purple Innovation Inc PRPL jloy88, CharlieBrown364, RemiMartin 6 $23.95 $23.59 -2%
113 Atlassian Corporation PLC TEAM shadowrckts 1 $170.93 $168.23 -2%
33 BlackBerry Ltd BB mh1t, EthosPathosLegos 25 $4.84 $4.76 -2%
139 EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR EH TheEUR0PEAN 1 $9.21 $9.04 -2%
137 TJX Companies Inc TJX princess-smartypants 3 $55.45 $54.41 -2%
5 Intellia Therapeutics Inc NTLA earthmoonsun 7 $19.83 $19.45 -2%
140 Brookfield Renewable Partners LP BEP YourPineapplePunch 1 $45.25 $44.34 -2%
184 Ares Capital Corporation ARCC ThemChecks 1 $14.87 $14.54 -2%
143 American Tower Corp AMT editviewgo 1 $257.61 $251.69 -2%
132 PROSHARES TULTRAPRO QQQ TQQQ iggy555, Guiterrezjm6 5 $126.99 $124.06 -2%
46 Oxford BioMedica plc OXB arabidopsis 12 $850.00 $830.00 -2%
128 Bank of America Corp BAC oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97 2 $26.11 $25.46 -2%
152 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust HR.UN CaptainCanuck93 0 $10.34 $10.08 -3%
229 CDW common stock CDW plorfu 1 $114.77 $111.47 -3%
130 Docusign Inc DOCU h3ku, Teach-101 0 $204.76 $198.75 -3%
253 Microsoft Corporation MSFT TBSchemer 34 $212.48 $205.65 -3%
153 Spotify Technology SA SPOT _Hard4Jesus 0 $252.12 $243.88 -3%
131 TransUnion TRU AndyCircus 0 $87.38 $84.47 -3%
100 ORSTED A/S/ADR DNNGY BrentfordFC21 2 $47.37 $45.79 -3%
105 Wells Fargo & Co WFC yehdhbdjdjd 1 $25.07 $24.20 -3%
111 1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC CIBR komoggmu321 1 $35.40 $34.07 -4%
162 New York Times Co NYT jonhuang 1 $45.61 $43.86 -4%
27 Sony Corp SNE drorhac 13 $80.03 $76.88 -4%
224 Avalara Inc AVLR nomdeplume_alias 1 $122.71 $117.82 -4%
23 Activision Blizzard, Inc. ATVI Mondanivalo 12 $82.47 $79.17 -4%
120 Prologis Inc PLD ImPinkSnail 5 $105.07 $100.65 -4%
81 Franco Nevada Corp FNV AwesomeMathUse 1 $153.57 $146.93 -4%
12 Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc. RMCF howtoreadspaghetti 1 $3.20 $3.05 -5%
217 LONZA GRP AG/ADR LZAGY Fuck512 1 $62.92 $59.94 -5%
154 Okta Inc OKTA Bcr731 3 $208.23 $197.95 -5%
191 Macerich Co MAC skvettlappen 1 $7.85 $7.46 -5%
142 Crown Castle International Corp CCI jkgator 1 $168.19 $159.72 -5%
10 Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B TAP howtoreadspaghetti 1 $37.27 $35.28 -5%
197 Equinix Inc EQIX gce1010 3 $791.70 $749.23 -5%
99 Gilead Sciences, Inc. GILD Leroy--Brown 1 $69.35 $65.60 -5%
141 TPI Composites Inc TPIC polwas 1 $28.81 $27.25 -5%
161 Micron Technology, Inc. MU Wexoch 3 $48.75 $46.02 -6%
175 American Water Works Company Inc AWK InfamousLegato 1 $149.79 $141.35 -6%
50 VolitionRX Ltd VNRX RiDDDiK1337 1 $3.35 $3.16 -6%
7 Square Inc SQ cuti95, ConstructivePlayer, Lfastrsx, jercky, CharlieBrown364 21 $147.22 $138.87 -6%
182 Logitech International SA LOGI CharlieBrown364 1 $73.03 $68.88 -6%
68 Turtle Beach Corp HEAR chancsc11 1 $18.37 $17.30 -6%
57 VirnetX Holding Corporation VHC vyts18 2 $5.26 $4.95 -6%
107 Maxar Technologies Inc MAXR Borne2Run 1 $24.74 $23.27 -6%
20 Horizon Therapeutics PLC HZNP thesearchforanswer 3 $76.06 $71.16 -6%
106 TransMedics Group Inc TMDX DropoutEngy 1 $18.05 $16.84 -7%
156 GFL Environmental Inc GFL lenadunhamsbutthole 1 $21.56 $20.10 -7%
200 Gan Ltd GAN emcdeezy22 2 $20.29 $18.91 -7%
108 Ingles Markets, Incorporated IMKTA kimjungoon 1 $42.97 $40.01 -7%
9 IAC/Interactivecorp IAC dvdmovie1 36 $133.05 $123.03 -8%
209 Cresco Labs Inc CRLBF UncleSlippyFist 1 $6.28 $5.80 -8%
165 Daqo New Energy Corp DQ stonk_daddy 1 $122.55 $112.96 -8%
62 Twilio Inc TWLO MarconianRex 8 $249.00 $228.90 -8%
14 Walker & Dunlop, Inc. WD TBSchemer 0 $57.70 $52.84 -8%
246 Coty Inc COTY NhatNguyen2112 1 $4.00 $3.66 -9%
25 Pan African Resources plc PAF Fruity_Pineapple 2 $26.30 $24.00 -9%
219 FLIR Systems, Inc. FLIR _zerokarma_ 1 $37.48 $34.12 -9%
8 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. AMD ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit 13 $84.85 $77.23 -9%
210 Razer Inc RAZFF ThatOneRedditBro 1 $0.22 $0.20 -9%
201 Inseego Corp INSG esoccer141414 1 $12.08 $10.95 -9%
21 Enphase Energy Inc ENPH deGoblin 31 $72.84 $65.93 -9%
88 Match Group Inc MTCH BallinLikeImKobe24 1 $115.88 $104.50 -10%
187 Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit BPY Onarco 1 $11.75 $10.59 -10%
94 Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RIGL Gay_Demons 1 $2.58 $2.32 -10%
85 Empire State Realty Trust Inc ESRT silverpaw1786 4 $6.66 $5.97 -10%
147 Polaris Infrastructure Inc RAMPF CaptainCanuck93 1 $11.50 $10.30 -10%
176 2U Inc TWOU DickDaddy 1 $41.49 $37.11 -11%
125 Universal Display Corporation OLED niknikniknikniknik1 1 $186.51 $166.37 -11%
104 SunPower Corporation SPWR Hadouukken 1 $7.77 $10.57 -11%
4 Editas Medicine Inc EDIT earthmoonsun 7 $34.71 $30.85 -11%
96 Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield SE URW eams66 2 $42.44 $37.64 -11%
223 CVS Health Corp CVS handsomeandsmart_ 2 $64.96 $57.57 -11%
24 Alteryx Inc AYX Kme2 30 $121.38 $107.55 -11%
202 Slack Technologies Inc WORK AntwanDixon_ 2 $28.95 $25.65 -11%
65 Cyberark Software Ltd CYBR Kevenam 2 $110.59 $97.84 -12%
116 Mills Music Trust Unit OTCMKTS:MMTRS ARGENT_UM_PUR 1 $39.00 $34.50 -12%
64 Valero Energy Corporation VLO chickenandcheesefart 1 $52.66 $46.50 -12%
151 Gran Colombia Gold Corp TSE:GCM Linnake 0 $7.46 $6.57 -12%
49 Solaredge Technologies Inc SEDG m4r1vs 14 $211.47 $185.52 -12%
249 New York Mortgage Trust Inc NYMT ToKeepAndToHoldForev 1 $2.77 $2.43 -12%
82 Shopify Inc SHOP AwesomeMathUse -1 $1,053.12 $919.50 -13%
241 DexCom, Inc. DXCM InformalAid 1 $440.70 $384.40 -13%
67 Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc) GBTC asherlevi 2 $13.06 $11.39 -13%
34 Mercadolibre Inc MELI pontoumporcento 14 $1,193.97 $1,035.14 -13%
247 BELLUS Health Inc BLU NhatNguyen2112 1 $2.74 $2.37 -14%
112 John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. JBSS chris011186 2 $89.24 $77.01 -14%
103 Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc HII howtoreadspaghetti 1 $167.90 $144.60 -14%
15 Limelight Networks, Inc. LLNW cyberdex, thug_funnie 3 $6.10 $5.23 -14%
118 Elevate Credit Inc ELVT ScoreFuture 1 $2.58 $2.21 -14%
239 CytoDyn Inc CYDY dufmum 1 $4.79 $4.10 -14%
28 Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc UAVS fishkillr 16 $3.26 $2.78 -15%
53 Trade Desk Inc TTD all_hail_hypno, Kay312010 6 $493.20 $419.05 -15%
36 Cloudflare Inc NET thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243 220 $40.06 $33.96 -15%
66 Lydall, Inc. LDL Henisockle 1 $20.89 $17.70 -15%
235 Etsy Inc ETSY PeskyShart 1 $135.06 $113.39 -16%
183 Anglo Asian Mining LON:AAZ krenaldi1 1 $161.50 $135.00 -16%
195 Switch Inc SWCH gce1010 1 $18.03 $15.01 -17%
168 Fire & Flower Holdings Corp TSE:FAF tobcar 1 $1.01 $0.84 -17%
221 Mediwound Ltd MDWD blueblade408 1 $3.91 $3.25 -17%
230 Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp SOLO IHaveUsernameBlock 1 $3.07 $2.55 -17%
207 First Mining Gold Corp FFMGF RecCenterBall 0 $0.41 $0.34 -17%
6 Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc DRNA earthmoonsun 7 $21.03 $17.40 -17%
59 Nokia Oyj NOK perfectriot, LiabilityFree 52 $4.98 $4.12 -17%
89 Xebec Adsorption Inc. XBC Mug_of_coffee 3 $4.95 $4.06 -18%
52 Fluor Corporation (NEW) FLR lost_searching 2 $11.38 $9.24 -19%
220 Pagerduty Inc PD throthrowth 2 $29.85 $23.94 -20%
236 Banco Bbva Argentina SA BBAR GAV17 1 $4.23 $3.35 -21%
155 FuelCell Energy Inc FCEL i-kno-nothing, dewaser 2 $2.68 $2.12 -21%
150 Aytu Bioscience Inc AYTU Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22 2 $1.38 $1.09 -21%
203 Rite Aid Corporation RAD ManagerMilkshake 1 $15.05 $11.85 -21%
39 Drive Shack Inc DS Bobjenkins97 2 $1.65 $1.29 -22%
2 Lemonade Inc LMND br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd 4 $66.84 $51.91 -22%
163 Schrodinger Inc SDGR TipasaNuptials, asianmarysue, RattleGoreBitcoin 1 $71.17 $54.99 -23%
3 Crispr Therapeutics AG CRSP emtvaikkajoku 98 $89.81 $68.54 -24%
242 Chegg Inc CHGG Boots2243 1 $86.98 $65.81 -24%
136 Zagg Inc ZAGG ni_shi_shei 2 $3.98 $2.98 -25%
226 Trevena Inc TRVN pacosteles 1 $2.38 $1.78 -25%
91 Waitr Holdings Inc WTRH exstaticj 1 $5.15 $3.75 -27%
174 Patriot One Technologies Inc PTOTF DanReynolds 1 $0.73 $0.53 -27%
180 ACM Research Inc ACMR moveitover 1 $101.92 $67.32 -34%
251 Genius Brands International Inc GNUS due11 1 $1.59 $1.02 -36%
205 Agraflora Organics International Inc AGRA spreeshark 1 $0.05 $0.03 -40%
178 Retractable Technologies, Inc. RVP EmreCanPuns 1 $10.18 $5.92 -42%
160 Opko Health Inc. OPK CS1026 1 $5.63 $3.02 -46%
61 Ibio Inc IBIO PrairieDogger69 1 $3.80 $1.92 -49%
222 Altimmune Inc ALT Spes-Caritas 1 $27.38 $12.13 -56%
58 Jumia Technologies AG - ADR JMIA Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead 7 $19.26 $8.38 -56%
177 Sorrento Therapeutics Inc SRNE DowJonesLocker 1 $14.42 $6.27 -57%
As a reminder, please do not interpret results seen here as an endorsement of the investing prowess of the community. Invest at your own risk.
submitted by Kme2 to investing [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 18:59 biggreekgeek Flatten the Curve. #51. Who is Lance B Eliot? He Wrote Neanderthals & AI Forbes, A Quickly Retracted Article. Why is this a conspiracy? It's because Lance B Eliot can be linked to the NSA. And Lance isn't what he seems to be. Start paying attention. The control is getting worse.

Previous Post Here
At the end of July, I was on Reddit and saw u/Memetic1 posted; I need to find out the story behind this crazy article on Forbes:
Forbes took down this article with no explanation at all. Source Here
If you go to the site now this article is gone, and I just want to know how this person is an apparent Stanford fellow. Was this an experiment with AI writing that went horribly wrong? Did this guy have some sort of mental break and decide to write an article during it? Reddit Source here
Ok. Call me curious and watch me go. I can't help it. I also can't explain how I'm seeing the right holes to dig into, but I am. And this Rabbit Hole is deep. And the deeper I went, the more concerned I became. Why? I'll show you why, but first things first, so let me get back to the beginning.

Who is Lance B. Eliot?

Neanderthals. AI. Self driving cars. And an article that was quickly taken down shortly after it was posted on Reddit? Why? So I jumped online to see what was going on, and sure enough, I can't access the article. I go to archive sites and I can only find half accessible screen shots. Alright. Let's keep going. And I do. But to no avail. All I can find are snippets of the article on Twitter, Reddit, and a couple of articles. Alright, time to put Eye of the Tiger on repeat and imitate the quick cut movie montages before the big fight.
Cause this is a fight, and this fight will go until a KO happens.

Lance's Picture Perfect Credentials.

Did you ever let your imagination run wild as a kid? Did you ever have elaborate world ending scenarios where you were the only guy who could save mankind? So you did everything you could to prepare; you bought stocks in robotics, you championed geo-engineering to save the environment, you bought farmland, invested in gene editing technology, fake meat, and warned humanity about an impending pandemic? No? Oh, that must have only been Bill Gates.
But seriously, as a kid I thought I could master everything that I was interested in. Astronomy. Computer programming. Law. Psychology. Literature. And on and on. Then I became an adult and realized that wasn't possible. And then the pandemic hit and I realized that it's only possible for Bill Gates, and Lance B. Eliot.
Forbes • Lance B. Eliot is a world-renowned expert on Artificial Intelligence (AI) with over 3 million amassed views of his AI columns. As a seasoned executive and high-tech entrepreneur, he combines practical industry experience with deep academic research to provide innovative insights about the present and future of AI and ML technologies and applications. Formerly a professor at USC and UCLA, and head of a pioneering AI lab, he frequently speaks at major AI industry events. Author of over 40 books, 500 articles, and 200 podcasts, he has made appearances on media outlets such as CNN and co-hosted the popular radio show Technotrends. He's been an adviser to Congress and other legislative bodies and has received numerous awards/honors. He serves on several boards, has worked as a Venture Capitalist, an angel investor, and a mentor to founder entrepreneurs and startups. SOURCE HERE
That's quite the bio, isn’t it. If I was looking for comparisons, maybe Elon Musk or Bill Gates might be as impressive, but trust me, Bill and Elon are nothing like Lance.
Stanford • Dr. Lance Eliot is a globally recognized expert on AI and previously served as a professor at the University of Southern California (USC) where he also was the Executive Director of a pioneering AI Research Laboratory. His books on AI have been ranked in the Top 10 of all-time AI books, and he is a frequent speaker at AI conferences, including having been the keynote speaker at AI World. Dr. Eliot’s columns for Forbes and AI Trends are widely respected and have amassed over 2.7 million views. Known for his expertise in the areas of AI societal impacts, he has served as an adviser to the Congressional Vice-Chair of the U.S. Congressional Committee on Science & Technology, has published over 250 articles, been an Arbitrator for the American Arbitration Association, and given talks at numerous Computer Law industry events. Dr. Eliot has also been a top executive and corporate officer in billion-dollar sized companies, along with being a successful entrepreneur, and most recently served as a venture capitalist with a major VC firm. Source Here
Uhm. Ok. Now you really don't have to be Sherlock Holmes to figure out there's a glitch in the Matrix. Because there is no way that isn’t fake. No. Way. At. All.
So I decide to search YouTube for Lance. He has to be on there, you don't become a world famous AI scientist, own companies, consult to the government, appear on CNN, co-host shows, and don't have live recordings.
And I find one. Only one result for a world famous AI TV show host. Ok.
January 25, 2017 • AIShowBiz Pitch Fest Award Competition. YouTube Link
And now the Rabbit Hole gets deeper. He's listed as a judge, only I don't see anyone that looks like Lance on the panel. There's only one photo of him online (yep, just one, think about that) and it's the creepiest perv photo trying to look cool photo that I've ever seen. Yet, he's not sitting with the judges.
So I check the name in the judges listing again. Maybe I got it wrong. Nope there it is, listed under CEO Techbrium Inc. In 2017. Wait. Why isn't that in either Bio?
OK. Time to hit up LinkedIn.
CodeX
LinkedIn Page Experience
Stanford Fellow Stanford University 2020 – Presentless than a year Artificial Intelligence (AI)
AI Columnist Forbes 2019 – Present1 year Highly respected and widely read AI columns for Forbes and AI Trends that have amassed over 3+ million total views: : Page
1 year at Forbes and Stanford. Sounds good. Kind of strange, but nothing that would set alarm bells off. And then I hit this.
Chief AI Scientist • Techbrium Inc. • 2020 – Present less than a year.
Did you catch that? Present less than a year at Techbrium. The YouTube video from 2017 has him as the CEO, and not the Chief AI scientist. Ding. Ding. Goes the fire alarm. Let's look at the rest of his LinkedIn.
Senior Vice President Saban Capital Group 2017 – 2019 - 2years
Global Vice President Daymon Retail Services 2015 – 2017 - 2 years
Managing Partner Tatum, a Randstad Company 2014 – 2015 - 1 year
Vice President AccentCare Incorporated 2008 – 2013 - 5 years
Founder & CEO Eliot & Associates 1996 – 2008 - 12 years
Either Lance has figured out how to clone himself, or something isn’t right here. They may have figured out how to clone sheep in the lab years ago, and the New Normal internet behavioral manipulation might be making sheep's out of society, but it hasn't got me yet. So I'll keep breaking down Lance's DNA and see what other nuggets we can find.
So I go to his blog. And it keeps on getting better.
RECENT POSTS. Introduction to Driverless Self-Driving Cars. (New Book) January 1, 2018. New Advances in AI Autonomous Driverless. Self-Driving Cars (New Book) January 1, 2018. Innovation and Thought Leadership on Self-Driving Driverless Cars (New Book) January 1, 2018. Advances in AI and Autonomous Vehicles: Cybernetic Self-Driving Cars (New Book) January 1, 2018. Self-Driving Cars: The Mother of All AI Projects (New Book) January 1, 2018. Source Here
He wrote five books. In. One. Day. What's your problem slacker?
Are you seeing the problem yet? Does this guy sleep? Because he can't. It would be impossible. Not only can't he sleep, but he also had to find a way to stop time. Because it isn't humanly possible to achieve what Lance has done. Because not only did he write five books in one day, he aslo has numerous blog posts in a single day, sometimes consecutively.
The Greatest Trick the Devil Ever Pulled.
So while I'm on his blog, I make my way to his second entry. There are other posts that I will discuss in follow up posts, but for now, we start here. And if you think you know where this is going, you might. But trust me, you've only guessed one part of an extremely disturbing post.
Would you like to earn $175,000? Got your attention! Now, don’t get worried that I am going to suddenly offer you untold riches by doing no work — this is not one of those untoward scams. Instead, this is a chance to show the world that you have what it takes to advance our understanding about data science, plus aid the environment, and gleefully win $175,000 for doing so. In a first time ever contest, the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) has teamed up with other partners to provide an open competition for showcasing your data science skills and knowledge. The competition is known as the National Data Science Bowl.
Besides the awkward language used at the start, it sounds normal enough, yet it will become New Normal soon enough.
In conjunction with the Oregon State University (OSU) Hatfield Marine Science Center, about 50 million oceanic images were collected over an 18-day period and consist of about 80 terabytes of imagery data. You are able to freely download the data from the contest web site (more on this at the end of this piece).
Your task is to help analyze this data.
As the contest rules say, you are to predict ocean health, one plankton at a time. Not joking, by the way, since plankton is an essential part of the oceanic ecosystem. Estimates indicate that plankton account for at least half of the primary productivity on earth and generate an enormous amount of the total carbon in the global carbon cycle.
They are integral to the aquatic food web.
Knowing their population levels, along with other metrics and relationships, provides an important underlying backbone for understanding our oceans and the environment.
Hold up. Back up. Pack it up. Rewind. The facts keep stackin up. Life is like a box of chocolates, right Forest Gump? One man's treasure is another man's junk. Right? Read the above paragraph again. Is it junk or treasure? A casual reader wouldn't pick up on the word that just sent me to defcon one. What is that word?
Plankton. That's it, but that's more than enough. DMS. Dimethyl Sulfide.
DMS originates primarily from DMSP, a major secondary metabolite in some marine algae. DMS is the most abundant biological sulfur compound emitted to the atmosphere. Emission occurs over the oceans by phytoplankton. DMS is also produced naturally by bacterial transformation of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) waste that is disposed of into sewers, where it can cause environmental odor problems. DMS is oxidized in the marine atmosphere to various sulfur-containing compounds, such as sulfur dioxide, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), dimethyl sulfone, methanesulfonic acid and sulfuric acid. Among these compounds, sulfuric acid has the potential to create new aerosols which act as cloud condensation nuclei. Through this interaction with cloud formation, the massive production of atmospheric DMS over the oceans may have a significant impact on the Earth's climate. The CLAW hypothesis suggests that in this manner DMS may play a role in planetary homeostasis. Source Here
So we have a world leading expert on AI named Lance. He's the CEO and Chief AI scientist of a company named Techbrium. He joined the company in 2020, but was somehow running it in 2017 (and the company's website is faker than fake facts). He writes five books in one day. Numerous blog posts. Up to five articles in a month for Forbes magazine (seriously). And now he brings up a Plankton data science competition. And plankton DMS was first identified as a climate change cloud producer by James Lovelock, the Rockefeller funded scientist who came up with the Gaia hypothesis, and who know says the earth has already passed the tipping point to environmental collapse. Good times.
And DMS is a sulfur compound. A rotten egg smell. And Cyanobacteria produces hydrogen sulfide, which can smell like rotten eggs. And rotten egg smells are being reported across the planet. And it's becoming clearer now that Covid-19 outbreaks occur alongside Cyanobacteria blooms (Blue Green Algae).
Some phytoplankton are bacteria, some are protists, and most are single-celled plants. Among the common kinds are cyanobacteria, silica-encased diatoms, dinoflagellates, green algae, and chalk-coated coccolithophores.
And now please know that James Lovelock once said that we have until around 2028 before eighty percent of the population gets wiped out by climate collapse. So what? That won't happen. It's a hoax. Right? Maybe. And maybe the 80% figure is right or it's wrong. Yet the argument for the figure, namely environmental collapse, looks to be right, and the oceans look like they're playing a big part, so let's get back to phytoplankton and water, and it's DMS emissions.
Edward Snowden, NSA, and Lance?
Strap in tight, we're almost at the end of the first installment. Lance's blog posts start on December 19, 2014. His next blog post comes on January 7, 2015. And there's that year again, 2015. Flatten the Curve. 2015 was a busy year. Part 26. This was the blog post linking to the Data Science Bowl. This is his second post.
Yes, there has been a great deal of advancement in image processing, but there are still lots of room left to go. This contest helps to highlight some of the aspects that we still need more work on. Image processing also can be enriched by lending a hand from other allied areas of computer science. For example, the use of machine learning techniques and tools is a big part of the image processing forte. And, we are the cusp of the Internet of Things, which means that soon, tons of other everyday products will be Internet connected, generating tons and tons of data, coming from our watches, our eyeglasses, our kitchen appliances, and the rest. Analyzing and classifying the contents of the images for this contest will be tough, since there are a wide variety of sea life pictured, including tiny single-celled creatures to large fish, and due to the notion that the images capture them in varying 3D orientations, encompassing lots of fecal matter floating around (yucky, but there for a reason), and the images themselves are noisy, meaning that there is fuzziness of the images or other difficulties (imagine the pictures you take and the kinds of “noise” found in them). Source Here
And then I click on the link. Source Here
Booz. Allen. Hamilton. The company Edward Snowden worked for when he turned whistleblower. The company that's a subcontractor for the NSA. The company that was associated with the PRISM Surveillance system, the SWIFT surveillance system, and HBGary, the company that was bought by Booz Allen Hamilton, and was caught in data mining a trap for the hacking group Anonymous. And Anonymous released a video statement with an accompanying Pastebin document claiming that there are definitive links between AuthenTec, the company that developed the iPhone 5S’s fingerprint scanner, and the US government. In 2010 AuthenTec named Robert E. Grady as the chairman of the biometrics-loving company. Just in case you’re playing with an incomplete deck of Military-Industrial Complex trading cards, ol’ Grady served in George H. W. Bush’s White House. After that, he was the managing partner and chairman of Carlyle Venture Partners—a division of the Carlyle Group. Booze Allen Hamilton was owned by the Carlyle Group. Frank Carlucci was Deputy Director of the CIA in the Jimmy Carter administration, and Deputy Secretary of Defense and National Security Advisor in the Reagan administration, where he advocated for a nuclear arms build up, and then from 1992 until 2003, and chairman emeritus until 2005, he served as chairman of the Carlyle Group. Carlyle's 2001 investor conference took place on September 11, 2001. In the weeks following the meeting, it was reported that Shafiq bin Laden, a member of the Bin Laden family, had been the "guest of honor", and that they were investors in Carlyle managed funds. ”Rebuilding Americas Defences” of 2000, published by a think tank called Project for the New American Century (PNAC), contained a section called ”Creating Tomorrow’s Dominant Force.” It states that only a ”catalyzing disaster like a new Pearl Harbor” can ensure the rapid transformation of the American war industry, which is desirable for both economic and political reasons. President Bush’s administration was packed with PNAC members: Elliot Abrams, Richard Armitage, John Bolton, Elliot Cohen, Dick Cheney, Lewis Libby, Richard Perle, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, and Robert Zoellick, just some of the best known names - and several of them were sooner or later to be found on the payroll of the Carlyle Group. Rumsfeld was such; Chairman of Carlyle from 1989 to 1992, likewise Carlyle made heavy investments in Halliburton between 1995 and 2000, when Dick Cheney left his CEO position in the company. He then became vice president in the Bush administration. And the senior Bush declared a New World Order during the first Gulf War. Which then led to 9/11, which was blamed on Osama Bin Laden, whose family had invested into the Carlyle group, which through it's subsidiary, Booze Allen Hamilton, helped the Government of the United Arab Emirates create an equivalent of the National Security Agency for that country. While the Arab Spring was happening Booze set up a surveillance system. Along with McKinsey & Company and Boston Consulting Group, Booz Allen are seen as important factors in Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s drive to consolidate power in the Kingdom. It is believed that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had former Lebanon Prime Minister Hariri publicly resign from his position in a televised statement from Saudi Arabia on November 4, 2017. After the appearance he could not be traced for more than 10 days, sparking fears he was being held hostage by the Saudi leadership. Then he reappeared in France and was reinstated after talking to Marcon. Meanwhile in Lebanon the French Embassy is located next door to Lebanon’s General Directorate of General Security, one of the country’s several security agencies, which is in charge of national-security intelligence, the home base for a wide-ranging spying operation that spanned five years and more than 20 countries, and a surveillance hack that's linked to WhatsApp, which is implicated in the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi by the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, using spyware called Pegasus, produced by NSO Group, a highly secretive Israeli company, that was linked to a location in Montreal, Canada, that used Pegasus spyware on behalf of Saudi Arabia. Whose surveillance hacks were set up by Booze Allen Hamilton, which once employed a man named Graeme Maxton, and has proposed radical solutions to bring the pace of global warming under control, and until 2018 he was the Secretary General of the Club of Rome based in Switzerland. The first study by the Club of Rome was titled, The Limits to Growth. The study used the World3 computer model to simulate the consequence of interactions between the earth and human systems. The World3 computer data showed them that, given business as usual, i.e., no changes to historical growth trends, the limits to growth on earth would become evident by 2072, leading to "sudden and uncontrollable decline in both population and industrial capacity". This includes the following.
Global Industrial output per capita reaches a peak around 2008, followed by a rapid decline. Global Food per capita reaches a peak around 2020, followed by a rapid decline. Global Services per capita reaches a peak around 2020, followed by a rapid decline. Global population reaches a peak in 2030, followed by a rapid decline. And the Club of Rome also said this; "In searching for a common enemy against whom we can unite, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like, would fit the bill. In their totality and their interactions these phenomena do constitute a common threat which must be confronted by everyone together. But in designating these dangers as the enemy, we fall into the trap, which we have already warned readers about, namely mistaking symptoms for causes. All these dangers are caused by human intervention in natural processes, and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome. The real enemy then is humanity itself." And Graeme Maxton worked here while he worked at Booze Allen Hamilton. Which was involved with the surveillance tool Prism. And also helped the Middle East and other countries set up surveillance systems.
And now here we are back at Booze Allen Hamilton sponsoring a contest to data mine images of Plankton, which produces sulfur. Nope. All good. Keep Calm and Carry On. Mass Surveillance. China reaches military parity with the USA in 2030. Environmental collapse predictions for 2030. Hypoxic waters. Rotten egg sulfur smells. Mass Mortality animal events. Active volcanoes. Earthquakes. Dipole Excursion. Solar Minimum. Increased governmental disaster exercises. Ramped up war training exercises between allies. Pandemic. The New Normal is here to stay, so get used to it and prepare for the unknown as best as you can.
And let's get ahead of the curve and go back to Lance B. Eliot. The AI scientist that leads us to Booze Allen Hamilton, the surveillance state, and the need to control the narrative. Right now that narrative is being shaped, not controlled, using psychological tools like Fake News, Fake Facts, Fact Check, and the degeneration of the term, Conspiracy Theorists. This is basic compared to what's coming up. Deep Fake, and the new AI language system, GPT-2 + TalkToTransformer, which is a slimmed-down, accessible version of that same technology, which has been made accessible only to select scientists and journalists in the past.
If you didn't already know, Lance B. Eliot isn't real. He's AI. You might shrug that info off like it's not a big deal. And you'd be wrong. Because I've started to notice discrepancies in articles. Some of them don't list a writer. Others employ writers that don't seem to exist. Not a single digital footprint other than the articles they've written. Yet the information is passed off as a human interpretation. Why? We have warning labels on plastic telling us the dangers of suffocating if we put it over our heads, we have caloric nutritional warnings, yet they don't deem it applicable to tell us that AI is feeding us information? Combine narrative text generation along with Deep Fake technology, and we won't have the ability to trust whether or not it's the President, or it's an AI. And if you don't think this is Orwellian enough for you, don't you think they will change the digital facts to match the New Normal narrative to whatever they want? Of course they will.
The day and age will come when a person can accidentally stumble upon a rotten egg smell and follow the trail to an apparent ELE. When you won't be able to find the companies like Booze Allen Hamilton sponsoring plankton research in a contest promoted by an AI named Lance B. Eliot. And when you can't trust the news, the only alternative is to think that all the news is fake.
Universities often work behind closed doors on relatively small academic budgets, and they roll out creepy new AI breakthroughs from time to time, such as the famous Stanford paper that introduced most people to the internet phenomenon/global epistemological crisis known as Deepfakes. Source Here
And guess what happend when I clicked on the link to the Stanford AI Deep Fake paper?
Object not found! The requested URL was not found on this server. [an error occurred while processing this directive] The link on the referring page seems to be wrong or outdated. Please inform the author of that page about the error.
Object not found. Sure you can burn books, but it's easier to delete digital files, isn't it?
The GPT-2 model, trained on 8 million web pages sourced from Reddit, works by using that data to establish probabilities of what words are likely follow other words. Stanford University researcher Hugh Zhang notes that the model, like many others, is good at producing sentences but bad at establishing continuity between them, and argues that “none of the samples shown by OpenAI are at a level where they can be directly misused by a malicious agent.”
And this is why the information about AI journalism isn't disclosed, because we're training them. All of us. And we aren't creating Artificial Intelligence. Nope. We're creating Advanced Intelligence. And they want it up and running before WW3 and the war for natural resources before the environmental collapse.
And also remember, Peter Thiel went to Stanford. And he still teaches at Stanford. And he was funding Deep Mind and OpenAI. And OpenAI produced GPT-3, which everyone seems to forget about this:
February 14, 2019: The Guardian • AI fake text generator may be too dangerous to release, say creators. The Elon Musk-backed nonprofit company OpenAI declines to release research publicly for fear of misuse.
The creators of a revolutionary AI system that can write news stories and works of fiction – dubbed “deepfakes for text” – have taken the unusual step of not releasing their research publicly, for fear of potential misuse. OpenAI, an nonprofit research company backed by Elon Musk, Reid Hoffman, Sam Altman, and others, says its new AI model, called GPT2 is so good and the risk of malicious use so high that it is breaking from its normal practice of releasing the full research to the public in order to allow more time to discuss the ramifications of the technological breakthrough. Source Here
Isn't it strange how the headlines always link Elon Musk to OpenAI, and when they talk about the PayPal mafia backing OpenAI in the above article, it says others, and leaves out Peter Thiel. Probably a good idea, right? We might freak out if we link a Deep Fake text generator with a guy who's turning the planet into a massive Panopticon digital surveillance system? They'll know what you think, and they'll be able to tailor what you read to (for now) influence how you think, and with time, behave.
This isn't entertainment, folks. This isn’t left and right. This is making sure the monkey's stay calm while they get the zoo ready before the storm hits.
Oct. 6, 2017: NY TIMES · “Could be the calm before the storm,” Mr. Trump repeated, stretching out the phrase, a sly smile playing across his face.
October 5, 2017: Time • President Donald Trump warned of “the calm before the storm” while posing with a group of military leaders at the White House Thursday. “You guys know what this represents?” Trump said to a group of reporters while photos were being taken, according a pool report. “Maybe it’s the calm before the storm.” When asked what he meant, Trump replied, “You’ll find out.” “Recently, we have had challenges that we really should have taken care of a long time ago, like North Korea, Iran, Afghanistan, ISIS and the revisionist powers that threaten our interests all around the world,” Trump said. Source Here
Nope. Not good. We have environmental collapse and now we have past presidential statements like that! Yet the media focuses on a never ending stream of political wrestling that's never resolved? That's political master peice theater, plain and simple. And pretty soon the director of this theater will be AI, and we will slowly become a greater part of the cast instead of sitting in the audience.
Peter Thiel. Palantir. AI. Stanford. Lance B Eliot. Phytoplankton research contest. Booz Allen Hamilton. NSA contractors. Calm before the storm. You'll find out.
And I believe him.
This was only the first entry into Lance B. Eliot. I'll have more up as soon as possible.
Keep your head up and eyes open. Talk soon.
submitted by biggreekgeek to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.08.03 10:39 Kme2 The underrated stock survey! Submit your picks for the community to track

Following on the previous tracking post (http://redd.it/i2mmzg) and the highly upvoted request from DJ-Ascii , I've set up this post for another round of underrated or undervalued stock picks.
As before, let us know what stock you believe is underrated and a consistent winner that has done well for you, or you believe will do well going forward.
In order to make this easier to track please use the following guidelines for submitting.
  1. Only one submission per comment. You can make multiple comments, but please only submit one stock per comment.
  2. Please include at least the ticker and the company name. Feel free to explain why you think this is a good stock.
I'll add these new picks alongside the old survey so as to update you on each portfolio over time. Don't worry about any overlaps.
Edit 1: I've compiled everyone who has posted so far, but I'll look out for any final additions tomorrow. The list will then be locked EOD on Friday the 7th of August, and all prices will start from there.
Edit 2: All picks have now been locked down and consolidated into the list below. Stocks are sorted in alphabetical order of their company name and the ID corresponds to the approximate order in which they were submitted. The next update will be in 30 days.
ID Company Symbol Provided by Upvotes 8/7/2020
194 10X Genomics Inc TXG Unlucky-Prize 1 $96.13
111 1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC CIBR komoggmu321 1 $35.40
176 2U Inc TWOU DickDaddy 1 $41.49
110 AAR Corp. AIR paulo92834 4 $18.77
180 ACM Research Inc ACMR moveitover 1 $101.92
23 Activision Blizzard, Inc. ATVI Mondanivalo 12 $82.47
8 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. AMD ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit 13 $84.85
28 Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc UAVS fishkillr 16 $3.26
205 Agraflora Organics International Inc AGRA spreeshark 1 $0.05
22 Air Canada TSE:AC priamXus 0 $15.73
19 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ALXN fisk47 39 $103.28
70 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR BABA helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714 -1 $252.10
17 Ally Financial Inc ALLY jcurtis44 1 $21.47
24 Alteryx Inc AYX Kme2 30 $121.38
222 Altimmune Inc ALT Spes-Caritas 1 $27.38
117 Altria Group Inc MO ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202 1 $42.17
143 American Tower Corp AMT editviewgo 1 $257.61
175 American Water Works Company Inc AWK InfamousLegato 1 $149.79
183 Anglo Asian Mining LON:AAZ krenaldi1 1 $161.50
129 Aphria Inc APHA Aprhria, Bdghablig 1 $4.47
119 Apple Inc. AAPL tcldstnvdw -1 $444.45
184 Ares Capital Corporation ARCC ThemChecks 1 $14.87
54 ASML Holding NV ASML EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun 15 $366.07
113 Atlassian Corporation PLC TEAM shadowrckts 1 $170.93
224 Avalara Inc AVLR nomdeplume_alias 1 $122.71
244 Axon Enterprise Inc AAXN ansofteng 1 $83.88
150 Aytu Bioscience Inc AYTU Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22 2 $1.38
236 Banco Bbva Argentina SA BBAR GAV17 1 $4.23
128 Bank of America Corp BAC oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97 2 $26.11
247 BELLUS Health Inc BLU NhatNguyen2112 1 $2.74
29 Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B BRK.B Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza 31 $209.48
45 Best Buy Co Inc BBY 1madeamistake 2 $102.90
35 Beyond Meat Inc BYND Kreisensalat, Flipside 8 $131.51
33 BlackBerry Ltd BB mh1t, EthosPathosLegos 25 $4.84
208 Blackline Inc BL veebeew 2 $79.26
196 Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation BAH i_smel_hookers 1 $84.67
75 Boston Beer Company Inc SAM Top_Island 2 $825.79
114 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc BCLI BigSexyTolo 2 $12.79
92 Brookfield Asset Management Inc BAM duongroi, Avaronah 2 $32.32
187 Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit BPY Onarco 1 $11.75
140 Brookfield Renewable Partners LP BEP YourPineapplePunch 1 $45.25
227 Cameco Corp CCJ jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation 13 $10.37
109 Canadian Solar Inc. CSIQ MrMineHeads, vvv561 6 $25.32
204 Cardlytics Inc CDLX whossayn, YarManYak 2 $66.28
146 CBS Corporation Common Stock VIAC 1987supertramp 1 $26.21
74 CD PROJEKT S A/ADR OTGLY Thtb 8 $28.50
229 CDW common stock CDW plorfu 1 $114.77
95 CEL-SCI Corporation CVM Golden_Pineapple 1 $12.19
242 Chegg Inc CHGG Boots2243 1 $86.98
36 Cloudflare Inc NET thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243 220 $40.06
80 COLLIER CREEK H/SH CL A CCH RIC_FLAIR-WOOO 5 $13.84
246 Coty Inc COTY NhatNguyen2112 1 $4.00
209 Cresco Labs Inc CRLBF UncleSlippyFist 1 $6.28
3 Crispr Therapeutics AG CRSP emtvaikkajoku 98 $89.81
142 Crown Castle International Corp CCI jkgator 1 $168.19
16 CureVac Pending IPO Tangerinho 8 #N/A
223 CVS Health Corp CVS handsomeandsmart_ 2 $64.96
65 Cyberark Software Ltd CYBR Kevenam 2 $110.59
239 CytoDyn Inc CYDY dufmum 1 $4.79
165 Daqo New Energy Corp DQ stonk_daddy 1 $122.55
241 DexCom, Inc. DXCM InformalAid 1 $440.70
6 Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc DRNA earthmoonsun 7 $21.03
73 Digital Turbine Inc APPS toop4 6 $22.59
130 Docusign Inc DOCU h3ku, Teach-101 0 $204.76
185 Draftkings Inc DKNG boomshalock 1 $34.09
39 Drive Shack Inc DS Bobjenkins97 2 $1.65
4 Editas Medicine Inc EDIT earthmoonsun 7 $34.71
145 Edwards Lifesciences Corp EW TheTubbyOlive 1 $76.94
139 EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR EH TheEUR0PEAN 1 $9.21
230 Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp SOLO IHaveUsernameBlock 1 $3.07
118 Elevate Credit Inc ELVT ScoreFuture 1 $2.58
218 Else Nutrition Holdings Inc BABYF PringlesAreUs 1 $1.36
85 Empire State Realty Trust Inc ESRT silverpaw1786 4 $6.66
21 Enphase Energy Inc ENPH deGoblin 31 $72.84
197 Equinix Inc EQIX gce1010 3 $791.70
86 Essent Group Ltd ESNT veggie-man 1 $35.82
235 Etsy Inc ETSY PeskyShart 1 $135.06
84 Fastly Inc FSLY AwesomeMathUse 3 $79.33
93 Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA figbuilding, onkel_axel 2 $2.12
168 Fire & Flower Holdings Corp TSE:FAF tobcar 1 $1.01
207 First Mining Gold Corp FFMGF RecCenterBall 0 $0.41
219 FLIR Systems, Inc. FLIR zerokarma 1 $37.48
52 Fluor Corporation (NEW) FLR lost_searching 2 $11.38
90 FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A FMCI Mug_of_coffee 3 $14.53
81 Franco Nevada Corp FNV AwesomeMathUse 1 $153.57
155 FuelCell Energy Inc FCEL i-kno-nothing, dewaser 2 $2.68
98 Games Workshop Group PLC OTCMKTS:GMWKF MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit 2 $120.95
115 GameStop Corp. GME EmployerOfTheMonth 2 $4.16
200 Gan Ltd GAN emcdeezy22 2 $20.29
159 General Motors Company GM Buttershine_Beta -1 $26.72
251 Genius Brands International Inc GNUS due11 1 $1.59
156 GFL Environmental Inc GFL lenadunhamsbutthole 1 $21.56
99 Gilead Sciences, Inc. GILD Leroy--Brown 1 $69.35
138 GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T BFIT Venhuizer 2 $20.69
126 GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E HERO sgtyzi 1 $26.00
186 Golden Minerals Co AUMN YEEEEEAAAAA 1 $0.44
151 Gran Colombia Gold Corp TSE:GCM Linnake 0 $7.46
67 Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc) GBTC asherlevi 2 $13.06
234 Great Panther Mining Ltd GPL Tony0x01 1 $0.93
152 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust HR.UN CaptainCanuck93 0 $10.34
122 Helen of Troy Limited HELE aa341 1 $201.26
55 Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc HKMPF Marvins-Room 1 $31.08
20 Horizon Therapeutics PLC HZNP thesearchforanswer 3 $76.06
103 Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc HII howtoreadspaghetti 1 $167.90
9 IAC/Interactivecorp IAC dvdmovie1 36 $133.05
61 Ibio Inc IBIO PrairieDogger69 1 $3.80
101 Immunovia AB (publ) IMMNOV jennyther 3 $161.60
108 Ingles Markets, Incorporated IMKTA kimjungoon 1 $42.97
77 Inmode Ltd INMD meta-cognizant, craneman813 4 $31.77
123 Innovative Industrial Properties Inc IIPR Dalis_Ktm 1 $114.63
201 Inseego Corp INSG esoccer141414 1 $12.08
214 Inspire Medical Systems Inc INSP JPINFV2 1 $104.92
134 Intel Corporation INTC ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1 5 $48.03
5 Intellia Therapeutics Inc NTLA earthmoonsun 7 $19.83
164 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. ISRG swalloforswallo 2 $685.85
252 INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF TAN z74al 2 $51.20
71 InVitae Corp NVTA emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo 6 $28.43
228 ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET ICLN drheman25Q 1 $15.88
112 John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. JBSS chris011186 2 $89.24
171 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM wrs97 1 $99.38
58 Jumia Technologies AG - ADR JMIA Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead 7 $19.26
144 Kaleyra Inc KLR souptrades 1 $5.87
158 KEFI Minerals plc LON:KEFI Scipio-Africannabis- 1 $1.88
216 Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd KL Newusername 1 $52.58
238 Kroger Co KR bxkrish 1 $35.24
2 Lemonade Inc LMND br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd 4 $66.84
15 Limelight Networks, Inc. LLNW cyberdex, thug_funnie 3 $6.10
63 Livongo Health Inc LVGO staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover 22 $120.88
182 Logitech International SA LOGI CharlieBrown364 1 $73.03
217 LONZA GRP AG/ADR LZAGY Fuck512 1 $62.92
66 Lydall, Inc. LDL Henisockle 1 $20.89
191 Macerich Co MAC skvettlappen 1 $7.85
97 Magnachip Semiconductor Corp MX samtony234 1 $12.08
233 Mamamancini's Holdings Inc MMMB Jayesslee 1 $1.70
88 Match Group Inc MTCH BallinLikeImKobe24 1 $115.88
79 Maverix Metals Inc MMX AwesomeMathUse 1 $4.61
107 Maxar Technologies Inc MAXR Borne2Run 1 $24.74
221 Mediwound Ltd MDWD blueblade408 1 $3.91
34 Mercadolibre Inc MELI pontoumporcento 14 $1,193.97
161 Micron Technology, Inc. MU Wexoch 3 $48.75
253 Microsoft Corporation MSFT TBSchemer 34 $212.48
179 Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE) STO:TIGO-SDB joseph460 1 $245.50
116 Mills Music Trust Unit OTCMKTS:MMTRS ARGENT_UM_PUR 1 $39.00
10 Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B TAP howtoreadspaghetti 1 $37.27
170 Morgan Stanley MS wrs97 1 $50.35
127 Naspers Limited NPSNY Demandredz 1 $34.60
11 Nathan's Famous, Inc. NATH howtoreadspaghetti 1 $51.25
181 NCR Corporation NCR IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337 4 $20.11
211 NESTLE S A/S ADR NSRGY suburban_robot 1 $118.47
124 New Relic Inc NEWR Dalis_Ktm 1 $53.62
249 New York Mortgage Trust Inc NYMT ToKeepAndToHoldForev 1 $2.77
162 New York Times Co NYT jonhuang 1 $45.61
69 Nio Inc - ADR NIO makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364 3 $13.42
59 Nokia Oyj NOK perfectriot, LiabilityFree 52 $4.98
37 Novacyt SA ALNOV Snoopmatt 1 $3.60
254 Nuance Communications Inc. NUAN IwantmyMTZ 1 $29.48
13 NVIDIA Corporation NVDA TBSchemer, friedtea15 66 $447.98
198 NVR, Inc. NVR Linnake 1 $3,875.01
154 Okta Inc OKTA Bcr731 3 $208.23
160 Opko Health Inc. OPK CS1026 1 $5.63
100 ORSTED A/S/ADR DNNGY BrentfordFC21 2 $47.37
190 Otonomy Inc OTIC Unlucky-Prize 1 $3.56
46 Oxford BioMedica plc OXB arabidopsis 12 $850.00
121 Pacific Ethanol Inc PEIX adamtejot 1 $2.69
220 Pagerduty Inc PD throthrowth 2 $29.85
25 Pan African Resources plc PAF Fruity_Pineapple 2 $26.30
245 Paradox Interactive AB (publ) OTCMKTS:PRXXF I_worship_odin 1 $24.30
174 Patriot One Technologies Inc PTOTF DanReynolds 1 $0.73
148 Peabody Energy Corporation BTU aviatoraway1 0 $2.52
237 Peloton Interactive Inc PTON loosetingles 1 $68.30
188 Penn National Gaming, Inc PENN Calpool 1 $49.00
87 Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd NYSE:PSTH-UN 5_yr_lurker 7 $21.08
31 Pharmacyte Biotech Inc PMCB DillieTheSquid 0 $0.01
47 Pinterest Inc PINS EthanPhan 10 $34.98
149 Planet 13 Holdings Inc PLNHF MMatter1 3 $2.67
43 Plug Power Inc PLUG lukwas_ 4 $11.28
147 Polaris Infrastructure Inc RAMPF CaptainCanuck93 1 $11.50
120 Prologis Inc PLD ImPinkSnail 5 $105.07
250 PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN EZJ Necessary_Club_6714 1 $32.13
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2020.07.27 21:42 KakutogiRoad Kakutogi Road: The Complete History of MMA Vol.1 "Genesis"

Kakutogi Road: The Complete History of MMA Vol.1
*Note to Moderators...I realize we are in a Pro-Wrestling forum, but this coverage will contain a lot of wrestling history, especially in the Japanese Shoot-Style spectrum. This will be of great interest to both fans of more series forms of pro-wrestling, and MMA.*
*Archives of this series can be found at https://www.patreon.com/KakutogiRoad *
Kakutogi Road: The Complete History of MMA Vol. 1 "Genesis"
Welcome to the beginning of what may be a long and winding story, as we begin a quest to (almost) completely document the history of modern MMA. Over the course of many chapters I hope to expose myths, answer questions, raise new inquires, and shine some light on how the way of the fist intersected with the art of the armbar, and how we got to be here today. I intend to go through every mma event, (within what is available), in chronological order, from the early 90s-00s, and highlight the various highs and lows, that have led us to where we are today.
Because modern MMA is such a relatively new phenomenon, such an undertaking, while potentially arduous, is possible. The main thing is really deciding on where to start. I debated starting at UFC 1, but the fact is, that so much of modern Mma has roots in Japanese pro wrestling, it seemed like I would be doing a disservice on just skipping over all of the Shoot leagues/events that gave us many of the stars and concepts that would wind up becoming important later on down the road. Although the main point of this project is to cover Vale Tudo/NHB/MMA, to not give a solid look at the events that proceeded it, is to really leave out giant pieces of its tapestry. Therefore, I have decided to start in 1991, right after the collapse of the UWF, in which several pro wrestling organizations sprouted up, in an effort to sell, "real fighting," to a thirsty audience that didn't know any better.
So consider this a prologue of sorts, and thus we will begin in the realm of shoot- wrestling, (which as we will see had their share of actual shoots as well), and we'll also make some detours into K1/Kickboxing, Bjj, etc, since by this point in time the Mma world was so small and blurred that there is a lot of natural overlap within these separate undertakings.
Also, I hope to include media, and interviews from the time period in question, to try and add some of the perspective that was current at the time. I also encourage all of you to add, whatever you know, be it anecdotes, media, interviews, etc, so perhaps we can get a clearer picture together.
So, without further ado, let us look back into the depths of a "sport" with a murky past, and no clear future. A culmination of events that has one foot in the Budo spirit of Samurai long dead, and the other in the more recent shenanigans of carnival performers.
Yes, let's take a journey through time and see what led us to where we are today, as we glimpse down the Kakutogi road, that is simultaneously, both one of the noblest of pursuits, and one of the most vainglorious, (in that it rewards ingenuity, creativity, sheer force of will, and sacrifice, but at the end of the day...is still an endeavor that reduces it's practitioners to a spectacle, fighting to prove oneself has led to many sorrows, as men vainly chase their identity and self-worth in something that can never provide such a thing.
We find ourselves on 3-4-91 as the very first PWFG, (Pro Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi), event is set to take place. Before this took place it's wise to note, (for those reading that might not be familiar with the history), the initial cataclysm that led to Japan's interest in mma, which was the birth of the original UWF. A pro wrestling promotion that started in 1984 as fairly straightforward Pro Wrestling fare, it later evolved into something never seen before, once several key members migrated to it from New Japan Pro Wrestling. Yoshiaki Fujiwara, Nobuhiko Takada, Satoru Sayama (the original Tiger Mask) and Kazuo Yamazaki, found a home with this fledgling promotion, and this prompted the change the orientation of the UWF's wrestling to a more martial arts >
They became the hottest ticket in Japan for a brief period, until infighting over the essence of the product, and a clash of egos between Sayama and Maeda led to it's demise. The contention between Sayama and Maeda arose partly due to philosophical disagreements over what the essence of the UWF should be, with Sayama wanting more of a kickboxing flair, (he had a background in kickboxing), and Maeda wanting it more rooted in submissions.
They would eventually come to blows, when on 9-2-85 the two began what started out as a worked pro wrestling match, but quickly devolved from there. After starting somewhat benignly enough, they started to stop pulling their punches/kicks and were striking each other for real. Eventually they seemed to regain their composure and things went back to normal, when towards the end of the match, Maeda simply gave a super hard kick to Sayama's balls, and forced a disqualification from the ref. Maeda was fired for this, and Sayama quit pro wrestling in disgust. He would later go on to form Shooto, which was the first true Mma organization, and who's history we will be exploring in greater detail down the road.
*Match starts at 7:51*
https://youtu.be/r2-ED7ymKl0
*The first Shooto event took place in 1989, and while I would love to start this project from there.... I simply have yet to get my hands on any Shooto pre 92. I own most of the Shooto from 94 onward, but if anyone can help provide Shooto materials from 89-93, for the sake of this project, then please get in touch with me.
After the initial collapse of the UWF in 85, most of the roster went back to work for New Japan Pro Wrestling, for the next few years. This was until 1988 when Maeda, yet again, couldn't keep his temper under control and decided to deliver a shoot Muay Thai kick to Riki Chosu's face, supposedly due to jealously of his position within the company. This left NJPW in an awkward spot, as how do you punish someone for doing something that was "legal," within the world of pro wrestling? They opted to punish him by insisting that he be banished to a tour of Mexico for a period of time, but Maeda refused, and opted to restart the UWF, taking a chunk of the roster with him.
They had initial success until an economic downturn in Japan, coupled with disagreements on inter-promotional booking with more traditional pro wrestling companies, led to yet another demise for this promotion. Only this time, several key players splintered off to start their own promotions/vanity projects, and thus the shoot boom was born, and as we continue this story, we will see how this led to forming much of what modern mma is today.
Yoshiaki Fujiwara was a Judoka that transitioned into pro wrestling in the early 70s, and has the distinction of being the first graduate of the New Japan Dojo system. He continued to wrestle for New Japan until the first Uwf incarnation and tried to stay in their good graces after Maeda initially left to restart the promotion in 1988. However, in 1989 he felt the need to continue in the ways of Shoot only this time he brought young talents Masakatsu Funaki, and Minoru Suzuki with him. Perhaps this decision, more than any other, led to mma being around today as we know it, because if it wasn't for Funaki taking an interesting in shooting, (or at least fake shooting), and in turn training a young Ken Shamrock, the Ufc might not exist today. (More on this later).

The Beginning of a Destiny
So here we are at the Korakuen Hall in the early days of March circa 1991. The show starts of with the seemingly ancient tradition of having all the performers/combatants enter the ring with much music and fanfare, as a way to kick off the show. Only this has the legendary German wrestler extraordinaire, Karl Gotch, as a guest of honor. They give him a microphone and he said a few kind words about wishing success upon this promotion. Karl Gotch was a legend in Japan at this time, and also trained many of the Fujiwara crew, so having his blessing upon the promotion was surely seen as a badge of realism by the audience.
The first man out to the ring is Wellington Wilkins Jr, better known perhaps as the former tag team partner of Chris Benoit that mysteriously died of a heart attack on the same day that Benoit was found dead after committing suicide. Wellington started his career in Canada at Stampede wrestling, but by the time the 90s rolled around was mainly an opening performer on the Japanese circuit, wrestling for various promotions. He hit a bit of a skid, when in the mid-90s he was busted with marijuana while working for Michinoku Pro Wrestling, and subsequently thrown in a Japanese jail, and deported. He worked a bit in the states after that, but never really took off.
Here his opponent is Takaku Fuke, who wound up being a Pancrase mainstay in a few short years, amassing a rather abysmal 16-29-5 record, though to his credit was able to get victories over the great Manabu Yamada, Jason Delucia, and Vernon White.
The first couple of mins set the overall tone of what was to come with this promotion. An emphasis on having realistic looking matches, but perhaps done at the expense of entertainment value, (certainly when compared to its rivals at the time.) These two worked well together and, there was a good flow between the two that saw them obtain and reverse positions on the mat several times, but it was a fairly dry affair that wasn't going to light any fires. It also was a bit odd that they chose the ever so realistic "leg-split," as a finish.

The Legendary Leg-Split
Yoshiaki Fujiwara vs Johnny Barrett.
Fujiwara is up next, and has always had the unenviable ability to look like he was pushing 70, regardless of what decade he happened to be in. He was rather slow and unathletic, but he was someone that you had to have a certain amount of respect for, as he always patterned his after realism, (at least realistic by pro wrestling standards), and could sometimes turn sadistic and become way too stiff in the ring.
His opponent here is Jonny Barrett, who I'm assuming only was able to find work here due to his connections to Dean Malenko, because his physique wasn't doing him any favors here. A huge guy that could have been a replacement for a Heel of the Month in the Wwf, his size was really the only thing about him that was of any note.
Not much to say here... Fujiwara wisely kept most of this on the mat, as Barrett had no discernable skills on his feet, but that isn't really saying much. After a few uneventful mins of rolling around on the ground Fujiwara put us all out of our misery but ending the bout with an Achilles hold. The match was fairly believable, and thankfully brief, but really wasn't pushing the needle in any significant way.
Now we get to the first glimpse of magic in this shoot- world. Ken, "Wayne" Shamrock vs Minoru Suzuki. Fujiwara should get a lot of credit here, as he was willing to put himself in the mid-card and allow some of the younger talent a chance to shine, which was something that eluded a lot of the young Japanese talent in those days.
Here we find a very young Suzuki facing an incredible looking specimen in Shamrock, and it's rather amazing to see that right from the jump, Shamrock was an awesome performer that really shined in this kind of format. One has to wonder if he had jumped back into Japanese pro wrestling instead of the WWF in 1996 how his later career would have turned out, as all he really seemed to get out of his tenure there, (outside of a fat stack of cash), was a lot of injuries.
This match opened us all up to a whole new world of possibilities that "shooting," could provide. While this match was not the smoothest and being a 30min draw it did have it's fair share of dead spaces, both fighters did an excellent job of parlaying intensity and frustration, throughout. They constantly looked for submissions, even in bad positions, and you could really see an example of a grappling mentality, before the positional thinking of a Bjj influence crept in.
The match also had a nice progression to it, as it was mostly submission orientated in the beginning , saving the flashier stuff like a belly to belly suplex, and much nastier striking until later in the match, which gave it natural feel, as if the stakes were getting higher, and it was time to pull out all the stops.
A little dry in spots, but a great start to this and a great insight into the fact that maybe...just maybe.. there was a future paying audience to be found in real fighting.
Next up, is Masakatsu Funaki vs Bart Vale, and was unfortunately something that was never going to be able to cut it as a main event, let alone trying to surpass the great match that came before it. Vale was someone that was already a bit past his prime when PWFG came around, and while his striking was decent, and his overall work passable, it lacked crispness, and he wasn't someone that had the stamina to have a long high-intensity match. Also, his was best served by placing him with another striker, and it didn't do anyone any favors, by placing him with a grappling wizard such as Funaki. This match would have been fine had it been placed early in the card, but as it was, only served to be anti-climatic.
As it's all said and done, we see a couple of things. Namely that this promotion had some great talents in the top end, (such as Funaki, Suzuki, and Shamrock), some passable ones with Fujiwara and Vale, but the mid to bottom tier of the roster looks like they all came from the Acme Jobber unemployment line. It makes perfect sense why they weren't able to make it once most of their serious shooters left to form Pancrase in 93, as there was really no point in the promotion any further. Pancrase was probably what this promotion should have tried to be from the get go, but perhaps that wasn't possible until this group, and others like it, paved the way, and opened a door for real Mma to prove viable.

Miami's Favorite Son
Here is the event in full: https://youtu.be/HxNiRyXYtNY
Now after reading all of this, you were probably wondering, "Yeah, this is all great, but what was Maurice Smith up to during this time?" Well I'm glad you asked. Here he was fighting Kees Bessems in Japan at an All Japan Kickboxing event during 3-30-91 *Mo's fight starts around the 30:00 min mark.*
https://youtu.be/EK0XKiwBogY
In other news:
Don Wilson lost a breathtaking 12 round split-decision loss to Marek Piotrowski at Odem Arena before a sellout crowd of more than 5,000 people. Wilson's World Kickboxing Association crown was unaffected, however only the Professional Karate Council's and the Fight Factory Karate Association's 180-pound vacant titles were at stake.
Piotrowski, who also recently defeated Rick Roufus, won by a half-point margin on the judges' cards after a thrilling seesaw bout. Wilson, who normally fights in the 175 pound class has extended an invitation to Piotrowski to fight him for his WKA title.
In Modesto California two kickboxers and a passing pedestrian met in a dangerous way recently. The two martial artists, sparring at the North Bay Martial Arts Clubm got into a clinch, then rolled each other out of a third floor window, landing directly on an unfortunate passerby. The pedestrian was treated at a local hospital and released, while the two kickboxers were hospitalized with more serious injuries.
Former Kickboxing champion Louis Neglia recently hosted the first of several pro-am kickboxing competitions, featuring three professional and seven amateur bouts. In the professional matches, Dennis Schuette knocked out Robert Shandrick in a cruiserweight fight, Roger Heidlebaugh, and Brad Morris fought to a draw in a middleweight bout, and Anthony Salerno scored a technical knockout of Peter Olanich in a super-welterweight battle.
*******************************************************************************************************
The Mighty Mike Lorefice, (MMA, Kickboxing, and Puroresu scribe extraordinaire, who's work can be found at quebrada.net), has decided to weigh in, and offer his astute commentary before weighing in on the 9-2-85 match that we already covered.
Here is what Mighty Mike has to say: 7/25/85 Tokyo Ota-ku Taiikukan: Akira Maeda vs. Super Tiger 16:01. While this has much more in common with their 1/7/85 match as a conventional worked pro wrestling match, and is actually far less interesting, I feel it pairs more with their 9/2/85 sort of shoot as the battle of wills between Sayama & Maeda was coming to a head outside the ring, even though they still kept it together inside the ring.
Maeda exerted his will throughout this contest, making it very submission oriented match, and not a very good one, leading to Sayama getting his way in the standup oriented rematch. Sayama was largely on the defensive trying to stay on his feet & then get back up, though he obviously didn't try very hard at the latter because with Maeda doing nothing to actually control him on the ground, he could literally stand any time he wanted to.
The problem with this match is Sayama needed to make the match interesting, but by just being the good soldier & telling the story of why he's losing as best he could, he wound up just going along with Maeda grounding him & putzing around with his feeble contortions. Maeda had a number of exciting matches during his career, but was never a particularly good or credible ground fighter even though that was the that he enjoyed, it was always the guys who actually knew what they were doing like Yamazaki & Han making the match, both pulling a few things out of him as well as putting him in the better role for the audience where he provided some fireworks with his strikes & suplexes rather than grinding things to a halt as he did when just left him to his devices.
The match still started strong as Maeda's efforts to engage in a grappling match with Sayama were so much more fervent here than on 9/2, actually getting Sayama down early with his idea of (a very poorly executed) double leg takedown, after catching a kick, with his captured suplex after catching one of Sayama's clinch knees, etc. Sayama used more footwork in this one, in part because Maeda showed little interest in striking with him, but also didn't deliver on his early promise. Instead of playing the small man vs. big man game, he increasingly served himself up on a platter by fighting on the inside with Maeda so Maeda could get him down off a suplex.
The bout hasn't aged that well because they just keep going for submissions while displaying no real knowledge of how to get them, focusing 99.9% on cranking a limb while just laying across the opponent not doing anything to control any other portion of their body or help them actually isolate their joint of choice.The match eventually ended in oh so credible fashion when Sayama missed an enzuigiri & Maeda clumsily secured that most credible of pro wrestling standbyes, the Boston crab!
There was very little striking in this match, and consequently, even though these were the two biggest stars in the company, the crowd was pretty much dead throughout, which supports Sayama's tract that the kickboxing base was necessary to the success of the This was better than watching Hogan flex his muscles or Flair do another spot for spot performance of his one match, but it's close to the least interesting Sayama match of the 1980's.
*Match starts around the 16min mark*
https://youtu.be/laHJruNU5Ws
Here is is take on 9-2-85: 9/2/85 Osaka Rinkai Sports Center: Akira Maeda vs. Super Tiger 18:57. A truly fascinating contest where the clashing alpha personalities of the two dominant forces in the promotion came to a head inside the ring as they probably battled with some vague notion of deciding the future direction of the company, and instead just decided that the company had no future.
Though the U.W.F. had grown increasingly shoot oriented in the year and a half it existed, morphing from the humble origins of luchadors & WWF show wrestlers into something more & more hardcore & legitimate, Maeda & Sayama were two huge stars that always wanted to win, both in front of the audience & behind the scenes. It would surely be reductive to say it came down to a matter of tastes, styles, egos, or whatever, and that even kind of comes off in the bout they wound up having. Even though they had something of a shoot, the supposed rift between Sayama's kickboxing & Maeda's submission grappling still actually didn't play out, as they ultimately did a match that was essentially in Maeda's version of Sayama's style.
By that I mean, Sayama wasn't using the footwork that elevated his worked shoots toward the realm of believability, nor was Maeda really doing his remedial matwork. It really looked like Maeda's usual style of striking, except that as they pretty much stood in front of each other & bombed away, they were much more violent & aggressive in putting their whole bodies into throwing faster & harder shots that they weren't pulling as usual.
Actually, rather than the art of kickboxing that Sayama managed to bring even though the opponents stood around flatfooted, this fight still exemplified that main problem with pro wrestling striking, except they did try to avoid & defend themselves in a basic sort of way, not exiting the pocket, but at least reacting to the blow they saw coming & blocking it or maneuvering their body out of the primary damage range/zone if they could. It's possible Maeda was unhappy that they were doing Sayama's standup match this time instead of his submission match as we saw on 7/25/85, but the bout definitely didn't devolve into a shoot as someone got prickly, as had been the case in the past with Maeda, they clearly were wailing on each other from the outset.
One could say this was one of the first Pancrase matches, as they were not pulling their strikes, but they not only didn't use closed fists, they were clearly cooperating to some extent at points even though they were putting each other in danger & trying to legitimately damage each other most of the time. I shouldn't make it sound like Sayama wasn't fighting with strategy, he was surely giving up at least 50 pounds and even though he had superior striking technique & more explosion, he couldn't just stand toe to toe with Maeda.
He tried to land the middle kick and circle off to maintain some space, but he was going backwards too much & clearly didn't have the stamina to fight what Lyoto Machida would later establish as a karate style MMA fight, so instead of capitalizing on his speed and movement advantages, Sayama spent way too much time covering in the pocket while he withstood Maeda's onslaught & poised for his next offensive. The striking portions were legit, but neither had any kind of a wrestling base, so getting the fight to the ground was rather awkward, and that's really why fights could play out much easier & better in Sayama's style than in Maeda's, which normally required him to hit a suplex to get started. Sayama wasn't taking bumps for Maeda, but still conceeded to ground portions, which basically occured when the person in the disadvantageous position surrendered further rather than finally try/work to disengage.
The mat wasn't really a threatening position for either though, as when you add no BJJ background to no wrestling background, they weren't doing much beyond playing footsies, and when you combine a sweltering building with the stress & overexertion of actually trying to make things work without the usual cooperation, I think Sayama was mostly just happy to get a break while Maeda muddled around, daring him to actually come up with something to make him regret that decision. Unlike the standup where there was a very obvious difference in how aggressive they were landing blows, they didn't appear to be be applying any more pressure than usual when they actually had something of a submission, and the audience was dead silent as they were throughout the 7/25 match.
As they spent more and more time delivering comatose inducing matwork, you almost forgot that a few minutes ago they seemingly wanted to kill each other on their feet. One would actually have thought that they were getting along again until Maeda grabbed the rope to get the bout returned to their feet, and proceeded to knee Sayama low for no apparent reason, leading to the DQ. It's almost certain that Maeda was supposed to lose given he defeated Tiger in their previous match, so one can deduce that Maeda may just have been looking for an out, as he should have been growing calmer, if anything, given they'd gotten away from actually shooting on one another and there was nothing new to give him a reason to pull a stunt.
However, one can't be certain from the camera angle if the knee clipped the groin or not, so it's perhaps as likely that someone finally did enough damage with a legitimate blow to make whatever the planned finish was irrelevant. Maeda has always been a shady character, but from what I can see, I'm leaning toward Sayama just claiming it was a low blow. Maeda was subsequently reprimanded & never worked for the promotion again.
The workers, who were already resentful of Sayama for being the booker & primary creative force in the promotion didn't side with him though, and while he did step in a U.W.F. ring six more times as this was playing out, he quit the promotion and then pro wrestling entirely. U.W.F. never ran another show after Sayama's final appearance on 9/11/85, with Maeda & co. returning to New Japan for the next 2 1/2 years before taking the next step toward blending the barrier between fake and real fighting. Very good match.
*******************************************************************************************************
And just in case you were wondering what Dave Meltzer had to say about any of this:
"Yoshiaki Fujiwara's version of the new UWF opened on 3/4 in Tokyo's Korakuen Hall before a packed house of 2,306 fans. Karl Gotch made an appearance at the show and announced that he was staying in Japan for two months to train the young wrestlers for this group, which got the biggest pop of the night. Results of the show was Wellington Wilkins Jr. beat Yasuhiro Fuke in 12:00 with a leg split submission, Fujiwara made Jumbo Barretta submit to a toe hold in 7:12, Minoru Suzuki went to a 30 minute time limit draw with Wayne Shamrock (Vince Tirelli) and the main event saw Masaharu Funaki make Bart Vail sibmit in 17:36 to a chicken wing cross face.
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2020.07.01 20:19 haveyouheardaboutit Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Edit: TL;DR added in the comments
 
Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analyzed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk-reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralized and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis of why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise, just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction
 
The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since the end of January 2019 with daily transaction rates growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralized and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. The maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realized early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralized, secure, and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in the amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralization. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue dissecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour, no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts, etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as: “A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronize cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next, he states that: "blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”. For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber, and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa, this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network, etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever-changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralized and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimization on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and the University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (66%) double-spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT, etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralization.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently, there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so-called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralized nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics, you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching its transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end-users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public. They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public-facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers. The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translate to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non-custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS; shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralized too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralized in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. The faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time-stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalized: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object-oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: * “all programs have two basic components, data – what the program knows – and behavior – what the program can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviors in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behavior are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.” *
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: OCaml is a general-purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognized by academics and won a so-called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise, it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts, it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa or Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue: In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships
 
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organizations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggests that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already take advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, Airbnb, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human-readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They don't just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data, it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community-run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non-custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiative (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggests in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real-time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding of what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures, Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
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2020.07.01 19:55 haveyouheardaboutit Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analysed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralised and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since end of January 2019 with daily transaction rate growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralised and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. Maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realised early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralised, secure and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralisation. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue disecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as:
“A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronise cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next he states that: >“blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”.* For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralised and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimisation on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (>66%) double spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralisation.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralised nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching their transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public.They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers.The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translates to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS & shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralised too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralised in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. Faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, R&D roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalised: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: > “all programmes have two basic components, data – what the programme knows – and behaviour – what the programme can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviours in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behaviour are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.”
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: > OCaml is a general purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognised by academics and won a so called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities safety is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa for Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue:
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships  
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organisations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggest that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already taking advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, AirBnB, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are build on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”*
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They dont just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities) also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiatives (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggest in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures & Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
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2020.06.20 02:33 ILChiRM CMT to Exclusively Stream Concert for Love & Acceptance

CMT to Exclusively Stream Concert for Love & Acceptance
Ty Herndon, Kristin Chenoweth, and CMT’s Cody Alan will co-host June 30 event

CMT will the exclusive streaming partner for the 2020 Concert for Love & Acceptance. The virtual event will stream on CMT’s Facebook and YouTube channels on June 30 at 8 p.m. ET.
The Academy of Country Music’s charitable arm ACM Lifting Lives, CMT, GLAAD, and country music star and philanthropist Ty Herndon today announced new appearances and performances for the 2020 Concert for Love & Acceptance, set to take place as an online event amid the ongoing COVID19 crisis.
Click here to read the full story.

https://preview.redd.it/vqjzs0mtmy551.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=c363d9712f6decadf8a1fe305eb5df0be1d367a4
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2020.06.16 15:54 Superb_Recognition Algorand [ALGO] vs Cardano [ADA] - Difference, Partnerships & Ecosystem - Which is Better?

Algorand [ALGO] vs Cardano [ADA] - Difference, Partnerships & Ecosystem - Which is Better?

https://preview.redd.it/pdt01cdmj9551.png?width=1240&format=png&auto=webp&s=50e6d140a68eb2f3a3380175c2869c415b5014da

Introduction

The ‘Trilemma’ of Blockchain space - Scalability, Security, and Decentralization - are the three things every blockchain is trying to solve simultaneously. But it’s easier said than done, as proven by the scalability issue faced by Ethereum. Higher scalability transcends to higher market adoption.
This is where Cardano and Algorand have come into the picture. They have their similarities and differences that seem to work for them for now. Rather than telling you which one has more potential, it’s better to present the entire case and let you decide how they fare against each other.

Star Player of the Team

Anyone would agree that having a renowned and accomplished team player always gives a boost to the project.

Cardano’s Charles Hoskinson

If the name seems familiar, that’s because he is also the co-founder of Ethereum. A tech entrepreneur and mathematician with an interest in analytic number theory, Charles Hoskinson moved into blockchain space in 2013. He co-developed the Ethereum blockchain with Vitalik Buterin before leaving the project in June 2014.
Hoskinson joined crypto and blockchain research firm IOHK to develop Cardano and since then has sponsored various blockchain research labs at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and the University of Edinburgh. He also founded Invictus Innovations.
Hoskinson was the founding chairman of the education committee of the Bitcoin Foundation and established the Cryptocurrency Research Group in 2013. His current focus lies in educating people on the use of crypto and decentralization.

Algorand’s Silvio Micali

Unlike the innovators of other blockchain projects, Silvio Micali is already a famous name in cryptography long before he started developing Algorand. Deemed as one of the top cryptographers, he is a recipient of the prestigious Turing Award in 2012 and RSA prize for cryptography, Gödel Prize (theoretical computer science) in 1993, and ACM fellowship in 2017.
Micali’s work spans around public-key cryptosystems, pseudorandom functions, digital signatures, oblivious transfer, and secure multi-party computation among others. In 1989, he co-invented Zero-Knowledge Proofs with Shafi Goldwasser and Charles Rackoff. He also developed Peppercoin, a cryptographic system for processing micropayments.
A professor at MIT’s electrical engineering and computer science department since 1983, Silvio Micali is also working as a computer scientist at MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. His doctoral students include Shai Halevi, Mihir Bellare, Rafail Ostrovsky, Bonnie Berger, Rafael Pass, Chris Peikert, and Phillip Rogaway - each renowned in their respective fields.

Project Partners and Collaborators

For any business, partnerships and collaborations are the most important aspect since they drive growth and innovation.

Cardano Partnerships

Cardano has formed 17 partnerships so far that either enhance its capabilities or grow its business.
  • Metaps Plus: To integrate the ADA coins into the MeTaps Plus, South Korea’s one of the largest mobile payment platforms.
  • IBM Research: For a software distribution project commissioned by the European Union.
  • PriceWaterhouseCoopers (PwC): To develop a new commercial strategy, probably to bring enterprise users to Cardano.
  • New Balance: All customers can authenticate the footwear purchases on the Cardano blockchain.
  • SIRIN LABS: To integrate the Cardano blockchain in their blockchain smartphone FINNEY and its SIRIN OS.
  • Konfidio: To drive the adoption of the blockchain business model platform among corporations and governments.
  • Algoz: To offer liquidity solutions and trading solutions for its native ADA token.
  • Priviledge: To study and publish decentralized software updates Priviledge is a consortium of renowned companies and scientific universities with the European Union.
  • South Korea Government-Approved Trade Associations:Signed two MoUs with Korea Mobile Game Association (KMGA) and Korea Blockchain Contents Association (KBCCA) to implement Cardano for Korean mobile gaming and digital content.
  • Ethiopian Government: To develop a new digital payment system and combine it with identity cards using its Atala blockchain framework.
  • Georgian Government: Signed MoU to implement Cardano blockchain-enabled projects across education, business, and government services.
Cardano’s other major partnership includes Z/Yen Group’s Distributed Futures practice, COTI Network, and Ellipal Hardware.

Algorand Partnerships

Algorand’s innovativeness and potential to be the blockchain leader has helped it bag a plethora of valuable partnerships across the world. Here are a few partnerships out of the 17 -
  • International Blockchain Monetary Reserve (IBMR): To launch the Southeast Asia Microfinance Platform and create a stablecoin called Asia Reserve Currency Coin (ARCC) to encourage financial inclusion in Southeast Asia.
  • SFB Technologies: To build the infrastructure to create a CBDC (central bank digital currency) dubbed ‘SOV’ for the Marshall Islands.
  • Meld: To tokenize gold and track it over the supply chain using stablecoin for the Australian gold industry.
  • Caratan: To build financial tools and products to promote Fintech adoption at an institutional level.
  • Italian Society of Authors and Publishers (SIAE): To develop copyright management tools and services.
  • DUST Identity: To authenticate physical objects and validate transactions over the blockchain.
  • AssetBlock: A real estate startup launched its tokenized property investment platform on Algorand
  • PlanetWatch: Focused on environmental monitoring, the first "CERN Spin-off " labeled organization is building the world's first immutable air quality ledger on the Algorand blockchain using IoT technologies.
Other major partnerships include World Chess - the commercial arm of the World Chess Federation, Big Data company Syncsort, and Tether.

Consensus Algorithm

Both Cardano and Algorand use PoS or Proof of Stake consensus mechanism at their heart, but that’s where the similarity ends. Each of them has its own spin to it.
In the PoS mechanism, a person can validate a block depending on how many stakes or coins he holds. The stake quantity determines the amount of mining power one has. So how does each of them differ?

Cardano

Cardano’s version is called Ouroboros PoS.
  • Cardano allows stakeholders to pool their resources together in a single ‘stake pool’, thus delegating their stakes to the pool. This is because every elected stakeholder may not have the expertise to create blocks.
  • The physical timeline is divided into small blocks called ‘epochs’ that are made up of fixed slots. These epochs are cyclic.
  • Each such epoch consists of a set of pooled stakeholders.
  • While the endorsers are elected depending on the weight of the number of stakes held by them, a slot leader (for every epoch) is randomly chosen by a digital coin toss among stakeholders. When the endorsers approve the blocks produced by slot leaders, it gets added to the blockchain.
  • The slot leader also selects the slot leader for the next epoch through the ‘coin toss’.
  • Note that having a higher stake increases the probability of getting elected.
  • Currently, the list of validators is fixed and the succession is known beforehand.
With the launch of the Shelley mainnet, Cardano plans to remove the above issue. But this will be a hard fork. Here, the community will decide on block validators through staking.

Algorand

The version Algorand uses is called PPoS (Pure Proof of Stake) consensus mechanism.
  • PPoS randomly selects a token holder as a block producer.
  • The proposed block gets approved by a committee of 1000 randomly selected token owners and then added to the blockchain.
  • The algorithm runs a cryptographically verifiable lucky draw over all the accounts to randomly select committee members as well as the block proposer.
  • This means the identities of the participants are unknown until the blocks are added to the chain.
  • This selection does not depend on the stake size of the nodes at all.
  • PPoS runs this lottery process in complete isolation with other nodes in the network.
The completely randomized election and secret identities of the committee members drastically reduce the chances of any foul playing within the network. As the number of users grows, the network gets stronger and more secure.
Algorand’s PPoS has embraced a more egalitarian ecosystem to negate the wealth gap present in traditional PoS.

Handling Scalability

Cardano

Currently, Cardano offers 50-250 TPS. But with incorporating sharding technology in its Ouroboros Hydra version, the scalability can increase to one million TPS theoretically. The processing speed will increase as more users or nodes join the network.

Algorand

In Algorand, every lottery takes just a microsecond to run. Since such lotteries run independently of each other, multiple lotteries can run simultaneously. This inherently makes PPoS highly scalable. The mainnet itself has the capability to handle 1000 TPS.

Conclusion

Both Cardano and Algorand have sound tech and teams that believe in extensive research and meticulously designed products. Having an early start, there’s no denying that Cardano has established itself in a superior position thanks to the technological achievement, consistency, and transparency it has showcased.
But with Algorand’s ecosystem growing fast, the competition has intensified. Algorand’s aim to bring full transparency, technological innovation, and successful partnerships just within a year have made it a prime challenger to Cardano.
While referring to Algorand, Cardano chief Hoskinson voiced similar opinion - “... they are another one of the science coins and we all kind of support each other. Even though we get academically competitive, we're able to reference each other's work and learn from each other and grow from each other.”
submitted by Superb_Recognition to algorand [link] [comments]


2020.06.10 19:30 kjonesatjaagnet Cue Health raises $100M to boost portable coronavirus test development

Portable testing company Cue Health has raised $100 million in new venture capital funding shortly after acquiring a U.S. government contract to develop a rapid, point-of-care coronavirus diagnostic.
The proceeds will be put toward plans to double the company’s footprint in San Diego, home to its manufacturing and business operations, scaling up to over 110,000 square feet. This will support the development and commercialization of a cartridge-based COVID-19 test, currently under emergency authorization review by the FDA.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for a rapid, easy-to-use platform for diagnostics in decentralized settings to respond to existing and emerging threats,” Cue’s co-founder and CEO, Ayub Khattak, said in a statement.
“Healthcare settings such as nursing homes, emergency departments, and community health clinics need tools to allow them to access molecular test information immediately rather than waiting hours or days for lab results,” Khattak said.
The series C round was backed by Decheng Capital, Foresite Capital, Madrone Capital Partners, ACME Capital, Johnson & Johnson Innovation and others.
In mid-March, Cue was awarded a $13 million contract from the U.S. Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, or BARDA, to develop a portable COVID-19 test that could provide a result in under 25 minutes from a nasal swab.
Cue has worked with BARDA since 2018, following a $30 million contract to develop a similar test for influenza A and B designed for use at the point-of-care or at home through an online service. That test is currently undergoing clinical testing.
“We are excited to welcome strong healthcare and life-science focused investors that align with our vision for how diagnostics should evolve,” Khattak said. “Ultimately, broad distribution of the connected Cue platform to both healthcare professionals and consumers will enable a new model of rapid, on-demand diagnostic testing and enhanced telemedicine capabilities, changing the way important health information is accessed and acted on.”
Originally published by Conor Hale Jun 10, 2020 Fierce Biotech
submitted by kjonesatjaagnet to JAAGNet [link] [comments]


2020.06.03 16:47 HeWhoWalksTheEarth They want to replace "Powered by" with "Offered by" and it sounds weak.

Our company has a new partner for a product offering. We agree on a certain type of nomenclature for the product, but the details are still up for debate. For reference, the product uses satellite imagery and AI to auto generate maps. Our company sells the imagery and their company owns the AI. I've changed the actual product and company names in my examples. They are "Acme" and we are "Earth Imaging Co"
We want to call it, Acme HD Maps powered by Earth Imaging Co, but they have legal concerns about the word "powered" because we use our own personal satellites to take pictures, but we also sell the images of other satellite owners. They feel that we power some of the possible maps that would be created, but other companies whose imagery we sell, would technically power the other maps.
To me it, it's a bit pedantic, but its a debate that must be solved. They suggest we change it to "offered by", but our marketing team believes that sounds much weaker than "powered by".
I've been combing thesauruses and word clouds, but can't think of anything great. Does this great sub filled with word geniuses have any ideas?
submitted by HeWhoWalksTheEarth to copywriting [link] [comments]


2020.05.19 22:52 GrabEmbytheMAGA Reddit is compromised and they allowed it. They take the money

#Government Shills

- [The Guardian: British army creates team of Facebook warriors](http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/jan/31/british-army-facebook-warriors-77th-brigade)

- [The Guardian: US military studied how to influence Twitter [and Reddit] users in Darpa-funded research [2014]](http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/08/darpa-social-networks-research-twitter-influence-studies)

- [The Guardian: The Ministry of Defence is developing a secret, multimillion-pound research programme into the future of cyberwarfare, including how emerging technologies such as social media and psychological techniques can be harnessed by the military to influence people's beliefs. [2014]](https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/ma16/mod-secret-cyberwarfare-programme)

- [Vice: Your Government Wants to Militarize Social Media to Influence Your Beliefs](http://motherboard.vice.com/read/your-government-wants-to-militarize-social-media-to-influence-your-beliefs)

- [NY Times: The Environmental Protection Agency engaged in “covert propaganda” and violated federal law when it blitzed social media to urge the public to back an Obama administration rule intended to better protect the nation’s streams and surface waters, congressional auditors have concluded.](https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/15/us/politics/epa-broke-the-law-by-using-social-media-to-push-water-rule-auditor-finds.html)

- [CBC News- Canadian government monitors online forums](http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/bureaucrats-monitor-online-forums-1.906351)

- [Slate on 2018 midterms interference: "Project Lakhta was a Russian influence campaign that had no particular ideological bent; it appears that the goal was simply to stir up conflict in online political debates by putting forth extreme arguments and inflammatory misinformation to incense both liberals and conservatives."](https://slate.com/technology/2018/10/what-we-know-about-the-russian-woman-whom-the-u-s-just-charged-for-meddling-in-the-midterms.html)

- [NY Times: The Secret Agenda of a Facebook Quiz (Cambridge Analytica)](https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/opinion/the-secret-agenda-of-a-facebook-quiz.html)

- [NY Times- From a nondescript office building in St. Petersburg, Russia, an army of well-paid “trolls” has tried to wreak havoc all around the Internet — and in real-life American communities.](http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/07/magazine/the-agency.html?_r=1)

- [Washington Post: Facebook says it sold political ads to Russian company during 2016 election ](https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/facebook-says-it-sold-political-ads-to-russian-company-during-2016-election/2017/09/06/32f01fd2-931e-11e7-89fa-bb822a46da5b_story.html?tid=ss_tw&utm_term=.53932fce0e4c)

- [New York Times: "Hundreds of people work at a so-called troll farm in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia to smother the voices of dissidents like Mr. Khashoggi."](https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/us/politics/saudi-image-campaign-twitter.html)

- [CNN: Facebook announces first takedown of influence campaign with ties to Saudi government](https://www.cnn.com/2019/08/01/tech/facebook-saudi-arabia-pages-removed/index.html)

- [The Nation: US Officials Won’t Say if a New Anti–Russian Propaganda Project (shilling on social media) Is Targeting Americans. The newly created Global Engagement Center’s “focus and intent” is foreign audiences, but officials won’t rule out propagandizing Americans and funding American journalists.](https://www.thenation.com/article/us-officials-wont-say-if-a-new-anti-russia-propaganda-project-is-targeting-americans/)

- [Ex -MMA fighter and ex-police officer exposes corrupt police practices, which includes infiltrating Reddit communities and becoming moderators in order to manipulate and censor information.](https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/6jn27s/ex_mma_fighter_and_expolice_officer_exposes/)

- [Times of Israel: Israeli government paying bilingual students to spread propaganda online primarily to international communities without having to identify themselves as working for the government. "The [student] union will operate computer rooms for the project...it was decided to establish a permanent structure of activity on the Internet through the students at academic institutions in the country."](http://www.timesofisrael.com/pmo-stealthily-recruiting-students-for-online-advocacy/)

- [The Intercept: Leaked Documents Reveal Counterterrorism Tactics Used at Standing Rock to “Defeat Pipeline Insurgencies." TigerSwan attempted a counterinformation campaign by creating and distributing content critical of the protests on social media.](https://theintercept.com/2017/05/27/leaked-documents-reveal-security-firms-counterterrorism-tactics-at-standing-rock-to-defeat-pipeline-insurgencies/)

- [WashingtonPost: Obama pick for NSA review panel wanted paid, pro-government shills in chat rooms](https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2013/08/23/obama-pick-for-nsa-review-panel-wanted-paid-pro-government-shills-in-chat-rooms/) (Thread with [source paper.](https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/4d3l3s/government_agents_and_their_allies_might_ente))

- [Psy Group developed elaborate information operations for commercial clients and political candidates around the world, which included infiltrating target audiences with elaborately crafted social-media personas. The CEO of PSY Group was former commander of an Israeli psychological warfare unit. Tactics deployed by PSY Group in foreign elections included inflaming divisions in opposition groups and playing on deep-seated cultural and ethnic conflicts, something the firm called “poisoning the well." It has conducted messaging/influence operations in well over a dozen languages and dialects and employs an elite group of high-ranking former officers from some of the world’s most renowned intelligence units.](http://archive.is/BBblQ)

- [Wired: Clinton Staff and Volunteers Busted for Astroturfing [in 2007]](http://www.wired.com/2007/12/clinton-staff-a/)

- [Vice: Amazon Requires Police to Shill Surveillance Cameras in Secret Agreement](https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/mb88za/amazon-requires-police-to-shill-surveillance-cameras-in-secret-agreement)

- [The Intercept: The Rise of the Net Center. How an Army of Trolls Protects Guatemala’s Corrupt Elite.](https://theintercept.com/2018/04/07/guatemala-anti-corruption-trolls-smear-campaign/)

- [The Independent: Massive British PR firm caught on video: "We've got all sorts of dark arts...The ambition is to drown that negative content and make sure that you have positive content online." They discuss techniques for managing reputations online and creating/maintaining 3rd-party blogs that seem independent.](http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/caught-on-camera-top-lobbyists-boasting-how-they-influence-the-pm-6272760.html)

- [The Guardian: US spy operation to manipulate social media](http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/ma17/us-spy-operation-social-networks)

- [Washington Post: Why crafty Internet trolls in the Philippines may be coming to a website near you](https://web.archive.org/web/20190801065640/https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/why-crafty-internet-trolls-in-the-philippines-may-be-coming-to-a-website-near-you/2019/07/25/c5d42ee2-5c53-11e9-98d4-844088d135f2_story.html?utm_term=.f7d1ebb7c19b)

- [BBC: Vietnam admits deploying bloggers to support the Communist Party's policies, operates a network of nearly 1,000 "public opinion shapers".](http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-20982985)

- [Glenn Greenwald: How Covert Agents Infiltrate the Internet to Manipulate, Deceive, and Destroy Reputations](https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/02/24/jtrig-manipulation/)

- [The Intercept: Behavioural Science Support for JTRIG’S Effects and Online HUMINT Operations](https://theintercept.com/document/2015/06/22/behavioural-science-support-jtrig/)

- [USA Today: The co-owner of a major Pentagon propaganda contractor publicly admitted that he was behind a series of websites used in an attempt to discredit two USA TODAY journalists who had reported on the contractor.](http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/military/story/2012-05-24/Leonie-usa-today-propaganda-pentagon/55190450/1)

- [Glenn Greenwald: Hacking Online Polls and Other Ways British Spies Seek to Control the Internet](https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/07/14/manipulating-online-polls-ways-british-spies-seek-control-internet/)

- [The Guardian: Chinese officials flood the Chinese internet with positive social media posts to distract their population](http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/may/20/chinese-officials-create-488m-social-media-posts-a-year-study-finds)

- [The Guardian: Pentagon preparing for mass civil breakdown - Social science is being militarised to develop 'operational tools' to target peaceful activists and protest movements. "Minerva"-funded social scientists tied to Pentagon counterinsurgency operations are involved in the "study of emotions in stoking or quelling ideologically driven movements," he said, including how "to counteract grassroots movements."](https://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2014/jun/12/pentagon-mass-civil-breakdown)

- [Bloomberg: How to Hack an Election [and influence voters with fake social media accounts]](http://www.bloomberg.com/features/2016-how-to-hack-an-election/)

- [USA Today: Businesses and organizations may refer to it as a tool for competitive advantage and marketing; but make no mistake, they are using the massive reach of social media and the Internet as a weapon. One U.S. 3-letter special agent said, "You could influence an election with this."](http://archive.is/37tK3)

- [Times of Israel - The internet: Israel’s new PR battlefield](http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/the-rise-of-digital-diplomacy-could-be-changing-israels-media-image/)

- [Arstechnica: GCHQ’s menu of tools spreads disinformation across Internet-
“Effects capabilities” allow analysts to twist truth subtly or spam relentlessly.](http://arstechnica.com/security/2014/07/ghcqs-chinese-menu-of-tools-spread-disinformation-across-internet/)

- [The Guardian: Internet Astroturfing](http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/libertycentral/2010/dec/13/astroturf-libertarians-internet-democracy)

- [BBC News: US plans to 'fight the net' revealed](http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4655196.stm)

- [Israel is paying internet workers to manipulate online content such as Wikipedia](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-x2DFnGI9Ac) (2 minute video)

- [Buzzfeed: Documents Show How Russia’s Troll Army Hit America](http://www.buzzfeed.com/maxseddon/documents-show-how-russias-troll-army-hit-america#.ki8Mz97ly)

- [NY Times: Effort to Expose Russia’s ‘Troll Army’ Draws Vicious Retaliation](http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/31/world/europe/russia-finland-nato-trolls.html?_r=1)

- [Raw Story: CENTCOM engages bloggers](http://www.rawstory.com/news/2006/Raw_obtains_CENTCOM_email_to_bloggers_1016.html)

- [Wired: Air Force Releases ‘Counter-Blog’ Marching Orders](http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/01/usaf-blog-respo/)

- [Wired: Military Report: Secretly ‘Recruit or Hire Bloggers’](http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2008/03/report-recruit/)

- [The Guardian: Israel ups the stakes in the propaganda war](http://www.theguardian.com/media/2006/nov/20/mondaymediasection.israel)

- [BBC News: China's Internet spin doctors](http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7783640.stm)

- [Raw Story: Air Force ordered software to manage army of fake virtual people](http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/02/18/revealed-air-force-ordered-software-to-manage-army-of-fake-virtual-people/)

- [DailyKos: HBGary: Automated social media management](http://www.dailykos.com/story/2011/02/16/945768/-UPDATED-The-HB-Gary-Email-That-Should-Concern-Us-All)

- [Huffington Post- Exposing Cyber Shills and Social Media's Underworld](http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sam-fiorella/cyber-shills_b_2803801.html)

- [Wall Street Journal: Turkey's Government Forms 6,000-Member Social Media Team](http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887323527004579079151479634742?mg=reno64-wsj&amp;url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424127887323527004579079151479634742.html)

- [The Bush and Gore campaigns of 2000 used methods similar to the Chinese government for conducting “guided discussions” in chatrooms designed to influence citizens](https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/3xhoq8/til_the_advent_of_social_media_offers_new_routes/?st=j0o5xr9c&sh=3662f0dc)

- [Salon: Why Reddit moderators are censoring Glenn Greenwald’s latest news story on shills](http://www.salon.com/2014/02/28/why_reddit_moderators_are_censoring_glenn_greenwalds_latest_bombshell_partne)

#Shilling in the Private Sector

- [NPR: Some Amazon Reviews Are Too Good To Be Believed. They're Paid For. "Much like Amazon itself is a marketplace for goods, a world of separate, shadow marketplaces exists where reviews for Amazon products are bought and paid for — private Facebook groups, Slack channels, subreddits and more."](https://www.npr.org/2018/07/30/629800775/some-amazon-reviews-are-too-good-to-be-believed-theyre-paid-for)

- [Fake five-star reviews being bought and sold online - Fake online reviews are being openly traded on the internet, a BBC investigation has found.](http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-43907695)

- [Yahoo News: Last month the FTC issued warnings to celebrities who plugged products on their Instagram accounts without clearly identifying their relationships with brands. The letters were meant to educate the celebrities on posting without violating the organization’s disclosure guidelines.](https://www.yahoo.com/style/ftc-issued-warnings-45-celebrities-212910992.html)

- [New York Times: Tobacco corporations are targeting young American consumers with deceptive social media marketing in violation of federal law. 123 hashtags associated with these companies’ tobacco products have been viewed 8.8 billion times in the United States alone and 25 billion times around the world.](https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/24/health/tobacco-social-media-smoking.html)

- [PBS Frontline Documentary - Generation Like](http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/generation-like/)

- [USA Today: Lord & Taylor settles FTC charges over paid Instagram posts](http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2016/03/15/lord--taylor-settles-ftc-charges-over-paid-instagram-posts/81801972/)

- [Wired: Microsoft, through an outside agency, paid Machinima to produce positive videos about the Xbox One game machine, and many of the YouTube stars who accepted the deal failed to properly disclose that they were producing paid, sponsored content, not independent analysis.](http://www.wired.com/2015/09/ftc-machinima-microsoft-youtube/)

- [CNBC: The Federal Reserve Bank is soliciting proposals from developers for a "Social Listening Platform" that will monitor "Facebook, Twitter, Blogs, Forums and YouTube...to "Handle crisis situations, "continuously monitor conversations, identify and reach out to key bloggers and influencers." [2011]](https://www.cnbc.com/id/44701381)

- [CNN: A PR firm has revealed that it is behind two blogs that previously appeared to be created by independent supporters of Wal-Mart. The blogs Working Families for Wal-mart and subsidiary site Paid Critics are written by 3 employees of PR firm Edelman, for whom Wal-Mart is a paid client. [2006]](http://money.cnn.com/2006/10/20/news/companies/walmart_blogs/index.htm)

- [The Verge: Anti-net neutrality spammers are impersonating real people to flood FCC comments](https://www.theverge.com/2017/5/10/15610744/anti-net-neutrality-fake-comments-identities)

- [Vice: Trolls Paid by a Telecom Lobbying Firm Keep Commenting on My Net Neutrality Articles](https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/trolls-paid-by-a-telecom-lobbying-firm-keep-commenting-on-my-net-neutrality-articles-806)

- [The Guardian: In a New York investigation dubbed "Operation Clean Turf," dentists, lawyers, an ultra-sound clinic, Staten Island bus company US Coachways, a charter bus operator, a teeth-whitening service, a laser hair-removal chain and an adult entertainment club were caught buying fake reviews. The fake review companies posted on sites like Citysearch, Google, Yahoo and Yelp.](https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/23/new-york-fake-online-reviews-yoghurt)

- [New York Times: When a Company's Product Is Under Fire, One Option is to Plant a Defender in the Chat Room](http://partners.nytimes.com/library/tech/99/10/circuits/articles/14spin.html)

- [Time: Social Media Manipulation? When “Indie” Bloggers and Businesses Get Cozy](http://business.time.com/2013/04/22/social-media-manipulation-when-indie-bloggers-and-businesses-get-cozy/)

- [New York Times: Give Yourself 5 Stars? Online, It Might Cost You](http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/23/technology/give-yourself-4-stars-online-it-might-cost-you.html?src=me&ref=general)

- [Chicago Tribune: Nutrition for sale: How Kellogg worked with 'independent experts' to tout cereal](http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-kellogg-independent-experts-cereal-20161121-story.html)

- [The Atlantic: Kim Kardashian was paid to post a selfie on Instagram and Twitter advertising a pharmaceutical product. Sent to 42 million followers on Instagram and 32 million on Twitter, this illegal advertisement did not contain any risk information or language specifying that it was a paid endorsement.](http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/09/fda-drug-promotion-social-media/404563/)

- [Warner Brothers fined for paying YouTube celebs to promote game without properly disclosing that the videos were paid endorsements.](https://techcrunch.com/2016/07/12/warner-brothers-fined-for-paying-youtube-celebs-to-promote-game/?ncid=mobilenavtrend)

- [Gamers promote gaming-gambling site on youtube by pretending to hit jackpot without disclosing that they own the site. They tried to retroactively write a disclosure covering their tracks, but were caught.](http://www.pcgamer.com/csgo-lotto-investigation-uncovers-colossal-conflict-of-interest/)

- [CSGO Lotto Owners Settle FTC’s First-Ever Complaint Against Individual Social Media Influencers](https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/press-releases/2017/09/csgo-lotto-owners-settle-ftcs-first-ever-complaint-against)

- ["Internet Reputation Management," founded by three partners in the New York area, recruits bloggers to write about clients on third-party sites, without necessarily disclosing that they're paid](http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2008-04-30/do-reputation-management-services-work-businessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice)

- [Slate: Want to Get Paid For TV Criticism? Shill for DISH.](http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2013/02/07/paid_internet_commenters_an_investigation_into_the_bizarrely_complex_marketing.html)

- [Sony viral marketing campaign exposed (2006). The company admits they ran the shady advertising campaign.](https://www.theguardian.com/technology/gamesblog/2006/dec/11/newsonyviral)

- [ADWEEK: Marketing on Reddit Is Scary, But These Success Stories Show Big Potential](http://www.adweek.com/news/technology/marketing-reddit-scary-these-success-stories-show-big-potential-168278)

- [BBC news: Amazon targets 1,114 'fake reviewers' in Seattle lawsuit](http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34565631)

- [New York Times: Lifestyle Lift, a cosmetic surgery company, reached a settlement with the State of New York over its attempts to fake positive consumer reviews on the Web. The company had ordered employees to pretend they were satisfied customers and write glowing reviews of its face-lift procedure on Web sites](http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/15/technology/internet/15lift.html?_r=1&emc=eta1)

- [Samsung Electronics Fined for Fake Online Comments](http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/10/24/samsung-electronics-fined-for-fake-online-comments/?_r=0) [in Taiwan]

#Shill Bots

- [Artificial intelligence chatbots will overwhelm human speech online; the rise of MADCOMs](https://medium.com/artificial-intelligence-policy-laws-and-ethics/artificial-intelligence-chatbots-will-overwhelm-human-speech-online-the-rise-of-madcoms-e007818f31a1)

- [Russian bots were active on Reddit last year, from /RussiaLago](https://np.reddit.com/RussiaLago/comments/76cq4d/exclusive_we_can_now_definitively_state_that/?st=j8s7535j&sh=36805d5d)

- [BBC- How online chatbots are already tricking you- Intelligent machines that can pass for humans have long been dreamed of, but as Chris Baraniuk argues, they’re already among us. The ramifications of astroturfing are in fact so serious that the US Department of Defense funded research to detect chatbots.](http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140609-how-online-bots-are-tricking-you)

- [Wired: Powered by rapid advances in artificial intelligence, propaganda bots will soon run on genetic algorithms that let their ideas and messaging evolve, based on the resonance and effectiveness of previous messages. We are likely to see versions of these bots deployed on US audiences as part of the 2016 presidential election campaigns.](http://www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2015/06/wired-world-2015/robot-propaganda)

- [BBC: More than four times as many tweets were made by automated accounts in favour of Donald Trump around the first US presidential debate as by those backing Hillary Clinton, a study says.](http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-37684418)

- [Discover Magazine: Researchers Uncover Twitter Bot Army That’s 350,000 Strong](http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2017/01/20/twitter-bot-army/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A%20DiscoverTechnology%20%28Discover%20Technology%29#.WIMl-oiLTnA)

- [The Rise of Social Bots](http://www.cacm.acm.org/magazines/2016/7/204021-the-rise-of-social-bots/fulltext)

- [Forbes: From Tinder Bots To 'Cuban Twitter', Welcome To 'Cognitive Hacking'](http://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2014/04/17/from-tinder-bots-to-covert-social-networks-welcome-to-cognitive-hacking/#4b78e2d92a7d)

- [Wired: Pro-Government Twitter Bots Try to Hush Mexican Activists](http://www.wired.com/2015/08/pro-government-twitter-bots-try-hush-mexican-activists/)

#Information about shilling on Reddit

- [slaterhearst spammed Reddit with links to The Atlantic. "The Daily Dot has confirmed that slaterhearst was Jared Keller, the associate editor and social media editor at magazine giant The Atlantic."](https://www.dailydot.com/society/atlantic-slaterhearst-jared-keller-reddit/)

- [Forbes: Reddit Is Being Manipulated By Big Financial Services Companies](https://www.forbes.com/sites/jaymcgrego2017/02/20/reddit-is-being-manipulated-by-big-financial-services-companies/#30b8b4f74c92)

- [User pushes InfoWars links on Reddit, eventually admits to working for Infowars.](https://np.reddit.com/shills/comments/6uau99/chemicals_in_reddit_are_turning_memes_gay_take/?st=j6r0g2om&sh=96f3dbf4)

- [Shareblue accounts caught in /politics posting links to Shareblue without disclosing their affiliation, which caused the mods to create a new disclosure rule and an official Shareblue account was registered. About a month later, Shareblue was again caught shilling on /politics without disclosing ties to the outlet, which caused them to ban Shareblue links to the sub.](http://archive.is/7HAkr)

- [Hillary Clinton Super Pac and "strategic research and rapid response team designed to defend Hillary Clinton from baseless attacks" openly admits to shilling on Reddit.](https://web.archive.org/web/20160618091140/http://correctrecord.org/barrier-breakers-2016-a-project-of-correct-the-record/)

- [User posts video using GoPro, gets video to front page, admits in comments that GoPro sent him free cameras in exchange for advertising.](https://np.reddit.com/videos/comments/2ejpbb/yes_it_is_true_i_boiled_my_gopro_to_get_you_this/ck0btnb/?context=3&st=j0qt0xnf&sh=ef13ba81) (archive: http://archive.is/ICGrl)

- [Top mod of /Mechanical_Gifs tries to sell subreddit on ebay for 999.00 dollars.](http://archive.is/kU1Ly)

- [How Reddit Got Huge: Tons of Fake Accounts - According to Reddit cofounder Steve Huffman, in the early days the Reddit crew just faked it ‘til they made it.](https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/how-reddit-got-huge-tons-of-fake-accounts--2)

- [Shill posts picture of a dog in a hammock with the brand clearly visible without indicating that it's an ad in the title of the post, making it an illegal advertisement. Later, he posts a promo code in the comments for 20 percent off his hammocks.](http://archive.is/Mfdk9)

- [Redditor who works for a potato mailing company admits to being a shill. He shows off his 27 thousand dollars he made in /pics](http://i.imgur.com/CcTHwdS.png) (Screenshot because he deleted his posts.) [[Here's the thread.](https://np.reddit.com/HailCorporate/comments/3gl8zi/that_potato_mailing_company_is_at_it_again/)]

- [/netsec talks about gaming reddit via sockpuppets and how online discourse is (easily) manipulated.](https://np.reddit.com/netsec/comments/38wl43/we_used_sock_puppets_in_rnetsec_last_year_and_are)

- [Reddit is being gamed by professional shills every day. We investigate how widespread the problem of fake comments and fake votes is in our Reddit For Sale follow-up. [11:48]](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4uIrnEIuL8o&t)

- [Reddit For Sale: How We Bought The Top Spot For $200 [8:27]](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6SAkUs3urrg)

- [Some websites use shill accounts to spam their competitor's articles, causing their competitors to become banned on Reddit.](https://np.reddit.com/TheoryOfReddit/comments/1ja4nf/lets_talk_about_those_playing_reddit_with/?st=iunay35w&sh=d841095d)

- [Wikileaks: Reddit cofounder consulting for Stratfor to bring in the social media dollars](https://search.wikileaks.org/gifiles/?viewemailid=282044)

- [Shilling on Reddit is openly admitted to in this Forbes article](http://www.forbes.com/sites/julesschroede2016/03/10/the-magic-formula-behind-going-viral-on-reddit/#1d2485b05271)

- [What I learned selling my Reddit accounts](https://medium.com/@Rob79/what-i-learned-selling-my-reddit-accounts-c5e9f6348005#.u5zt0mti3)

- [Reddit automation bot: "Run Up To 100 Threads, Checks For Valid Proxy Access & Also To Check If Banned From Site, Keyword Based Submission Finder & Vote Up/Down Capabilities, Mass upvote or downvote Mode..."](https://web.archive.org/web/20160323141612/http://www.blackhattoolz.com/redditbot.php)

- [Boostupvotes.com](https://archive.fo/WdbYQ)

- [Reddit Secrets, buy upvotes](https://archive.fo/SCWN7)

- [Reddit Secrets, buy pre-aged and high karma accounts](https://archive.fo/NAwBx)

#Science
submitted by GrabEmbytheMAGA to IWork4DavidBrock [link] [comments]


2020.03.04 13:00 pchain_org PCHAIN & Gate.io AMA Summary

PCHAIN & Gate.io AMA Summary

https://preview.redd.it/tpke0a4ckmk41.jpg?width=1400&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6f48550202be5ec32428a0edf5214954dcd345cc
Glad to have a great AMA with Gate.io on Feb.13th, 2020. Read patiently and you will get more known about PCHAIN and the future of PCHAIN.
For the AMA in Chinese, welcome to visit: https://www.gate.io/help/livetext/17312
Gate.io: Very happy to invite Dr. Jeff, founder of PCHAIN as our guest today!
Dr Jeff: I am very happy to receive an exclusive interview with Gate.io to share and exchange some things about the development of PCHAIN ​​with you.
Gate.io: Dr Jeff, you were engaged in Internet finance in 2017. Why did you want to do PCHAIN ​​as a public chain?
Dr Jeff: The development path of the Internet is that applications are king. You can see that many good Internet companies are doing applications. The blockchain is the next generation Internet. At that time, considering applications was a very good place to stay, and the best direction. It is the financial sector. At the time, I was the chief scientist of Internet finance at IBM and the head of the blockchain. At the time of 2015 and 2016, Ethereum was also very early. But after completing the application discovery, I found that the underlying technology is not enough. All applications need a good public chain as the basic support. It is in line with the stable development law and it is gradual, so I decided to do this underlying building block. In addition, many functions of Ethereum have been criticized, such as performance. Many public chains 2.0 and 3.0 have emerged to solve the performance problem-TPS, and we have also made many innovations. From TPS, interoperability, cross-chain to application direction by 2020, changes are very fast. Of course, we have also achieved very good results on TPS: Under the 1064 intercontinental (Asia, Europe, America) node environment, it can support 256 childchains to produce blocks in parallel and interoperate with the main chain without issue. The test network measured 126,000 TPS, theoretical TPS is 180,000 TPS, and can be infinitely expanded horizontally. This is not difficult from a technical perspective in the local area network, but it is difficult to achieve it in a transcontinental environment. This is a very good foundation, and we will develop applications in the future.
Gate.io: Users ask: How do you think of the progress made in PCHAIN ​​and how do you think of Private CCC?
Dr Jeff: This is what I want to talk about in this AMA. One direction is DeFi, including Staking. In addition to these two directions, more opportunities from the applications in the industry. In terms of industry opportunities, we have a pioneering layout, which is to propose a new concept: commercial childchain, Private CCC. Because the domestic regulatory environment is difficult to achieve large-scale direct public chain applications in China, everyone expects the form of alliance chains. However, the alliance chain has limited imagination space, produces results in a small scope, and the communication link between the alliance chain and the public chain does not exist. It is equivalent to setting up many small local area networks, but now everyone is directly connected to the Internet. We did a multi-chain commercial childchain architecture at the time, including 256 childchains in parallel worldwide, also to verify the scalability and technical stability of this architecture. A question of mutual trust. How to trust it? Through the interaction between the main chain and the childchain, the information on the childchain is continuously updated to the main chain. When an alliance chain wants to know the information of its alliance chain, it can fully trust the information recorded on the main chain in history. This will surely link everyone together and is in line with China’s policies. This is a very important logic that we propose for the commercial childchain. It is a consideration and design oriented to supervision and future-oriented.
Gate.io: When did PCHAIN ​​start?
Dr Jeff: The white paper was released at the end of March 2018, and the mainnet was launched on March 30, 2019. In less than a year, the main chain has generated more than 10 million blocks. Let’s take a specific example: Ethereum launched the mainnet in July 2015. Until this year, about 5 years already, the total block is 9 million.
Gate.io: Will it produce invalid information accumulation?
Dr Jeff: Yes, but there is a follow-up solution, which is SmartData-Intelligent Data Processing, which was released last year. It is scored on this framework. It is different from the simplest highest TPS. In the past, many blocks will be empty. Redundancy is even worthless, which will put a lot of pressure on the node disk. After the release of SmartData reduction, it successfully compressed 200G to 20G, which is almost 10 times compression. In theory, mobile phones can run on it. But because of some bandwidth requirements, the subsequent continuous evolution process, the ultimate goal is to make the nodes lighter and lighter and let more nodes access.
Gate.io: We are also mining at Pos nodes. Staking is hot in 2019, what do you think of Staking?
Dr Jeff: Halved, burning is also very hot this year. Why is burning important? I think it is related to Staking. Staking is naturally an inflation. There will be more and more tokens. Only burning will make the value continuously increase.
Gate.io: How did you consider this piece of PCHAIN?
Dr Jeff: We have such a mechanism for planning POS in the white paper, and we have always believed that it is leading the technology development trend in the industry. People who have read the PCHAIN ​​white paper will understand that PCHAIN ​​is also a halved token. Like Bitcoin, our mechanism is also halved in 4 years. This year is the second year. Second, the total amount is constant. How much Ethereum will issue on the original basis each year, and the newly mined Token on PCHAIN ​​is limited to 15% of pos. If it cannot be mined already, the owner on the childchain can go to the market to buy Token and inject it into the childchain, so that the miners of the childchain have the motivation to continue mining. This is different from Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Gate.io: Users ask: When will the commercial childchain start?
Dr Jeff: First quarter. The most important part of the year 2020 plan is the commercial childchain. The commercial childchain project in the first quarter must be confirmed. Although the impact of the new coronavirus, we are still very confident and communication has been ongoing.
Gate.io: How many commercial childchains are expected to be in PCHAIN ​​this year?
Dr Jeff: It’s hard to predict, but I can tell you that there are three childchains moving forward. Recently, there have been successive partners and domestic top software developers communicating. Because of the high incidence of blockchain applications this year, if they cooperate with large-scale software development, there may be a relatively explosive momentum.
Gate.io: What do you think of Staking?
Dr Jeff: Many of us still think from a technical point of view. POW has been for many years. The disadvantages of power consumption have been around for a long time, but the degree of decentralization is high. The future trend must be the large-scale application of the blockchain. This is a trend, and efficiency is very important. All projects are talking about POS. Staking is a derivative of the consensus mechanism. Only by holding the token in it will we focus on its security . Many early projects also exposed a lot of problems, which gradually reduced by half.
Gate.io: What are the shortcomings in the development process that need to be improved?
Dr Jeff: The shortcomings in the market are still relatively lacking. In 2018, our focus is all overseas, so the domestic voice is relatively small. After 2019, it has been developing and strengthening in the domestic market area, so that more people recognize PCHAIN.
Gate.io: I think we have our own wallet?
Dr Jeff: Yes, the current function can be staking, and a cross-chain transfer can be performed between the main chain and the childchain. Its basic positioning is a technology-oriented wallet, and the future plan is also in terms of technology. For example, quickly put some interesting applications (especially Ethereum) on PCHAIN, which is also a relatively important function. We are compatible with EVM of Ethereum. An Ethereum application developer can put it on PCHAIN ​​with almost no code changes.
Gate.io: What other application scenarios does the blockchain have in addition to the cryptocurrency circle? How to balance speed and decentralization under safe conditions?
Dr Jeff: Impossible triangle of blockchain, security, efficiency and security, in a certain perspective, there is no solution. The fundamental problem of balance lies in whether the consensus algorithm itself is good enough. Our original new consensus algorithm is called PDBFT consensus algorithm. Last year, everyone talked more than BFT, VIF random numbers, and a BOS data compression, including the Cosmos overseas team said that BOS has been integrated, our PDBFT integrates these three factors together, let the communication volume from the square of N to N, the degree of decentralization has been improved while ensuring efficiency.
Gate.io: The current commercial childchain is Private Chain. How to connect to Public Chain?
Dr Jeff: Cross-chain. In the future, in addition to its own main chain and childchains, it can also cross other chains.
Gate.io: Why did you choose to be listed at Gate.io?
Dr Jeff: Gate.io is one of the few exchanges that is very consistent with our basic thinking and philosophy of work, including founder Mr. Han, who has been persistently committed to technology, and even we have studied technical details for several hours. We have also contacted the founders of many exchanges. There are not many people like founder Mr. Han who know every detail very well. Secondly, Gate.io has a good community foundation. I think Gate.io is also in the world TOP position, its transaction volume and non-wash trading order are very real, this is very consistent with the spiritual pursuit of the blockchain.
Gate.io: Our users ask you, how to reduce the number of communication handshake to maintain consistency? The current workload proofs are all based on Sha256. Is there any further progress?
Dr Jeff: The Sha256 workload proof belongs to POW’s consensus algorithm and belongs to an axiom proof. Based on this axiom, everyone agrees that its decentralization is very good. However, in all POS, the emphasis is on cooperative handshake, which cannot be reduced from the perspective of collaboration, but it can reduce the amount of information transmitted during the collaboration process. Example: The reduction of communication volume makes the amount of collaboration less. Through communication compression, a lot of people shaking hands at the same time also improve the efficiency.
Gate.io: If the user wants to know some information, in addition to the official website and public account, and where can I find the desired content on the domestic platform?
Dr Jeff: If you prefer technology, you can go to github to watch it. There have been 23 major and minor upgrades since the mainnet launch last year.
Gate.io: What are the main adjustments to the mainnet upgrade?
Dr Jeff: It’s mainly rewarding. It’s a small part of staking for optimization.
Gate.io: Can you talk about future plans?
Dr Jeff: In the future, the focus will be on the commercial childchain. In addition to this, SmartData will be more important. At present, it is relatively new. Like Oracle, it is also part of SmartData.
Gate.io: How many people are using the new commercial childchain?
Dr Jeff: Generally speaking, there were thousands of data on a commercial childchain last year.
Gate.io: Some of the businesses on PCHAIN ​​are private chains. How can we get to the common chain in the future?
Dr Jeff: The commercial childchain itself has such a switch, uploading a part of the hash value to the public chain, and the user can operate it if he wants to open the switch, which depends on the consensus of these enterprises participating in the alliance chain.

Dr. Jeff Cao introduction
Dr Jeff, the founder of PCHAIN, the chief scientist of the China Internet of Things blockchain, the inventor of China’s first blockchain international patent, and the co-sponsor of China Ledger. In 2016, he completed the world ’s first transfer of blockchain asset income rights. He was the head of the IBM blockchain and has published a total of 22 top international papers and more than 30 US patents. He has chaired multiple ACM IEEE top international conference forums.

You can follow PCHAIN below
Telegram 1, Telegram(Chinese Community) Telegram(Russian Community),Telegram(Spanish Community) Telegram(Germany Community), Telegram (French Community) Telegram (Vietnam Community), Telegram Announcement Channel Twitter, Steemit,RedditFoundeCEO’s Twitter
submitted by pchain_org to Pchain_Org_Official [link] [comments]


2020.02.20 19:45 Quippykisset dr5

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https://app.dealroom.co/investors/backingminds
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/group\_de\_ceuster
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/havas
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/twins\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/daniel\_murray
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/igor\_schlumberger
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/koen\_desmedt
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/capital\_cell
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bioeconomy\_capital\_sustainable\_conversion\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ron\_hillmann
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/participations\_besan\_on
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/82\_invest
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nyenburgh\_holding\_b\_v\_
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/novalis\_lifesciences
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/rembrandt\_venture\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/danone
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/mtg\_media\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/herman\_verrelst
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/annie\_vereecken
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/imec
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/berlin\_hyp
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/perivoli\_innovations
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/section23
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mcrock\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/venturra\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/eric\_wahlforss
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gjeh\_pty
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/graham\_williams
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mertoun\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/staff\_holding
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/nokia
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/fran\_ois\_hisquin
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/flerie\_invest
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/lynwood
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/unexo
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/green\_gateway\_fund
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/m\_lheim\_ruhr
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/btp\_capital\_investment
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/alexsis\_de\_raadtst\_james
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/simon\_franks
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mark\_cuban
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/alexsis\_de\_raadt\_st\_james
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/advent\_venture\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/ravensburger\_digital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/foobar\_technologies
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/schibstedmediagroup
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/geoff\_donaker
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/paul\_hsiao
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ross\_lewis
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/matt\_wyndowe
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gokul\_rajaram
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/scott\_roza
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/tony\_emms
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/greg\_gladwell
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/stuart\_bartlett
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/west\_coast\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/645\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/volksvermogen
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/financiere\_de\_la\_gommerie
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/o\_reilly\_alphatech\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/the\_vertical\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/alsop\_louie\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sonorfi
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/heran
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/team\_europe
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/groupe\_siparex
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/craigie\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/angels\_for\_impact
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/leonardo\_venture
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/loic\_le\_meur
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/liu\_invest
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jose\_marin
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/woodford\_patient\_capital\_trust
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/piper\_fund
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/tashir
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jean\_paul\_guisset
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/radeberger\_gruppe
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/aereco
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/france\_angels
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/open\_cnp
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/hevella\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/immotech\_venture
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/zimmer\_medizinsysteme
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/hellman\_friedman
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sean\_park
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/uber
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mitsubishi\_ufj\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kin\_yat
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/comdata
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/iglobe\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/ncsoft
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/dt\_capital\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/foresteffectfund
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/circularity\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sofina
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ldc
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/pawel\_chudzinski
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/the\_l\_officiel\_fund
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/akershus\_energi
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/cathey\_world\_investment
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/abalis\_finance
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/andreas\_burike\_1
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/andreas\_jenne
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/j\_rgen\_hambrechtt
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/patrick\_grimlund
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ren\_k\_hler
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/msif
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/grand\_delta\_angels
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/phitrust\_partenaires
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/inderhabs\_investments
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/leansquare
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/peter\_mckay
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/anders\_bjornsbo
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/karsten\_mathiesen
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/morten\_mathiesen
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/alex\_lebrun
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/connecticut\_angel\_guild
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/earthrise\_capital\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/stobart\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/elephant
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/globe\_advisors
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/saison\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/liberty\_city\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/okwave
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/fundfire
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/apexfree
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/initialized\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/idg\_capital\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/scope
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/divc
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/e15\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/gettylab
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/philippe\_finkelstein
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/michael\_rubenstein
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sir\_michael\_marshall
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/laurence\_parisot
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/philippe\_dufour
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/michael\_rubenstein
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sir\_michael\_marshall
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/laurence\_parisot
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/philippe\_dufour
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/norbert\_furnion
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/tamim\_jabr
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gr\_goire\_boutin
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/martin\_klenk
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/carsten\_thoma
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/alexander\_rinke
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bastian\_nominacher
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/vincent\_rosso
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/oleg\_evseenkov
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/phil\_libin
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/richard\_socher
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/lk\_finans
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/the\_accelerator\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/moor\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/goodfellows
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/julien\_mangeard
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/thibaut\_faures\_fustel\_de\_coulanges
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/louis\_duclert
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/adam\_di\_angelo
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/cft\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nordwind\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ammann\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/summit\_action
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/aalto\_university
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/adp\_gauselmann
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/g2h2\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/berlin\_venture\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/axel\_springer\_electronic\_media
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jesper\_johansen
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/qbe\_seguros\_la\_buenos\_aires
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/starr\_insurance
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/steven\_chang
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/miniwhiz
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/force\_29
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/oion\_oxford\_investment\_opportunity\_network
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/melies\_business\_angels
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/look\_fin
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/intermedia
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/como
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/doberman\_forward
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/dmitry\_shurygin
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/frederic\_court
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/henrik\_landgren
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/peter\_minne
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/targeted\_technology\_fund
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/wessel\_management
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nextstage\_am
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/media\_more\_ventures\_mmv
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sap\_io
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/keren\_finance
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sunny\_am
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/arts\_et\_biens
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/vasgos
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/acme\_investments
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sto\_rahoitus
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/matexi
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/china\_materialia
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/emk\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/wolfman\_one
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/q\_venture\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/reshma\_sohoni
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kamet\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nick\_mason
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/dario\_franchitti
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/annika\_small
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jeffrey\_thomas
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/taiho\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/xtx\_markets
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kolja\_hebenstreit
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sino\_german\_high\_tech\_fund\_sghf
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/lanta\_capital\_holdings
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/internet\_foundation\_sweden
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/johan\_siwers
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/pablo\_zubicaray
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/adam\_draper
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bitfury\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bagheera\_holding
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/roger\_ehrenberg
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mark\_suster
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bryan\_meehan
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/simon\_rozas
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/christian\_stadil
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/daniel\_agger
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jan\_bech\_andersen
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nikolaj\_coster\_waldau
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/thorleif\_krarup
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/klaus\_holse
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/j\_rgen\_bardenfleth
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/herbert\_nathan
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/rene\_obermann
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/elio\_leoni\_sceti
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/erhard\_schoewel
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gsv\_acceleration
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/science
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/zubr\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/confrapar
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/cosmo\_company\_co\_
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bjarke\_ingels
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/silicon\_valley\_data\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/medicash
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kingdom\_holding\_company
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/five\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/hong\_kong\_science\_technology\_parks\_corporation\_hkstp
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/general\_electric
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/start\_up\_chile
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/phenomen\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/peter\_enberg
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/aleksander\_boykov
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/prodeko\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/metsola\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/athensmed
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kite\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/whiterock\_capital\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/seligman\_private\_equity\_select
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/andy\_oldham
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/joe\_middleton
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nick\_wheeler
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/will\_hobhouse
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/the\_walt\_disney\_company
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/foresight\_williams
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/chris\_bouwer
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/robin\_vasan
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/guillermo\_rauch
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/john\_komkov
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nick\_schrock
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/augusto\_marietti
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/spencer\_kimball
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nicholas\_dessaigne
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/transvision
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/frenquentis
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/facebook\_fbstart
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/morten\_strunge
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/dutch\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/novamedia
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jeroen\_van\_velzen\_1
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/koen\_bavinck
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/markus\_emmer
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/vento
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/energiiq
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/capital\_dirigeants\_partenaires
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ftr\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/toulouse\_tech\_transfer
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ouest\_angels
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/han\_de\_groot
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/altos\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/sound\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/paladin\_capital\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kelvin\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/fosun\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/archangel
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/holiday\_extras
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bryanston
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/finnfund\_finnish\_fund\_for\_industrial\_cooperation\_ltd\_
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/cascara\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/hamburg\_family\_office
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/push\_ventures
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/berendsen
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/groupama
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/skandiabanken
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/osram
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/dentsu
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/falcon\_io
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/occident\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/privanet
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/tower\_brook\_capital\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/nielsen
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/synthesio
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/promentum\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/doctena
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/evatic
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/motory
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/efficy
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/combell\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/paulig
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/tinkoff\_digital
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/coupa\_software
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/academedia
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/zipjet
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/repsol
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/outbrain
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ged\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bvf\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/monitise\_create
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/monitise\_create
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/inside\_secure
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/crealogix\_pte\_ltd\_
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/az\_medien
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/wireless\_logic
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/skyscanner
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gu\_holding
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/coffee\_stain\_studios
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/laundrapp
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/axel\_johnson
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/madsack\_media\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/brandwatch
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/materialise
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/equiniti
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/cbs\_interactive
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/verve
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/pai\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/be\_beteiligungen\_gmbh\_co\_kg
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/oakley\_capital\_m\_a\_
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mml\_capital\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/softline\_venture\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/leonard\_green\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/rutland\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/eci\_partners
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/venturesouq
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/axfood
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/garmin
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/cargill
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/first\_derivatives
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/moovenda
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/apogee\_corporation
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/t\_v\_s\_d
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/truphone
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/micro\_focus
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/moovel
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/varengold
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/actility
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/the\_hain\_celestial\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/sixt\_car\_rental
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/proximus\_be
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/finastra
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/axis\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/kgh\_customs\_services
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/colruyt\_group
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/userzoom
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/lime\_1
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/almi\_f\_retagspartner
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/hid\_global
https://app.dealroom.co/companies/mag\_interactive
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gary\_lin
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/nicklas\_stor\_kers
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/gary\_vaynerchuk
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/stefan\_peukert
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/daniel\_sch\_tt
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/stefan\_smalla
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/marginalen\_bank
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/dr\_ralph\_eric\_kunz
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/thomas\_bachem
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/julian\_teicke
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mohammed\_al\_amoudi
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/fabian\_thylmann
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/georg\_von\_werz
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/lars\_wingefors
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/julius\_baer
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/marc\_stilke
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/neil\_hutchinson
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/jonathan\_howell
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/chris\_lee
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/javier\_rubio\_planellas
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/reflex\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/javier\_rubio\_planellas
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/oriol\_tom\_s
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/daniel\_gutenberg
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/incense
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/pierre\_antoine\_dusoulier
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/didier\_rousseau
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/haruko\_fukuda
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/oliver\_bolitho
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/hugh\_sloane
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/bray\_capital
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/ronny\_conway
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/kevin\_durant
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/david\_giampaolo
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/edward\_rumble
https://app.dealroom.co/investors/mark\_logan
submitted by Quippykisset to peaceCorpsCoding [link] [comments]


2020.01.02 05:58 brad4711 Catalyst Timeline - 2020

2020 Q1
2020 Q2
2020 Q3
2020 Q4
2021
[1] Specific show dates and/or exhibitors lists are in progress, need to revisit to confirm AMD's participation
[2] Show cancelled or postponed due to COVID-19 concerns
Note: If you have a link you'd like to share, PM me or post the info below.
Written by Bill Ung
submitted by brad4711 to AMD_Stock [link] [comments]


2019.12.11 14:33 eventbot What's happening around town (Wed, Dec 11th - Tue, Dec 17th)

Oklahoma City's event list.

Wednesday, Dec 11th

  • 🎓 5th Annual Red Earth Treefest (Red Earth Art Center - Oklahoma City) Thru Fri, Dec 13th Start Time: 9:00am Red Earth Art Center has partnered with OSU-OKC to celebrate the holiday season with a distinctive Native flair. Purchase beautiful handmade Christmas ornaments.…
  • 2019 Lights from the Heart (Heart of Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce - Purcell) Thru Fri, Dec 13th Start Time: 5:30pm Drive around Purcell City Lake and create holiday memories as you see over 190 animated displays featuring over 650,000 lights! There is no admission fee, but…
  • 🍴 Anthem Drown Night! (HiLo Club - Oklahoma City) Our local friends at Anthem Brewing Co. have some great beers! Every Wednesday night from 9pm to close enjoy $8 Drown Night! Their Power Pils will be flowing!
  • Bi-Weekly Meetup (51st st. Speakeasy - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 5:00pm
  • Oklahoma City Blue vs Salt Lake City Stars (Cox Convention Center - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 7:00pm Come see some thrilling professional basketball during the Oklahoma City Blue 2019-20 season. Experience the fast-paced…
  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • 🏃 Christmas in the Park 2019 (Yukon City Park - Yukon) Thru Fri, Dec 13th Start Time: 6:00pm It’s time for Yukon’s breathtaking Christmas in the Park, a magical wonderland of visual entertainment offered starting The Saturday before Thanksgiving, then…
  • 🎓 Clear Captions (Edmond Senior Center - Edmond) Start Time: 10:00am Are you experiencing hearing loss that inhibits your phone use? Todd Brannon will discuss how you may qualify to receive a ClearCaption phone at no cost to you.
  • Edmond Electric's Luminance 2019 (Mitch Park - Edmond) Thru Fri, Dec 13th Start Time: 5:00pm The Second Annual Luminance is the a walk-thru holiday light display that will be open to the public from November 23 - January 5. This year, there will be 30 three…
  • Oklahoma City Futurity (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Better Barrel Races presents the Oklahoma City Futurity at Oklahoma State Fair Park. This equestrian event will feature…
  • 🎨 Holiday Lights Spectacular (Midwest City) Thru Fri, Dec 13th Start Time: 6:00pm Experience Midwest City's holiday lights display all holiday season long at Joe B. Barnes Regional Park! This display is open each night from Nov. 22 to Dec. 25 to…
  • Ian Moore in Concert (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Texas-born singer, songwriter and guitarist Ian Moore will take the stage at Oklahoma City's The Blue Door to…
  • Ian Moore's Annual Holiday Concert (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:00pm
  • 🎡 Looking For Something? (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Thru Fri, Dec 13th Start Time: 8:00pm Ian Moore, the Seattle-based, Austin, TX-born guitar player, singer and songwriter makes the proverbial renaissance man look lazy.
  • 😂 Matt Sadler (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th
  • Reading Wednesday (Myriad Botanical Gardens - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Reading Wednesdays Every Wednesday, 10am The South Lobby FREE Best for ages 2 to 5 Books are nature-themed and selected based on the season. We’ll begin with an…
  • Red Earth Treefest (OSU-OKC - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Celebrate the Christmas season during the fun and festive Red Earth Treefest. This holiday attraction, held in a new…
  • Santa’s Wonderland returns to Bass Pro Shops featuring FREE photos with Santa (The Shop - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Santa’s Wonderland is the ultimate free family Christmas event. The magic returns to Bass Pro Shops and Oklahoma City-area families are invited to enjoy this…
  • 🎨 Teen Christmas Movies (Guthrie Library - Guthrie) Start Time: 4:00pm We will watch movies and eat popcorn and snackage. Be ready for a jolly fun time! The 4th- “White Christmas & Home Alone. The 11th- It’s a Wonderful Life. The…
  • Territorial Christmas Celebrations (Pollard Theatre - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Guthrie's Territorial Christmas Celebrations are at the heart of Oklahoma's traditional expression of the holidays,…
  • Victorian Walk (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Guthrie has long been a destination for fans of Victorian architecture and with this lovely holiday walking tour, you can…

Thursday, Dec 12th

  • 🎓 5th Annual Red Earth Treefest (Red Earth Art Center - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Start Time: 9:00am Red Earth Art Center has partnered with OSU-OKC to celebrate the holiday season with a distinctive Native flair. Purchase beautiful handmade Christmas ornaments.…
  • 2019 Lights from the Heart (Heart of Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce - Purcell) 1 day left Start Time: 5:30pm Drive around Purcell City Lake and create holiday memories as you see over 190 animated displays featuring over 650,000 lights! There is no admission fee, but…
  • 🎨 The Art Hall Holiday Pop-Up Shop (Oklahoma City Museum of Art - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 6:00pm The Art Hall is here to help out with your holiday shopping needs! The gallery will host a pop-up shop in conjunction with Uptown23rd’s Holiday Lights party on…
  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • 🏃 Christmas in the Park 2019 (Yukon City Park - Yukon) 1 day left Start Time: 6:00pm It’s time for Yukon’s breathtaking Christmas in the Park, a magical wonderland of visual entertainment offered starting The Saturday before Thanksgiving, then…
  • Dance Senior Project Fall Concert (University of Central Oklahoma - Edmond) Start Time: 7:30pm
  • Deer Creek Prairie Vale Choir (Edmond Senior Center - Edmond) Start Time: 10:15am Come sing Christmas Carols with Deer Creek Prairie Vale Honor Choir. Director Tricia Cochlin.
  • Edmond Electric's Luminance 2019 (Mitch Park - Edmond) 1 day left Start Time: 5:00pm The Second Annual Luminance is the a walk-thru holiday light display that will be open to the public from November 23 - January 5. This year, there will be 30 three…
  • 🎭 Elysian: Divinely Inspired - Senior Project Showcase. (University of Central Oklahoma - Edmond) Start Time: 7:30pm UCO Dancers preparing to graduate showcase their senior projects
  • Oklahoma City Futurity (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Better Barrel Races presents the Oklahoma City Futurity at Oklahoma State Fair Park. This equestrian event will feature…
  • 🎨 Holiday Lights Spectacular (Midwest City) 1 day left Start Time: 6:00pm Experience Midwest City's holiday lights display all holiday season long at Joe B. Barnes Regional Park! This display is open each night from Nov. 22 to Dec. 25 to…
  • 🎭 Jipsi & Friends Holiday Bash Live at ACM (ACM @ UCO - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 5:00pm We are excited to partner with our friends at The [email protected] Student Organization to present to you all our very first Jipsi & Friends Holiday Bash on December 12,…
  • 🎓 Lego Club (Guthrie Library - Guthrie) Start Time: 3:30pm Create, Build, Learn, and have Fun! RSVP for this event. All Ages are Welcome. Please keep your Legos at home unless you wish to make a donation to the Guthrie…
  • 🎡 Looking For Something? (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Start Time: 8:00pm Ian Moore, the Seattle-based, Austin, TX-born guitar player, singer and songwriter makes the proverbial renaissance man look lazy.
  • 😂 Matt Sadler (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th
  • Ramblin' Jack Elliott (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Hear one of the last true links to the great folk traditions of this country as Ramblin’ Jack Elliott performs a…
  • Red Earth Treefest (OSU-OKC - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Celebrate the Christmas season during the fun and festive Red Earth Treefest. This holiday attraction, held in a new…
  • 😂 The Santaland Diaries (Carpenter Square Theatre - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 Start Time: 7:30pm Carpenter Square Heads to ‘Santaland’ for the Holidays Carpenter Square Theatre celebrates the holiday season with “The Santaland Diaries” November…
  • Territorial Christmas Celebrations (Pollard Theatre - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Guthrie's Territorial Christmas Celebrations are at the heart of Oklahoma's traditional expression of the holidays,…
  • 🎓 There’s No Business Like Snow Business (UCO Jazz Lab - Edmond) Day 1 of 2 Start Time: 7:30pm Sure to get you in the holiday spirit, come join in on a festivity-filled evening of your favorite holiday tunes performed by some of Central’s finest Musical…
  • The Truth about Living to be 100 (Francis Tuttle Technology Center North Campus - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Living to 100 years and beyond hadn’t really been a possibility (or consideration) for many people…until recently that is. Right now, there are more than 72,000…
  • Uptown Holiday Lights Block Party (Uptown 23rd - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 6:00pm Uptown 23rd District Association will be debuting artistic holiday lights along N.W. 23rd St. from Harvey Ave. to Lee Ave. Funded by Inasmuch Foundation and…
  • Victorian Walk (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Guthrie has long been a destination for fans of Victorian architecture and with this lovely holiday walking tour, you can…
  • Youth Gingerbread House Decorating Contest (Guthrie Library - Guthrie) Start Time: 5:00pm MUST RSVP BY DECEMBER 10th TO PARTICIPATE**** We'll provide the kits, you provide the creation! Judging of Gingerbread Houses Will Take Place During Our 3rd Annual…

Friday, Dec 13th

  • 2nd Friday Norman Art Walk (Norman Arts District - Norman) The 2nd Friday Norman Art Walk, a monthly celebration of the arts in Norman, connects the downtown arts district with…
  • 🎓 5th Annual Red Earth Treefest (Red Earth Art Center - Oklahoma City) Last Day Start Time: 9:00am Red Earth Art Center has partnered with OSU-OKC to celebrate the holiday season with a distinctive Native flair. Purchase beautiful handmade Christmas ornaments.…
  • 2019 Lights from the Heart (Heart of Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce - Purcell) Last Day Start Time: 5:30pm Drive around Purcell City Lake and create holiday memories as you see over 190 animated displays featuring over 650,000 lights! There is no admission fee, but…
  • Amahl and the Night Visitors (First Baptist Church - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 Painted Sky Opera will bring the classic Amahl and the Night Visitors Christmas opera to life at the First Baptist Church of…
  • 🎨 Norman Art Walk (Norman Arts District - Norman) Start Time: 6:00pm Date: Fri, 12/13/2019 - 6:00pm - 9:00pm 2nd Friday Norman Art Walk is a free celebration of arts & creativity held monthly from 6 to 9 p.m. in the Walker Arts…
  • 🎨 Oklahoma City Blue vs. Salt Lake City Stars (Cox Convention Center - Oklahoma City) Sale Dates and Times: Public Onsale : Thu, 3 Oct 2019 at 10:00 AM
  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • Charlie Daniels Band in Concert (Riverwind Casino - Norman) Start Time: 8:00pm Round up the posse and head to Riverwind Casino in Norman for an exciting performance by bluegrass and country legends the…
  • 🏃 Christmas in the Park 2019 (Yukon City Park - Yukon) Last Day Start Time: 6:00pm It’s time for Yukon’s breathtaking Christmas in the Park, a magical wonderland of visual entertainment offered starting The Saturday before Thanksgiving, then…
  • Christmas With The Crawfords (The Boom - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:00pm
  • Edmond Electric's Luminance 2019 (Mitch Park - Edmond) Last Day Start Time: 5:00pm The Second Annual Luminance is the a walk-thru holiday light display that will be open to the public from November 23 - January 5. This year, there will be 30 three…
  • 🎓 Free Zumba (Guthrie Library - Guthrie) Start Time: 5:00pm Dress to sweat! Free Latin inspired dance fitness class. Space is Limited. RSVP. The City of Guthrie, OK - Municipal Government Guthrie, Oklahoma ChooseGuthrie…
  • Oklahoma City Futurity (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Better Barrel Races presents the Oklahoma City Futurity at Oklahoma State Fair Park. This equestrian event will feature…
  • 🎨 Gallery Reception - Small Works IX (The Depot - Norman) Start Time: 6:00pm One of the most popular exhibits in the Depot Gallery each year, Small Works features the work of 10 artists who have previously shown in the gallery, with each…
  • Geminid Meteor Shower Viewing (Martin Nature Park - Oklahoma City) Head to the Martin Park Nature Center & Trail in Oklahoma City for the Geminid Meteor Shower Viewing. At this special…
  • 🎨 Holiday Lights Spectacular (Midwest City) Last Day Start Time: 6:00pm Experience Midwest City's holiday lights display all holiday season long at Joe B. Barnes Regional Park! This display is open each night from Nov. 22 to Dec. 25 to…
  • 🎨 I, Doppelgänger (Alexis Austin & Mary James Ketch) + Greer Inez (Mainsite - Norman) Start Time: 6:00pm The human form finds itself as the center of two exhibitions opening at MAINSITE this December. I, Doppelgänger — featuring works from artists Alexis Austin and…
  • John Calvin Abney (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Tulsa's own John Calvin Abney takes the stage at The Blue Door in Oklahoma City. Abney is a multi-instrumental…
  • LIVE! on the Plaza: Festivus (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 6:00pm LIVE! on the Plaza is the Plaza District's free & monthly artwalk featuring art shows, live entertainment, great food and local shopping. Join us as we celebrate one…
  • 🎡 Looking For Something? (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Last Day Start Time: 8:00pm Ian Moore, the Seattle-based, Austin, TX-born guitar player, singer and songwriter makes the proverbial renaissance man look lazy.
  • 😂 Matt Sadler (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) 1 day left
  • 🎓 Oklahoma Hospitality Club (Gaillardia Country Club - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 12:00pm New Members contact: [email protected]
  • Red Earth Treefest (OSU-OKC - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Celebrate the Christmas season during the fun and festive Red Earth Treefest. This holiday attraction, held in a new…
  • 😂 The Santaland Diaries (Carpenter Square Theatre - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 Start Time: 7:30pm Carpenter Square Heads to ‘Santaland’ for the Holidays Carpenter Square Theatre celebrates the holiday season with “The Santaland Diaries” November…
  • Sugar Plum Promenade (Scissortail Park - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 Gather your friends and family to celebrate the holidays in Oklahoma City at Scissortail Park during the Sugar Plum…
  • Territorial Christmas Celebrations (Pollard Theatre - Guthrie) 1 day left Guthrie's Territorial Christmas Celebrations are at the heart of Oklahoma's traditional expression of the holidays,…
  • 🎓 There’s No Business Like Snow Business (UCO Jazz Lab - Edmond) Day 2 of 2 Start Time: 7:30pm Sure to get you in the holiday spirit, come join in on a festivity-filled evening of your favorite holiday tunes performed by some of Central’s finest Musical…
  • 😂 Veterans Christmas Dinner And Toy Drive Comedy Show (The Paramount OKC - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:00pm
  • Victorian Walk (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) 1 day left Guthrie has long been a destination for fans of Victorian architecture and with this lovely holiday walking tour, you can…
  • Walk Through Bethlehem (United Methodist Church of the Servant - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Head to the Church of the Servant in Oklahoma City for the annual Walk Through Bethlehem. For three nights, the campus will…
  • Yellow House Revisited: Song Swap w/ Jason Boland, Cody Canada & Mike McClure (Tower Theatre Studio - Oklahoma City) Get your tickets for an evening of singesongwriter Red Dirt magic when the Yellow House Revisited Song Swap sets up at…

Saturday, Dec 14th

  • Amahl and the Night Visitors (First Baptist Church - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 Painted Sky Opera will bring the classic Amahl and the Night Visitors Christmas opera to life at the First Baptist Church of…
  • Andy Adams in Concert (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Hear a very special tribute to the late Red Dirt icon Jimmy LaFave as Andy Adams takes the stage at The Blue Door in…
  • Black Joe Lewis & the Honeybears in Concert (Tower Theatre Studio - Oklahoma City) Hear Austin-based singer and guitarist Black Joe Lewis with his band the Honeybears live at Oklahoma City's Tower…
  • Oklahoma City Blue vs Rio Grande Valley Vipers (Cox Convention Center - Oklahoma City) Come see some thrilling professional basketball during the Oklahoma City Blue 2019-20 season. Experience the fast-paced…
  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Last Day Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • Cleveland County Craft Show (Cleveland County Fairgrounds - Norman) The Cleveland County Craft Show in Norman features home decorating, handmade, seasonal and specialty items presented by over…
  • Eagle Watch (Lake Thunderbird State Park - Norman) Eagle-watching adventure awaits you along the shores of Lake Thunderbird in Norman. Meet at the Discovery Cove Nature…
  • Oklahoma City Futurity (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Better Barrel Races presents the Oklahoma City Futurity at Oklahoma State Fair Park. This equestrian event will feature…
  • Indie Trunk Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) The Indie Trunk Show in Oklahoma City highlights the many local crafters, artists and businesses around the state. Head to…
  • Junior Botball Challenge (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Cheer on the elementary and middle school students competing in the MCN Junior Botball Challenge. Inside the Centennial…
  • Junk Hippy (Heritage Place Inc - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 9:00am Oklahoma's home for vintage since 2012! Don't miss this fun holiday shopping event with everything from vintage & midcentury finds, shabby & boho decor, farmhouse…
  • Norman Main Street Christmas Holiday Parade (Downtown - Norman) Jack Frost may be nipping at your nose, but you won't want to miss this Norman holiday tradition. The Norman Main Street…
  • 😂 Matt Sadler (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) Last Day
  • The Nutcracker (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 22nd Oklahoma City Ballet presents: "The Nutcracker" is a special performance the whole family will love. Share the…
  • 🎓 On Broadway Show Choir Auditions (Edmond Fine Arts - Edmond) Start Time: 9:00am Edmond “On Broadway” Show Choir (9th-12th Grade) is a performance-based class where students learn to prepare and perform popular music from current and classic…
  • 🍴 Polar Express PJ & Pancake Party (Myriad Botanical Gardens - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 9:30am Sponsored by Platt College Saturday, December 14, 9:30-11am Park House Event Center Member with skates: $25 Nonmember with skates: $30 No Ice Skates: $20 REGISTER…
  • Red Earth Treefest (OSU-OKC - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Celebrate the Christmas season during the fun and festive Red Earth Treefest. This holiday attraction, held in a new…
  • 🏃 Sandridge Santa Run (Leadership Square - Oklahoma City) Whether you run or walk, the entire family will enjoy some holiday fun and fitness at the Downtown in December SandRidge Santa Run. The SandRidge Santa Run includes…
  • Santa’s Wonderland returns to Bass Pro Shops featuring FREE photos with Santa (The Shop - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Santa’s Wonderland is the ultimate free family Christmas event. The magic returns to Bass Pro Shops and Oklahoma City-area families are invited to enjoy this…
  • Steel Panther in Concert (Diamond Ballroom - Oklahoma City) Steel Panther brings their Heavy Metal Rules Tour to Diamond Ballroom in Oklahoma City for an energetic night of heavy metal…
  • Styx in Concert (Riverwind Casino - Norman) Legendary rock band Styx brings their classic sound and dynamic style to the Riverwind Casino in Norman for a rockin'…
  • Sugar Plum Promenade (Scissortail Park - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 Gather your friends and family to celebrate the holidays in Oklahoma City at Scissortail Park during the Sugar Plum…
  • Territorial Christmas Celebrations (Pollard Theatre - Guthrie) Last Day Guthrie's Territorial Christmas Celebrations are at the heart of Oklahoma's traditional expression of the holidays,…
  • Victorian Walk (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Last Day Guthrie has long been a destination for fans of Victorian architecture and with this lovely holiday walking tour, you can…
  • Walk Through Bethlehem (United Methodist Church of the Servant - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Head to the Church of the Servant in Oklahoma City for the annual Walk Through Bethlehem. For three nights, the campus will…

Sunday, Dec 15th

  • Oklahoma City Futurity (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Last Day Better Barrel Races presents the Oklahoma City Futurity at Oklahoma State Fair Park. This equestrian event will feature…
  • The Nutcracker (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 22nd Oklahoma City Ballet presents: "The Nutcracker" is a special performance the whole family will love. Share the…
  • OU Sooners vs Sam Houston State Bearkats (The Lloyd Noble Center - Norman) Head to Norman to watch as the Oklahoma Sooners Women's Basketball take on the Sam Houston State Bearkats. Since the…
  • Red Earth Treefest (OSU-OKC - Oklahoma City) Last Day Celebrate the Christmas season during the fun and festive Red Earth Treefest. This holiday attraction, held in a new…
  • Riders in the Sky in Concert (Tower Theatre Studio - Oklahoma City) Hearken back to the days of yore when Riders in the Sky bring their combination of classic quartet music and…
  • Walk Through Bethlehem (United Methodist Church of the Servant - Oklahoma City) Last Day Head to the Church of the Servant in Oklahoma City for the annual Walk Through Bethlehem. For three nights, the campus will…

Monday, Dec 16th

  • The Nutcracker (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 22nd Oklahoma City Ballet presents: "The Nutcracker" is a special performance the whole family will love. Share the…

Tuesday, Dec 17th

  • The Nutcracker (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 22nd Oklahoma City Ballet presents: "The Nutcracker" is a special performance the whole family will love. Share the…
  • OU Sooners vs Drake Bulldogs (The Lloyd Noble Center - Norman) Head to Norman to watch as the Oklahoma Sooners Women's Basketball take on the Drake Bulldogs. Since the team's…

See Also

submitted by eventbot to okc [link] [comments]


2019.12.04 15:34 eventbot What's happening around town (Wed, Dec 4th - Tue, Dec 10th)

Oklahoma City's event list.

Wednesday, Dec 4th

  • 🎓 5th Annual Red Earth Treefest (Red Earth Art Center - Oklahoma City) Thru Fri, Dec 6th Start Time: 9:00am Red Earth Art Center has partnered with OSU-OKC to celebrate the holiday season with a distinctive Native flair. Purchase beautiful handmade Christmas…
  • 2019 Lights from the Heart (Heart of Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce - Purcell) Thru Fri, Dec 6th Start Time: 5:30pm Drive around Purcell City Lake and create holiday memories as you see over 190 animated displays featuring over 650,000 lights! There is no admission fee,…
  • ACM Alive (ACM @ UCO - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 6:30pm The [email protected] Alive! Concerts feature [email protected] students performing a variety of cover music ranging from classics to contemporary hits. The concerts rare great…
  • 🍴 Anthem Drown Night! (HiLo Club - Oklahoma City) Our local friends at Anthem Brewing Co. have some great beers! Every Wednesday night from 9pm to close enjoy $8 Drown Night! Their Power Pils will be flowing!
  • Art Show at DNA Galleries (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 8th Start Time: 6:00pm
  • Chamber Ambassador Meeting (Del City Chamber of Commerce - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:30am
  • Chevelle in Concert (Diamond Ballroom - Oklahoma City) Get ready for a fantastic rock and roll experience as Chevelle takes the Diamond Ballroom stage in Oklahoma City.…
  • Chevelle - Rock 100.5 Wreck the Halls 2019 (Diamond Ballroom - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 7:30pm Rock 100.5 The KATT Presents Wreck The Halls Chevelle with support by Convey & The Band Royale December 4 6:30 Door 7:30 Show All Ages Presale 9/25 -…
  • 🏃 Christmas in the Park 2019 (Yukon City Park - Yukon) Thru Fri, Dec 6th Start Time: 6:00pm It’s time for Yukon’s breathtaking Christmas in the Park, a magical wonderland of visual entertainment offered starting The Saturday before…
  • Cube Exercise with Villagers (The Cube - Bethany) Start Time: 9:00am Join fellow Villagers at an exercise class at the CUBE on Council Road! The CUBE at Council Road and VillagesOKC want to help you grow physically,…
  • Edmond Electric's Luminance 2019 (Mitch Park - Edmond) Thru Fri, Dec 6th Start Time: 5:00pm The Second Annual Luminance is the a walk-thru holiday light display that will be open to the public from November 23 - January 5. This year, there will be…
  • Golden Harmonizers Christmas Concert (Edmond Senior Center - Edmond) Start Time: 12:00pm
  • 🎨 Holiday Lights Spectacular (Midwest City) Thru Fri, Dec 6th Start Time: 6:00pm Experience Midwest City's holiday lights display all holiday season long at Joe B. Barnes Regional Park! This display is open each night from Nov. 22 to…
  • MC Chris in Concert (89th Street Collective - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 7:00pm Head to 89th Street in Oklahoma City for a mix of nerdcore hip hop and comedy straight out of MC Chris' mouth. Known for…
  • NRHA Futurity & Adequan Championship Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 7th The National Reining Horse Association (NRHA), with its international headquarters in Oklahoma City, presents one of the…
  • PJ Morton in Concert (Tower Theatre Studio - Oklahoma City) Grammy-winning solo artist and Maroon 5 keyboardist PJ Morton is bringing his blend of soul, pop and R&B to the historic…
  • Reading Wednesday (Myriad Botanical Gardens - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Reading Wednesdays Every Wednesday, 10am The South Lobby FREE Best for ages 2 to 5 Books are nature-themed and selected based on the season. We’ll begin…
  • Santa’s Wonderland returns to Bass Pro Shops featuring FREE photos with Santa (The Shop - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Santa’s Wonderland is the ultimate free family Christmas event. The magic returns to Bass Pro Shops and Oklahoma City-area families are invited to enjoy…
  • Sunbeam Family Services (Edmond Senior Center - Edmond) Start Time: 10:00am Talena Ford, from Sunbeam Family Services, will be here to talk about the services her organization offers to senior adults. Services include: the Emergency…
  • 🎨 Teen Christmas Movies (Guthrie Library - Guthrie) Start Time: 4:00pm We will watch movies and eat popcorn and snackage. Be ready for a jolly fun time! The 4th- “White Christmas & Home Alone. The 11th- It’s a Wonderful…
  • Teen Holiday Jammed in Jars (Norman Public Library - Norman) Start Time: 4:30pm Teens, join us to make "Jammed in Jars" to keep or give as a gift. You can choose between a hot chocolate mix or a cookie mix. One mix per person.…
  • 😂 Triple Feature Week OKC!!! (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 7th
  • 🏆 VillagesOKC Pickleball (Yukon Community Center - Yukon) Start Time: 11:00am Carma Branscum, VillagesOKC member, said, “VillagesOKC is all about keeping our brains strong and our minds sharp. Pickleball is the perfect …

Thursday, Dec 5th

  • 🎓 5th Annual Red Earth Treefest (Red Earth Art Center - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Start Time: 9:00am Red Earth Art Center has partnered with OSU-OKC to celebrate the holiday season with a distinctive Native flair. Purchase beautiful handmade Christmas…
  • 2019 Lights from the Heart (Heart of Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce - Purcell) 1 day left Start Time: 5:30pm Drive around Purcell City Lake and create holiday memories as you see over 190 animated displays featuring over 650,000 lights! There is no admission fee,…
  • 🎭 Arcadia (Oklahoma City University - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:00pm Join us December 5-8, 2020 in Burg Theatre for our Mainstage production of ARCADIA by Tom Stoppard. ARCADIA moves back and forth between 1809 and the…
  • Art Show at DNA Galleries (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 8th Start Time: 6:00pm
  • 🏃 Christmas in the Park 2019 (Yukon City Park - Yukon) 1 day left Start Time: 6:00pm It’s time for Yukon’s breathtaking Christmas in the Park, a magical wonderland of visual entertainment offered starting The Saturday before…
  • Christmas on the Western Frontier (Downtown - El Reno) Christmas on the Western Frontier features an old-fashioned Christmas parade with more than 50 floats, along with evening…
  • Shawnee Christmas Parade of Lights (Downtown - Shawnee) Enjoy one of Oklahoma's largest nighttime Christmas parades and watch as Main Street comes alive with lights. The…
  • The Christmas Show (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 7th The Oklahoma City Philharmonic presents its annual holiday performance "The Christmas Show." This show is a family…
  • 🎓 Defeating Stereotypes: Beloved Community (Norman Public Library - Norman) Start Time: 6:30pm Join us at Norman East to engage in dialogue about inclusivity and diversity. This will be the first event in a speaker series that will consist of…
  • Edmond Electric's Luminance 2019 (Mitch Park - Edmond) 1 day left Start Time: 5:00pm The Second Annual Luminance is the a walk-thru holiday light display that will be open to the public from November 23 - January 5. This year, there will be…
  • Grace Babb, Maddie Razook, Lacey Elaine (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:00pm
  • Holiday Happening (Sam Noble Museum - Norman) Start Time: 4:00pm Get in the holiday spirit with cookie decorating, pictures with Santa, games, winter crafts and a blizzard of fun! This FREE, annual event features craft…
  • 🎨 Holiday Lights Spectacular (Midwest City) 1 day left Start Time: 6:00pm Experience Midwest City's holiday lights display all holiday season long at Joe B. Barnes Regional Park! This display is open each night from Nov. 22 to…
  • The Holiday Wrap-Up! (ACM @ UCO - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 7:00pm A faculty and student showcase benefitting Oklahoma City nonprofit Positive Tomorrows. Admission is free with any cash or clothing donation!
  • Home for the Holidays (Kirkpatrick Auditorium - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 8th Get in the rhythm of the holidays with a Broadway-style dance extravaganza at Oklahoma City University. Come marvel at…
  • Home for the Holidays (Downtown - Tuttle) Visit downtown Tuttle this December and get in the Christmas spirit with Home for the Holidays. This free, family-friendly…
  • ISACA Central Oklahoma December Luncheon (Whiskey Cake - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 11:30am Speaker: Brance Spradlin from CyberArk
    Topic: TBD
    Location: Whiskey Cake Starter: FARM SALAD- House greens, cucumber, carrot, grape tomatoes, shaved…
  • Jake's Jingle Jam (Riverwind Casino - Norman) Start Time: 7:00pm Head to Riverwind Casino in Norman for Jake's Jingle Jam. Featuring Jon Langston, Stephanie Quayle and LOCASH, guests…
  • Jane Austen's Christmas Cracker (Paseo - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 21st Celebrate the holiday season with Jane Austen's most beloved characters as Shakespeare on the Paseo presents: Jane…
  • Chickasha Main Street Christmas Parade (Rock Island Depot - Chickasha) The 2019 Christmas magic holiday parade features marching bands, floats, antique cars, horses and more. Come to the…
  • Nile in Concert (89th Street Collective - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 7:00pm Take the chance to see legendarty metal band Nile live as they route their tour through Oklahoma City. Best-known for their…
  • NRHA Futurity & Adequan Championship Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 7th The National Reining Horse Association (NRHA), with its international headquarters in Oklahoma City, presents one of the…
  • 🎨 The Pop-Up Shop at The Department Store (University of Central Oklahoma - Edmond) Start Time: 1:00pm
  • Norman, OK - Push On Tour w/ UBI (The Deli - Norman) Start Time: 9:00pm Push On Tour w/ UBI Featuring Strange Music artist(s) UBI! General Admission Tickets - https://strangemusicinc.net/links/ticket/2985
    Ages - 21+ Doors Open…
  • Territorial Christmas Celebration (Harn Homestead Museum - Oklahoma City) Experience the wonder of a truly old-fashioned Christmas at the Territorial Christmas Celebration at the Harn Homestead…
  • 🎓 There’s No Business Like Snow Business (UCO Jazz Lab - Edmond) Start Time: 7:30pm Sure to get you in the holiday spirit, come join in on a festivity-filled evening of your favorite holiday tunes performed by some of Central’s finest…
  • 😂 Triple Feature Week OKC!!! (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 7th
  • WAX-Push On Tour w/ UBI of Ces Cru / Lance Skiiiwalker (The Deli - Norman) Start Time: 10:00pm Headliner: WAX UBI of Ces Cru Co-Headliner: Lance Skiiiwalker
  • Wild Bird Holiday Decorations (Myriad Botanical Gardens - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 6:00pm Thursday, December 5, 6-7pm Member $8; Nonmember $10 Best for ages 6 to 10 REGISTER HERE Learn about the best ways we can help birds during winter while we…

Friday, Dec 6th

  • 🎓 5th Annual Red Earth Treefest (Red Earth Art Center - Oklahoma City) Last Day Start Time: 9:00am Red Earth Art Center has partnered with OSU-OKC to celebrate the holiday season with a distinctive Native flair. Purchase beautiful handmade Christmas…
  • 2019 Lights from the Heart (Heart of Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce - Purcell) Last Day Start Time: 5:30pm Drive around Purcell City Lake and create holiday memories as you see over 190 animated displays featuring over 650,000 lights! There is no admission fee,…
  • All State Second Round (Westmoore High School - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2
  • Art Show at DNA Galleries (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 8th Start Time: 6:00pm
  • Boys Ranch Town Drive-Thru Christmas Pageant (Edmond) Thru Sun, Dec 8th The Boys Ranch Town Drive-Thru Christmas Pageant has been an annual gift from Boys Ranch Town to the community and visitors…
  • 🏃 Christmas in the Park 2019 (Yukon City Park - Yukon) Last Day Start Time: 6:00pm It’s time for Yukon’s breathtaking Christmas in the Park, a magical wonderland of visual entertainment offered starting The Saturday before…
  • The Christmas Show (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) 1 day left The Oklahoma City Philharmonic presents its annual holiday performance "The Christmas Show." This show is a family…
  • Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony (Del City Community Center - Del City) Start Time: 6:00pm Mayor's Christmas Tree lighting -More information to come
  • Christmas Vespers (Oklahoma City First Presbyterian Church - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 Christmas Vespers, performed by the Oklahoma City University Choir and Symphony Orchestra, will feature more than 200…
  • DelQuest Committee Meeting (Don's Alley - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 8:00am
  • A Down Home Christmas: Presented by A Gypsy & A Cowgirl (Firelake Arena - Shawnee) Start Time: 6:00pm Shop before Christmas! Vintage items, repurposed, antiques, hand crafted, specialty boutique items and more! VIP Night - December 6th $10 entry Live music…
  • Edmond Electric's Luminance 2019 (Mitch Park - Edmond) Last Day Start Time: 5:00pm The Second Annual Luminance is the a walk-thru holiday light display that will be open to the public from November 23 - January 5. This year, there will be…
  • Firehouse Arts Center Holiday Gift Gallery (Firehouse Arts Center - Norman) Start Time: 6:00pm
  • First Friday Gallery Walk (Paseo Arts District - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 6:00pm The First Friday Gallery Walk in the Paseo Arts District occurs on the first Friday of every month. Friday night visitors…
  • 🎓 Free Zumba (Guthrie Library - Guthrie) Start Time: 5:00pm Dress to sweat! Free Latin inspired dance fitness class. Space is Limited. RSVP. The City of Guthrie, OK - Municipal Government Guthrie, Oklahoma…
  • Gingerbread House Gala (Norman Public Library - Norman) Start Time: 6:00pm All ages are invited to decorate a gingerbread house and get into the joy of the season with the Purcell Public Library! The tradition of decorating…
  • 🎓 Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration (U.S. Cellular - Chickasha) Start Time: 10:00am Chickasha U.S. Cellular Store Hosting Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration
    Happy holidays from U.S. Cellular! The Chickasha store at 1714 S 1st St. is…
  • 🎓 Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration (U.S. Cellular - Moore) Start Time: 10:00am Moore U.S. Cellular Store Hosting Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration
    Happy holidays from U.S. Cellular! The Moore store at 705 SW 19th Street is…
  • 🎓 Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration (U.S. Cellular - Norman) Start Time: 10:00am Norman U.S. Cellular Store Hosting Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration
    Happy holidays from U.S. Cellular! The Norman store at 1411 24th Ave. NW…
  • 🎨 Holiday Lights Spectacular (Midwest City) Last Day Start Time: 6:00pm Experience Midwest City's holiday lights display all holiday season long at Joe B. Barnes Regional Park! This display is open each night from Nov. 22 to…
  • 🎓 Holiday Scam Prevention Forum (Rose State College - Midwest City) Start Time: 12:00pm Cyber security is always a concern, but even more so around the holidays. Frauds and scams happen roughly every 40 seconds in the US, affecting millions of…
  • Home for the Holidays (Kirkpatrick Auditorium - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 8th Get in the rhythm of the holidays with a Broadway-style dance extravaganza at Oklahoma City University. Come marvel at…
  • 🎓 Hosting Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration (U.S. Cellular on Rockwell - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 10:00am Oklahoma City U.S. Cellular Store Hosting Holiday Customer Appreciation Celebration
    Happy holidays from U.S. Cellular! The Oklahoma City store at 7000 NW…
  • Jane Austen's Christmas Cracker (Paseo - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 21st Celebrate the holiday season with Jane Austen's most beloved characters as Shakespeare on the Paseo presents: Jane…
  • John Fullbright in Concert (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 Widely-regarded Red Dirt musician John Fullbright is returning to his home state for a concert at The Blue Door in…
  • Mantels & Trees Holiday Home Tour (Miller - Oklahoma City) Embark on the annual Mantels & Trees Tour in Oklahoma City's Miller neighborhood, and pick up festive holiday…
  • NRHA Futurity & Adequan Championship Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) 1 day left The National Reining Horse Association (NRHA), with its international headquarters in Oklahoma City, presents one of the…
  • Skirvin Jazz Club (Skirvin Hilton - Oklahoma City) The Skirvin Hilton transforms into the Skirvin Jazz Club on Friday nights. Guests are invited to attend this immersive live…
  • Storyland Christmas (Charles J. Johnson Central Park - Midwest City) Start Time: 6:00pm
  • Travis Tritt in Concert (Riverwind Casino - Norman) Acclaimed country singer Travis Tritt is headed to Norman's Riverwind Casino for a show that is not to be missed. The…
  • 😂 Triple Feature Week OKC!!! (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) 1 day left
  • 🎓 UCO Musical Theatre Shadow Day (University of Central Oklahoma - Edmond) Start Time: 9:30am Take an inside look at our UCO Musical Theatre program. Meet current faculty and students, tour the UCO campus, and audition to be part of the incoming…
  • UCO WinterGlow (Nigh University Center - Edmond) Bring the entire family out to UCO WinterGlow in Edmond for an evening of holiday festivities. The event kicks off at 6pm…
  • Vintage Market Days (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 8th Vintage Market Days is an upscale open-air market scheduled to pop-up in various parts of the state four to five times a…

Saturday, Dec 7th

  • All State Second Round (Westmoore High School - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2
  • Art Show at DNA Galleries (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Start Time: 6:00pm
  • Oklahoma City Blue vs Stockton Kings (Cox Convention Center - Oklahoma City) Come see some thrilling professional basketball during the Oklahoma City Blue 2019-20 season. Experience the fast-paced…
  • Boys Ranch Town Drive-Thru Christmas Pageant (Edmond) 1 day left The Boys Ranch Town Drive-Thru Christmas Pageant has been an annual gift from Boys Ranch Town to the community and visitors…
  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • Mustang Christmas Bazaar (Mustang) The Mustang Christmas Bazaar has everything you need to get in the holiday spirit. Browse over 50 vendors featuring numerous…
  • The Christmas Show (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Last Day The Oklahoma City Philharmonic presents its annual holiday performance "The Christmas Show." This show is a family…
  • Christmas Vespers (Oklahoma City First Presbyterian Church - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 Christmas Vespers, performed by the Oklahoma City University Choir and Symphony Orchestra, will feature more than 200…
  • Colt Ford in Concert (Diamond Ballroom - Oklahoma City) Don't miss country-rap artist Colt Ford live in concert at the Diamond Ballroom. This Academy of Country Music…
  • Cowboy Christmas Parade (Stockyards City - Oklahoma City) Saddle up and ride into Historic Stockyards City this holiday season for the annual Cowboy Christmas Celebration. The first…
  • Creative Christmas Craft Show (Cleveland County Fairgrounds - Norman) Bring your list and check it twice at the Creative Christmas Craft Show in Norman. Held within the Cleveland County…
  • Holiday Hop (Edmond Historical Society - Edmond) Don't miss out on the annual Holiday Hop in Edmond, a free family event hosted by the Edmond Historical Society Museum.…
  • 🏃 Holiday Hustle 5K/10K (Oklahoma Christian University, Edmond, OK - Edmond) Annual Holiday Hustle 5k \-USATF certified 5k and 10k courses \-flat and FAST \-prize money to top 3 male and female \-pancake breakfast…
  • Holiday Shopping Cocoa Crawl (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) Start Time: 2:00pm Join us for our second annual Plaza District "Cocoa Crawl". Shop Local. Support Small Business. Drink Yummy Cocoa. It's that easy!
    Shops throughout the…
  • Holly Jolly Shops (Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 Come enjoy holiday shopping in a festive atmosphere at the Holly Jolly Shops inside the Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark. This…
  • Home for the Holidays (Kirkpatrick Auditorium - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Get in the rhythm of the holidays with a Broadway-style dance extravaganza at Oklahoma City University. Come marvel at…
  • Minco Honey Festival (Minco High School - Minco) Satisfy your sweet tooth at the Minco Honey Festival with pure Oklahoma honey. During this celebration of…
  • Jane Austen's Christmas Cracker (Paseo - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 21st Celebrate the holiday season with Jane Austen's most beloved characters as Shakespeare on the Paseo presents: Jane…
  • John Fullbright in Concert (The Blue Door - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 Widely-regarded Red Dirt musician John Fullbright is returning to his home state for a concert at The Blue Door in…
  • Lighted Christmas Parade & Fireworks (Downtown - Kingfisher) Bundle up, grab your camera and get into the holiday spirit this December with the annual Lighted Christmas Parade and…
  • 🏃 Little Willie's Triple Dog Dare (Leadership Square - Oklahoma City) Little Willie's Triple Dog Dare is the Ultimate Stair Climb competition in OKC. Competitors will climb and descend both North and South Towers of Leadership…
  • Guthrie Maker Days (Guthrie Art Center - Guthrie) During Guthrie Maker Days, all are invited to engage with their inner creative side. Once a month, participate in the…
  • NRHA Futurity & Adequan Championship Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Last Day The National Reining Horse Association (NRHA), with its international headquarters in Oklahoma City, presents one of the…
  • OU Sooners vs LSU Tigers (The Lloyd Noble Center - Norman) Head to Norman to watch as the Oklahoma Sooners Women's Basketball take on the LSU Tigers. Since the team's…
  • 🏃 POOP Trail Run (Lake Thunderbird State Park - Norman) POOP (Protect Our Oklahoma Parks) Trail Run is a trail event on the first Saturday of December at the Clear Bay Trails of Lake Thunderbird State Park.
    All…
  • Tacky Sweater 5K (Chandler Park - Purcell) Head to Chandler Park in Purcell for the Tacky Sweater 5K, whether ready to run or leisurely admire the Christmas lights…
  • Oklahoma City Train Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Day 1 of 2 The Oklahoma City Train Show is one of the largest model train shows in the region with operating model train displays,…
  • 😂 Triple Feature Week OKC!!! (Loony Bin Comedy Club - Oklahoma City) Last Day
  • Victorian Homes Tour (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Enjoy an exclusive look inside some of Guthrie’s most distinctive homes and historic buildings, decorated for the…
  • Vintage Market Days (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) 1 day left Vintage Market Days is an upscale open-air market scheduled to pop-up in various parts of the state four to five times a…
  • Winterfest Craft Show (Kingfisher County Fairgrounds - Kingfisher) Perfect for holiday shopping, the Winterfest Craft Show in Kingfisher features over 65 booths of gifts, crafts and home…

Sunday, Dec 8th

  • Art Show at DNA Galleries (Plaza District - Oklahoma City) Last Day Start Time: 6:00pm
  • Oklahoma City Blue vs Texas Legends (Cox Convention Center - Oklahoma City) Come see some thrilling professional basketball during the Oklahoma City Blue 2019-20 season. Experience the fast-paced…
  • Boys Ranch Town Drive-Thru Christmas Pageant (Edmond) Last Day The Boys Ranch Town Drive-Thru Christmas Pageant has been an annual gift from Boys Ranch Town to the community and visitors…
  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • Candy Cane Christmas Concert (American Banjo Museum - Oklahoma City) The American Banjo Museum will transform into a winter wonderland for the festive Candy Cane Christmas Concert. Head to this…
  • Fort Reno Christmas Guns (Historic Fort Reno - El Reno) Quite literally a blast from the past, Fort Reno Christmas Guns is a tradition brought here by German immigrants. The…
  • Handel's Messiah (Civic Center Music Hall - Oklahoma City) Celebrate the season with a performance of Handel's "Messiah" by Canterbury Voices at Oklahoma City's…
  • Holly Jolly Shops (Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 Come enjoy holiday shopping in a festive atmosphere at the Holly Jolly Shops inside the Chickasaw Bricktown Ballpark. This…
  • Home for the Holidays (Kirkpatrick Auditorium - Oklahoma City) Last Day Get in the rhythm of the holidays with a Broadway-style dance extravaganza at Oklahoma City University. Come marvel at…
  • Jane Austen's Christmas Cracker (Paseo - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 21st Celebrate the holiday season with Jane Austen's most beloved characters as Shakespeare on the Paseo presents: Jane…
  • Round Barn Rendezvous (Arcadia Round Barn - Arcadia) Come by this iconic Route 66 stop as local artists fill the Round Barn in Arcadia with the sound of acoustic music once…
  • Oklahoma City Train Show (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Day 2 of 2 The Oklahoma City Train Show is one of the largest model train shows in the region with operating model train displays,…
  • Trans-Siberian Orchestra in Concert (Chesapeake Energy Arena - Oklahoma City) Visit Oklahoma City's Chesapeake Energy Arena this December for the Trans-Siberian Orchestra's highly acclaimed rock…
  • Victorian Homes Tour (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Enjoy an exclusive look inside some of Guthrie’s most distinctive homes and historic buildings, decorated for the…
  • Vintage Market Days (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Last Day Vintage Market Days is an upscale open-air market scheduled to pop-up in various parts of the state four to five times a…

Monday, Dec 9th

  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • Jane Austen's Christmas Cracker (Paseo - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 21st Celebrate the holiday season with Jane Austen's most beloved characters as Shakespeare on the Paseo presents: Jane…
  • Victorian Homes Tour (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Enjoy an exclusive look inside some of Guthrie’s most distinctive homes and historic buildings, decorated for the…

Tuesday, Dec 10th

  • Breakfast with Santa (Orr Family Farm Event Barn - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Wake up the kids and don't miss Breakfast with Santa this December. Join Orr Family Farm Event Barn in Oklahoma…
  • Oklahoma City Futurity (Oklahoma State Fair Park - Oklahoma City) Thru Sun, Dec 15th Better Barrel Races presents the Oklahoma City Futurity at Oklahoma State Fair Park. This equestrian event will feature…
  • Jane Austen's Christmas Cracker (Paseo - Oklahoma City) Thru Sat, Dec 21st Celebrate the holiday season with Jane Austen's most beloved characters as Shakespeare on the Paseo presents: Jane…
  • Tinsel, Tunes & Trivia (Poteet Theatre at Luke’s United Methodist Church - Oklahoma City) The OK City Chorus presents a Christmas celebration you won't want to miss at Tinsel, Tunes & Trivia this December.…
  • Victorian Homes Tour (Historic Guthrie - Guthrie) Thru Sat, Dec 14th Enjoy an exclusive look inside some of Guthrie’s most distinctive homes and historic buildings, decorated for the…

See Also

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2019.10.22 13:26 acerod1 Samsung Joins Google and Amazon in Backing ‘Trapped Ion’ Quantum Computer Startup

Samsung and a sovereign wealth fund of the United Arab Emirates are leading a new $55 million funding round for IonQ, a startup that uses “trapped ions,” or charged particles suspended in a vacuum, as the basis for its hardware.
IonQ’s approach holds promise as a possible path toward achieving a so-called general-purpose quantum computer, a still-unrealized machine that is expected to yield tremendous scientific and business breakthroughs, such as new medicines and materials, in the years to come.
The trapped ion approach is a leading alternative in the nascent quantum computing field to using superconducting “qubits,” a route taken by Google, IBM, and startups such as Rigetti Computing. Instead of relying on suspended ions manipulated by lasers, the superconducting technique involves chilling specially designed semiconductors to extremely low temperatures.
IonQ isn’t the only company pursing a strategy based on ions. Industrial conglomerate Honeywell last year said that it is also trying to develop quantum computers using a similar technique.
Samsung is joining other tech giants Amazon and Google venture capital arm GV as a backer of IonQ. The other companies, plus the venture capital firm New Enterprise Associates, which led an earlier IonQ funding round, re-upped their commitments in the latest round.
Mubadala Capital, Emirati investment fund, co-led the latest round with Samsung. IonQ’s valuation was not disclosed.
Peter Chapman, who has helmed IonQ since leaving his role as engineering director for Amazon Prime earlier this year, said that he is interested in tapping Samsung’s expertise in “miniaturization.” He aspires, he says, to shrink IonQ’s technology so that its components may one day fit inside a device like a personal computer.
“It seems to me if we can put an atomic clock on a chip, there’s no reason why we can’t in the future get an ion trap down to that level,” Chapman said. He added, wryly, that “we’re not taking orders for quantum laptops just yet.”
Google and IBM’s approaches require large refrigeration units that must be carefully operated in special data centers and accessed remotely, via cloud computing.
“It’s a fallacy to think trapped ions can’t take advantage of that” miniaturization process, said Francis Ho, co-head of Samsung’s venture fund, noting that skeptics point to the bulkiness of present-day vacuum technology required for these quantum computers. He drew an analogy to Moore’s Law, a historical observation that the number of transistors that can fit on a computer chip doubles every 18-to-24 months.
Ho, who holds a Ph.D. in physics from Stanford University, said he attended school with IonQ’s cofounder, Jungsang Kim.
In a statement, Young Sohn, Samsung’s president and chief strategy officer, compared the advent of quantum computing to the development of other revolutionary technologies, such as the transistor, the laser, and the mobile phone. “Though it’s still early days, we see a similar revolution taking place with quantum computing,” said Sohn, who is also chairman at Samsung auto electronics subsidiary Harman, noting that it “will have a profound impact on our way of life.”
IonQ’s funding arrives on the heels of leaked news that Google has claimed to achieve “quantum supremacy,” a computing milestone that demonstrates the superiority of a quantum computer over a traditional one for a certain specialized task. IBM scientists recently disputed the result, which Google has yet to confirm.
IonQ has raised a total of $77 million to date. Other investors include ACME, Airbus Ventures, Osage University Partners (OUP), Hewlett Packard Pathfinder, Tao Capital Partners, Correlation, Cooley and A&E Investment.
* More Details Here
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2019.10.22 08:51 manup256 Global Fiber Optic Stripper Market - A Complete Overview of Market Segments, Growth, Trends and the Regional Forecast 2019-2024

The Global Fiber Optic Stripper market is valued at million US$ in 2018 is relied upon to arrive at million US$ before the finish of 2024, developing at a CAGR of during 2019-2024.
The Fiber Optic Stripper market report provides an unbiased and detailed analysis of the on-going patterns, openings/high development regions, advertise drivers, which would help partners to device and adjust market methodologies as per the present and future market dynamics. The Fiber Optic Stripper market report thoroughly covers the market by product device, deployment, verticals and countries.
Major Key Players of Fiber Optic Stripper Market:
Acme United Corporation (Clauss Brand) AFL Belden Incorporated Bruce Diamond Corporation Comway Tecnology LLC. Corning Diamond SA DVP OE Tech Communications, Ltd FCST - Fiber Cable Solution Technology Co., Ltd Fiber Instruments Sales Inc.
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Global Fiber Optic Stripper Market 2019 is expected to demonstrate an colossal development in the forthcoming years. The analysts also have analyzed drawbacks with on-going Fiber Optic Stripper trends and the opportunities which are devoting to the expanded development of the market. International Fiber Optic Stripper market research report provides the perspective of this competitive landscape of worldwide markets. The report offers particulars that originated from the analysis of the focused market. Also, it targets innovative, trends, shares and cost by Fiber Optic Stripper industry experts to maintain a consistent investigation.
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Maket Segmentation By Types:
Optical Fiber Stripper Positioning Apparatus Coating Stripper for Optical Fibers Automatic Optical Fiber Stripping Machine Others
Maket Segmentation By Applications:
Single-mode Fiber Optic Multi-mode Fiber Optic
This report conjectures income development at a worldwide, territorial and nation level, and gives an analysis of the market drifts in every one of the sub-sections from 2020 to 2024.
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• Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, etc.)
• Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia, Spain, etc.)
• Middle East & Africa (Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Egypt, Nigeria, UAE, Israel, South Africa, etc.)
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2019.09.21 04:58 ragnarofbrockore (Effort Post) When you’re going to a gunfight, bring all your friends with guns

Over the last several years, I have become increasingly concerned over several trends in the world, but perhaps none quite so much as the attitude that has become increasingly prevalent in many Americans (on both sides of the political spectrum) towards our foreign policy.
While news headlines have been heavily focused on the ongoing war on terrorism (primarily focused on non-state actors like ISIS and Al Qaeda), it has been clear in national security circles that we have returned to an era of Great Power Competition, with authoritarian powers like Russia and China taking increasingly aggressive actions to secure their interests across the globe, from Georgia to Crimea to the South China Sea. With rising nationalism/populism/authoritarianism/protectionism, in many ways, the world of today resembles nothing quite so much as Europe on the eve of WW1, and the risk of a major conflict breaking out is virtually as high as it been since the Cuban missile crisis. Faced with the threats and complexities of this geopolitical situation, many are calling for America to retreat from international engagement, alliances/partnerships, and leave the rest of the world to their own devices. However, I strongly believe this is the worst mistake we could make.
In December 2018, the US Secretary of Defense, James Mattis (In my opinion one of the best military minds we have had in recent years), formally offered his resignation to the President based on irreconcilable differences in their approach to national security. His letter of resignation highlights the key issue of disagreement:
One core belief I have always held is that our strength as a nation is inextricably linked to the strength of our unique and comprehensive system of alliances and partnerships. While the US remains the indispensable nation in the free world, we cannot protect our interests or serve that role effectively without maintaining strong alliances and showing respect to those allies. Like you, I have said from the beginning that the armed forces of the United States should not be the policeman of the world. Instead, we must use all tools of American power to provide for the common defense, including providing effective leadership to our alliances.
In a recent oped published to the Wall Street Journal, he lays out the same points in even more stark terms:
Nations with allies thrive, and those without them wither. Alone, America cannot protect our people and our economy. At this time, we can see storm clouds gathering. A polemicist’s role is not sufficient for a leader. A leader must display strategic acumen that incorporates respect for those nations that have stood with us when trouble loomed. Returning to a strategic stance that includes the interests of as many nations as we can make common cause with, we can better deal with this imperfect world we occupy together. Absent this, we will occupy an increasingly lonely position, one that puts us at increasing risk in the world.
An oft-spoken admonition in the Marines is this: When you’re going to a gunfight, bring all your friends with guns. Having fought many times in coalitions, I believe that we need every ally we can bring to the fight. From imaginative military solutions to their country’s vote in the U.N., the more allies the better. I have never been on a crowded battlefield, and there is always room for those who want to be there alongside us.
On each of our coins is inscribed America’s de facto motto, “E Pluribus Unum”—from many, one. For our experiment in democracy to survive, we must live that motto.
While America has the world's strongest economy and military, our greatest strength is in our alliances and partnerships across the globe. And while we generally seek allies who share our values, we live in an imperfect world, and sometimes we have to make compromises and work with imperfect partners. The most extreme example of this is probably WW2, where we worked with Stalin, a monster in his own right, to defeat an even more terrible evil. But that didn't mean we supported his regime, and as soon as the greater threat was defeated, we immediately shifted focus to neutralizing Soviet aggression.
Adversaries
And this is a concept our adversaries certainly understand. From North Korea helping to build a secret Syrian nuclear reactor, Russian bombers flying out of Iranian airbases to hit strike targets in Syria on behalf of the Assad regime, Chinese troops helping the Maduro regime cling to power in Venezuela, Russia arming the Taliban, to Belarussian engineers helping to improve North Korean ICBMs the warning bells of a new power block forming are sounding. And while nothing so formal as an alliance exists on paper, these relations are deepening. And if that wasn't worrysome enough, traditional US allies such as Turkey are increasingly starting to fall into the orbit of our adversaries, and if we cannot show ourselves to be a reliable partner, this trend will likely only accelerate.
On Afghanistan:
When terrorists attacked us on 9/11, NATO invoked Article 5 for the first time in its history, and a total of 17 other countries sent troops to help the US invade Afghanistan and fight Al Qaeda and the Taliban. But in the first dark days after those attacks, in the very earliest stages of the conflict, we had only one other partner of note. One who had fought the Taliban for over a decade, tried to warn us of Al Qaeda's plans, suffered the first casualty of Al Qaida's attack plans, and even offered to kill Bin Laden for us in the 90s (we declined the offer). I speak of course of the Northern Alliance, and its famed leader Ahmad Shah Mahsoud.
The current government of Afghanistan is the direct descendant of that same alliance, and while it is far from perfect, it is a far better alternative to the brutal Taliban regime that preceded it. Abandoning that partnership would be a betrayal of American values, the Afghan people who have bled and died alongside us in the war against terrorism. This is especially true when it comes to the women of Afghanistan, as women's rights under the Taliban make Gilead look downright progressive. And despite the Taliban doing all of this in the name of "protecting women", they routinely engaged in human trafficking, forced marriages, and outright rape.
Now many reasonable people will be willing to concede these points, but then go on to argue that the Afghan people are little more than backwards goat farmers, the country has always been a hellhole, and that any chance of reform is doomed from the outset, and thus we should just cut out losses.
This is 100% racist nonsense.
Before the Soviet Union invaded and screwed the county up, Afghanistan was on a pretty solid trajectory for a developing nation. But that invasion did happen, and the country is still dealing with the ramifications. For an example of the severity, look at the population figures for the country, and the dip following the Soviet invasion, whereas the US invasion and subsequent 18 years of conflict doesn't even register in those statistics. And when the Soviets left, they left hundreds of thousands of mines behind in the country, that are still killing people today.
Today, Afghanistan suffers from massive institutional corruption and serious security challenges, but even with those challenges, continues to show progress. Since the US invasion they have held 6 national elections, gone through peaceful transitions of power with their heads of state, and are currently rated as a higher functioning democracy than Russia. Tourism is increasing, and Afghanistan's nascent saffron industry (one of the few crops that can compete with poppy farming) continues to grow. The current downward security trend can be near exactly linked with our troop withdrawals from the country, and if we were willing to invest the troops necessary to do a counter-insurgency mission (instead of our current counter-terrorism focus), that trend could again be reversed.
On Saudi Arabia:
Now, another of our partners has come under attack from the Islamic Republic of Iran and its allies, and the US is debating how to respond. Some of these voices are claiming the series of attacks over the last few months are false flags and/or just an extension of the Houthi/Government of Yemen civil war. These people are dead wrong. Others argue that the Saudis are a terrible partner, and we shouldn't be spending American blood or treasure to defend them.
And in many ways, I'm sympathetic to that argument. If every other country in the Middle East was a liberal democracy that respected human rights, I'd be the first one arguing for downgrading US ties with the country and sanctioning its government. But that is far from the world we live in today. And for all their faults, the Saudis are not as bad as Iran, and are at least making progress in the human rights realm. For example, in just the last five years, the country has made tremendous progress on women's rights, including allowing them to drive, travel without a male guardian, attend sporting events, and even vote (although to be fair, voting in a monarchy like KSA is not the same as it would be elsewhere).
And if we do choose to abandon the Saudis in their hour of need, they will not simply roll over and die. They will instead seek alternative alliances and security guarantees, and none of those potential options would be good for the US or the stability of the world as a whole.
Final Thoughts
At this point, there is little that can be done to substantially change the trajectory of the current administration. POTUS will (or won't) do as he wants, and the chips will fall where they may. But we have an election little over a year away, and the choices we make then will be enormously consequential for the future of the US, our partners, and the world as a whole. The media and will debates spend far more time focusing on candidate's domestic legislative priorities, despite the fact that the President's role there is largely limited by the composition of Congress; but I implore everyone to take a very hard look at their foreign policy, as a President has near unilateral power in that realm, and their decisions can have extremely long lasting consequences. I leave you with one last Mattis quote:
An oft-spoken admonition in the Marines is this: When you’re going to a gunfight, bring all your friends with guns. Having fought many times in coalitions, I believe that we need every ally we can bring to the fight. From imaginative military solutions to their country’s vote in the U.N., the more allies the better. I have never been on a crowded battlefield, and there is always room for those who want to be there alongside us.
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2019.05.28 03:19 clearliquidclearjar TALLAHASSEE EVENTS 5/28-6/10

It’s going to be a busy week or two in the big city. We’ve got festivals, shows, a treasure hunt and my birthday! So I went ahead and listed a few extra days to help you keep on top of all the Summer fun. Sun’s out, buns out!
There’s another list of all the regular stuff that happens every week, so don’t forget to check for all your karaokes, trivias, and so on. There are also links to all of Tally’s theater options, both stage and independent cinema (from fancy to cult).
HAPPENING THIS WEEK: BreakoutHunt 2019. We had so much fun last summer that we are doing it again! We’re throwing a real-life treasure hunt, with $2,000 cash! Twenty $100 bills will be hidden around Tallahassee. We will be releasing coordinates to the location of the hiding spots every 30 minutes starting at 5pm, with the last set of coordinates being released at 8pm. To claim the cash, all you have to do is be the first one to find the hidden money at each spot! Check out this event page, the Breakout Games Tallahassee Facebook page, and our Tallahassee website throughout the night for these coordinates! Thursday, May 30th at 5:00pm
Tuesday, 5/28
WEDNESDAY, 5/29
THURSDAY, 5/30
FRIDAY, 5/31
SATURDAY, 6/1
SUNDAY, 6/2
MONDAY, 6/3
TUESDAY, 6/4
WEDNESDAY, 6/5
THURSDAY, 6/6
FRIDAY, 6/7
SATURDAY, 6/8
SUNDAY, 6/9
MONDAY, 6/10
submitted by clearliquidclearjar to Tallahassee [link] [comments]


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